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Top 50 facts about cobras that you didn't know

10 months ago

Cobras are among the most dangerous and venomous snakes in the world. They are found on the territory of many countries and invariably instill fear in the locals. Who does not recognize this silhouette with an open hood? However, you can find an approach to cobras if you know how. Catchers of snakes have already proven this many times.


Top facts about cobras


There are many famous snakes worldwide, but cobras stand apart, mainly because they are perhaps the most recognizable reptiles in the world. There are many more poisonous snakes in the world than cobras, but the habit of these creatures opening the hood in the event of an attack made them very memorable. And does it make any difference to a snakebite victim how deadly poisonous the snake that bit her is if the venom of any cobra is usually enough to kill any living creature on Earth?



1. Cobras are large snakes known for their venom and their peculiar way of puffing out their hoods.


2. This name means, first of all, representatives of the genus of real cobras, as well as the king and collar cobras related to them. Despite its name, the king cobra does not belong to true cobras, it forms a separate genus.


3. Cobras live exclusively in the Old World - in Africa (across the continent), Central and South Asia (in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka).


4. In total, scientists distinguish 16 different types of cobras, and all of them are poisonous and they all belong to the aspid family and are related to other, no less poisonous species - deadly and cruel snakes, kraits and asps.


5. All types of cobras are quite large, one of the smallest - the Angolan cobra - reaches a length of 1.5 meters, and the largest king cobra, or hamadryad, reaches a length of 4.8 and even 5.5 meters.


6. The king cobra is the largest venomous snake in the world, reaching a size of 3-4 meters, but there are some recorded individuals in length over 5 meters, weighing up to 10-12 kilograms.


7. Despite its large size, its body does not look massive (like pythons or boas, for example), in general, these reptiles are characterized by high mobility.


8. King cobras grow all their lives, and their average life expectancy reaches 25-30 years.


9. When meeting, the king cobras stand in a combat stance and measure their height. The shorter one admits defeat and crawls away.



10. The king cobra is the only snake in the world that, on occasion, willingly feeds on other snakes, including poisonous ones.


11. King cobras are rarely kept in zoos and terrariums due to aggressiveness.


12. Unlike other snakes, the king cobra can control the dose of poison. She often bites people without poison at all, so as not to waste it on someone who is not suitable food for her.


13. Cobra swims well, and the speed of its movement on land is 6 km / h. However, this snake does not usually chase a human.


14. Sometimes these poisonous snakes are found even in the mountains, at an altitude of up to 2.5 kilometers above sea level.


15. The poison of some species of cobras is used in medicine.




16. The collared cobra is the only one that does not lay eggs, but gives birth to live cubs, and sometimes up to 50-60 at a time.


17. Collared cobra is considered one of the greatest "actresses" of the snake world. In case of danger (if spitting poison did not help), she turns her belly up and, opening her mouth, deftly pretends to be dead.


18. The habitats of cobras are diverse, however, arid places are more to their taste. A typical landscape for a cobra is bushes, deserts and semi-deserts, a number of species are found in the jungle, along river banks, but these snakes avoid very wet places.




19. Like all reptiles, cobras live alone, but Indian and king cobras are the rarest exception to this rule. These snakes are the only reptiles that form stable pairs during the mating season.


20. Unlike their other poisonous snakes, cobras do not ambush the enemy, but allow themselves to be discovered. They stand upright, open their hood and sway, as if warning that they are not to be trifled with, in order to frighten the enemy and force him to retreat.




21. These animals are thermophilic and do not occur where snow falls in winter, with the exception of the Central Asian cobra, whose range in the north reaches Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.


22. The poison of all types of cobras is deadly to humans, but its strength varies from species to species. The poison of the Central Asian cobra is “not too” strong, death from its bite occurs after a few hours or even days, but the poison of the king cobra can kill a person in half an hour, moreover, there are cases when even elephants died from its bite.




23. During the hunt, cobras do not swallow the victim alive, as many people think, but first paralyze them with their poison, wait for some time until the prey dies, and only after that they start eating.


24. In a calm state, cobras do not stand out among other snakes, but in a state of irritation, they raise the front of the body and swell the neck.


25. A more or less pronounced hood is a distinctive feature of these reptiles, such a structural feature is no longer found in any other snakes.




26. Angolan cobra is the smallest of these snakes. The length of an adult usually does not exceed 1.5 meters.


27. The color of cobras is mostly nondescript, it is dominated by yellowish-brown and black-brown tones, but some species may have a bright color. For example, red spitting - brown-red, South African shield - coral.


28. Also, cobras are characterized by the presence of transverse stripes, especially pronounced on the neck.




29. The famous Indian cobra or spectacled snake got its name from the two spots that are visible on its swollen hood, these snakes have individuals with one spot, such cobras are called monocles.


30. Among the cobras there are a number of specialized species that practice a special way of hunting. They do not bite their prey, but ... shoot it with poison.


31. The Indian spitting cobra is considered the most accurate shooter, and black-necked and collared cobras from Africa also possess this skill. In these species, the opening of the poisonous channel is not located at the bottom of the tooth, but on its front surface, with special muscles the cobra compresses the poisonous glands and the deadly liquid flies out under pressure, as if from a syringe.


32. At one time, the cobra is able to fire several shots (up to a maximum of 28). The snake can shoot at a distance of up to 2 meters, and from such a distance it hits a target with a diameter of a couple of centimeters. Such accuracy is not accidental, because to kill the victim, a simple hit in her body is not enough. The poison cannot penetrate the covers of the prey and kill it, but it can have a strong irritating effect on the mucous membrane.


33. Therefore, spitting cobras always aim at the eyes, the jet of poison irritates the organs of vision and the victim loses orientation, but even if she is lucky to escape, she is doomed. The poison causes irreversible changes in the proteins of the cornea and the victim goes blind. If the poison gets into the eyes of a person, it can only be saved by immediately washing the eyes with plenty of water.


34. African spitting cobras are capable of spraying poison at the enemy up to 30-40 times in a row in a short period of time.




35. The Philippines is home to the second most venomous cobra, whose venom can kill an adult in half an hour. She is especially dangerous because she does not need to bite - she also belongs to the spitting.


