20 people who seriously influenced the course of history
Mankind is developing exponentially, and time, as well as the ever-increasing number of people, gives us a chance for development, accumulation of experience, and evolutionary development.
However, not all people in history leave behind the eternal, the good; some do not want a bright future at all, and on the contrary, they drag many generations back.
People who have not changed the world in the best way
Perhaps all of us living on planet Earth could be much more advanced if it weren’t for these 20 guys who didn’t change the world in the best way or at least influenced the world. Here are a few famous names that slowed down our common evolution.
1. Thomas Midgley Jr.
American chemist and mechanical engineer who invented tetraethyl lead to be added to gasoline and chlorofluorocarbons for use in refrigerators and deodorants. Author of over 100 patents.
The production of Midgley's inventions had a devastating effect on the ozone layer. According to historian John McNeill, the inventor "had the greatest impact on the atmosphere than any other living organism in the history of the Earth."
2. Robert Maxwell - the creator of the meme "British scientists"
This man commercialized research articles in British journals. Before him, articles were published in free scientific journals and were available to schools and universities. Robert Maxwell also proposed the practice of paid subscription, and for each individual article. As a result, many educational institutions could not afford expensive information, and the level of education in foggy Albion decreased.
But Maxwell got even richer. However, he was already a media mogul and a lord.
3. Guy de Chauliac
An outstanding French surgeon of the 14th century, who, despite his many merits and in fact the official title of "father of surgery" among modern surgeons, has one unpleasant incident that pushed the development of antiseptics back centuries.
He was the most famous surgeon of the 1300s and part-time a fierce opponent of the work of another surgeon, Theodoric Borgognoni. Theodoric was a surgeon who wrote about his theories of proper wound care and believed that the best thing to do with a wound was to keep it clean.
Guy de Chauliac literally hated what Theodoric wrote, because it directly contradicted the teachings of Galen, the ancient Roman surgeon, who believed that pus is the body's desire for self-healing.
The teachings of the medieval Aesculapius were widely accepted, and it is believed that his delusion set back the development of antiseptics in surgery by about 600 years.
4. The Mongols, the army of the Mongol ruler and commander Hulagu
When they destroyed the libraries in Baghdad that contained much of the past knowledge that set humanity back hundreds of years.
5. Tiberius Caesar, who ordered the execution of the inventor of flexible (vitrum flexile) glass
As a result, the secret of flexible (non-breakable) glass was lost forever. And the story was like this.
The glazier, whose name has not been preserved by history, came to the reception of Emperor Julius Caesar. The craftsman presented a unique bowl - seemingly made of glass, but which, as he claimed, could not be broken.
The emperor tried to do this, but to no avail. Instead of being shattered, the bowl only dented as if it were made of bronze, and the glazier simply took out a hammer and straightened the dent.
Then Tiberius asked if anyone else knew how to produce this type of glass, the inventor replied that he was the only one in the whole world. It was a sentence - by order of Caesar, the inventor was executed.
Why did the emperor act so cruelly and unjustly? He was simply afraid that such an amazing material could devalue gold and silver in the future.
6. Andrew Wakefield
Our contemporary, a former British doctor who made a name for himself after a rigged 1998 study that falsely claimed a link between the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism, and for his subsequent anti-vaccine activity.
To a certain extent, his “work” is directly responsible for what happened around the world with the advent of COVID-19 – distrust of vaccines, a decrease in vaccination rates (especially in the West). Opponents believe that he is directly responsible for thousands, tens of thousands of deaths.
Wakefield is believed to have intentionally rigged the results to fit his hypothesis. What for? For money! To sell "safe" vaccines and diagnostic kits.
7. Sultan Selim the Terrible
It was believed, for example, that the Holy Quran could only be copied by hand. Printing was declared blasphemy, and in 1517, during the era of the Ottoman Empire, Sultan Selim the Terrible, on pain of death, banned printing presses in the territory of the empire. The ban lasted 300 years.
The development of printing in the East stopped, but at the same time, the development of calligraphy was at a great height in the Islamic world!
