50 amazing facts about Delhi
The Indian city of Delhi, the noisy multinational capital of this country, is able to shock an unaccustomed tourist. It is often referred to as New Delhi, although in fact only one of the city's districts bears this name. However, New Delhi can be called one of the most decent areas of the capital. It is noticeably cleaner and quieter here, while the typical Indian flavor is more than enough here.
Delhi's long and colorful history begins around the 6th century BC, and since then it has been repeatedly attacked, occupied, sacked, and rebuilt over the centuries. The medieval period was especially turbulent, and throughout its history, it has been the capital of many different empires.
Interesting facts about Delhi
1. The Indian capital of Delhi is one of the oldest cities in the world
2. It is not known exactly when the city of Delhi was founded. It is believed that this happened about 5000 years ago.
3. When founded, this city was called Indraprastha.
4. Delhi is not only the capital of India, but also the second largest city in the country after Mumbai (former Bombay).
5. During the history of its existence, this city has seen the rise and fall of several civilizations.
6. In the past, Delhi managed to visit the center of various states of antiquity, and the Indians themselves romantically call this city “the capital of seven empires”.
7. The city is located at the foot of the Aravali ridge - in the northwestern part of the country, on the banks of the tributary of the Ganges.
8. This is a large densely populated metropolis, in which different nationalities and cultures are mixed in a bizarre way. The urban agglomeration of Delhi is the third largest in the world in terms of population after the agglomerations of Tokyo and Mumbai.
9. The name of the city comes from the Persian "dakhliz", which means "border" in translation. According to an alternative version, the name comes from the name of Raja Dilli, who founded his capital here.
LAKSMI NARAYAN TEMPLE IN DELHI
10. Although there is no consensus on the number of settlements on the territory of the Indian capital, according to one theory, 16 successive cities existed here. The first of them - Indraprastha - was founded as early as 3000 BC. The Indian capital received its modern name after the construction of the city of Dhillika.
11. Often this city is called New Delhi, although in fact this name is only one of the urban areas.
12. By the way, New Delhi can be called one of the most decent areas of the capital. It is noticeably cleaner and quieter here, although there is enough typical Indian flavor here.
DISTRICT OF NEW DELHI
13. All metropolitan functions here are concentrated in the New Delhi area.
14. About one and a half times more people live in Delhi than in Moscow, and this is only according to official statistics, but the real number is higher - no one simply counts the inhabitants of the slums.
15. Including the suburbs, Delhi has about 27 million people, about 5 times more than in Finland or Slovakia.
16. Since India's independence from Great Britain, the population of Delhi has increased by more than 10 times. The population density in Delhi exceeds 11 thousand people per square kilometer.
17. Delhi has long been in the top 5 most populous cities in the world. In all of India, this city is second only to Mumbai in terms of population, but fewer people live there.
18. The area of Delhi reaches 1483 km². This is approximately 660 times the area of the Principality of Monaco.
19. Delhi is considered one of the centers of world tourism, which is not surprising - there are 60 thousand monuments with a thousand-year history, and some of them are over 2000 years old.
TEMPLE COMPLEX AKSHARDHAM
20. Temple complex Akshardham Hindu culture in Delhi is one of the most visited attractions, included in the Guinness Book as the largest Hindu temple in the world.
21. Since about 20% of the population of Delhi is illiterate, signs here often use not only words, but also drawings, which can be used to understand what exactly is being advertised.
22. In just 60 years, the population of Delhi has increased tenfold. This increase is due to migration that occurred after the declaration of independence in India.
23. Everyone rushed to the capital in search of work, and such overpopulation provoked many social problems in the city, in particular, slums, in which, according to statistics, several million people live, most often unemployed.
24. Slums are a serious social problem of this metropolis, because people live in conditions of complete unsanitary conditions and an increased crime situation. There are practically no modern communications there.
IRON COLUMN IN DELHI
25. Delhi's unique and mysterious attraction is the Iron Pillar, which is a pillar weighing 6 tons, 99.7% iron. According to some reports, the column is more than 2 thousand years old, and there are no signs of corrosion on it, its secret has not yet been unraveled.
26. There is a belief that one who wants to be happy should clasp the pillar with his hands, leaning his back against it, so that the tourists in their perseverance polished the metal to a shine.
27. The most densely populated area of Delhi is the Old City. Here the population density is several tens of thousands of people per 1 square kilometer.
