30+ facts from the world of statistics that help you improve your knowledge
Millions of people are drawn to knowledge and want to know more. But when it comes to complex graphs and numbers, we tend to ignore the information. And as soon as it comes to statistics, we remember the boring lessons of mathematics and do not pay attention to such facts. But in vain. Do you know that statistical things are much more interesting and entertaining when everything superfluous has been removed from it, leaving only the facts?
Reddit users share interesting and entertaining statistics
We at Bemorepanda have collected interesting statistics that are related to different things in our world. And we think that it will be more interesting for you to learn about them than to watch the next series on the Internet.
1. About pilots
56% of pilots admitted to falling asleep in the cockpit.
Not only that, 29% of the pilots who woke up afterwards found that the other pilot was also asleep.
2. About walking
The average moderately active person takes about 7,500 steps a day. If a person maintains this average per day and lives to be 80 years old, they will walk 216,262,500 steps in their lifetime.
3. About names
Sofia and Alexander are the most popular names in Moscow. Unfortunately, there are no statistics for all of Russia by name. Available only in the USA. Mary and James are the most popular names in the United States for the past 100 years.
4. About work
85% of people don't like their job. This is the world average. In some countries, this figure is slightly better - for example, in the US, somewhere around 70% hate their job.
5. About the Vietnam War
More US veterans who fought in Vietnam committed suicide than died in the war. — Fewwordsbetter / Reddit
6. About cats
80% of orange striped cats are male. — kitkat_pro / Reddit
7. About seat belts
Wearing a seat belt correctly reduces the chance of a front-seat passenger being killed in a frontal collision by 45%. Seat belts save lives. People, damn it, buckle up! Also, don't forget that car airbags are more likely to cause injury than prevent it. Especially when seat belts are not fastened. — danthemanning / Reddit
8. About movement in space
- Raise your hands and clap your hands.
- Wait one second, then do it again.
- If you could measure the distance between the first and second claps, it would be over 800 kilometers.
- This is because the Earth is moving around the Sun, the Sun is moving around the center of the galaxy, the galaxy is moving through the Virgo Supercluster, and the Virgo Supercluster is racing through the Universe. When you sum up all the speeds and compare the result with the cosmic microwave background (which is the closest we have to a universal frame of reference), it turns out that in one second you, along with the Earth and other space objects in space, moved 800 kilometers.
- In the time it took you to read this, you moved farther in space than you have ever moved in your life. — RamsesThePigeon/Reddit
9. About the Chinese
If you take the entire population of our planet and calculate the average person, it turns out that this is a 30-year-old Chinese. — ohazltn/reddit
10. About Australia
Australia has more kangaroos than people. — Jiren21 / Reddit
For reference: 25 million people and about 50 million kangaroos live in Australia.
11. About sharks
Sharks of ancient trees. Sharks are at least 400 million years old, while trees are about 350 million years old.
Another fun fact: when it comes to evolution, sharks are one of the most endangered species of marine animals. Thanks to "adaptive radiation", these marine animals are able to effectively mutate, perfectly adapting to a variety of habitat conditions. Adaptive radiation allows you to use new food sources and avoid enemies. As a result of this adjustment, there is an increase in species diversity in a short period of time. Modern sharks evolved as a result of adaptive radiation that occurred during the Jurassic period, about 200 million years ago. One of the newest modern sharks are the hammerhead sharks, which first appeared about 50 million years ago. corvettee01 / Reddit
12. About our time and the modern world
By almost every important indicator and statistic, the world today is better suited for a normal life than at any time in the history of mankind. — keenly_disinterested / Reddit
13. About animals
The tallest known giraffe (George) was 5.8 meters tall.
The largest crocodile ever measured (Lolong) was 6.17 meters long.
To get an idea of the size of such a crocodile, think of the tallest giraffe you have ever seen, and then add a little and you have the longest crocodile.
Herpetologists agree that there are probably more large long crocodiles in nature. They are just hard to catch to measure. — FlorenceCattleya / Reddit
14. About rich people
The top 1% of the world's richest people have more than twice as much money as 6.9 billion people.
