30+ facts from the world of statistics that help you improve your knowledge
Millions of people are drawn to knowledge and want to know more. But when it comes to complex graphs and numbers, we tend to ignore the information. And as soon as it comes to statistics, we remember the boring lessons of mathematics and do not pay attention to such facts. But in vain. Do you know that statistical things are much more interesting and entertaining when everything superfluous has been removed from it, leaving only the facts?
Reddit users share interesting and entertaining statistics
We at Bemorepanda have collected interesting statistics that are related to different things in our world. And we think that it will be more interesting for you to learn about them than to watch the next series on the Internet.
1. About pilots
56% of pilots admitted to falling asleep in the cockpit.
Not only that, 29% of the pilots who woke up afterwards found that the other pilot was also asleep.
2. About walking
The average moderately active person takes about 7,500 steps a day. If a person maintains this average per day and lives to be 80 years old, they will walk 216,262,500 steps in their lifetime.
3. About names
Sofia and Alexander are the most popular names in Moscow. Unfortunately, there are no statistics for all of Russia by name. Available only in the USA. Mary and James are the most popular names in the United States for the past 100 years.
4. About work
85% of people don't like their job. This is the world average. In some countries, this figure is slightly better - for example, in the US, somewhere around 70% hate their job.
5. About the Vietnam War
More US veterans who fought in Vietnam committed suicide than died in the war. — Fewwordsbetter / Reddit
6. About cats
80% of orange striped cats are male. — kitkat_pro / Reddit
7. About seat belts
Wearing a seat belt correctly reduces the chance of a front-seat passenger being killed in a frontal collision by 45%. Seat belts save lives. People, damn it, buckle up! Also, don't forget that car airbags are more likely to cause injury than prevent it. Especially when seat belts are not fastened. — danthemanning / Reddit
8. About movement in space
- Raise your hands and clap your hands.
- Wait one second, then do it again.
- If you could measure the distance between the first and second claps, it would be over 800 kilometers.
- This is because the Earth is moving around the Sun, the Sun is moving around the center of the galaxy, the galaxy is moving through the Virgo Supercluster, and the Virgo Supercluster is racing through the Universe. When you sum up all the speeds and compare the result with the cosmic microwave background (which is the closest we have to a universal frame of reference), it turns out that in one second you, along with the Earth and other space objects in space, moved 800 kilometers.
- In the time it took you to read this, you moved farther in space than you have ever moved in your life. — RamsesThePigeon/Reddit
9. About the Chinese
If you take the entire population of our planet and calculate the average person, it turns out that this is a 30-year-old Chinese. — ohazltn/reddit
10. About Australia
Australia has more kangaroos than people. — Jiren21 / Reddit
For reference: 25 million people and about 50 million kangaroos live in Australia.
11. About sharks
Sharks of ancient trees. Sharks are at least 400 million years old, while trees are about 350 million years old.
Another fun fact: when it comes to evolution, sharks are one of the most endangered species of marine animals. Thanks to "adaptive radiation", these marine animals are able to effectively mutate, perfectly adapting to a variety of habitat conditions. Adaptive radiation allows you to use new food sources and avoid enemies. As a result of this adjustment, there is an increase in species diversity in a short period of time. Modern sharks evolved as a result of adaptive radiation that occurred during the Jurassic period, about 200 million years ago. One of the newest modern sharks are the hammerhead sharks, which first appeared about 50 million years ago. corvettee01 / Reddit
12. About our time and the modern world
By almost every important indicator and statistic, the world today is better suited for a normal life than at any time in the history of mankind. — keenly_disinterested / Reddit
13. About animals
The tallest known giraffe (George) was 5.8 meters tall.
The largest crocodile ever measured (Lolong) was 6.17 meters long.
To get an idea of the size of such a crocodile, think of the tallest giraffe you have ever seen, and then add a little and you have the longest crocodile.
Herpetologists agree that there are probably more large long crocodiles in nature. They are just hard to catch to measure. — FlorenceCattleya / Reddit
14. About rich people
The top 1% of the world's richest people have more than twice as much money as 6.9 billion people.
And the 8 richest people in the world have as much money as the poorest half, 3.6 billion people. — Munninnu / Reddit
15. About birthdays
If you are in a group of twenty-three people, there is a 50 percent chance that two of them share the same birthday.
If you are in a group of seventy people, this probability rises to 99%. — RamsesThePigeon/Reddit
16. About poverty
3-4 billion people in the world earn $2.50 or less a day. — chelseatys/reddit
17. About ecology
25% of air pollution in California comes from China. — cOOlio-pasta/Reddit
For reference: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that nearly 25 percent of the particulate matter in the skies over Los Angeles on certain days came from China. Some experts estimate that China accounts for a third of all air pollution in California. Experts have found ozone, carbon monoxide, mercury and particulate matter from Asia in the air.
18. About USA
America is home to approximately 5% of the world's population, but US prisons hold 25% of the world's total prison population. — Gaarakotq / Reddit
19. About heroine mothers
The world record for the number of children born to one mother is 69. She had 16 pairs of twins, 7 triplets and 4 quadruplets. And this record belongs to a Russian woman who lived in the 1700s in the Ivanovo region. — TnekKralc / Reddit
20. About the war
3% of all living on Earth in 1939 died in World War II. — paul99501 / Reddit
It is important to know and remember: according to the latest estimates, 26,600,000 people died in the USSR alone. This is approximately 13.52% of the total population of Soviet Russia in 1939.
21. On the movement of the continents
South America is moving away from Africa at about the same rate as human nails grow. — stickmanDave / Reddit
The speed of movement of the continent at the moment is about 20 millimeters per year.
22. About water
99 percent of the earth's water is unusable for humans and many other living things—only about 0.3 percent of our fresh water is found in the surface waters of lakes, rivers, and swamps. More than 68 percent of the fresh water on Earth is in ice caps and glaciers, and just over 30 percent is in groundwater.
It seems incredible that the water that supports all terrestrial as well as aquatic life on our planet is actually so scarce. With these numbers of statistics comes the realization that we must use this resource very wisely.