28. About 80% of the inhabitants of Delhi are Hindus, 10% are Muslims, and another 10% are all the rest, mostly Christians, Buddhists and Sikhs.
29. In different states of India, different languages have official status, and Hindi and English are official for the whole country.
30. In Delhi, the Punjabi and Urdu languages also enjoy similar status.
31. The local population communicates in Hindi, but more than 20 spoken languages are in use. In writing, English prevails, and few people use it in oral speech.
32. On the streets of Delhi, a variety of outfits are mixed, from barefoot hermits and ladies in national saris to office workers in suits and foreign tourists in shorts and flip flops.
33. There are many more men in Delhi than women, as many of them come here from all over India in search of work.
34. In Delhi, there is a special female taxi, with female drivers. It only serves women and couples, not single men. This is due to the high risk of rape in India.
MINARET QUTUB MINAR IN DELHI
35. The Delhi Qutub Minar is the tallest brick minaret in the world.
36. The heat record in Delhi is +48.8 °C, and during the daytime temperatures here usually fluctuate between 30 and 40 °C depending on the season of the year. And once there was even recorded a temperature below 0 ° C! More precisely, -0.8 °C.
37. In December-January, the average daily temperature in Delhi usually drops to 8-9 degrees Celsius, so it's not always hot here. Cold air comes from the Himalayas, and the whole of Delhi is plunged into a thick fog.
38. The ecological situation here leaves much to be desired. A huge amount of transport emits a lot of pollutants into the atmosphere, and a hat of smog often hangs over Delhi.
39. In Delhi, rickshaw cabs are prohibited, which carry customers, harnessing themselves to the carriage.
40. Traffic jams on Delhi roads are very big. Moreover, a brand new Mercedes and a horse-drawn cart can stand nearby.
41. The most popular and common transport here is tuk-tuk, (auto rickshaw, or three-wheeled motorcycle taxi). But tuk-tuks and cycle rickshaws are not allowed to enter the city center.
42. According to the results of the latest census, almost 20% of the inhabitants of the Indian capital are not literate.
SLUMS IN DELHI
43. A significant part of the population of Delhi lives without access to running water, sewerage and electricity.
44. In Delhi, only 54% of the population is known to have access to purified piped water. The rest are forced to use private and public artesian wells, which cannot but lower the level of groundwater.
45. In Delhi, you can try any dish of Indian cuisine - Punjabi, Muggle, Rajasthani, Mararashtran, Hyderabad and others.
46. The Indian city of Delhi, the noisy multinational capital of this country, is able to shock an unaccustomed tourist.
47. Unfortunately, despite the large army of policemen, Delhi still retains a leading position among the country's most criminal metropolitan areas.
48. Everything is here - sparkling skyscrapers, and luxurious villas, and ancient temples, and an eerie-looking slum.
49. Among the sister cities of Delhi, major cities of the world are Chicago, London, Seoul, Sydney, Tokyo, Moscow, St. Petersburg and others.
50. Many tourists say that you can see the "real India" in the old parts of the city, where there are many bazaars, ancient temples and other things. And New Delhi is a quite respectable business center.
20 facts about Goa- the paradise place on the Earth
The Indian state of Goa is perceived by many as heaven on earth. It is warm and inexpensive, and this is exactly what the mass of downshifters of all stripes who come here from various countries need. In many other aspects, this state compares favorably with other parts of India, although there is also an opinion that this place is already too Europeanized, and there is a lack of local flavor, which, in general, is also a fact. In any case, it is better to look at this wonderful place with your own eyes - it's worth it. Bemorepanda collected interesting facts for you.
1. Most of India for a long time was under English rule, but the state of Goa was previously owned by Portugal. Therefore, there are enough Catholics here along with Hindus, and Catholic churches have survived (see interesting facts about Portugal).
2. It is noticeably cleaner than in most other states of this vast country.
3. Prices are really low here. For some expats, $ 500 a month is enough.
4. The water temperature on the coast of Goa all year round is kept in the region of 28-30 degrees.
5. Unlike the rest of India, it is quite possible to order beef in a restaurant here. Yes, again, because there are many Catholics here who do not consider a cow a sacred animal.
6. Among all Indian states, Goa is the smallest in area.
7. The difference between the northern and southern parts of Goa is pronounced. The north is a paradise for party-goers and downshifters, and the south is full of respectable hotels, and the older and richer public generally rest here.