And the 8 richest people in the world have as much money as the poorest half, 3.6 billion people. — Munninnu / Reddit
15. About birthdays
If you are in a group of twenty-three people, there is a 50 percent chance that two of them share the same birthday.
If you are in a group of seventy people, this probability rises to 99%. — RamsesThePigeon/Reddit
16. About poverty
3-4 billion people in the world earn $2.50 or less a day. — chelseatys/reddit
17. About ecology
25% of air pollution in California comes from China. — cOOlio-pasta/Reddit
For reference: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that nearly 25 percent of the particulate matter in the skies over Los Angeles on certain days came from China. Some experts estimate that China accounts for a third of all air pollution in California. Experts have found ozone, carbon monoxide, mercury and particulate matter from Asia in the air.
18. About USA
America is home to approximately 5% of the world's population, but US prisons hold 25% of the world's total prison population. — Gaarakotq / Reddit
19. About heroine mothers
The world record for the number of children born to one mother is 69. She had 16 pairs of twins, 7 triplets and 4 quadruplets. And this record belongs to a Russian woman who lived in the 1700s in the Ivanovo region. — TnekKralc / Reddit
20. About the war
3% of all living on Earth in 1939 died in World War II. — paul99501 / Reddit
It is important to know and remember: according to the latest estimates, 26,600,000 people died in the USSR alone. This is approximately 13.52% of the total population of Soviet Russia in 1939.
21. On the movement of the continents
South America is moving away from Africa at about the same rate as human nails grow. — stickmanDave / Reddit
The speed of movement of the continent at the moment is about 20 millimeters per year.
22. About water
99 percent of the earth's water is unusable for humans and many other living things—only about 0.3 percent of our fresh water is found in the surface waters of lakes, rivers, and swamps. More than 68 percent of the fresh water on Earth is in ice caps and glaciers, and just over 30 percent is in groundwater.
It seems incredible that the water that supports all terrestrial as well as aquatic life on our planet is actually so scarce. With these numbers of statistics comes the realization that we must use this resource very wisely.
23. About mosquitoes
It would take about 1.2 million mosquitoes to suck all the blood out of a person, each of which must bite at least once. — pm_me_anythingg_sfw / Reddit
24. About the human body
Have you ever wondered how fat disappears from a person? And it doesn’t matter why: from playing sports or from starvation. It turns out that most of it (86%) comes out through breathing. The remaining 14% leave our body through the water in a natural way. — PleiadianJedi / Reddit
25. About physics
The size of a dust particle is somewhere between a subatomic particle and the size of our Earth. — reddit.com
A subatomic particle is smaller than an atom, and atoms are damn small. So the next time you see a grain of dust, think about how huge it is compared to, for example, the same neutrino, or how small it is compared to our planet.
26. About the Sun
It takes about 170,000 years for photons from the core of the Sun to reach the convection zone of the photosphere, where they are ejected further into space. In other words, the sunlight we see is hundreds of thousands of years old. — mattk1017 / Reddit
27. About Marriage
If you and your spouse are divorced and one of you (or both) has more than one failed marriage, your marriage has a 93% chance of failure. — reddit.com
According to research, the average marriage lasts 7 to 10 years. But in each country, the average duration of modern marriages is different. For example, in the United States, couples have been legally married for 8 years. In Italy, for example, the typical couple stays married for 18 years.
28. About playing cards
If you shuffle a deck of playing cards well, you will create a hand that has never been and probably never will be again. This is because there are 8.1x1067 possible layout combinations for 52 cards. It takes more time than our universe exists to roll every possible order of cards. — RamsesThePigeon/Reddit
It has been 700 years since playing cards were invented. Since that time, all the cards in the world have been shuffled and laid out approximately less than 1.546X1020 times. Thus, the chances that in one of these shuffles they were shuffled in the same order that you see in your spread is less than 1 in 100000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 (1 in 1047).