23. About mosquitoes
It would take about 1.2 million mosquitoes to suck all the blood out of a person, each of which must bite at least once. — pm_me_anythingg_sfw / Reddit
24. About the human body
Have you ever wondered how fat disappears from a person? And it doesn’t matter why: from playing sports or from starvation. It turns out that most of it (86%) comes out through breathing. The remaining 14% leave our body through the water in a natural way. — PleiadianJedi / Reddit
25. About physics
The size of a dust particle is somewhere between a subatomic particle and the size of our Earth. — reddit.com
A subatomic particle is smaller than an atom, and atoms are damn small. So the next time you see a grain of dust, think about how huge it is compared to, for example, the same neutrino, or how small it is compared to our planet.
26. About the Sun
It takes about 170,000 years for photons from the core of the Sun to reach the convection zone of the photosphere, where they are ejected further into space. In other words, the sunlight we see is hundreds of thousands of years old. — mattk1017 / Reddit
27. About Marriage
If you and your spouse are divorced and one of you (or both) has more than one failed marriage, your marriage has a 93% chance of failure. — reddit.com
According to research, the average marriage lasts 7 to 10 years. But in each country, the average duration of modern marriages is different. For example, in the United States, couples have been legally married for 8 years. In Italy, for example, the typical couple stays married for 18 years.
28. About playing cards
If you shuffle a deck of playing cards well, you will create a hand that has never been and probably never will be again. This is because there are 8.1x1067 possible layout combinations for 52 cards. It takes more time than our universe exists to roll every possible order of cards. — RamsesThePigeon/Reddit
It has been 700 years since playing cards were invented. Since that time, all the cards in the world have been shuffled and laid out approximately less than 1.546X1020 times. Thus, the chances that in one of these shuffles they were shuffled in the same order that you see in your spread is less than 1 in 100000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 (1 in 1047).
29. About billionaires
Even though they make up just under 2% of the population, 44% of the richest people in the world live in the US, and they are Jews. — rlrhino7 / Reddit
30. About countries
The population of vast Russia is smaller than the population of small Bangladesh. Bangladesh, as of 2022, is home to 165.9 million people. In Russia - 146.1 million people.
31. About Earth
Every hour the Earth receives more solar energy than the planet uses in a year. — Redshift_1 / Reddit
Since childhood, many have heard the saying “you will know a lot, you will soon grow old”, but we never took it seriously, because everything around seemed very interesting to us, and we wanted to learn as much as possible. However, as we grew up, we began to realize that some things we would rather never know at all. But since you are here, then you are ready to learn a little more about what others usually prefer not to talk about. These people do not include the tiktoker Adorian Deck, who has amassed 2 million subscribers with his disturbing facts videos. Adorian himself calls them "facts that will ruin your day", but this is not certain, but the fact that they will expand your horizons with unusual knowledge - definitely! Look, get new knowledge, and this ... do not be discouraged there 💛
“In the minds of everyone who knows you, there is a different version of you.”
In fact, this simply means that each person perceives you differently, which is why they form your own image in their head, which is most likely different from yours. an image created in the head of another person.
“Night is the natural state of the universe. For a day, it is worth saying thank you to the nearby fireball. ”
There are enough cosmic bodies in the Universe that are far from the stars, on which, perhaps, there was never a day.
"If you become the oldest of the people, by the time all of humanity has time to update, except yourself,"
That your entire generation (and all previous ones) will already die, and new ones will come to replace it, in order to repeat the same cycle once again.
“If you try to remove the brain in its natural state, it will fall apart. When you see how scientists do it, it keeps its shape because they used chemicals to strengthen it. ”
The brain is not as resilient as many are used to thinking.
"By law, cruise ships must have a morgue for passengers who inevitably die on every voyage."
Perhaps the information about death on every voyage is a little exaggerated, but in fact this does not happen as infrequently as we would like.
“Hearing is the last feeling that disappears before death.”
People in a coma are reported to retain their hearing ability, so doctors often recommend that visitors talk to people in a coma.
“In babies, molars (permanent) teeth are right under the eyes.”
Naturally, we are not talking about all molars, but only about some of the teeth from the upper row, which will eventually replace the milk ones.
“Doctors once planned to remove what they thought was a tumor from a patient's lungs. It turned out that it was a pine twig growing in the lungs of this man. ”
In 2009, doctors found a 5 cm long spruce twig in the lungs of a resident of Izhevsk Artyom Sidorkin. The man was hospitalized with lung cancer.
Doctors believe that the man could inhale the seed, and it sprouted in the lungs, while biologists say that this is impossible, and the twig got into the lungs entirely. In their judgment, biologists rely on the fact that a plant needs sunlight to grow, which, obviously, is not in the lungs.
The appearance of a twig in a man's lungs is still a mystery.
“Dogs like squeaky toys, because they look like frightened or injured prey.”
Apparently, for the same reason, dogs instinctively violently shake toys from side to side in order to break the back of their toy prey.
"Once upon a time, sea scorpions the size of a great white shark lived on Earth
Scientists came to this conclusion after finding fossilized remains, which were first discovered in 1844.
"During World War II, Japan dropped fleas infected with bubonic plague on China
." Along with their experiments, the actions of the popular TV series "The Squid Game" will seem like a child's fairy tale.
According to information in Wikipedia, Detachment 731 was organized to prepare for bacteriological warfare, mainly against the Soviet Union, as well as against the Mongolian People's Republic, China and other states.
"At some period of life in the human body, on average, there is more than one skeleton, and all this is due to pregnancy"
In the overwhelming majority of countries of the world there are more women than men, and this dry statistical conclusion follows from this information.
“The photo for your grave monument may have already been taken”
No one ever knows which photo will be used to put it on the monument, so it may be the one that was already taken, and that you may have taken.
"Cannibalism is common among hamsters"
You may have already heard that female hamsters can eat their cubs, but males living in the same cage can show this attitude towards each other.
Reportedly, males are not very fond of the company of other males, as they have to share the same territory with them, which leads to constant stress. Some hamsters solve this problem as described above.