8. The total length of the beaches in Goa is about 100 kilometers.
9. Almost 30% of the state is covered with impassable tropical jungle.
10. Officially, more than 7 thousand licensed bars function in Goa. In fact, this number is higher - not everyone has a license.
11. It is here that Kopi Luvak coffee is produced - the most expensive sort in the world. It is made from coffee beans that have passed through the digestive tract of local animals (see interesting facts about coffee).
12. Bargaining in Goa is possible and necessary, it is a part of local life. Moreover, prices for tourists are always inflated initially, sometimes five times.
13. There are very, very, very many insects. You can escape from them in your own home only if you rent a room on a higher floor in some expensive hotel.
14. Here is the village of Morjim, which bears the unofficial title of "Russian". There are more expats from ex-USSR countries than local residents. A similar situation has emerged in recent years in the Vietnamese surfer village, Mui Ne.
15. Due to the abundance of Russian tourists, many cafes and restaurants in Goa offer Russian cuisine, but in the overwhelming majority of cases local chefs cook them, let's say, mediocre.
16. Nobody goes on foot here - everyone drives motorbikes. Those who are poorer - on bicycles. As, however, in all of India.
17. Despite the humid tropical climate, such a dangerous disease as malaria is very rare.
18. Agriculture remains a mainstay of the Goa economy, with rice, fruits (such as mango), coconuts, legumes (legumes), cashews, betel (areca nuts) and sugar cane among the most important crops. The main forest products include teak and bamboo. The state has an active fishing industry along its coast, although sustainability has been a growing concern in the 21st century. The state exports a number of agricultural goods.
19. Goa is rich in minerals. Mining began in the middle of the twentieth century and, in the following decades, emerged as a central component of the state's economy.
20. The service sector in the Goa economy has grown in importance since the end of the twentieth century. This is largely due to the rapid growth of the tourism industry.
50 fun facts about the country of Bangladesh
Interesting facts about Bangladesh are an excellent opportunity to learn more about South Asia. This country was a British colony for a long time, and only in 1971 received independence from it.
Bangladesh is a small but very densely populated country located in southern Asia. Much has it in common with neighboring India- culture, traditions, customs, and the peoples themselves inhabiting Bangladesh. This state, along with China, is one of the leading suppliers of cheap labor - a vast number of various things sold worldwide are made in Bangladesh.
Facts about Bangladesh
1. Bangladesh is a small country located in southern Asia.
2. Bangladesh as a country did not exist until 1971. Indian, Turkic, and Mongol tribes ruled its territory and the British for centuries.
3. This country was a British colony for a long time, and only in 1971 receive independence from it.
4. Bangladesh has many things in common with neighboring India - culture, traditions, customs, and the people who inhabit the country.
5. This state, like China, is one of the leading suppliers of cheap labor. A vast number of various things that are sold around the world are made in Bangladesh.
6. Bangladesh is the most populous state on the planet - 1154 people per 1 km².
THE CAPITAL OF BANGLADESH IS DHAKA CITY
7. The capital of Bangladesh is the city of Dhaka. It is the 5th largest city in the world and the most densely populated.
8. The area of Dhaka is 304 km2. About 10 million people live in this area. Compared with Moscow, its area is 2561 km2, and the population is slightly more than 12.5 million people.
DHAKA BY NIGHT
9. There is incredible movement due to the high population density in Bangladesh, especially in Dhaka. Here, those caught in a traffic jam will need about 30-40 minutes to drive 1 kilometer. Dhaka also has deplorable roads, so traffic rarely exceeds 75 km/h.
10. In addition, the capital of Bangladesh, Dhaka, is very polluted. In addition to lousy air, car sirens constantly sound, unpleasant odors are present, etc.
11. According to a report by The Economist Intelligence Unit, Dhaka is the second most uninhabitable city on the planet.
COPY OF THE TAJ MAHAL IN BANGLADESH
12. In the vicinity of Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, the local oligarch Asanullah Moni built a life-size copy of the Taj Mahal. This building is located on the territory of his possessions. one
13. In 1757, the territory of this state was conquered by Britain (previously, it was under the control of the Mongols).
14. In 1857, there was a sepoy uprising, which led to the transfer of the region to the British Raj.
15. In 1947, the British Raj gave up territories due to a decade-long independence movement. At the same time, the countries of India and Pakistan (East and West) were created. Bangladesh was "East Pakistan" and became an independent state only in 1971.