36. Distinctive features of the cobra - six shields on the head. True, when meeting with her, there is usually no time to look at them.


37. Despite its poisonousness, the cobra is quite edible, and in a number of Asian countries it is considered a rare and expensive delicacy.


38. Cobras breed once a year. Sexual intercourse in cobras can last two to three days. Male king cobras have two penises instead of one.


39. The breeding season occurs more often in January-February (for example, in the Indian cobra) or spring (in the Central Asian), the females of these species lay their eggs in April-May or June-July, respectively. The fecundity of cobras is highly dependent on the species and can range from 8 to 70 eggs.


40. Cobras lay their eggs in crevices between stones, heaps of fallen leaves and similar shelters. Females usually guard the clutch.


41. The behavior of the royal and Indian cobras is especially interesting. Their females not only protect the eggs, but also build a nest for them. This seems surprising when you consider that snakes are completely devoid of limbs. To do this, the cobra rakes the leaves with the front part of the body into a pile, laying eggs, it remains to guard them. Moreover, the most active part in the protection of the nest is also taken by males, who do not leave their chosen ones until the offspring hatch.




42. During this period, Indian and king cobras can be very aggressive, actively driving animals and people away from their nest. This was the reason to accuse these snakes of unpredictable attacks on humans, in fact, such behavior is observed only during the breeding season.


43. Hatched serpents are completely independent and already have poison, however, due to its small amount, they initially hunt the smallest prey and even insects.


44. Young cobras are usually striped, and the black and white cobra even got its name from the color of the young.


45. The life expectancy of cobras in nature has not been precisely established; in captivity, one black-and-white cobra lived for 29 years, which is a very high figure for snakes.


46. ​​Cobras are more active during the day and are generally very resistant to overheating. In most people's minds, cobras are aggressive, but in fact, these snakes are quite calm and even a little phlegmatic. Knowing their behavior, they are easy to control, which is often demonstrated by "charmers" of snakes.


47. Cobras feed on small rodents, birds (passerines and ground-nesting, for example, nightjars), lizards, frogs, toads, smaller snakes, and eggs.



48. The king cobra feeds exclusively on reptiles, and eats lizards extremely rarely, and more often hunts other snakes. Its victims are usually the most poisonous species and the closest relatives of cobras - kraits and asps.


49. Despite the strong poison, cobras also have enemies. Young animals can be attacked by larger snakes, monitor lizards, and adults are preyed upon by mongooses and meerkats. Although these animals do not have innate immunity to cobra venom, they are so clever at distracting the snake's attention with false attacks that they manage to seize the moment and deliver a deadly bite to the back of the head. A cobra caught in the path of a mongoose or a meerkat has no chance of survival.


50. For protection, cobras have a number of devices. Firstly, this is the famous stand, which performs a signaling role. Although a cobra that puffs out its hood is extremely dangerous in a person’s mind, in fact, this behavior allows you to avoid an unexpected encounter with a snake and bypass it. Cobra, in turn, achieves just such a reaction. Secondly, if a cobra is caught or annoyed, it does not immediately go on the attack. Often in such cases, the snake connects additional means of intimidation - loud hissing and false attacks, during which the snake does not let in poisonous teeth. And only if this does not help, the cobra can bite.



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Safety is an important criterion for travelers in deciding which destinations to visit. But the world has been turned upside down since last year due to the pandemic, so the notion of a "safe" place has changed fundamentally. 

This may be the explanation for the major changes in the first part of the Safe Cities top by the Economist Intelligence Unit, an index that analyzes 60 international destinations in terms of digital security, health, infrastructure, national security, but also environmental security, a new category introduced this year.

If Asian cities like Tokyo, Singapore or Osaka have continuously occupied, year after year, the first place in the top, now on the first position in 2021 is a European destination.

Copenhagen was declared the safest city in the world for the first time, accumulating 82.4 points out of 100 in the annual Safe Cities report.

The capital of Denmark jumped from the eighth place occupied in 2019 to the first, thanks in principle to the introduction of the environmental safety section, where the city was scored particularly well, but also in the category of personal safety.

"One of the factors that makes Copenhagen a safe city is the low crime rate, now at its lowest level in more than a decade," said Danish capital Mayor Lars Weiss.

The Canadian city of Toronto almost missed the top, taking second place with 82.2 points, and Singapore ranked third with 80.7 points. Although Sydney was fourth with 80.1 points, this Australian city was first in the digital security category, and the winner in 2019, Tokyo received 80 points and was placed in fifth place.

The Dutch capital Amsterdam was sixth, with 79.3 points, and the New Zealand city of Wellington was seventh, with 79 points, plus the leader in the environmental safety category. Hong Kong and Melbourne share the eighth place after receiving 78.6 points each, and Stockholm (Sweden) finishes top 10 with 77.8 points.

The first American city on the list is New York, which shares 11th place with Barcelona (both with 77.8 points). Washington is close in 14th place, and London and San Francisco are both in 15th place. The last five places out of 60 in the safe cities index are occupied by Lagos (Nigeria), Cairo (Egypt), Caracas (Venezuela), Karachi (Pakistan). ) and Yangon (Myanmar).

It should be mentioned that six cities - Amsterdam, Melbourne, Tokyo, Toronto, Singapore and Sydney have been in the top 10 every year since the launch of the report, in 2015, and so far, while Copenhagen appeared in the top ten only in 2019.

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If, after watching the mini-series "The Queen's Move", filmed by American screenwriter and director Scott Frank and Allan Scott, commissioned by Netflix, you began to be interested in playing chess - this is very good news! It can only be better to start teaching the child the basics of this magnificent, one of the oldest intellectual games.


We figure out how to teach a child to play chess.


In general, if you have small children and you are thinking about whether it is possible to teach them chess, and most importantly, how to do it and when to start in order to instill a love for the logical game on a 64-cell board, we will try to answer all the questions you right here and now. So, let's begin!



We will discuss four main questions:


1. At what age do you start learning to play chess?

2. How to get a child interested in playing chess?

3. How to start teaching a child to play chess?

4. Play regularly - and have fun!


At what age should children start learning to play chess?