“Trapped person syndrome is a syndrome in which you can only move your eyes while the rest of your body is paralyzed. In fact, you can go into a coma-like state and be aware of it. ”
At the same time, people remain conscious and sensitive. With long-term preservation of the "locked-in person" syndrome, patients can be trained to transmit rather complex information with their eyes.
The causes of the development of the syndrome can be various disorders of the brain, diseases and some poisons.
The National Stock Car Racing Association (NASCAR) is the largest motorsport organization in the United States. The three largest racing series sanctioned by NASCAR are Cup Series, Xfinity Series and Camping World Truck Series, there are also seven regional series. More than 1500 races are held under the NASCAR umbrella on more than 100 tracks a year. The races take place in 38 states of the USA, Canada and Mexico. In 1996, 1997 and 1998, NASCAR also held demonstration races in Japan and Australia.
Starting as a regional entertainment in the southeastern United States, NASCAR has grown to become the second most popular professional sport in terms of television ratings in the United States, second only to the National Football League. Internationally, NASCAR races are broadcast in over 150 countries.
Each race is watched by an estimated 75 million fans who purchase more than $ 2 billion worth of licensed merchandise annually. These fans are considered the most loyal to the brand of any other sport. The Stock Car Racing Association manages to host 17 of the 20 most attended sporting events in the United States of the year.
The Sprint Cup Series (NCS) is the top division of the NASCAR series. Hence, it is the most popular and most profitable series of the National Stock Car Racing Association. Since 2001, the Cup Series season has consisted of 36 races over 10 months. Fans often refer to it simply as "The Cup" or "Nascar" as it is the main championship of the entire series.
The Xfinity Series is the second highest level of professional competition in this series. Unlike other world championships, such as Formula One, the second NASCAR motto is not very different from the first. Both championships use a similar technique, the same tires, and the races are held on the same tracks (most of the season). The main differences lie in the training and skill of the pilots and the team, there are also additional restrictions to reduce the series.
The Camping World Truck Series is a NASCAR racing series featuring pickup trucks. This is the "tritium" motto of the national divisions of NASCAR. The idea for the Truck series originated in 1993, when a group of off-road drivers created a prototype of a pickup truck in the style of the stock car racing series. They were first shown during the 1994 Daytona 500 race and a number of demonstration races were held throughout the season. These trucks proved to be extremely popular and this led NASCAR to create a series in 1995, originally known as the "Super Truck Series''. It is now called the Camping World Truck Series because of the title sponsored Camping World.
Bemorepanda prepared some interesting facts about 2022 NASCAR Cup Series.
1. In the United States, stock NASCAR racing has a rich history. The roots of this competition go back to the prohibition era, when bootleggers used fast little cars to transport alcohol. Much time has passed since the abolition of Prohibition, but the popular love for fast cars has not passed. The result was stock car racing.
2. In 1948, Bill France formally established NASCAR as the official governing body for motorsport. This species is incredibly popular today. Let's see how NASCAR racing has changed from 1948 to the present day.
3. Auto racing was widespread throughout the Wild West even before NASCAR became the governing body in this area. In the 30s, the racer Joe Chitwood Sr. achieved special success. He raced the Indy 500 seven times. After completing his auto racing career, Chitwood decided to create his own auto show with professional stuntmen.
4. During the entire existence of the Joie Chitwood Thrill Show, about 3,000 vehicles were destroyed. After that, Chitwood became a road safety consultant.
5. In 1954, Jack Chockett became the winner of NASCAR. In order to become the owner of the prize-winning place, he used a car modified by his own hands. Chockett competed in major national races for the next two years. As a result, he managed to climb to the highest level on the Pal Beach Racetrack in 1955. In 1956, the last NASCAR Chockett race took place. In his entire career, he never managed to win. Over the next two decades, he continued to drive modified vehicles. However, he did not succeed in regaining his glory as a strong race car driver.
6. In 1957, NASCAR races underwent significant changes. This was largely due to the construction of the Daytona International Speedway. The first race on the new track took place in 1958. The track, which has become one of the most famous in the world, cost the organizers $ 3 million.
7. The construction took two years. The track was officially opened only in 1959. More than 100 thousand people could fit in the stands at the same time. At that time, it was one of the fastest tracks on which auto racing could take place.
8. A year before the official appearance of NASCAR, Fonty Folk had to replace his brother Bob in the races, who was unable to participate due to injury. In the same year, Fonti won the national championship.
9. After receiving the official status of NASCAR, Folk continued to take part in races on modified cars. In 1949 he won the championship again. Fonti stopped participating in NASCAR races only after a terrible accident in the 1957 race. In 2004, the racer was inducted into the Georgia Automotive Hall of Fame.
10. Another iconic figure in NASCAR racing is Vicky Wood. This brave race car driver was not afraid to compete with her male colleagues. She appeared on the track at Raceway Park in Toledo. Today the history of NASCAR already knows many women racers.
11. Currently, the most famous female NASCAR driver is Danica Patrick.
12. Dale Earnhardt Sr. is considered one of the best racers in the history of NASCAR. He died doing what he loved. In 2001, he had an accident in the Daytona 500. His son finished second in the race on the same day.
13. Dale's career began in 1985 when he first joined Richard Childress's team. Their friendship with the owner of the team lasted 15 years. Together they have won six NASCAR championships.
14. Many refuse to admit that NASCAR racing is primarily a team sport. Of course, all the public's attention is riveted on the driver. But to win, he first of all needs well-coordinated work of the whole team. The team of Greg Zipadelli became a striking example of such joint work. Before each race, he held small briefings with members of his squad.
15. Zipadelli's career began in 1988. It was then that he first became crew chief for Mike McLaughin. This year the team won first place for the first time. Greg was only 21 at the time. Today he still races as a crew chief.
16. Ralph Earnhardt is direct proof that racing is a family business. Ralph started with racing on dirt roads. The start of his professional career at NASCAR dates back to 1953. It was then that he won his first NASCAR Sportsman Championship. For the next couple of years, Ralph occupied an honorable second place in the standings.