16. On the country's territory, many archaeological sites and artifacts are over 4000 years old, dating back to 2000 BC.
SOMAPURI VIHARA MONASTERY
17. Somapuri Vihara Monastery, built in the 8th century, is one of South Asia's most significant archaeological sites. The complex is spread over an area of more than 11 hectares.
18. After the division of British India into Bangladesh, a unique enclave of the third order was formed - Dakhala Kagrabari.
19. The territory of India was surrounded by the lands of Bangladesh, which, in turn, were surrounded by the possessions of India, and those were again located within the borders of Bangladesh.
20. This terrible mess was only resolved in 2015 when the two countries' governments signed an agreement on exchanging territories.
21. Bangladesh ranks 10th in the world in terms of population.
22. Bangladesh is a monistic country with 98% of Bengalis.
23. But a large number of citizens of this country, approximately 7.5 million people, live outside their country.
24. Almost half of this number live in India, about 1 million in Saudi Arabia, and the rest in the Middle East.
25. The Bangladeshi diaspora has contributed enormously to their country's economy as foreign workers constantly send remittances home. Approximately 5% of Bangladesh's GDP is remittances from citizens abroad.
26. Most Bangladeshi citizens are engaged in agriculture. It is estimated that approximately 70% of the population is farmers. Without farming, many people in this country could not survive.
27. About 96% of the country's income comes from selling clothing and fabrics. Moreover, many popular brands manufacture clothes in Bangladesh due to low labor and production costs.
28. Approximately 90% of the population is Muslim. Among Bangladeshi Muslims, 96% are Sunnis, 3% are Shiites, and about 1% are Ahmadis.
29. Bangladesh is the world's fourth largest Muslim country. This state is second only to Indonesia, Pakistan, and India.
30. The official language in the country is Bangla, known as Bengali. Also, many people speak English, especially in urban areas.
31. Some non-Bengali Muslims speak Urdu as their first language.
32. Despite its small size, Bahrain has unique places and sights in every corner of the city or village.
33. The country's sights are diverse and unique, and each architectural monument has an exciting history. Interesting places in Bangladesh are located mainly in the city of Dhaka and Chittagong.
34. The sights of Bangladesh are the great pride of the Bengali people. Most people here are believers, so there are many mosques and Buddhist temples in Dhaka.
MOSQUE BAITUL MUKARRAM
35. The Baitul Mukarram Mosque was built in 1960; its style resembles the famous Kaaba, the main shrine of all Muslims. Of course, it also has its characteristics, for example, the painted elements on the walls are made in a modern style, and at the entrance to the mosque, the most beautiful reservoir greets visitors.
36. The history of Bangladesh began 4 thousand years ago, during which time the people of the republic had to endure many wars and revolutions. Therefore, it is not surprising that in the country, the monuments of Bangladesh are literally "at every turn."
MEMORIAL MONUMENT SHIKHID-MINAR
37. Memorial monument Shahid-Minar, located in the central part of the capital. In the mid-1950s, residents staged a peaceful demonstration in support of the preservation of the Bengali language. The government of Pakistan decided to suspend the rally, resulting in a significant clash between civilians and law enforcement agencies.
38. Students of the city of Dhaka erected a temporary monument in memory of the tragedy, which was destroyed. The final restoration of the memorial was possible only after the last international recognition of the independence of Bangladesh.
39. Bangladesh is known to many as a charming country that boasts beautiful nature. Glittering rivers, stunning mountain ranges - all this is available in Bangladesh.
40. This country is home to the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans. This forest has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1997. Its area is 10,000 km2, of which 6,000 km2 are located in Bangladesh, the remaining 4,000 km2 in India.
41. Most of the republic is located only a few meters above sea level. Several researchers claim that 10% of the territory of Bangladesh will be flooded if the sea level rises by at least 1 meter.
42. A very unusual phenomenon can be observed in Barisal. For inexplicable reasons, you can hear sounds reminiscent of artillery shots. In this regard, this phenomenon was nicknamed "the guns of Barisal."
BANGLADESH NATIONAL MUSEUM
43. The museums of Bangladesh have several departments: ethnographic, department of natural history, department of world civilization, etc. The National Museum of Bangladesh was built at the beginning of the last century. Its archive contains more than ten thousand exhibits: ancient relics, paintings, weapons, sculptures, tapestries, and much more.