29. About billionaires
Even though they make up just under 2% of the population, 44% of the richest people in the world live in the US, and they are Jews. — rlrhino7 / Reddit
30. About countries
The population of vast Russia is smaller than the population of small Bangladesh. Bangladesh, as of 2022, is home to 165.9 million people. In Russia - 146.1 million people.
31. About Earth
Every hour the Earth receives more solar energy than the planet uses in a year. — Redshift_1 / Reddit
20 disturbing facts that many people choose not to share
Since childhood, many have heard the saying “you will know a lot, you will soon grow old”, but we never took it seriously, because everything around seemed very interesting to us, and we wanted to learn as much as possible. However, as we grew up, we began to realize that some things we would rather never know at all. But since you are here, then you are ready to learn a little more about what others usually prefer not to talk about. These people do not include the tiktoker Adorian Deck, who has amassed 2 million subscribers with his disturbing facts videos. Adorian himself calls them "facts that will ruin your day", but this is not certain, but the fact that they will expand your horizons with unusual knowledge - definitely! Look, get new knowledge, and this ... do not be discouraged there 💛
“In the minds of everyone who knows you, there is a different version of you.”
In fact, this simply means that each person perceives you differently, which is why they form your own image in their head, which is most likely different from yours. an image created in the head of another person.
“Night is the natural state of the universe. For a day, it is worth saying thank you to the nearby fireball. ”
There are enough cosmic bodies in the Universe that are far from the stars, on which, perhaps, there was never a day.
"If you become the oldest of the people, by the time all of humanity has time to update, except yourself,"
That your entire generation (and all previous ones) will already die, and new ones will come to replace it, in order to repeat the same cycle once again.
“If you try to remove the brain in its natural state, it will fall apart. When you see how scientists do it, it keeps its shape because they used chemicals to strengthen it. ”
The brain is not as resilient as many are used to thinking.
"By law, cruise ships must have a morgue for passengers who inevitably die on every voyage."
Perhaps the information about death on every voyage is a little exaggerated, but in fact this does not happen as infrequently as we would like.
“Hearing is the last feeling that disappears before death.”
People in a coma are reported to retain their hearing ability, so doctors often recommend that visitors talk to people in a coma.
“In babies, molars (permanent) teeth are right under the eyes.”
Naturally, we are not talking about all molars, but only about some of the teeth from the upper row, which will eventually replace the milk ones.
“Doctors once planned to remove what they thought was a tumor from a patient's lungs. It turned out that it was a pine twig growing in the lungs of this man. ”
In 2009, doctors found a 5 cm long spruce twig in the lungs of a resident of Izhevsk Artyom Sidorkin. The man was hospitalized with lung cancer.
Doctors believe that the man could inhale the seed, and it sprouted in the lungs, while biologists say that this is impossible, and the twig got into the lungs entirely. In their judgment, biologists rely on the fact that a plant needs sunlight to grow, which, obviously, is not in the lungs.
The appearance of a twig in a man's lungs is still a mystery.
“Dogs like squeaky toys, because they look like frightened or injured prey.”
Apparently, for the same reason, dogs instinctively violently shake toys from side to side in order to break the back of their toy prey.
"Once upon a time, sea scorpions the size of a great white shark lived on Earth
Scientists came to this conclusion after finding fossilized remains, which were first discovered in 1844.
"During World War II, Japan dropped fleas infected with bubonic plague on China
." Along with their experiments, the actions of the popular TV series "The Squid Game" will seem like a child's fairy tale.
According to information in Wikipedia, Detachment 731 was organized to prepare for bacteriological warfare, mainly against the Soviet Union, as well as against the Mongolian People's Republic, China and other states.
"At some period of life in the human body, on average, there is more than one skeleton, and all this is due to pregnancy"
In the overwhelming majority of countries of the world there are more women than men, and this dry statistical conclusion follows from this information.
“The photo for your grave monument may have already been taken”
No one ever knows which photo will be used to put it on the monument, so it may be the one that was already taken, and that you may have taken.
"Cannibalism is common among hamsters"
You may have already heard that female hamsters can eat their cubs, but males living in the same cage can show this attitude towards each other.