17. In the late 70s and early 80s, a racer named Larry Pearson became especially popular among motorsport fans. He competed in the NASCAR Dash. He managed to win as many as five times. Larry also took part in the Busch and Cup Circuit races. Larry retired in 1999 after the Textilease Medique 300 competition.
18. This race car driver became famous not for his victories on the track, but for an epic accident, after which he survived. During a race in 1951, his Ford rolled over on the hood. Despite this, Flanders finished 31 of 59. He completed only 145 out of 250 laps. Everyone he overtook overheated or got into accidents.
19. Many have used NASCAR racing as an opportunity to promote their brand. So, in 1969, for the first time before the NASCAR race, an advertising campaign of Union 76 Oil was held, in which 76 attractive young girls took part. Then they joined the winner of the race. In 2017, the Monster Energy Corporation decided to use the same advertising move.
20. At first glance, it might seem that a cool and tense relationship should develop between racers. But in reality this is not at all the case, and many photographs taken before the races prove it.
21. For example, a 1969 photo of Neil Castle and G.C. Spencer shows the first rider casually leaning on the hood of the second to chat about something. Today it is already difficult to catch two riders, at ease talking about something. Only the number of sponsorship stickers on the cars remains unchanged.
22. In the modern world, car racing is also very popular. As a rule, modified vehicles of a new generation take part in the competition. It should be noted that this is a very dangerous sport. If you do not cope with driving, the consequences can be very different, up to and including death. Therefore, before starting to take part in competitions, it is worth thinking several times.
23. Nascar. Many people consider this kind of auto sport very boring and dull - bright and attractive cars wind a lot of circles (and the Nascar tracks are nothing more than ovals).
24. Common between the road version and the racing car - only the name (until 70, cars with a "circulation" of the road version of which was 500 units were allowed to participate in races. Cars prepared for racing participated in the competition, but they were based on their road counterparts. Then they moved away from this concept).
25. Manufacturing plants provide teams only with engine blocks, teams build a car themselves.
26. Car frame: a space frame made of steel pipes, onto which steel sheets are subsequently welded, thereby forming the car body.
27. To ensure the safety of the driver, 6 or 7 point seat belts are used.
28. Dimensions: wheelbase 110 "(2794mm), length 208" (5283mm), width 76.5 "(1943mm), height 53.5" (1358mm).
29. Aerodynamic elements: front splitter, rear spoiler and skirts.
30. Wheels: Goodyear supplied slicks, mounted on 5 nuts, dimension 300 * 54 R15. Many teams pump nitrogen into their tires, not air.
31. Brakes: cast iron or steel, have a diameter limitation of 12.72 "(323.09mm).
32. Intake: carburetors were used until 2012, later it was decided to switch to injectors.
33. Release: the absence of a muffler as such, and even more so a catalyst.
34. Fuel tank capacity: 17.75 US gallons (approximately 67 liters).
35. Fuel: E15 high-octane racing gasoline (15% ethanol content), supplied by Sunoco.
36. Weight: 3200-3400 pounds (without driver and with driver and fuel, respectively; approximately from 1450 to 1540 kg).
37. Gearbox: 4-speed mechanics.
38. The engine: V8, 16V (2 valves per cylinder) are used, with a volume of 358 cubic inches (5.86 liters, until 1971 engines with a volume of 429 cubic inches - 7 liters) are used, turbines, compressors and etc., the compression ratio is 12: 1, the power of this American atmospheric monster, according to various sources, is from 750 hp. up to 865hp (on some tracks (read Daytona and Talladega), the power is limited to 445hp). The torque is 530 foot-pounds. which equals approximately 718 N / m.
39. Average speed of about 333 km / h;
40. Pit stop time is up to 14 seconds, the number of mechanics on the pit is limited to 7, it is allowed to lift the car only from one side.
41.Since 2018, as many as 3 races have taken place on the roads: cars of the Nascar Cup Series compete on the Sonoma Raceway (3.2 km track with 10 turns), Watkins Glen (5.4 km track with 11 turns) and Charlotte Motor Speedway (3.7 km track with 17 corners). The latter, in September 2018, became the first road track used at Playoff, thus confirming the growing importance of these tracks.
42. In the Nascar Cup Series, the different tracks are more noticeably different: on large ovals, such as Talladega and Daytona, pilots do not use the brakes, except on the return circle and in the event of an accident. On shorter oval tracks like Martinsville, pilots apply the brakes for about 7 seconds on each of the two corners. With a lap time of 20 seconds, the brakes are up to 70 percent.
43. One of the main differences between Formula 1 and Nascar Cup Series rims is the material they are made from: carbon is banned from American racing and therefore cast iron rims are used on cars. Some consider this to be an indicator of technological backwardness, unaware that Brembo is continuously researching and testing various metrics and performances on cast iron brake discs, starting with ventilation. This means designing ventilation ducts that regulate the cooling of the disc during competition. And the number of computational experiments, static and dynamic tests carried out by Brembo regarding the size, shape, number and curvature of the channels is no less than the tests of the holes of carbon discs.
44. Unlike Formula 1, where each team uses the same brake caliper model throughout the season (of course, taking into account evolutionary developments throughout the season), in the Nascar Cup Series 3 races, different tracks require the same number of brake calipers, since the brakes are used in different ways. On Super Speedways (4 km long) the brakes are only used to enter the box or when yellow flags appear. On Intermediate tracks (1.6 to 4 km) the brakes are rarely used, while on short track the brakes are applied throughout the corner.
45. Over the past decade, the braking systems of the Nascar Cup Series race cars have been significantly improved thanks to Brembo, which draws on its know-how accumulated over 40 years of racing. With just 4 pistons, modern calipers provide the same stopping power as the 6 pistons of the previous decade. Better discs and pads mean an average 20 percent increase in maximum braking.
46. But not everyone knows that in the Nascar Cup Series, too, every team demands a more or less significant individual approach to the braking system from Brembo. Since the drivers of the same team have different braking styles (some use a racing car style with initial heavy braking that is then reduced, the other prefers the opposite), two members of the same team can use different friction materials.