44. Bangladesh has competed in every Olympic Games since 1984 but has failed to win a single medal.
45. The national flower of the People's Republic of Bangladesh is the lily, and the animal is the Bengal tiger.
46. The building of the National Assembly of Bangladesh is one of the unusual objects in the capital due to its design structure. The design of the building combines concrete, water, and light. Appearance - these are geometric shapes folded together: squares, triangles, circles.
47. The main difference between the seasons in the country is the amount of rain. This is because the air temperature in Bangladesh almost does not change.
COX BAZAR BEACH IN BANGLADESH
48. Bangladesh has the longest beach in Asia. It's called Cox's Bazar. The beach is located in the Bay of Bengal, in the southwestern part of the country, and is the longest in Asia and the 3rd in the world. The length of Cox's Bazar is 120 kilometers.
49. Citizens of Bangladesh are exceptionally hospitable. For this reason, they may invite any stranger into their home. The guest must try all the treats on the table, as refusing food here will be regarded as disrespectful to the hosts.
50. Despite poverty, the country has a relatively high literacy level. Among adults, about 76% of men and 70% of women are literate. Among young people, the figures are even higher. About 92% of the country's young population aged 15 to 24 are educated.
India is one of the oldest countries on the planet. The history and culture of India are rooted in such a deep past that even professional scientists, culturologists and historians still cannot fully understand them. True, the real picture is less rosy. India is an overpopulated, poor and sometimes rather polluted country, not at all reminiscent of the wonderful place that is usually described in fairy tales and shown in films.
India is a country with a rich culture and amazing traditions, Bemorepanda presents some interesting facts.
1. India ranks second in the world in terms of the number of people living on its territory after China (the country's population is about 1.3 billion people).
2. The territory of modern India was inhabited by the ancestors of modern people about 500 thousand years ago. Just think - half a million years ago!
3. In the 2014 elections, 668 women and five transsexuals were elected to the Indian Parliament.
4. India has an amazing variety of animal and plant species. At the same time, about 33% of the plant varieties growing in Indian forests are not found anywhere else on the planet.
5. The Indians were the first to season food with black pepper.
6. The national sport in India is field hockey, and the most popular is cricket, inherited by the Indians from the British colonialists. India has won more Olympic medals in field hockey than any other country in the world.
7. India is the birthplace of yoga.
8.In the Indian capital New Delhi, every year there is International Mango Festival.
9. One of the main architectural symbols of India, the Taj Mahal mausoleum, was built for almost 30 years by more than 20 thousand workers and artisans. Now this unique structure is gradually covered with cracks and turns yellow due to extremely dirty air - the complex has to be regularly cleaned using special white clay.
10. In 2010, a luxury train called the Maharajah Train began operating between New Delhi and Mumbai. Passengers on the train can admire India's most famous landmarks from the cool of the five-star carriages.
11. India leads among all countries in the world in the number of homicides and abortions per thousand population.
12. People in India speak 780 languages and more than a thousand dialects derived from these languages (see interesting facts about languages).
13. The Indian authorities have legally banned the import of its national currency, the Indian rupee, across the border. Both the import of rupees into India and the export of local money from it are prohibited. True, usually no one checks anything anyway.
14. In India, it is customary to celebrate weddings on a grand scale - even not too wealthy families invite up to one and a half thousand guests to the wedding and organize a festive feast for them.
15. Indians consider cows to be sacred animals, so they do not eat beef and allow cattle to roam freely along the city streets and beaches. However, this does not apply to the state of Goa - they even eat beef here, since the overwhelming majority of the inhabitants of Goa are Christians, not Hindus.
16. More than a million people in India are dollar millionaires.
17. In India, practically no one uses washing machines - wealthy Indians prefer to hire a housekeeper who takes care of the laundry, while poor families simply wash their clothes in a nearby pond.
18. Indian women do not address their husbands by their first names, as this is considered disrespectful.
19. India has more vegetarians than any other country in the world.
20. Indian Post has the largest mail delivery network in the world. On the territory of the country there is a post office located at an altitude of 4400 meters above sea level, there is also a floating post office, and several decades ago, the Indians were served by mobile postmen on camels.