Reportedly, males are not very fond of the company of other males, as they have to share the same territory with them, which leads to constant stress. Some hamsters solve this problem as described above.
“Trapped person syndrome is a syndrome in which you can only move your eyes while the rest of your body is paralyzed. In fact, you can go into a coma-like state and be aware of it. ”
At the same time, people remain conscious and sensitive. With long-term preservation of the "locked-in person" syndrome, patients can be trained to transmit rather complex information with their eyes.
The causes of the development of the syndrome can be various disorders of the brain, diseases and some poisons.
30 facts about the Royal Family that you should now after the Oprah interview scandal
Many would like to be part of the British royal family. The attention of the whole world, many servants, jewelry, palaces and other joys of aristocrats - isn't it a fairy tale? However, everyone forgets that being in the public eye of millions of people and constantly maintaining a brand can be incredibly difficult. The life of royals is subject to regulations and is filled with sometimes really strange requirements that they must certainly fulfill.
The British royal family is called one of the main attractions of Great Britain. The British are proud of their monarchy. They celebrate the Queen's Birthday along with other holidays. They follow with interest the relationship in the royal family. But not all Englishmen know about the origin of the dynasty, about the real names of its members and about other interesting facts.
The name of the ruling dynasty in Great Britain is Windsor. But until 1917 it was called Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, which indicates its connection with the German rulers. During World War I, King George V decided to change the name of the dynasty in order to give up the German titles. He chose the surname Windsor after Windsor Castle, one of the royal residences. This surname became official to all members of the royal family. And after the wedding of the then Princess Elizabeth to Philip Mountbatten, the surname began to sound Mountbatten-Windsor.
Interestingly, none of the members of the royal family is required to use the surname. And when they go to school, serve or work, they can take a different surname. For example, Princes William and Harry were known in the army as Wales. And the two grandchildren of Queen Elizabeth from Princess Anne have their father's surname - Phillips.
Bemorepanda collected some more interesting facts about the royal family.
1. Princess Diana was supposed to play the main role in the 2nd part of "The Bodyguard" with Kevin Costner. A kissing scene was planned, but the film itself never came out due to the tragic death of Lady Dee in 1997 in a car accident in Paris. In the story, a romantic relationship between the protagonists begins when a bodyguard is tasked with protecting the princess from the paparazzi.
2. On their travels, Elizabeth II and her son Charles are accompanied by a doctor of the British Royal Navy, who must have a supply of their blood with him. This measure is necessary for an emergency transfusion in case of an emergency.
3. Shellfish, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, and garlic are banned in Buckingham Palace, as sea creatures are allergenic and garlic has an unpleasant odor. However, this rule is now adhered to only by the queen.
4. Six ravens (and one spare) must always dwell in the Tower of London. According to one of the versions, this rule is observed, since the prediction of the royal court astrologer-monk Charles II (1630-1685) says: "If the crows leave the Tower, the kingdom will fall." After the famous fire of 1666, almost all the birds were exterminated, but thanks to the prophecy of the ravens, they were left in the care of the crown. They are considered part of the royal family, they have servants and a special raven keeper who is chosen from 38 members of the Tower's ceremonial Yeomen guard ("beefeaters"). In addition, the birds are officially enlisted in the ranks of the royal army.
5. Long before becoming part of the royal family, Kate Middleton lived with her family in Amman, Jordan. The father of the future Duchess, Michael Middleton, worked as a manager for British Airways and ended up in the Middle East on duty. Then Kate was 2 years old, but she already went to kindergarten and, in addition to English, studied Arabic. The Middletons have lived in Jordan for almost 3 years.
6. During the opening of the new session of Parliament, the Queen must take a hostage - one of the Members of Parliament, who will be guarded by the staff of Buckingham Palace throughout the ceremony. This tradition appeared due to the fact that earlier monarchs and parliament, to put it mildly, did not get along. Now everything is peaceful, but no one is going to change anything.