8. Emperor Yongle of the Ming Dynasty in China ordered the burning of Zheng He's fleet
The largest trading and exploratory fleet of the time during his reign in the early 1400s fell under the onslaught of flames. This was the beginning of an era of isolation of Chinese imperial lands that would eventually lead to the collapse of imperial China.
In addition, the wealth of the world as a whole has decreased as a result of reduced trade with China, and if China had continued exploration, it is possible that they, and not the Europeans, would have colonized North America (instead of discovering it and then simply not telling anyone about this)…
9. Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji
In the 12th century, India had the largest university in the world called Nalanda, where intellectuals from all over the world studied. Then the Turks invaded India. They destroyed almost all the intelligentsia and destroyed the university. They burned the library. According to witnesses, the library continued to burn for 3 MONTHS. This must be the biggest loss for humanity.
10. Sir Mark Sykes
During the First World War, he was considered the greatest British specialist in the Middle East. Known for the fact that, together with the French diplomat Francois Picot, he signed the Sykes-Picot Agreement, according to which the eastern territories of the Ottoman Empire were divided mainly into British and French spheres of influence.
The problem is that the division of borders has passed along religious and tribal unions and formations. Differing cultures, languages, everything mixed up then, inevitably pushing nations into disputes and wars, the echoes of which we still hear.
Imagine the progress, level of education and cooperation that could become a reality if the Middle East were allowed to flourish unhindered, without divisions, naturally?
11. Edward Bernays
He created modern PR, which determined how to control the masses through deceit.
He made a significant contribution to the creation of the modern science of mass persuasion, based not on reason, but on the manipulation of subconscious feelings and impulses.
Bernays combined the ideas on crowd psychology of Gustave Le Bon and Wilfred Trotter with the psychoanalytic ideas of his uncle Sigmund Freud.
12. Cyril of Alexandria
He organized bands of assassins who went around Alexandria and killed everyone who was not a convinced Christian. This included almost all the great minds of that era. Among them, in particular, was Hypatia of Alexandria, one of the greatest minds in history.
13. The one who gave the order to burn the Library of Alexandria
14. Exxon scientists (one of the largest oil companies in the world) who first learned about man-made climate change in the late 70s and decided to hide this fact
15. The top should be Diego de Landa, who burned all the books of the Maya in the name of Christianity on July 12, 1561
16. Ea-Nasir, copper merchant
Our first written texts could have been amazing stories about what life was like at that time. Instead, the records contain people's complaints from the Bronze Age.
17. Queen Victoria is responsible for the deaths of about 60 million people in Brazil, China, India and Ireland
In all these cases, the British crown was involved in the removal of goods from starving areas and led campaigns to spread and aggravate poverty.
18. The one who took possession of all the chests and papers of Nikola Tesla after his death
19. In terms of sheer devastation, perhaps Genghis Khan… is estimated to have killed about 11% of the world's population in a very short period of time.
It's like killing 800 million people in modern times!
20. Charles Babbage - English mathematician, inventor of the first analytical computer
It is unlikely that he did this maliciously, but experts say he was the initiator of hindering the progress of computers for almost 100 years.
In the 1800s (Industrial Revolution), Babbage developed a working prototype of the computer, the Universal Digital Computing Machine. He had interested buyers, but no entrepreneurial spirit.
And what did he end up doing with all this? Nothing! The end product was not produced or sold, and the first prototypes of computers did not appear until the second half of the 1900s. Imagine what would be around us today if we were developing computers for another 100 years?
There are many ways to preserve memories, but photography is probably one of the most common and accessible of all. With the help of photography, you can stop time and capture a moment that, after years and centuries, descendants will be able to admire. However, very old photographs are only black and white and do not fully convey the beauty of the moment. But in this case, a digital artist comes to the rescue, Sebastian de Oliveira, who uses Photoshop to color old photographs and bring them back to life.