21. The sacred city of Varanasi is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
22. India ranks second after the United States in terms of the number of English-speaking residents.
23. The Indian town of Cherrapunji is considered one of the wettest places on Earth.
24. Jaipur has the world's largest sundial.
25. Indians prepare over 140 types of traditional national desserts.
Top 45 interesting facts about Kyiv
Interesting facts about Kyiv are a great opportunity to learn more about the ancient city. Kyiv has an ancient history, thanks to which you can see many of the oldest buildings here. It was here that Kievan Rus began to form, on the territory in which the Slavic peoples lived.
Facts you didn’t know about Kyiv
Kyiv is full of cozy cafes and restaurants, ancient buildings, monuments and sculptures, majestic temples, ancient streets, and beautiful parks. Each of them is associated with a lot of interesting information and interesting facts. Facts that will help you get to know the Great City on the Dnieper better. Let's get acquainted with some of them in more detail.
1. Starokievskaya mountain - the place "where the Russian land came from", is rightfully considered the highest of all the capital's mountains - 187 meters above sea level, 96 - above the Dnieper.
2. On Starokievsky Hill there is a contour of the foundation of the Church of the Tithes - the first stone church of Russia, destroyed by the Mongols of Batu. For the first time, the contours of the foundation were laid out in the 30s of the 20th century. Then, during the archaeological excavations in 2005-2010, it was removed, returning to its place only in 2015.
3. Linden on Starokievsky Hill, according to legend, was planted by Metropolitan Peter Mohyla in 1635. If so, then it is almost 400 years old, and this is one of the oldest Kyiv trees. There are myths that claim that she remembers the decline of Kievan Rus and her age is twice that.
4. The National Museum of the History of Ukraine, one of the largest Ukrainian collections dedicated to the history, has been living on Starokyivska Hill since 1944. This House of Muses is housed in a building originally intended for an art school; its funds include over 800,000 unique exhibits.
5. One of the favorite places of rest for the people of Kyiv - Landscape Alley runs on the site of the defensive ramparts of ancient Kyiv. Appeared in the early 1980s, her father is the architect Abraham Miletsky. And what views from here!
6. Kyiv metro station Arsenalnaya is the deepest in the world (105.5 m). And the Golden Gate is among the ten (according to other sources - twenty) most beautiful in the whole world.
7. In the Kyiv metro, in addition to more than fifty operating stations, there are also two mothballed ones: Lvovskaya Brama near Lvovskaya Square and Telichka (between Vydubychi and Slavutych).
8. There are two versions about the time of the emergence of Andreevsky Descent - the soul of the City of Kiya, its cultural artery connecting the Upper and Lower City. The first says that the narrow passage between the mountains Zamkova (Kiselevka) and Andreevskaya appeared in time immemorial. The second claims that it was laid in the middle of the 17th century, as a result of the actions of the Poles, who removed the hill bridge between the mountains. The height difference on the Descent is 70 m, so the first time it is better to pass it from top to bottom.
9. Seriously building up Andreevsky Spusk began in the 19th century, and already in the 60s of this century, brothels were “wound up” on Spusk, were far from the most intelligent contingent went. The fight against these institutions ended only by 1872 when the brothels moved to Podil.
10. One of the most famous and mystical buildings of the capital - the Castle of Richard the Lionheart - an apartment building of the early 20th century, got its name thanks to the Kyiv expert Viktor Nekrasov.
11. The first art vernissage of the arts, which brought together folk masters with their masterpieces, was held on Andreevsky Descent back in 1982, and gained real popularity towards the end of the 80s. Today, not so many people come as before, but still twice a year, on Kyiv Day and Independence Day, there is nowhere for an apple to fall on Spusk.
12. The house of writers Rolit (Bogdan Khmelnitsky, 68), built in the 1930s, has a record number of memorial plaques on its facade - 29.
13. The height of the sculpture "Motherland" is 62 meters (with a pedestal - of 102, one of the highest statues in the world). This huge steel figure weighs about 500 tons. Opened in 1981. There is a version that the main sculptor Vasily Borodai chose the sculptor Galina Kalchenko, who died in 1975, as the prototype of the face of the figure.
14. The highest building in the capital is the Kyiv TV Tower (385 m, by the way, higher than the Eiffel Tower). It is the tallest of the lattice structures in the world.
15. The tallest building in Kyiv - LCD "Klovsky" (168 m, Klovsky Spusk, 7). However, now skyscrapers are being built, which may well take away the title of “very very” from the residential complex.
16. The name of the second most ancient district of the City - Podil comes from the Old Slavonic word meaning lowland.
17. Zhytny market is the oldest operating market in Kyiv. The modern building was opened in 1980, but the marketplace has existed on this site since the time of Kievan Rus.