7. Queen Elizabeth II, then 21-year-old Princess Elizabeth, married Prince Philip on 20 November 1947 in a coupon-purchased wedding dress. She deliberately did not take advantage of her opportunities, since in the post-war period the whole country was slowly getting out of the ruins.
8. The crown of Elizabeth II is nothing more than the diadem of King George IV, created in 1820 at the request of the king himself. It is set with 1,333 diamonds for a total of 320 carats (64 g), including a 4-carat yellow diamond. There are 2 strands of pearls along the base. Initially, the upper thread had 86 pearls and the lower one - 94, but in 1902 the number of pearls was changed to 81 and 88.
9. To avoid embarrassment in windy weather, all the hem of the skirts of Queen Elizabeth II are weighed down by small loads
10. Initially, princes William and Harry were supposed to be called Arthur and Albert, as their father Charles wanted, but Lady Diana insisted on William and Harry, although Arthur and Albert are the middle names of the princes.
11. Queen Elizabeth II is a godmother for 30 crowned godchildren and this is not the limit.
12. Kate Middleton is a relative of George Washington.
13. At Christmas in the royal family, it is customary to give funny gifts. For example, Meghan Markle gave the Queen a toy singing hamster. But besides the fun, the royal couple - Elizabeth II and Prince Philip - must remember their duty. They send about 750 Christmas cards to heads of state, top politicians, Commonwealth leaders and family members.
14. Before and after Christmas dinner, all members of the royal family must weigh themselves. This long tradition was introduced by King Edward VII around 1900. He was very worried that someone would go away hungry after a sumptuous reception.
15. The Queen has the right to dissolve the current parliament both in Britain and in Australia and Canada.
16. Princess Diana gave her son, Prince William, an incredible 13th birthday surprise. Since the boy was in love with supermodel Cindy Crawford, she invited her to a festive tea party.
17. The most unusual titles that Elizabeth II bears are Duke of Lancanster and Duke of Normandy.
18. Pearl necklace of three strands almost always adorns the queen's neck - this is a visiting card of her style. When Elizabeth was 10 years old, she received such a necklace as a gift from her grandfather George V, and it became her favorite piece of jewelry.
A little later, Queen Mary, Elizabeth's grandmother, gave her pearl earrings. To this day, they, complete with a necklace, form part of the image of a modern monarch.
19. Since ancient times, monarchs from different countries have adopted a throne name during their time in power, which is different from that which was given to them at birth. In Britain, this tradition was also maintained. So, Queen Victoria was Princess Alexandrina before her coronation, and King George was named Albert. Elizabeth II chose not to change her name, because this is only permissible, but not mandatory for the monarch.
20. Elizabeth is often called the queen of England, but this is not true. First, she is the monarch of the entire United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and England is just a part of it.
21. Misconceptions about princesses are no less common. Lady Dee after her wedding with Prince Charles began to be called the princess. However, she was not a princess by birth, so by all the rules her title should have sounded like "Her Royal Highness Princess Charles of Wales", as strange as it may sound.
22. As for the chosen one of their eldest son William, Kate Middleton is also not a princess. She married the Duke of Cambridgeshire, and therefore her official title is Duchess of Cambridge.
23. According to official sources, different family members have their own privileges in addressing the Queen. So, the husband of Elizabeth II calls her Lilibet. The future queen called herself this name when she was very little and could not pronounce “Elizabeth”.
24. Elizabeth II is very economical and serves as an excellent example in this for her subjects. So, it is known that she always turns off the light when leaving the room, and requires this from all the inhabitants of the palace. The queen wears the same dresses for a long time.
25. Representatives of Buckingham Palace report that all of the Queen's overseas travel is in accordance with the recommendations of the British government. Therefore, most often Elizabeth visits those countries in which she needs to be present based on current state affairs.
During her 65 years on the throne, the Queen has made over 120 official visits. Most often, the queen visited Canada (27 times) and Australia (18 times).
26. Some people who were born shortly before or immediately after the New Year celebrate their birthday twice, but in general, usually a person has one birthday. But the Queen has two of them - on April 21, she was born for real, and in May or June, official celebrations are usually organized on her birthday.