Happy couple, 1948
Circus Girls in Sarasota, Florida, 1949
Wartime beach on the English coast, 1941
Audrey Hepburn, 1956
French women at the fair, Paris, 1935
A car and a girl, 1942
People resting on the beach, France, 1967
Actress Rita Hayworth, 1947
Marilyn Monroe resting on the set of the movie "The Misfits", 1960
Family Picnic by the River, Louisiana, July 4, 1940
Spectators at the horse races in Worthington, Maryland, 1941
On the set of the film "Casablanca" 1939
Waiting for the bus, 1943
Father and son, 1946
Ava Gardner, 1944
Photo taken by photographer Georges Dambier, 1948
French soldier in a trench, 1916
People from different cultures and countries have different attitudes towards Easter. They also have different interpretations of its original meaning and their own traditions on how to celebrate it. Here are a few facts about Easter that will impress you for sure.
Catholics and Orthodox use different calendars when counting: in the first case, the Gregorian, and in the second, the Julian. Therefore, it turns out that Catholics start from the spring equinox on March 21 according to the new style, and Orthodox - from the old date - April 3. Thus, in 2022 Easter will be:
- for the Orthodox - April 24;
- for Catholics - April 17.
Read the most interesting facts about Easter below.
Facts about Easter traditions
1. The concept of an Easter bunny giving eggs and candy originates in Germany. The first written document of this tradition appeared in the 16th century. By the 1700s, Dutch immigrants brought the idea of rabbits to the United States when they settled in Pennsylvania.
2. Traditional Easter clothing includes pastel colors and floral prints. This means the coming of spring. The trend suggests that people are spending around $3.3 billion on Easter clothing.
3. The Easter Bunny came to life from the legends.
4. In some cultures, rabbits are seen as a symbol of new life. The German legend of the Easter Bunny tells the story of a woman who plants hidden decorated eggs throughout the city during a famine. Finding the eggs, the children saw a big rabbit jumping around.
5. The official Easter flower is the white lily.
6. These "Easter lilies" symbolize grace and purity. Therefore, during Easter, people decorate their houses and churches with these flowers.
7. Easter in the United States is celebrated by leaving Easter baskets for children on the morning of the holiday.
8. This was one of the manifestations of how Protestants demonstrated their rejection of Catholic Easter traditions. Moreover, in some European countries there are other animals. The cuckoo brings eggs in Switzerland, and the fox in Westphalia.
9. Followers of the Greek Orthodox Church paint their Easter eggs red. It signifies the blood of Jesus and his victory over death. In addition, red also symbolizes the renewal of life.
10. In some European countries, people burn Easter bonfires. It is believed that this tradition represents fertility.
11. Pretzels were also used to celebrate Easter
12. Its shape evoked associations with Easter due to the similarity of the hands crossed in prayer.
13. On Easter morning, children raced to see who would get the rabbit's basket. Unlike regular gifts and wrapped boxes, Easter baskets are open. This design is intended to resemble a bird's nest in which eggs are kept.
14. Early egg dyes were made from natural materials. Some items used are flower petals, juices, onion skins, and tree bark.
15. Among the holiday eggs, there is one called "Real Easter Egg". This particular piece explains the Christian meaning of the holiday. Back in 2012, 90,000 real Easter eggs were sold to churches.
16. In Europe, it is called the Easter Bunny. From that point on, the rabbit jumped to fame in the US in the 1800s. In addition to Easter egg hunting, other Easter customs include the making of Easter baskets and the wearing of Easter bonnets.
17. The inhabitants of Scotland and North East England rolled dyed eggs over steep hills.
Some Americans also do this by pushing eggs with spoons.
18. The coloring of chickens for the Easter season has been the subject of controversy among celebrants.
19. Several hatcheries have already ceased participation. However, others argue that it is not harmful to their health as the dye sheds along with their down as they begin to grow feathers.
Facts in numbers about Easter
20. On average, children in the UK receive 8.8 Easter eggs a year. This number is equivalent to twice the recommended calorie intake for them for an entire week.
21. In some cases, candy sales are higher the week before Easter than the week before Halloween.
22. The first recorded use of decorated Easter eggs was in the 13th century. The resurrection of Jesus from the tomb is associated with the appearance of a new one from an eggshell. Eventually, it became the official symbol of the Resurrection.
23. The tradition of rabbits for Easter originated in the Protestant communities of Europe.
Although it began in the 17th century, it only became common in the 19th century. They believe that the Easter Bunny lays, decorates and hides Easter eggs.