18. Cinema "Zhovten" is also among the oldest "cinema houses" in the capital. Built-in 1931, recently restored after a fire in 2014. It is interesting because it pays a lot of attention to auteurs, festivals, and arthouse cinema.
19. Walking along Podol, pay attention to the graceful clock tower towering on Kontraktova Square between Podolskaya RDA and the Pot-bellied Hata. This is the ex-bell tower of the Church of the Holy Great Martyr Catherine of the Greco-Sinai Monastery. Until our time, only the bell tower and the profitable house next to the monastery have survived.
20. A long time ago, everyone who got to Podol tried to take a sip of water from the Samson fountain (again, one of the oldest in the City) - according to legend, this aqua vita brought good luck. Today, "Samson" is a closed-loop fountain, and you should not drink from it under any sauce.
21. For a long time, the Podolsk Upper and Lower ramparts, or rather the canal (later a ditch) between them, served as a natural boundary between the fashionable and unfashionable parts of the City. Living "beyond the ditch / across the ditch" was considered terribly unprestigious. In the course, there was even a corresponding curse.
22. There are practically no trees on Podolskaya Sagaydachnogo Street (they were removed during the construction of the metro in the 1970s). Almost the only green giant on this highway is an oak about 27 numbers.
23. The length of the funicular - a transport that lifts passengers from Postal Square to St. Michael's Cathedral - is only 222 meters.
24. The length of one of the oldest streets of the City - Vladimirskaya is almost three kilometers.
25. Walking along Vladimirskaya street, it makes sense to look into the courtyards hidden behind the walls of houses. For example, behind the facades of houses from 7 to 11, a wooden chapel and the foundation of a temple of the 12th century are hidden in the courtyard.
26. The bell tower of St. Sophia Cathedral reaches an impressive 76 meters in height.
27. One of the most visited McDonalds in the world is located near the Kyiv Central Railway Station. Typically over 2 million hungry mouths are served here annually.
28. One of the culinary symbols of the capital, gourmets recommend trying the Kyiv cutlet in the restaurants Spotykach (Vladimirskaya, 16), Rebra & Kotlety (Borisoglebskaya, 8/13). Of the fast-food options, the cutlet produced by the Pot-bellied Hata chain has the best fame.
29. In the Shevchenko Park, located opposite the main entrance to the Red Building of the University, not only mothers with children walk, but dozens of chess players often spend many hours fighting. This is their favorite place. On the other hand, the “old” Fomin Botanical Garden adjoins the Red Building - this is already a favorite place for university students.
30. Khreshchatyk - the widest Kyiv street: 75 meters from the house to house. But it cannot boast of a length, only 1.2 km.
31. The construction of Khreshchatyk began only at the very end of the 18th - beginning of the 19th century. Prior to that, poor people lived here for a long time, unable to buy apartments in prestigious areas of the City.
32. There is a place in the capital where you can taste oysters for only 29 UAH apiece. This is the "White filling" on Khreshchatyk - One euro bar, located opposite the Central Department Store. However, be prepared for rather big queues.
33. Practically on Khreshchatyk (more precisely, at its intersection with Bohdan Khmelnitsky, 3-a) there is another gastronomic feature of the capital - “Kyiv perepichka”. This famous sausage baked in the dough was first born back in 1981. And despite the fact that you have to stand in a long queue for the window with the coveted "perepichka", it has been one of the most popular fast foods in Kyiv for more than 35 years.
34. During the entire existence of Khreshchatyk, not a single church was erected here. For service to Hermes and entertainment, hands did not reach spirituality.
35. The 16-story hotel "Ukraine" (nee - "Moscow"), located on Independence Square, has long been proud of the title of the first tallest building in Kyiv and the second in all of Ukraine (Kharkiv House of Projects won the leadership).
36. One of the most interesting observation platforms in Kyiv, experts call the Schekavitsky “270-degree platform”. From here, in good weather, a huge part of the capital is visible: from the Wind Mountains to Podil and the Left Bank. You can find it by walking along Olegovskaya Street between houses 42 and 44 and finding a narrow passage between the garages on the right.
37. The world's only monument to a garbage truck is located on the capital's Gas Pipeline Street, 2. It was installed in 2004 in honor of the 35th anniversary of Kyivspetstrans.