47. In Nascar Cup Series races, caliper temperatures can reach 440 degrees Fahrenheit, equal to over 226 degrees Celsius. Even the pads and discs have a higher temperature, which reaches 871 and 982 degrees Celsius, respectively. All this is possible thanks to the Brembo HTC 64T brake fluid, which has a boiling point of 335 degrees Celsius, much higher than that of the competition.
48. It seems to us that in order to brake a car weighing one and a half tons, braking systems of impressive dimensions are required. However, the Brembo 6-piston front monobloc caliper for Short Track trails weighs 2.8 kg, while the front 4-piston caliper for Super Speedway weighs less than 2.3 kg. The rear calipers are even lighter: 2 kg for the car for the Short Track and 1.5 kg for the Speedway, for which even the Light version weighing 1.2 kg is available.
49. 9mm of wear per pad, which is recorded on average at Martinsville and 11mm that is consumed at Watkins Glen. These two values are further confirmation of the not at all secondary role of brakes in the Nascar Cup Series competition.
50. The Nascar Cup Series is the queen of entertainment. This is confirmed by the fact that 12 pilots won at least one competition in 2018. The format of the championship, the minimum difference in the team's budget and the similar performance of the 3 engines used create a balance due to which the competition is held with a minimum separation and unclear outcome until the very wave of the checkered racing flag.
Despite the fact that foxes do not live with humans, they do not need special introduction. Thanks to folklore, children already at an early age get acquainted with a small animal, which compensates for weakness with cunning, but does not miss its own, if it is possible to offend a weaker one. Of course, it is worth separating the image of the fox, formed in our imagination under the influence of children's fairy tales and cartoons, from the real lifestyle of the fox.
As one of the most famous researchers, Charles Roberts, wrote, it is always difficult for a person describing the habits of highly organized animals to resist endowing them with some human traits. The notorious fox's cunning in real life appears only when the animal leaves the chase. At this time, the fox very skillfully winds around, confusing tracks, and can disguise itself in an instant, disappearing from sight.
On the hunt, foxes are quite straightforward. They operate according to the scheme “detection of prey - lightning attack - end of the hunt”. On average, foxes range in size from half a meter to a meter in length. The tail, which is approximately two-thirds of the body length, is counted separately. The maximum weight of foxes is 10 - 11 kg, while it is subject to significant seasonal fluctuations. Foxes are by no means exclusively forest dwellers. Rather, even, they can be conditionally attributed to the inhabitants of the forest-steppe and woodlands - it is in these natural zones that fox food lives and grows.
Geographically, foxes are found almost everywhere in the Northern Hemisphere, with the exception of extreme climates. In the Southern Hemisphere, foxes live only in Australia, where humans have successfully introduced them. However, the success of fox breeding in Australia is relative - they were turned on, desperate to cope with rabbits, but foxes, finding themselves on the smallest continent, preferred to hunt smaller fauna. The rabbits, to the desperation of the farmers, successfully continued to breed. Bemorepanda presents you some interesting facts.
1. Despite their small size, foxes are rarely hunted by larger animals. Of course, a wolf, bear, lynx or wolverine will not refuse the opportunity to catch a gaping fox. However, such a chance appears very rarely - foxes are attentive and fast. Purposefully, they practically do not hunt adult foxes. Young animals are in great danger. Even birds of prey hunt on it, not without success.
Taking into account the human factor - and the hunters, if possible, knock out foxes by the thousands - the average life span of a fox does not exceed three years. At the same time, foxes do not die at all because of the exhaustion of the body's resources - in captivity, cases were recorded when foxes lived for 20 - 25 years.
2. Foxes are practically not afraid of humans, so they are well studied and take root in captivity, allowing people to breed new subspecies. People living in rural areas naturally do not like foxes - red-haired beauties often destroy birds and small livestock. However, zoologists argue that the damage from foxes is often exaggerated.
3. English "Fox Hunting" fun did not come about because the villagers lacked entertainment. England is so densely populated that the last wolf was killed at the beginning of the 16th century. The disappearance of wolves has led to an unprecedented breeding of foxes, who have lost their last natural enemy. The consequences for the farmers were clear. Angry peasants began to organize massive fox hunts. They managed to kill some animals, but the noise raised by the crowd of “hunters” was more important.
The first mention of such a hunt dates back to 1534. The technology turned out to be more than successful - by 1600, specially bred dogs were required to hunt foxes. At the same time, economic processes were going on in England, which led to the deprivation of the peasants of free non-agricultural land, and fox hunting became the property of the nobility. It turned into a whole ritual with lush ladies' toilets, old-fashioned hunter's costumes, etc. At the beginning of the 21st century, after a short debate, the British Parliament banned fox hunting with the help of a pack of more than 3 dogs. One vote in the House of Commons was enough to abolish the age-old tradition.
4. There is a hunt for foxes without the death of these animals. This is still the unofficial name for sports radio direction-finding competitions. The role of foxes is performed by constantly working transmitters hidden in rough terrain. Athletes are armed with receivers. Their task is to find all transmitters in the shortest possible time (usually there are 5 of them). Fox hunting competitions were very popular during the Cold War.
The essence of the competition is very close to counterintelligence work to identify and eliminate intelligence channels of communication. Therefore, state structures, primarily the military and counterintelligence, supported the athletes in every possible way. The end of the Cold War and the rapid development of information technology devalued "fox hunting", and now only enthusiasts are engaged in this sport.
5. The caution and quickness of foxes forced hunters to invent several methods of hunting these animals. The fox is lured with a bait. The carcass of an animal or a large piece of meat is left in a well-shot place, and the hunters hide nearby. The fox is lured with decoys, and in recent years, two-module electronic decoys have gained popularity.
In them, the control path is in the hands of the hunter, and the luring sounds are emitted by an external loudspeaker. This design allows you to take the fox to a place convenient for shooting. Large companies of hunters practice hunting with a salary, with flags. Hunting dogs are used, both hounds and greyhounds, chasing foxes in the field (greyhounds also strangle fugitives themselves) and burrowing dogs, driving the fox out of the hole.
6. Despite the fact that fox hunting is popular wherever these animals are found, even the most successful hungry hunter will not be able to feast on fox meat in Russia. The fox is a very active predator, so there is practically no fat in the fox meat. This makes it extremely tough, fox meat is much tougher than the meat of other predators.