24. "Easter Bonnet" originated from the ballad "Easter Parade". Composer Irving Berlin launched American pop culture in 1933. This song is still one of the most popular Easter tunes.
25. In 2011, Italy made the world's tallest chocolate Easter egg. It was 10.39 meters tall and weighed 7200 kilograms. In other words, the tall Easter egg is taller than a giraffe and heavier than an elephant.
26. Brazil set another Easter Bunny record in February 2017. Located in Minas Gerais, Brazil, the Equipe da Casa do Chocolate at Shopping Uberaba has created a giant cocoa bunny. Nine professional chocolatiers built the rabbit for eight consecutive days until they set a Guinness World Record.
27. In 2007, the largest Easter egg hunt took place in Florida. 9,753 children and 501,000 eggs took part in the hunt.
28. Contrary to what many people think, hollow chocolate bunnies are better. Since hard chocolate will be as hard as a brick, it can seriously damage your teeth. While the hollow pieces are of great value due to the chocolate trail they have.
29. A 2007 Faberge Easter egg was sold for around £9 million.
30. Marmalade was first introduced in the 1930s as an Easter treat. Today, consumption among Americans during the holiday reaches 16 million. This amount is enough for marmalade to circle the globe three times.
31. The US produces hundreds of millions of Easter candies every year. This production includes 90 million chocolate bunnies, 700 million eyes and 91.4 billion chocolate eggs.
Facts from Easter history
32. Easter is the oldest of the Christian holidays.
33. Eastern and Western Christians celebrated Easter at different times.
34. Eastern Christianity bases its Easter dates on the Julian calendar.
35. According to the Christian calendar, Easter comes after the forty days of Lent.
36. Sundays are not included in the calculation. Traditions include fasting and penance.
37. The Holy Week before Easter Sunday is dedicated to names and memorials.
38. One of them is Maundy Thursday, dedicated to the Last Supper, which Jesus arranged with his disciples. The other is Good Friday in recognition of His crucifixion. Holy Saturday is a transitional day for the Crucifixion and Resurrection.
39. Western Christianity celebrates Easter on the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox.
40. It includes both Catholics and Protestants. Due to complex calculations, Easter Sunday could have been anytime between March 22 and April 25.
41. In Polish folklore, the Virgin Mary offered eggs to Christ's guards on the cross. When she begged for their mercy, her tears flowed, leaving stains on the eggs.
42. In the Middle Ages, Easter involved throwing an egg at a church. The custom began with the priest tossing a hard-boiled egg to a choir boy. Whoever catches it throws it to another, and so on. When the clock strikes 12, whoever holds the egg wins and keeps the egg.
43. President Rutherford Hayes initiated an annual tradition of egg rolls at the White House.
44. The first families after his reign have retained Easter customs to this day.
45. The former press secretary for President Donald Trump was a former Easter Bunny.
Sean Spicer dressed up as an Easter Bunny during the George W. Bush administration. The character has always been a part of the White House Easter Egg Roll since day one. Proud of his rabbit days, Spicer even lists it in his biography of the Republican Party.
46. About half of the US has banned painting chickens for Easter. Meanwhile, Florida took a different path when it repealed the 45-year-old law.
47. The tradition of buying new clothes for Easter began in New York City in the mid-1800s. People believed that new clothes for Easter would bring them good luck throughout the year. Until today, more and more people adhere to this custom.
48. There are many theories about the name of Good Friday before Easter. Despite the fact that Catholics celebrate the Passion of Christ on this day, they still believe that there is something good in it. They see the suffering and death of Jesus as a stepping stone to His Resurrection and victory over death and sin.
49. According to another theory, Good Friday originated from "God's Friday". However, there is no etymological basis for this theory. Linguist Ben Zimmer observed that Good Friday does not translate as "Gottes Freitag" or "God's Friday" in German. Instead, it is "Karfreitag" which means "Mournful Friday".
50. The latter theory refers to the ancient meaning of the word "good." Other names for the day include "Holy Friday" in Roman and "Good Friday" in Russian. Moreover, the Oxford English Dictionary can confirm this theory.