38. The most famous of Kyiv parks - Volodymyrska Gorka "in deaf, gray-haired times" bore the name of St. Michael's Hill and belonged to the monks of St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery. The hill became a city park in the 19th century. The people of Kyiv especially fell in love with the opening here in 1853 of a monument to Prince Vladimir.
39. The name of the administrative and political center of the City - Pechersk is derived from the word "cave".
40. The building of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, built-in 1936-1938, was the first sign of the new republican administrative center created after the transfer of the capital from Kharkiv, and was originally intended for the NKVD of the Ukrainian SSR.
41. The large Lavra bell tower of one of the oldest monasteries of Kievan Rus - the Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra was born in 1731-1745, its height is 96.5 meters. By the way, it is tilted 62 cm in a northeasterly direction.
42. The main cathedral of the Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra - Uspensky was destroyed in 1941, and both Nazis and Soviet saboteurs were accused of this. The restored shrine was opened in 2000.
43. In 1990, the Kyiv Pechersk Lavra, which is visited annually by more than a million tourists, was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. In addition to the Lavra, the Ukrainian objects, it includes the Kyiv St. Sophia Cathedral, the historical center of Lviv, the points of the Struve geodetic arc, the beech forests of the Carpathians, the residence of the metropolitans of Bukovina, Tauric Chersonesus, and the wooden churches of the Carpathian region.
44. The longest in Kyiv is tram route No. 12, which runs from Kontraktova Square to Pushcha-Vodytsia and was opened back in 1900 (almost 20 kilometers).
45. Trukhanov Island got its name in time immemorial, in honor of Tugorkhan, the father-in-law of Prince Svyatopolk Izyaslavich, who built a palace for his spouse on the island.
25 interesting facts about the Marshall Islands - the unbelievable beauty
The Marshall Islands is a small state lost in the endless ocean. Few people in our country were closely interested in him, and it was completely in vain - this is the land of insane beauty.
The islands were discovered by the Spanish in the first half of the 16th century and were explored by British Captain John Marshall (1788), from whom they received their name. Between 1885 and 1914 they were under German protectorate, and during World War II the area was part of the Japanese first line of defense. In 1944 the islands were conquered by the Americans, who administered them until 1990, when the country gained its independence. On Bikini and Enewetak Islands, the U.S.A. they conducted nuclear experiments.
The Republic of the Marshall Islands is an island state in the Pacific Ocean, north of the Equator, between the Caroline and Hawaii archipelagos, with an area of 181 km.
The territory of the country occupies several hundred islands (32 atolls, 867 reefs), arranged in two rows: Ralik in the west and Ratak in the east.
The climate is equatorial, determining a tropical (tree) vegetation, dominated by banana and palm trees, but also a fauna rich in birds, fish.
Bemorepanda collected some more interesting facts:
1. The Republic of the Marshall Islands is actually under the control and jurisdiction of the United States.
2. The archipelago, on which the republic is spread, includes 5 islands and 29 atolls.
3. The Marshall Islands were discovered in 1526.
4. The land area of this state is about 181 square kilometers.
5. Nuclear weapons were tested on two atolls.
6. There are no nature reserves in the Marshall Islands.
7. There are paved roads only on the two largest atolls of the archipelago.
8. The maximum height of the Marshall Islands above sea level is ten meters.
9. The country gained independence only in 1983.
10. It is here, on the Kwajalein Atoll, that the world's largest lagoon is located.
11. In the northern part of the archipelago, the climate is so arid that it receives about the same amount of precipitation as in the American deserts.
12. The Marshall Islands have two official languages - Marshall and English.
13. The currency of the Republic is the US dollar.
14. 98% of the population of the islands are Marshalls.
15. The Marshall Islands maintains diplomatic relations with many countries. With Russia too.
16. Also the Marshall Islands is a member of the United Nations.
17. Subsidies from the United States and other countries account for a large share of the state
18. On the territory of the Marshall Islands there are more than two thousand kilometers of highways.
19. Internet and mobile phones are available in the two largest atolls, but they are very poorly distributed.
20. The Marshall Islands publishes two newspapers, one private and one public.
21. The country's islands are significantly distant from each other.
22. In total, the Marshall Islands is home to just over fifty thousand people.
23. The most popular sport in the country is basketball.
24. In 2008, athletes from the Marshall Islands took part in the Olympic Games for the first time, but did not take prizes.
25. There are only two hospitals in the country.