Having studied the relevant literature and Internet articles, we will answer the first important question as follows: start learning while the child is still small. Do you want to know how much is "still small" in years? No one will give an exact answer - everyone is individual, but the general criteria are as follows:


1. From the age of 3, you can introduce the child to the rules of the game of chess;


2. At four years old, you can try to start the game, showing how the figures go, where they need to be placed, how they differ;


3. From the age of five, if a child was trained, he, according to the observations of many coaches, will already be able to anticipate some steps and simple combinations of an opponent;


4. But the most fruitful age for learning is from 6 to 8 years old. It is at this age that the talents and predispositions of children are most fully revealed. It is at this age that they will already be able to play thoughtfully and know what it means to play "e2 - e4", absolutely ironically.



Chess is a game designed not only for adults and schoolchildren. Young children are great at absorbing knowledge from the world around them, and playing chess will help them hone their critical thinking and problem-solving skills.


How to get your child interested in playing chess?



With the age of the beginning, it was also decided that this developing classical intellectual game is useful and even important for the development of the child (including motor skills - remember how difficult it was for you to walk with the letter “G” as a child, moving the figure of the horse), so it’s worth learning , even highly recommended to educate children. It remains the case for small things ... how to interest a child if he does not have an interest in the pieces on the checkered board?


We found an interesting piece of advice on the Runet, on the site, here it is (read more about the method in the source material entitled “Teaching a child to play chess from scratch: a step-by-step method”):


“Before you introduce your child to chess, periodically take out the game, arrange the pieces, you can even play a few games with a family member or friends in front of the child.


Answer his questions and requests to play that this is for older children and that he will definitely be able to play it, but later, when he grows up. After that, put the game away so that the child cannot get it on his own.


After some time (from 2 weeks to two months), solemnly inform the child that he has already grown up and is ready to join this great game.


The method seemed to us surprising and ingenious in that it arouses the genuine interest of the child in learning chess, the psychology of the baby itself will work in favor of parents trying to accustom the child to good habits, and the latter will not have to force the child to do something under duress, which means subsequent training, say in a chess section or at home, will be more intense, progressive and better in all areas. The kid will not only enthusiastically develop the technique of the game, but also develop himself.



And another important tip for working with the interest of a son or daughter, given in the source, is that the first acquaintance with the game should not be long in time. Ten or fifteen minutes, no more.


If a child has shown interest in the board, pieces, and most importantly, why they are needed and where they are being moved, consider that you managed to achieve the goal, to interest him. Gradually start having mini-sessions of the game with him for no more than 15 minutes and give more and more information about it.


You can show educational cartoons for children that involve chess, look at cartoon pictures with your child, or read the history of the game in a form adapted for children if they like it better when you read. There are actually many options to support interest, and over time it will only grow stronger.


How to start teaching a child to play chess?


There are many options for learning this “mind gymnastics”, both paid (there are special training kits for playing chess for the smallest future grandmasters) and free.


Apparently, one of the most effective is the classic version of learning, with playing on the boards. So, here are the main learning tips that we found in various sources:


  • Classes must be carried out on real chess boards;
  • You should not teach your child to play chess through a computer. After all, chess is not only the development of logic, but also of communicative properties (man-man). Plus, in real chess, not only the head works, but also the hands, with their tactile receptors, which allows the child to quickly understand the game and memorize important nuances;
  • Learning the basics (rules of the game) is the most important part of learning the world of chess at this stage, when a child aged 6 to 8 years old, as they say, “fired up” on the game and its study, or at least shows a moderate interest in the board;
  • If you notice that your toddler (under 6 years of age) is distracted during class, try either reducing the time of the sessions or including more childish, playful moments. The child should be comfortable playing chess;
  • The child should arrange the figures himself, and in parallel with this, teach him the names of the figures, how they walk, and, of course, their correct placement;
  • A child should always have a partner to play with. Do not refuse the baby if he takes the initiative;
  •   Always keep an eye on what is being done, and prompt the child only if you see that he is sitting on the same task for a long time.


One of the interesting tricks for teaching the game of chess to very young players or just beginning children is as follows:


  • only pawns are placed on the board;
  • explain how they need to move, how they need to "eat" the opponent's pieces and why this is necessary;
  • then try to play with the child only pawns. As soon as the skill of the game is fixed in a couple of days, start adding more complex pieces in pairs (knights, bishops, rooks, king and finally the queen), explaining how to move them, how to play them;
  • in this way, a complex puzzle will be formed for the child gradually and will not cause fatigue or rejection.
  • The main thing is to take your time and move on to the next figure as soon as you feel that you have been understood.


Be sure to emphasize the main key elements of the game during the session, including the importance of protecting your king at all costs and that the queen is the most powerful piece in the game. And also do not forget to tell what a check and a checkmate are.


Once the kids get the basics down, you can start teaching them different strategies (if you're good at chess). If this is not your game, but the child wants to continue, give him this opportunity, enroll him in the chess section. This is one of the best leisure activities. True, you should not forget about sports and walking either!


Play regularly - and enjoy the game of chess!


Probably the most important thing for a beginner is to play regularly. During the initial training, if possible, play a game or two every day for a couple of weeks, and then, when the child gets comfortable and he has some excitement, you can switch to a couple of times a week so that he does not get bored at the same time, but also attracts this business .


Repetition will help reinforce the rules of the game and improve your child's strategic thinking over time. It will definitely not be superfluous in our world. And also remember how to play chess yourself or improve your level:


Remember that the irregularity of classes is the worst thing during training, but you should not overwork your child! The main thing is that the whole game of chess should be fun.


We hope that our simple tips will help you plunge into this magical world where everyone can become a strategist and a true commander. Forward!



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It has been 50 years since the first American ATM was opened by Barclays in Enfield, North London on June 27, 1967.


Since then, the number of ATMs around the world has skyrocketed, with only 70,180 in the UK.


Top facts about ATM's



1. Barclays chose its Enfield, North London branch for the world's first ATM in 1967 because its tall windows provided ample space for security and equipment.


2. With the first ATMs, you had to buy a paper voucher from a bank teller in advance, and you could only get £10 at a time.


3. On bus simulator star (and Barclays client), Reg Varney was the first person to use an ATM.


4. There is controversy about who designed the ATM. Scottish inventor John Shepherd-Barron was inspired by chocolate bar vending machines and created the first Barclays ATM.