When you know the answer to something no one else in the room does, it makes you feel like a genius. So, if you're a fan of the little things, want your next night to be memorable, or just love learning new things that no one else knows about, you've come to the right place. You never know when you'll need to pull those facts, which is part of the fun. So, we invite you to play with us and check out our list of random facts.
Is there any useless information? Never. All those little random, interesting, funny, scary facts, or did you know that the facts you store in your brain exist for a reason and are sure to come in handy someday...even if it's just for you to could beat your best dude or surprise a bored toddler on a family field trip. Just in case you don't have enough information cluttering your brain, here are some more fun, interesting, or just plain fun tidbits to keep on hand.
Interesting and funny facts about animals
1. The fur of polar bears is actually clean, and their skin is black.
2. Baby flamingos are born grey, not pink.
3. A woodpecker's tongue actually wraps around its brain completely, protecting it from damage when it hits a tree.
4. The shrimp's heart is in its head.
5. Elephants suck their trunks for convenience.
6. Anteaters have no teeth.
7. Nine-banded armadillos always have quadrupeds, and they are always identical.
8. Wombat poop is cube shaped.
9. A flock of flamingos is called brightness.
10. Hippos and horses are actually distant relatives.
11. All clown fish are born male.
12. In the UK, the Queen legally owns all unmarked swans.
13. In order not to disperse, sea otters hold hands during sleep.
14. Goats have an accent.
15. Dolphins give each other names.
16. Gorillas can catch a cold, although you can probably still go to the zoo with a runny nose.
17. Forget bald eagles. The turkey was once almost called the national bird.
18. A group of owls is called a parliament.
19. There are 32 muscles in a cat's ear.
20. Snails can regenerate their eyes.
21. Want to know if your pet turtle is a boy or a girl? Listen carefully! Female turtles hiss and male turtles grunt.
22. A starfish can turn its stomach inside out.
23. French poodles are actually from Germany.
24. Seahorses mate for life and are often seen telling each other stories.
25. A group of porcupines is called a thorn.
26. Andrew Jackson's parrot had to be removed from his funeral because he wouldn't stop swearing. Polly wants to rinse her mouth.
27. Sloths can hold their breath for up to 40 minutes.
Interesting and funny historical facts
28. Henry VIII knighted all four of his Grooms of the Chair - the men in charge of wiping his ass for him.
29. Jeanette Rankin was elected to Congress four years before women could vote.
30. Women could not apply for a bank loan until 1974.
31. Before the invention of modern artificial teeth, dentures were usually made from the teeth of dead soldiers.
32. In ancient Egypt, servants were smeared with honey so that flies would fly to them instead of the pharaoh.
33. It was once considered blasphemous to use a fork.
34. Abe Lincoln was a champion wrestler. He was also a licensed bartender. Maybe they should call him Abe of all trades.
35. George Washington owned a whiskey distillery.
36. More than two percent of the American population died during the civil war.
37. Joseph Stalin removed people from photographs after their death or dismissal from office.
38. Since 1945, all British tanks have been equipped with everything necessary for making tea.
39. Pope Gregory IV once declared war on cats because he thought Satan was using black cats. His statement led to the mass extermination of cats.
40. The absence of cats led to an invasion of rats, which led to the spread of the plague.
50. John Adams was the first president to live in the White House.
51. Go to sleep! Chernobyl, the Exxon Valdez oil spill, and the Challenger explosion are all linked to lack of sleep.
Interesting and funny travel facts
52. The average person living in Sweden eats about 22 pounds of chocolate a year.
53. Although the Wright brothers are known as a couple, they actually flew together only once. They promised their father that they would always fly separately.
54. In Montana, there are three times more cows than people.
55. Parts of the Great Wall of China were made from sticky rice.
56. Ninety percent of the world's population lives above the equator.
57. There are more saunas in Finland than cars.
58. Sixty percent of the world's lakes (three million in total) are located in Canada.
59. Virginia is the only state that has the same staff flower and staff tree - Dogwood.
60. Think before the season. In Egypt, it is considered incredibly rude to salt the food you have been served.
61. Ninety percent of the territory of Libya is desert.
62. The height of the Eiffel Tower can vary up to six inches, depending on the temperature.
63. Do you spend too much on drinks when you eat out? A small town in Italy has a fountain that serves free wine.
64. Pilots and their co-pilots should eat differently before the flight so that both of them do not get sick with food poisoning.