The refreshed carcass emits a very unpleasant odor, which is weakened, but does not completely disappear even after 12 hours of soaking in vinegar and salt. Finally, the rodents that make up the fox's diet are packed with parasites. Foxes have developed a very powerful immunity that humans do not have. Therefore, the meat must be subjected to long heat treatment. When boiling, the unpleasant odor reappears, so the only way to cook fox is stewing with a lot of seasonings and spices. The Scandinavians, striking everyone with their surstroemming - pickled herring - distinguished themselves here too. In Sweden and Denmark, foxes are raised for meat on special farms and even some of the products are exported. At retail, fox meat costs about 15 euros per kilogram.
7. Around the middle of the 20th century, foxes began to be bred and domesticated as pets. On a scientific basis, Dmitry Belyaev's group in Novosibirsk worked on this. A careful selection of the most intelligent and affectionate individuals gave results only after many years. D. Belyaev became an academician, a nice monument was erected to him and one of his pupils in the Novosibirsk town - the scientist and the fox sit on a bench, stretching out their hands to each other. But even many years of efforts did not lead to the development of a new breed. Scientists who continue to work on improving the behavioral qualities of foxes refer to their pets as “population” only. That is, it is just a large group of individuals living in a limited area.
8. Unscrupulous “breeders” of foxes have long managed to instill in cheating buyers the idea that a fox is the same dog, only a cat. In a sense, the animal is very loyal to the owner and, at the same time, cleanly and independently. And if the animal does not behave the way the owner wants, then this is the owner's problem. Only with the development of mass communications did the hapless fox breeders manage to share with the world the delights of keeping a fox as a pet. The character of the fox does not depend on the place of purchase, whether it is a special nursery, a reseller, or even the side of the road on which a potential pet was hit by a car.
Regardless of whether you got a rather extravagant pet for free, or you paid 10 or 80 thousand rubles for it, it will have extremely unpleasant behavioral features. He will shit anywhere; gnaw and dig wherever possible; make noise at night and stink around the clock. It is the smell that is the most serious negative property of the fox. It can be somehow accustomed to the tray (the contents of which will have to be changed at least twice a day), but the fox will never get rid of the habit of secreting the secret of the paranoid glands, which is unpleasant and painful in the eyes, with any strong emotion from love to fear. Therefore, keeping a fox pet is best in a spacious enclosure in a private house, but not in an apartment. But in any case, you need to take care of rubber gloves and strong detergents in commercial quantities.
9. Foxes adapt to almost any environment. There is little animal food - foxes easily switch to vegetable food, without suffering from this at all. It gets colder - we grow, to the delight of hunters, a thick undercoat. It gets warmer - the undercoat falls out, and the fox looks like a sick puppy. Even the color of foxes' fur depends solely on the environmental conditions.
If there are many predators in the habitat, foxes dig deep holes with branched passages and a dozen, or even more, exits. Such holes in area can reach 70 square meters. m. There are relatively few predators - and the hole will be short and shallow, and two or three emergency exits will be enough. In cold regions, the main entrance of the burrow faces south, in warm and hot regions - to the north, and in deserts and steppes - to where the winds blow less often.
10. "Fox hole" for some reason is called a type of residential buildings, similar to a hole, except for the location of the entrance on the slope. Modern "fox holes", projects of which are proposed by many construction companies, may not go deep into the ground at all - they are just structures, the walls of which are heaped with earth. Human "fox holes" have both advantages and disadvantages, but they have nothing to do with foxes, except for the name.
11. The tightening of hunting rules and environmental legislation everywhere leads to the fact that foxes are gradually approaching human habitation. It is much easier to find food near people than in the wild, than foxes enjoy and enjoy. On the territory of the countries of the former USSR, by and large, only residents of villages and small settlements located near forests suffer from them. It is impossible to fight thieves who destroy small animals. The law expressly prohibits shooting within populated areas only at rabid animals. To do this, you need to confirm the disease, which cannot be done without killing the fox - a vicious circle.
In Europe, foxes are firmly established in the largest cities. According to estimates of epidemiologists, about 10,000 foxes live in London. 86% of the townspeople have a positive attitude to the red-haired robbers who fight with dogs and cats, gut garbage bags, and shit wherever they have to. Humans, it turns out, feel guilty about animals that have been bullied for hundreds of years. In Birmingham, foxes became such a disaster that a special team had to be created to capture them.
The team did a great job, catching a hundred animals. They were taken to the nearest forest and released - it is inhumane to kill. The foxes returned back to the city (and it's good if they didn't bring friends and girlfriends with them) and continued their dirty deeds. The careless attitude of the townspeople towards foxes is surprising - foxes endure the most terrible infections, including rabies.
12. The sea fox is a stingray of a sizeable size (up to 1.2 meters in length). It lives off the coast of Europe, including the Black and Azov Seas, and along the entire Atlantic coast of Africa. Fox sharks can also be found in the water column. These are three species of predators, ranging in size from 3 to 6 meters. In theory, fox sharks are considered shy and not dangerous to humans. Flying foxes also belong to foxes solely by name. These are the largest fruit bats in the world, until recently they were combined with bats. The body of a flying fox reaches a length of 40 cm, and a wingspan of one and a half meters.
13. The English word “fox” - “fox” has nothing to do with the familiar phrase “Fox is the 20th century film company”. “Fox” in this case is the surname of an enterprising Hungarian whose name was either Wilhelm Fuchs, or even Vilmos Fried. Having arrived in the USA, the Hungarian changed his name for the sake of euphony and founded a film company. In 1930, the company was taken away from him during a hostile takeover. Fox - Fuchs - Freed fought but lost. From him the film company remained, as the song says, only the name.
14. "Desert Fox" - German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, who in 1940-1943 successfully commanded German troops in North Africa. However, Rommel did not use any special cunning in the command. Like all successful German military leaders of World War II, he knew how to concentrate forces on a narrow sector of the front and break through enemy defenses. When there was nothing to concentrate, "Desert Fox" abandoned troops in Africa and went to Hitler to ask for reinforcements.