However, around the same time, Scott's brother, James Goodfellow, developed a slightly different machine that used punched plastic cards. Both men received OBEs for their services in banking.


5. Every three minutes a new ATM appears in the world.


6. Some of the first ATMs didn't return your card right away. Instead, it was either sent to you or you had to log into a branch to collect it.


7. Lloyds launched Britain's first computerized ATM in Brentwood, Essex in 1972. For the first time, money was debited from your account instantly.


8. It wasn't until the 1980s that banks began to allow competing firms' customers to use their ATMs.


9. Rumor has it that PIN codes were originally six digits - until inventor John Shepherd-Barron's wife Caroline said she could only remember four.



10. ATM is an American term that means automatic teller machine. Teller has its origin in Old English, meaning someone who counts money.


11. The word cashpoint was introduced in 1972 by Lloyds Bank, who registered it as a trademark in 1986.


12. The most money withdrawn from UK ATMs in a day is £2.33 billion on December 23 last year.


13. About three out of four ATMs have no fees - 53,885 out of 70,020 at the end of last year.


14. The average withdrawal in the UK is £71.


15. There are ATMs in America that allow customers to communicate with bank employees via video link in real time.


16. ATM machines fail 5% of the time. The main reason, other than hardware failures, ends up in cash.


17. There are three million ATMs in the world. By 2020, it is predicted that there will be four million.


18. Portugal has the highest number of ATMs in Western Europe per million inhabitants - 1540 people. The UK has 1,074 and the European average is 960.


19. Sweden has the lowest number of ATMs with 333 per million inhabitants.



20. There are two ATMs in Antarctica - like in the huge science center of McMurdo Station. They only issue US dollars.


21. The northernmost ATM in the world is located in Longyearbyen, Svalbard, halfway between Norway and the North Pole, which is known for its views of the Northern Lights.


22. ATMs in the Vatican can give you instructions in Latin.


23. In India, you can make religious donations at temple ATMs.


24. The UK recorded 54 cash withdrawals per person in 2014, the highest in the world.


25. Barclays has launched contactless ATMs where you tap your card or smartphone on a machine to get up to £100.


26. The tallest ATM in the world sits at 16,007 feet above sea level in a remote part of Pakistan.


27. ATMs in Lapland blow out air when cash is dispensed to keep snow out.



28. Some ATMs in Dubai and Abu Dhabi dispense gold bars and coins.


29. The first drive-through ATM in the UK opened on 22 May 1998 at Hatton Cross near Heathrow Airport.


30. In Whistler, Canada, CIBC has a ski-to-slope ATM on the slopes. It has a place to store your skis and gloves while in use.


31. In the 1990s, some Japanese ATMs sterilize banknotes before dispensing them, reportedly heating them up to 200 seconds to kill bacteria.


32. In 2012, Barclays became the first UK bank to start talking about ATMs for visually impaired customers. Canada introduced them in 1997.


33. Some believe that if you enter your PIN back into the car, it will alert the police that you are withdrawing money under duress. It is a myth.


34. Banks are already producing ATMs that no longer require a card or PIN. You log into the app on your phone, choose as much as you want, and get a code to enter the car.



35. In Spain, you can buy sports tickets and pay parking fines at ATMs.


36. You can receive a reward of up to £25,000 if you pass on any information that would lead to the conviction of someone responsible for the ATM attack.


37. ATMs have been deliberately designed so that the card turns into cash to help prevent customers from leaving.


38. Link, the UK ATM network, has a free app that shows you where your nearest ATM is on a map - you can even look for machines that dispense 5 notes.


39. In the US, you can get stamps from ATMs.


40. You can use ATMs to carry out funeral plans in South Africa.


41. Some golf courses in America have mobile ATMs that move along the course on a buggy.


42. ATMs are increasingly being used to advertise public notices such as “don't drink and drive”.


43. In Portugal, you can apply for a fishing and hunting license at some ATMs.



44. In some countries, small businesses have been able to deposit cash at ATMs since 1982.


45. Some ATMs issue changes to store owners. You place the tray under the car inside the car and 

then put the coins in the correct slots.


46. ​​ATMs in Japan and Brazil use your fingerprint or palm to verify your identity instead of a PIN. In China, they use facial recognition software.


47. It is estimated that 46 per cent of ATMs in the UK are located in stores compared to 27 per cent in bank branches.


48. Banks are under pressure to upgrade UK ATMs because the new plastic £5 and upcoming £10 are now seen as too slippery.


49. In Thailand, you often have to pay to use ATMs owned by other banks, even for balance checks.


50. China just installed its first ATM in 1987.



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Remember the line from the poem "All works are good, choose to taste!"? The second part of this phrase is the best suited to the topic of our material. After all, when you find out what professions exist in the world, we are sure that you will come to no small surprise. But what will surprise you even more is how they are paid. Especially when you consider that many of them do not require a university degree or special skills at all. The main thing is the desire to work and earn.


From snake milker to zombie - what other unusual professions exist in the world


To be honest, we at Bemorepanda would also like to work on some of the jobs listed, especially where you have fun and also get paid for it. Some of them are even disgusting to hear about. This is because in some countries these professions are common, while in others they seem to be something out of the ordinary.


However, see for yourself and be surprised what specialists are in demand in the professional world.


1 Legal Bank Robber

Imagine robbing a bank with no subsequent punishment or fear of being caught. You can work as a penetration tester, or as they are called in the industry, a licensed bank robber. The purpose of this role is to assess the existing security measures (in the past, the work was limited to a simple hacking of the bank). While bogus robbers still exist, penetration testing has expanded to include identity theft, computer hacking, calling operators to trick them into providing customer information, and even impersonating police officers to install surveillance equipment in vaults. .


2. Professional sleeper

To appreciate the comfort of their beds, a hotel in Finland hired an employee as a "professional sleeper". Every night a person uses a different hotel bed to determine which one he prefers.


3. Professional mourner

Hiring professional mourners is not uncommon in various societies. The family hires professional mourners to attend the memorial service when the important person who has passed away has no friends. The goal is to improve the reputation of the deceased. These people can earn between $40 and $100 (£30 to £75) per session and take part in the meal that follows the funeral.