65. About 600 Parisians work on the Eiffel Tower every day.
66. Do you want to go to Rome? Which one of? Six of the seven continents have a city called Rome. (You really fell, Antarctica.)
67. When you visit Key West, you are actually closer to Havana than Miami.
Interesting and fun facts about music
68. Mary, known as "Mary Had the Lamb", was a real person and the song is based on real events.
69. Happy Birthday was the first song ever played on Mars. Mars Rover Curiosity played this song to itself on its first anniversary on the planet.
70. When you listen to music, your heart is in sync with the beat.
71. President Nixon was an accomplished musician. He played five instruments, including the accordion.
72. Is the song stuck in your head? This is called an earworm.
73. None of The Beatles could read music.
74. However, George Harrison was reportedly able to play 26 instruments.
75. Barry Manilow didn't actually write I Write Songs.
76. Metallica is the only band to play on all seven continents.
77. Most department stores tend to play music slower to slow down shoppers and make them shop longer. The reverse is true for restaurants.
78. Monaco's orchestra is bigger than its army.
79. A concert promoter once sold a thousand tickets to a Spice Girls concert in Hawaii that were never booked. Maybe that's where the idea for Fyre Fest came from.
80. Leo Fender, inventor of the Stratocaster and Telecaster, couldn't play the guitar.
Independence Day is the day of the signing of the US Declaration of Independence in 1776, which proclaimed the independence of the United States from the Kingdom of Great Britain. This holiday, which Americans simply call “Fourth of July,” is a federal holiday that marks the adoption of the July 4 Declaration by the Continental Congress. He stated that thirteen American colonies consider themselves a new nation, the United States of America and are no longer part of the British Empire. Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts for you, and of course the history of the event.
American Independence Day is the national day of the United States.
Independence Day in the USA History of the holiday. During the American Revolution, the legal secession of the Thirteen Colonies from Britain in 1776 actually occurred on July 2, when the Second Continental Congress voted to approve an Independence Resolution that had been proposed for consideration in June by Richard Henry Lee from Virginia. At that time, the inhabitants of 13 British colonies, which were located along the east coast of today's United States, were at war with the English king and parliament due to the fact that the British Parliament passed the "Currency Act" in 1764. This law prohibited the administration of the American colonies from issuing their own, unsecured and uncontrollably printed money and obliged them to continue to pay all taxes in gold and silver coins. In other words, the law forced the colonies to the gold standard. In 1775 the war broke out.
The Committee of Five, led by Thomas Jefferson, prepared the Declaration of Independence. Congress discussed and revised the wording of the Declaration, finally approving it two days later on 4 July. For the first time in an official document, the colonies were called United.
From the outset, Americans celebrated the national holiday on July 4, the date specified in a widely publicized Declaration, rather than July 2, when the resolution was approved in closed session of Congress.
Historians have long debated whether members of Congress signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4, although Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin all later wrote that they signed it that day. Most historians have come to the conclusion that the Declaration was signed almost a month after its adoption on August 2, 1776, and not July 4, as is commonly believed.
History of the holiday Independence Day This day is usually associated with fireworks, parades, barbecues, carnivals, fairs, picnics, concerts. The holiday is also famous for baseball games, family gatherings, political speeches and ceremonies, as well as various other social events dedicated to the history, government and traditions of the United States.
As with other summer events, the celebration often takes place outdoors. July 4th is a federal holiday, so some federal offices (such as the Postal Service and federal courts) close on this day.
Families often celebrate it by hosting friends or attending picnics or barbecues. Many take advantage of the weekend to get together with family or friends. Decorations (such as streamers, balloons, and clothing) are usually painted in the red, white, and blue of the American flag. Parades are often held in the morning, before family gatherings, while fireworks are held in the evening after dark in parks and city squares.