15. “Fox's tail and a wolf's mouth” - this is how some jokingly and some shaking with fear called the policy of General Mikhail Loris-Melikov in Russia at the end of the 19th century. Under Emperor Alexander II, Loris-Melikov, who became famous in the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878, was simultaneously the Minister of Internal Affairs and the head of the gendarme corps. The authority of the Ministry of Internal Affairs at that time included practically all domestic politics, from the basic sectors of the economy to the care of the weak and orphans.
In this post, Loris-Melikov had a "fox's tail" - he advocated the weakening of laws, the growth of public initiative, etc. Having moved to the office of the chief of the gendarmes, the general used the "wolf's mouth", not letting the revolutionaries go (in his understanding) ... The fox tail involuntarily outplayed the wolf's mouth - on March 1, 1881, Emperor Alexander II was killed, and one of the captured terrorists said that their leader had been arrested before the assassination attempt, but Loris-Melikov's charges did not receive any evidence from him about the impending assassination attempt.
16. Foxes are firmly included in the mythology of dozens of peoples, and their influence on a person can be exactly the opposite, regardless of the place of residence of the peoples. Koreans, Chinese, and Japanese compete in the degree of fear experienced by foxes. The transformation of an animal into a seductive woman with the subsequent torture of the victim through pleasures is not yet the most terrible outcome that lies in wait for a Far Eastern man. Kitsune (in Japanese "fox") spread the life of those to whom they came in the form of a beauty, to smithereens - they ruin merchants or drive rulers into disgrace. It is difficult to imagine what they did in medieval Japan with the men to whom Kitsune appeared in the form of a handsome young guy.
At the same time, in India, the North American Indians and a number of European peoples, the fox symbolizes prosperity, good luck or wealth. Christians already at an early stage identified the fox as Satan's accomplices - beautiful, wagging its tail, and even wool the color of hellfire. Nevertheless, some peoples, including the Slavic, have retained a negative but complacent attitude towards the fox. “We know, the fox, about your miracles”, “And the fox is cunning, and they sell its skin”, “The fox takes care of, the cat curls up to it” - these proverbs clearly indicate that people have long imagined the nature of the red predator.
17. Employee of the Voronezh Zoo Tatiana Sapelnikova told a very interesting case. Zoo workers had to determine the concentration of small animals such as mice in one of the forest areas. During a routine procedure, zoo workers set traps for mice. However, the work of scientists was greatly hampered by the foxes living in the district. For several years, zoologists set up identical traps, and the number of mice caught in them determined the size of the population.
However, over time, the tracks showed that someone was reducing the number of mice trapped in the trap by carefully removing them and eating them nearby. Zoologists realized that the fox is no longer guided by mice, but by the smell of people setting traps. After a short game of "catch me" they managed to lure the fox - the zoologists originally nicknamed him Ginger - into a kind of aviary. The fox was absolutely not worried about bondage. When the scientists managed to carry out the necessary experiment with mice, Ryzhik was released. He did not run far, and even two chanterelles appeared nearby. They themselves did not figure out how to find the mice and take them out of the traps, but they unmistakably appreciated the extraordinary abilities of the future groom.
A person always strives for new knowledge, even if he does not even always realize it. Someone is studying scientific information, and someone is following the heroes of the next reality show. Nobody says that this must necessarily be useful knowledge, because the most important thing is that it is interesting. This is the kind of knowledge Reddit users are trying to give in the Today I Learned thread, sharing a variety of facts. Bemorepanda collected for you 20 of the most interesting and informative facts, and all of them are waiting for you further.
Dogs of Mercy are service dogs trained to comfort mortally wounded soldiers lying in no man's land during World War I.
In 1656, Judith Catchpole, a young maid from the colony of Maryland, was tried for witchcraft and the murder of her newborn child.
In those early days, a judge decided to call a jury composed of women only, who ruled that Judith did not kill her child, and that in fact there was no indication that Judith was pregnant at all.
The youngest hero of the French Resistance during World War II was a little boy
The boy acted as a courier for the Resistance fighters, he sneaked past enemy patrols and transmitted messages. In 1950 he was posthumously awarded the rank of sergeant. The boy's name was Marcel Pinte, he died for France at the age of 6.
Saudi Arabia accidentally printed thousands of textbooks depicting Yoda sitting next to King Faisal when he signed the UN charter in 1945
In the 1830s, the Swedish navy planted 300,000 oak trees to be used for shipbuilding in the future.
When they received the news in 1975 that the trees were fully grown, they hardly ever used them, since modern warships are made of metal.
In 1856, a woman named Mary Ann Brown Patten took over command of a merchant ship after the captain, who was also her husband, fell ill.
After the captain fell ill, the first mate began to sabotage the navigation of the ship in order to take the place of the captain. Mary Ann not only repulsed the attempted rebellion, but also safely returned the ship to port.
French soldier André Parmentier, who served as a military doctor in the French army, was captured by the Prussians in the 1760s during the Seven Years War. During several years of captivity, he was forced to eat only potatoes, which were then fed only to pigs in France.
Feeling that potatoes saved him, he made it his life's goal to convince the world of the nutritional value of potatoes. André Parmentier became famous primarily as an active promoter of potato cultivation as a vegetable crop, and even his grave is decorated with potatoes.
In 1952, London was covered with the so-called Great Smog, which was so strong that pedestrians could not even see their feet
During the 5 days of the Great Smog, about 4,000 people died, but the most interesting thing is that some of them died not because of lung problems - they fell into the Thames and drowned because they did not see the river.
The famous painting "The Scream" by Edvard Munch was painted on cardboard
If you rub a sea sponge through a sieve into salt water, then it turns into a sponge again
It is the only plant known to do this.
30 years ago, you had 15-17 minutes to evacuate in a fire. Currently you only have 3-5 minutes
This is due to the fact that many things in homes are made of plastics and petroleum-based products. Large rooms and high ceilings also play a role.