4. Movie watcher

Many streaming services pay people to watch and rate movies and series. They become public only if they receive positive feedback. You don't need any prior experience to enjoy movies, but you do need to be able to tell good movies from bad ones. Income ranges from $12 to $15 (£9 to £11) an hour, which isn't very much. Be that as it may, it is safe to conclude that most people would consider this their ideal career.


5. Iceberg tow

They track the location of icebergs and offer safe walks around them. They may also need to tow an iceberg from a specific location. The concept was developed after the Titanic disaster in 1911 and no doubt prevented many additional tragedies. Expected Salary? The average iceberg hauler earns around $20,000 (£15,000) a year.


6. Author for online dating

Millions of profiles on various online dating platforms show how many people are looking for love. But since not everyone can present themselves in the best possible way, some people hire a specialist to write their online dating profile. Enter ghostwriter for online dating. Pay will vary depending on your writing ability, but you can expect to earn an average of $900 (£670) each month.


7. Professional apologetic

The professional apologetic is one of the strangest professions on our list. A person who apologizes on behalf of others instead of them is known as a professional apologetic. He constantly expresses his condolences to the victim until his goal is achieved.


8. Zombies

There are annual zombie auditions at London Dungeons, and with an average income of £30,000, it's clear it's not the worst job to do. In fact, everything is very simple: your task will be to scare visitors who knowingly pay for the opportunity to be pursued by fictitious strangers through dark corridors. If you're good, you can advance in your profession by becoming a torturer or perhaps Jack the Ripper.


9. Hangover Helpers, Party Cleaners

Hangover helpers and party cleaners make $20 for each roommate when they go to places where there were parties with copious amounts of alcohol. They arrive the morning after the party, deliver a burrito and Gatorade (an isotonic fluid-replenishing drink) to help with a hangover, and clean up all the party trash. Mark Simons, the creator of Hangover Helpers Party Cleaners, started out cleaning party houses for extra cash before realizing he could build a business out of it, given that there are always people throwing parties and those people never want to clean up a huge mess.


10. Paper towel sniffer

Let's face it, when you buy six rolls of paper towels, the scent is what excites you the most. Therefore, the paper towel sniffer ensures that paper towel manufacturers produce high-quality, odor-free products. So if you like paper sniffing, you can make $52,000 (£38,600) a year doing it.


11. Nanny for pandas

Pandas are known to be an endangered species and have low sexual activity. Special people are working at the China Giant Panda Protection and Research Center in Ya'an, Sichuan province to cheer up these reserved animals and encourage them to breed. Such workers can earn 200,000 yuan (£22,900) a year.


12. Professional line stander

An experienced queuer will do exactly what the job's term implies: wait in line instead of others. This comes in handy when Black Friday is around the corner or when new products like the iPhone are being unveiled. They can earn around $1,000 (£750) per week.


13. Professional hugger

People who have suffered severe psychological trauma, are lonely, depressed, sick or in need of treatment can find solace in a professional embrace. Becoming a professional hugger is not difficult, but you need to be empathetic and have high moral character. Hugs often advertise their services online and earn $20 to $40 (£15 to £30) an hour.


14. Boyfriend for rent

It's very easy to find a guy in Tokyo if you have money. I wonder what is included in their professional duties?


15. Furniture tester

This work is pretty cool unless it's made out of a cactus. To appreciate the convenience of furniture, you need to sit on it, move around and even sleep.


16. Dog food taster

Dogs are the perfect best friends, so why not give them the very best food? Dog food testers do the odd job of making sure the food your dog eats is safe for him by first making sure it's safe for you, the human.


17. Bed warmer

Making a bed is one of the most fun jobs in the world. Heating pads can be helpful if you enjoy sleeping in a warm, comfortable bed, especially in winter. These people help keep you warm and comfortable while you're in bed.


18. Ostrich nurse

This task is easier than that of a babysitter. Why? Because all you have to do is watch the ostriches to make sure they don't peck at each other.


19. Fortune Cookie Lyricist

The opportunity to write a fortune cookie may have been right in front of you all along. These are independent or in-house writers who create unique and intriguing fortune cookie predictions. These people can earn around $40,000 (£30,200) a year.


20. Hard Trick Tester

Admire programs like Fort Boyard or Fear Factor? You can have a career as a stuntman if you thought "I could do this" during the trials. To do this, you will need to experience all the obstacles and tasks. You will be responsible for making sure they are safe and as tight as possible. The upside is that you can earn up to $800 every day, although you will have to wonder if there is really a lot of competition for these positions.


21. Inventor of the name of nail polish

Anyone who has ever painted their nails has probably wondered where these characteristic and even absurd names for nail polishes come from. It turns out that there is no single approach. Some businesses leave it up to senior management, while others hire creative experts from the advertising or marketing departments to take on the task.


22. Feng Shui Consultant

Sometimes you need to connect with your inner self. People hire feng shui professionals to furnish their homes, workplaces, gardens, and condominiums. For a consultation, you can easily earn anywhere from $500 to $1,000 (£380 to £750).


23. "Surgeon" for teddy bears

The title is actually supposed to be "Teddy Bear Repair Technician", but "surgeon" seems much more appealing. This technique's job is to sew arms, legs, and eyes back onto "damaged" teddy bears at every major Build-A-Bear store. In addition, there are numerous separate "hospitals" for teddy bears. In principle, the ability to sew is one of the necessary skills.


24. Intimacy Coordinator

You may have wondered how the love scene was set up if you've ever seen a movie with such a scene. Were these actions mentioned in the script? The Intimacy Coordinator, who makes recommendations on the ideal intimate scene and what is best for the performers in the event of a simulated intercourse or even a kiss, brings it all together.


25. Dog Surf Instructor

As incredible as it may seem, there is a market for training dogs to surf. Professionals are hired to teach owners and their pets how to surf. Dog trainers can earn around $13 (£10) an hour.


26. Adult Toy Tester

Adult toy testers are hired to evaluate the novelty, aesthetic appeal, and usefulness of prototypes or new adult toys. These professionals can earn around $25 (£19) an hour.