America's Independence Day Fireworks are often accompanied by patriotic songs such as the national anthem "The Star-Spangled Banner," "God Save America," "America the Beautiful," "My Country," "This Land Is Your Land," "The Stars and stripes forever. " The Yankee Doodle is popular in the northeastern states and Dixie in the southern states.
In some states, fireworks are prohibited or limited in size and type for safety reasons. In addition, local weather conditions can dictate whether the sale or use of fireworks is permitted.
A one-gun salute for each state in the United States, called the "union salute," fires on Independence Day at noon at any military base.
In 2009, New York City had the largest fireworks display in the country, with over 22 tons of pyrotechnics exploding. Other major fireworks display takes place in Chicago on Lake Michigan, Boston on the Charles River, St. Louis on the Mississippi River, San Francisco over San Francisco Bay, and on the National Mall in Washington, DC.
Interesting coincidences on July 4th in America. Coincidentally, both John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, both of the signers and later presidents of the United States, died on the same day: July 4, 1826, when they celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Declaration.
Yes! This is your day, America! On July 4, 1776, the United States became an independent state. It's time for Americans to get out and clean old barbecues, stock up on fireworks, hot dogs and beer. We invite everyone else to have fun by reading 10 facts about American Independence Day.
1. So, on this day
In 1776, the American colonies were declared free and independent from Britain and its king.
2. During the first 20 years, Independence Day was not celebrated on July 4
The date was officially declared a holiday only in 1870, almost a hundred years after the Declaration was written and signed. For example, the second president of the United States, John Adams, believed that Independence Day should be celebrated on July 2. He believed that this very date, when Congress voted for the Declaration, should be celebrated as a holiday. In a letter to his wife, Adams wrote that "July 2 should be celebrated with pomp and parade, sports, bonfires, bells and festivals." In the early years after the signing of the Declaration, there was controversy over whether the country should celebrate at all. While Democrats and Republicans were delighted with the Declaration, the Federalists considered the celebration of independence "unpatriotic, anti-British and too French."
3. There are more of them
In 1776, when thirteen states declared independence from the British Empire, the nation consisted of 2.5 million citizens. These two million citizens celebrated the first on July 4th. Today, the country has over 320 million citizens and the population continues to grow.
4. Three American presidents died on July 4:
Thomas Jefferson - July 4, 1826
John Adams - July 4, 1826
James Monroe - July 4, 1831
It is noteworthy that two of them, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, who signed the Declaration of Independence, died on the same day.
Another president, Zackery Taylor, passed away on July 9, 1850, after the Fourth of July celebration, from food poisoning.
5. Born on July 4
President Calvin Coolidge was born on July 4, 1872, which provided another reason to write his name in the history books.
6. Another country celebrates Independence Day on July 4 - the Philippines.
7. Instead of an eagle, a turkey could become a symbol of America
Benjamin Franklin wanted the turkey to become America's national symbol. He believed that the bald eagle was a bird with poor moral characteristics, the turkey, in his opinion, was the more respectable option. Fortunately, his point of view was not supported.
Every year, Americans launch about 200 million kg of fireworks! And most of them are imported from China - for $ 247.1 million. From there, American flags are brought in for $ 5-6 million annually.
9. Hot dog!
Most Americans spend July 4 outdoors, picnicking with family and friends. The favorite dish is obviously the hot dog. America eats about 150 million hot dogs on this day.
10. The most drunk holiday
The fourth of July is unofficially known as the drunkest holiday in the United States. The tradition began in 1778, on the second day of the Independence Day celebrations. Then US President George Washington ordered a double shot of rum to be given to the military to mark the anniversary of the signing of the Declaration. Since then, sales of beer and other alcoholic beverages have grown tenfold during this period. In recent years, Americans have been drinking $ 1 billion worth of beer alone in honor of Independence Day. And that's not counting other alcoholic drinks.
Some of the concepts stated in antiquity were the basis for the invention of objects that we use today.
Many of the objects we use today were invented thousands of years ago by the enlightened minds of the ancient world. Among peoples such as Egyptians, Greeks or Romans, there were individuals who came up with brilliant ideas, which revolutionized the way of thinking of the societies in which they lived. Some of the concepts stated in antiquity were the basis for the invention of objects that we use today.
9.Degenerate modern society