There are still those in the USA who live inside the "iron lungs"
Iron Lungs - were applied to polio victims whose lung muscles were paralyzed. The air is pumped in, then pumped out. This causes the patient's chest to expand and contract, forcing air into and out of the lungs.
During the Danish colonization of Greenland, missionary Hans Egede discovered that the local Inuit had no idea what bread was.
Therefore, he changed the words in the prayer "Our Father" from "give us our daily bread this day" to "give us our daily seal this day."
In 2007, a man in a wheelchair was hit by a huge 18-wheel truck
The handles of the stroller were caught in the radiator grille and the truck pushed the man for several kilometers at a speed of almost 100 km per hour. Surprisingly, the man was able to avoid injury.
One of Tchaikovsky's overtures, written in 1812, included cannon firing and cathedral bells, whose sounds should have been synchronized with the sounds of the orchestra
It so happened that in those days it was impossible to synchronize them. It was only in 1954 that composer Antal Dorati mixed the orchestra's studio recording with cannons and bells and the overture finally sounded the way it was intended.
Reagan and Gorbachev agree to suspend the Cold War in the event of an alien invasion
The worst nuclear accident in British history could have ended much worse if not for Sir John Douglas Cockcroft
Cockcroft insisted on installing filters in the mines of the Windscale nuclear power plant. Thanks to the filters, when the accident occurred, the amount of radioactive dust released was reduced by 95%.
If you give a zebrafish fish alcohol and place it in an aquarium with sober zebrafish, the sober fish will accept it as their leader and follow the drunk fish around the aquarium.
A Harvard study found that not having friends is as deadly as smoking
Scientists have found a link between loneliness and blood protein levels that can cause heart attacks and strokes.
In 2012, a survey in East Germany showed that there is not a single person under the age of 28 in this area who believes in God.
The brand of the search giant Google is probably one of the most recognizable on the globe, and today only a person who is very far from the Internet and civilization has not heard about the company. At the same time, the activities of the "corporation of good" are so diverse that even its employees themselves do not know about all the initiatives of their management. Bemorepanda choosed 30 unusual and interesting facts about the world famous company that you most likely did not even know about.
Many people dream of working at Google. Getting there is not easy - sometimes interviews alone can take six months. But if you happen to be there, even if you are an intern, you can celebrate winning the jackpot.
1. Before giving the user the result of a search query, Google takes into account about 200 different factors.
2. The company owns a bunch of domains that are the wrong spelling for Google. For example, Gooogle.com, Gogle.com, Googlr.com and many others. Among them there are even such exotic ones as 466453.com - these are numbers on the phone's disk that correspond to the letters of Google.
3. When Google launched in 1998, the system was processing 500,000 queries a day. Now users ask the system for something more than 2 million times per second.
4. Since Google launched Street View in 2007, the project team has photographed over 11.5 million kilometers of roads and objects.
5. The first five American cities were captured with a 5 megapixel camera. Now the company uses devices with 75-megapixel sensors.
6. Every month, YouTube users watch over 6 billion hours of video - about an hour for every inhabitant of the globe.
7. Google regularly buys and funds projects that aim to change the world and the lives of millions of people. However, the "corporation of good" does not shun small, local projects. For example, in 2012, the company added the Cherokee American Indian language to Gmail.
8. More than 300 hours of new videos appear on YouTube every minute.
9. Last year, more than 1 billion Android devices were sold worldwide. This means that Google's market share in this segment is 81%.
10. In total, Google employs 53,600 people in 70 offices from 40 countries.
11. If a corporation likes something, then it will not stand up to the costs to buy it. This year, the company made more than 170 acquisitions, and the value of the top 10 purchases exceeded $ 24.5 billion.
12. Despite the huge number of adventurous and super-innovative projects, such as self-driving cars or smart contact lenses, the bulk of Google's revenue comes from advertising. In 2014, revenue from this type of activity amounted to $ 66 billion.
13. Larry Page and Sergey Brin released the first Doodle in August 1998. During this time, they were participating in the Burning Man rally through the Nevada desert and wanted the world to know where they were at the moment.
14. The volume of the Google search index is over 100 million GB. To accommodate this amount of data would require over 100,000 terabyte hard drives.
15. People trust and love Google services so much that when the system dropped by 5 minutes in 2013, the volume of global traffic dropped by 40%.
16. Google is probably the only company in the world that wants people to spend as little time on their website as possible.
17. Google was originally called BackRub. This is how the main page of the search engine looked like, which became the prototype of Google.
18. Google's incredibly fast growth is especially noticeable against the backdrop of one curious fact: since 2010, the Internet giant has bought an average of one company per week.
19. The first doodle was invented by Google founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page together. It happened in 1998. A schematic image of a burning guy, a symbol of the Burning Man festival, which takes place in the Black Rock desert of Nevada, has been added to the usual multicolored Google inscription. Brin and Page went there in 2008.
20. Google's own chef, Charlie Ayers, came to Google in 1999, when the company had only 40 employees.
21. Ayers built a good career in the corporation, becoming the chef of the entire company. At the time of leaving Google, he controlled 150 employees and 10 cafes at Google's Mountain View headquarters.
22. Gmail already supports over 50 different languages. Among them are the Basque, Welsh, Tagalog, Malayalam, Telulu and Cherokee languages.
23. In 2004, Google went public, selling part of its shares on the stock exchange. On the same day, about 1,000 of its employees became millionaires.
24. One of these lucky ones is masseuse Bonnie Brown. She joined the company in 1999. Her initial salary was $ 450 per week.
25. Button "I'm Lucky!" became extremely popular. But it costs Google $ 100 million every year in lost ad revenue.
26. Google is hiring goats. In 2009, the company rented about two hundred goats that grazed on its California campus, while fertilizing the soil with their excrement along the way.
27. The first official tweet from Google's corporate Twitter meant "I'm in luck," but it was written in binary, meaning it was all zeros and ones.
28. Google's competitor, Mozilla (Firefox browser), receives money from the Internet giant. For the fact that the default browser uses the Google search engine, its developer receives $ 300 million a year.
29. The total cost of this 16 percent stake is close to $ 46 billion.
30. Each new employee within the company is called a noogler, and the former is called a xoogler.