27. Bicycle catcher

The capital of the world with the best cycling infrastructure is Amsterdam. Not surprisingly, many of these two-wheelers end up in the canal, giving rise to a new line of business known as bike fishing. Around 14,000 rusty bicycles are dragged from the rivers of Amsterdam every year.


28. Professional mermaid

These certified mermaids perform at events and teach others how to swim like them. They can earn around $300 (£230) an hour at a birthday party.


29. Cube Quality Inspector

What most people don't know is that dice must have very precise dimensions and weight balance in order for you to be able to see any of the numbers face up when you roll the die. The dice quality inspector is often responsible for conducting expert quality control tests to ensure that the dice meet all specifications. Cubes will not be packaged until they have been inspected and deemed fit for sale.


30. Google Maps Tracker

Do you want to go hiking and walk through places that are hard to reach for cars around the world - Hawaii, the Grand Canyon, the jungle, etc.? Want to trek these trails while carrying a massive camera? The perfect way out! To do this, Google hires Google Map Trekkers. This could be the perfect career for the healthy traveller. It allows you to enjoy nature, see breathtaking views and contribute to mapping the globe so that others can travel while sitting at home. For hikers, explorers and outdoor enthusiasts, this is the opportunity of a lifetime.


31. Fake wedding guest

These are the guests who are paid to show up at weddings to make the event look massive and give the bride, groom or both a positive social image. Some couples even go so far as to include fake guests in their entire wedding party.


32. Underwater pizza delivery man

If the existence of an underwater hotel in Florida doesn't strike you as odd enough, here's another odd twist to this hotel: It also has a scuba diver who delivers pizza to the underwater rooms, carrying it in a waterproof case.


33. Stanley Cup Keeper

The winning club in the National Hockey League receives the Stanley Cup every year. Backups in case of damage to the original Stanley Cup trophy are not available. This is a large and extremely expensive bowl. Due to the importance of the Stanley Cup, a "Cup Keeper" is always hired to guard the trophy and travel with it wherever it goes.


34. Scarecrow Man

This may come as a surprise to you if you are familiar with stuffed animals filled with straw. There are people for whom this is a job. They constantly drive away the birds, remaining in the place of the fake stuffed animal.


35. Alarm clock man

The Daily Wake Up Call Company can help you wake up every morning by assigning a live person to wake you up. In addition to waking up their "bosses", alarm people also call them to remind them of their daily duties and schedules. The business has entered a very lucrative industry that allows you to benefit from the hustle and bustle of others. And how difficult can it be to call people every morning to let them know about their daily tasks?


36. Quiidacarro

When you park your car in Costa Rica, you will come across a quiidacarro. Doing his job is not as difficult as it seems. Quidacarro keeps an eye on your vehicle while you are away to prevent theft (unless he has his eye on it).


37. Train pusher

You must see trains in Japan if you think the London Underground is bad. The goal of the pusher is to push passengers into the train as quickly as possible by pushing them from the outside until the doors close.


38. Hippotherapist

Hippotherapy literally translates as "treatment with the help of a horse." You use the movement and therapeutic qualities of horses to help human patients overcome speech, physical or mental health problems. But having experience with horses and loving them is not enough. Before you can specialize in this field, you must meet the requirements and be licensed as a physical therapist, occupational therapist, or speech therapist.


39. Professional Hitchhiker

The idea of hitchhiking in this situation is completely reversed. Professional hitchhikers are paid to drive other people's cars in Jakarta, Indonesia's capital. This is one of the strangest jobs. The poor infrastructure of Jakarta is to blame for the terrible traffic jams in the city. Three-in-one zones, which can only be entered by cars with three passengers, were created by road authorities to reduce the number of bottlenecks on the roads. So poor Indonesians from the outskirts of Jakarta are waiting on the route to hitchhike and speed up the driver's journey.


40. Golf ball diver

Have you ever wondered what happens to all the golf balls that fall into the water? These balls are found by golf ball divers who then bring them back to the course to be cleaned and reused. Hence, if you enjoy diving, this job is perfect for you and you can earn around $200 (£150) every day.


41. Professional Paint Dryer

Have you ever had a job that was only slightly more enjoyable than watching paint dry? In fact, there is work that requires waiting for the paint to dry. The main duty of the employee is to paint cardboard sheets to test the new paint's mixing ability and drying time.


42. Persistent Netflix Viewer

Imagine that you receive a daily salary for watching TV! For one lucky employee, that wish came true. To help us viewers find exactly the program we're looking for, whether it's a romantic crime film based on classic literature or a smart TV show with talking animals, Netflix has hired someone to review all of their content before it becomes available to the general public.


43. Food warmer taster

People often claim that you either love something or hate it, and in the case of St. John Skelton, he really takes that statement to heart. He works with a team of bain marie tasters to make sure each batch of bain marie has the proper flavor, texture and consistency. During his thirty years of work there, he consumed almost 3,000 cans of this substance!


44. License plate blocker

In order to reduce traffic congestion in Iran, there are special rules that cars are only allowed on the road on certain days of the week, depending on their license plates ending in even and odd numbers. To keep their license plates out of the cameras, Iranians pay guys to walk behind their cars.


45. Professional foreigner

These people are hired to dress professionally and shake hands with powerful businessmen. They are sometimes hired to attend real estate events and act like foreigners and famous people. Many of these people can earn $1,000 (£750) every week for completing a specific task or activity.


46. ​​Aircraft artist

An aeronautical artist changes an old aircraft design into a modern one. By doing this, people can earn around $20 (£15) an hour.


47. Keeper of swans

Christopher Perrins, Honorary Fellow at Wolfson's College, Oxford, holds this odd position part-time. Perrins counts the swans on the Thames every year. Even though he only used his ownership in the Windsor area, the Queen technically owned them all, so it doesn't matter to anyone how many there are.


48. Sewer washer

Sewer cleaners are not the most attractive profession, but they are necessary to keep the country's sewer systems running. Sewer flushing devices are used to clear blockages caused by non-biodegradable debris and hardened layers of cooking fat and oil in pipes.


49. Snake Milker

When it comes to milking an animal, you will first of all imagine a cow, but not a poisonous snake. By extracting venom from a poisonous snake, they obtain the necessary material for one of the most important components of medicines - antidotes. And since this is a dangerous job, you can expect to be well paid for it.


50. Land mine detector using rodents

The unfortunate consequence of any global conflict is most often dangerous landmines. As millions of mines were buried during the Vietnam War, action was taken to destroy most of them, and rodents and their handlers were tasked with this vital duty for handsome rewards.


51. Professional bridesmaid

Choosing a dress, trying it on, shopping, planning a bachelorette party, compiling a gift list, and many other wedding-related tasks are all part of a skilled bridesmaid's job. While no formal training is required, a person must be fully aware of the process involved in a wedding. Bridesmaids who work professionally can easily earn up to $7,000 (£5,300) a month.


52. Thief Hunter

Who are you going to call if the police can't solve the crime? Thief hunter. It is sure to catch the culprit if you are the victim of a petty crime or a pickpocket, using a wide range of strategies and tools to ensure they get your stuff back. You can earn around $50,000 (£37,100) a year dealing with criminals if that's what you're interested in.


53. Vomit Cleaner

On some roller coasters, you can easily throw up because they go up and down and turn at such strange angles. Because the amusement park owners were aware of this, this position was created.


54. Olive Oil Regulator

Europe takes its olive oil quite seriously. So serious that compliance with the requirements for the taste and aroma of different varieties of olive oil creates jobs in Italy, Spain, Greece and other countries with a high level of production. In addition, these bodies ensure that suppliers provide the required documents and that labels comply with all IOC specifications.


55. Mannequin Man

If you are in desperate need of fast and good money, you can try your hand in the human mannequin industry. Hourly pay for human mannequins is about $100. Due to the demanding nature of the work, which involves being on site for extended periods of time, the pay is substantial. For several hours a day you will have to look like a mannequin, so this job is not for those who can quickly get bored with something.


56. Guide to the Paranormal

From invisible ghosts to other ethereal entities, there are many paranormal creatures that you may not be able to see but that a guide to the paranormal can lead you to. In the US and across Europe, there are opportunities for this strange job that can make good money.


57. Sniffer

Perfume, deodorant, and cosmetics are combined to generate more than $1 trillion a year. Scenters are needed to make sure that the product smells good, and to establish and confirm the persistence of the aroma. Sniffers can earn $20 to $25 (£15 to £19) an hour.


58. Statue Man

The work of a human statue pays well. This is a living mannequin dressed or painted to match the character it represents. Some shops may pay generously for a human statue to model clothes or add originality to their brand. A person who stays still can earn around $100 (£75) an hour.


59. Water slide tester

Water slide testers evaluate the fun and safety of water slides in resorts, amusement parks and hotels. Just imagine how wonderful it would be to come to work every day.


60. Worm Collector

Earthworm collectors collect and "hunt" them outdoors. You may work for universities or other institutions that use worms for teaching and research, or you may be hired by fishing firms to catch and pack bait. Worms can also be sold directly to fishermen for use as bait. There are no formal requirements, but if you are paid for every thousand worms you collect, you will need some skill and dedication if you want to make a living from this job.


61. Man-electric discharge

Guys who carry around a small wooden box that gives off electric shocks are called toques in Mexico. While drunken bar patrons endure this torture to sober up, others think it gives them a new high.


62. Dinosaur Land Manager

Dinosaur Land is a roadside attraction featuring life-sized fiberglass dinosaurs and other animals located in White Post, Virginia.


63. Humolog

It turns out that it takes a whole scientific procedure to produce a small, one-gram stick of chewing gum. Hummologists use science and technology to give you a real taste explosion, that's what they are for.


64. IMAX screen cleaner

Over time, huge movie screens for IMAX movies can get awfully dirty. When they don't like what's happening in the movie, some viewers throw candy or popcorn at the screen and these foods stick to it. Most often, these movie screens collect a lot of dust. As such, several workers are responsible for cleaning these screens to ensure that movies are viewed clearly. Due to the sheer size of the screens and the amount of stuff that can accumulate on them, each cleaning takes several hours.


65. Shoe Wrinkle Specialist

When the shoes are urgently taken out of the factory, special people make sure that there are no wrinkles or creases on them.


66. Elevator Inspector

These inspectors ensure the smooth operation of the elevator, but their duties are not limited to this. To ensure safety and compliance standards are met, these inspectors inspect and repair all materials handling equipment, including escalators, elevators, moving sidewalks, ski lifts, and even amusement park rides.


67. Touch tester

These sensory testers evaluate the effectiveness of skin care products such as lotions, facial cleansers and razors with their hands. They can earn up to $25 (£19) an hour groping various faces, but this requires some preparation.


68. Deodorant Tester

You often poke your nose into other people's business. Well, these people stick their noses into other people's armpits to gauge how well deodorants mask body odor. This is what you call a stinky job.


69. Elephant Trainer

Some elephants can draw, paint, throw a ball, splash water, play drums, sit up, stand on their hind legs, and even sing. The task of an elephant trainer is to teach these huge creatures good manners and outstanding tricks. You can use food or physical contact as a bribe when training elephants, and you may have to clean up after large animals and provide them with food and water. In addition, you will have to provide them with exercise and make sure they have enough brain stimulation to keep these smart creatures from getting bored. Amusement parks, zoos, circuses and film studios around the world often employ elephant trainers.


70. Chick sexer

The work of a specialist in determining the sex of chickens is simple. While it might not be all that intriguing, at least they work with animals! All they have to do is determine the sex of the chickens!






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The strength of a person's spirit and the will to win is based on courage - a trait that the most worthy have. This quality has always been necessary for people to win battles; it is essential for everyday life. And in our difficult times, we need courage more than ever.


Sayings and aphorisms on the theme of courage


Suppose your reserve of courage is a little depleted. In that case, it must be replenished immediately with the help of quotes and aphorisms of the great minds of humanity - writers, politicians, spiritual leaders, and educators. Read the selection of Bemorepanda and gain courage and perseverance!



1. "Without courage, there can be no truth, and without truth, there can be no other virtue." — Sir Walter Scott


2. “The madness of the brave is the wisdom of life!” - Maksim Gorky


3. “He who loses wealth loses a lot; he who loses a friend loses more; but he who loses courage loses everything.” - Miguel de Cervantes


4. "Courage does not lie in blindly not noticing danger, but in seeing and overcoming it." — Jean-Paul


5. “Courage is an excellent property of the soul; the people marked by him should be proud of themselves. – N. M. Karamzin


6. “All the brave love; for only those who have affections to fight for are brave.” — Nathaniel Hawthorne


7. "In life, it takes great courage to be human and maintain your dignity." – V. A. Zubkov


8. "Fortitude is the protection and support of other virtues." — John Locke


9. "Courage is cultivated day by day in stubborn resistance to difficulties." – N. A. Ostrovsky


10. "True courage is taciturn: it costs him so little to show himself that he considers heroism itself to be a duty, not a feat." – A. A. Bestuzhev-Mariinsky



11. “Conscience is the root of all true courage; if a man is brave, let him obey his conscience.” - James Freeman Clark 12. "Courage derives its gain from the cowardice of others." - Ya. B. Knyazhnin


13. "The best hearts are always the bravest." — Lawrence Stern


14. "Three main virtues of the leader: courage, mind, health of body and soul." – A. V. Suvorov


15. "Courage is the resistance to fear, the mastery of fear, not the absence of fear." - Mark Twain


16. "The difference between the brave and the coward is that the former, aware of the danger, do not feel fear, and the second feels fear, not conscious of the danger." – V. O. Klyuchevsky


17. "A man who has never been in danger cannot be held accountable for his courage." — Francois de La Rochefoucauld


18. "Courage usually goes along with gentleness of character, and a courageous person is more than others capable of generosity." – N. V. Shelgunov


19. “Life is a struggle, and to win a worthy victory in it, a person needs everyday courage.” – V. A. Zubkov


20. "Courage without discipline is closer to brutality than to masculinity." — Sir P. Sidney



21. “Not the one who climbs into danger without feeling fear is courageous, but the one who can suppress the strongest fear and think about danger without submitting to fear.” – K. D. Ushinsky


22. “Physical courage, which despises all danger, will make a man brave in one respect; moral courage, scorning all opinion, will make a man brave in another. The first, it would seem, is the most necessary for the camp; the second for advice, but both are necessary to become a great man. – Charles Caleb Colton


23. "Courage to defend the fatherland is a virtue, but courage in a robber is villainy." – A. A. Bestuzhev-Mariinsky


24. “There is a big difference between true courage and simple contempt for life.” - Cato, the Elder


25. “More than once, our great empire approached the brink of destruction, but it was not the wealth that did not exist, not the weapons with which we always limped, but the iron courage of her sons, who spared neither strength nor life, that saved her, if only Russia lived.” – M. O. Menshikov


26. “Courage is doing what you fear. You can't have courage if you're not scared." — Eddie Rickenbacker


27. "Wisdom is the courage of the spirit." – A. V. Lavrukhin


28. “To see what is right and not do it is a lack of courage.” – Confucius


29. "Neither an officer's uniform will make you brave, nor a priestly cassock - merciful, nor a judge's toga - just, nor a ministerial chair - strong if your soul does not abound with either courage, or compassion, or righteousness, or strength." - Nikolay Serbian



30. "No one can be brave if he considers pain the greatest evil of life." – Cicero


31. “Don’t be afraid to make mistakes! And do not despair of falling! Have patience and courage - restore strength, heal wounds, and know that fate will give you a chance! – Oleg Roy


32. "A real knight is more full of courage in the thick of battle than at the beginning of danger." — Sir P. Sidney


33. "To admit one's mistakes is the highest courage." – A. A. Bestuzhev-Mariinsky


34. "A huge amount of talent is lost in this world due to lack of courage." — Sydney Smith


35. "War is an area of danger; courage is the most important quality of war." – Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Clausewitz


36. "Courage must be guided by skill, and skill should be armed with courage." — Sir P. Sidney


37. “Qualities such as courage, truthfulness, and justice are acquired through development. Therefore, morality is an undoubted product of culture. – G. I. Chelpanov


38. “Courage based on the hope of reward, the fear of punishment, the experience of success, rage or ignorance of danger, is just ordinary courage, and it does not deserve this name. True courage presupposes a just end; measures the dangers and meets the result with calmness and unwavering determination.” — Francois de la Noue


39. "There are two main manifestations in courage: contempt for pain and contempt for death." - Marcus Tullius Cicero



40. “Courage is when a person does not let the fear of death rule his life.” – S. S. Govorukhin


41. “Courage is not a virtue or value among other personal values such as love or loyalty. It is the foundation that underlies all other virtues and personal values and makes them a reality. Without courage, our love turns pale and turns into a simple addiction. Without courage, our loyalty becomes conformity.” — Rollo May


42. “Courage makes a man greater than himself; for then he is himself plus his prowess.” — William R. Alger


43. "True courage consists in loving life, knowing the whole truth about it." – S. D. Dovlatov


44. "Courage is a lamp of adversity." — Luc de Clapier


45. "The discovery of the courage to rise above the vanity and dependence on suffering brings true satisfaction and freedom to the soul." – R. V. Share


46. “Remember now, when you meet your antagonist, do everything in a gentle, pleasant manner. May your courage be as sharp, but at the same time as polished as your sword.” – Richard Brinsley Sheridan


47. "God holds fast to the strong." — Giuseppe Mazzini


48. “Fearlessness is indispensable for the development of other noble qualities. Is it possible without the courage to seek the truth or carefully keep love? - Mahatma Gandhi


49. "In war, courage wins, not good weapons." - Miguel de Cervantes


50. "Dare to glorify the motherland with courage!" – M. V. Lomonosov



51. “He has not learned the lesson of life who does not overcome fear every day.” — Ralph Waldo Emerson


52. “A person is loved mainly for two virtues: firstly, courage, secondly, fidelity.” - Gaius Lucilius


53. "There are three things that need to be affirmed in boys and young men - the duty of a man, the responsibility of a man, the dignity of a man." – V. A. Sukhomlinsky


54. "Courage does not consist in taking risks without fear, but in being resolutely disposed to a just cause." – Plutarch


55. “Keep your fears to yourself, but share your courage with others.” – Robert Louis Stevenson


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