27. Queen Elizabeth II currently rules Britain for the longest time in history: her term of reign is now 64 years. Queen Victoria, who ruled before her, remained on the throne for 63 years and 216 days. Nowadays, it is difficult for a person not to lose his job even for a year, let alone more than 60 years!
28. Only in 2013, Great Britain moved away from the concept of male succession, thus proclaiming that any member of the royal family, regardless of gender, can inherit the throne. You may ask: how then did Elizabeth II ascend to the throne? Elementary: her father had no sons.
29. What is the Queen's surname? I think many would like to know. But in fact, this is not so important: being on the throne, a person can take almost any surname for himself. Elizabeth II's father changed his surname from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor; later Windsor became Mountbatten-Windsor.
30. If you have ever seen Buckingham Palace up close, at least in a movie, you know that it is huge. It is located on an area of 77,000 square meters, it has 775 rooms and about 800 employees who keep it and the life of the royal family normal. There are cooks, maids, butlers, security guards and even watchmakers!
Russia is a country that impresses with its massive size and culture. At the same time, Russians are kind and nice people who are glad to welcome every guest. This country is associated with forests and mountains, clear lakes and endless rivers, diverse flora and fauna. It is here that people of different nationalities live, respecting the culture and customs of the locals. Next, we suggest reading more interesting and amazing facts about Russia and Russians. The country is made up of people, not the government.
1. Russia is the largest country in the world, with an area of more than 17 million km2, so its length from east to west covers 10 time zones at once.
2. The Russian Federation includes 21 national republics, which occupy 21% of the territory of Russia.
3. Throughout the world, Russia is considered a European country, but at the same time, 2/3 of its territory is in Asia.
4. Russia is separated from the USA by only 4 km, which separates the Russian island of Ratmanov and the American island of Kruzenshtern.
5. The area of frosty Siberia is 9.7 million km2, which is as much as 9% of the land mass of planet Earth.
6. Forests occupy most of the Russian territory and make up as much as 60% of the area of Russia. Russia is also rich in water resources, which include 3 million lakes and 2.5 million rivers.
7. The lake in Russia, which is located on the territory of the Valdai National Park, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is said that the water in this lake is healing and holy.
8. In Russia, Swan Lake is not only the name of the ballet, but also the place in the Altai Territory, where about 300 swans and 2000 ducks arrive for wintering in November.
9. In Russia, mother nature is honored, therefore, 4% of the country's area is occupied by nature reserves.
10. Russia is the only state in the whole world whose territory is washed by 12 seas at once.
11. Russia is home to the largest active volcano in the world, Klyuchevskaya Sopka, which is 4.85 km high and has been erupting regularly for 7,000 years.
12. The climate in Russia is very diverse, and if in Sochi in winter the usual air temperature is +5°C, then in the settlement of Yakutia it can reach -55°C at the same time.
13. The record low air temperature was recorded in 1924 in the Russian city of Oymyakon, and it amounted to as much as -71 ° C.
14. The first place in the world in gas and oil production, as well as in the export of aluminum, steel and nitrogen fertilizers, is awarded to the Russian Federation.
15. The capital of Russia, Moscow, is one of the most densely populated cities in the world, with 11 million people living there, according to official figures.
16. In terms of population, Russia ranks 7th in the world and has 145 million people, with Russians in Russia making up 75% of the population.
17. Moscow is one of the richest and most expensive cities in the world, and the level of wages in this city differs from the level of wages in other Russian cities by 3, and occasionally 33 times.
18. In Russia there is one amazing city - Suzdal, on an area of is 15 km2 10,000 people live, and which is amazing in that there are as many as 53 temples, majestic in their beauty and decoration.
19. The Russian city of Yekaterinburg in 2002, according to the UNESCO rating, was included in the list of 12 most ideal cities for living in the world.
20. One of the oldest cities in the world where people still live in Russia is the Dagestan city of Derbent.
21. If you add together the territory of the Netherlands and Belgium, then their area will be equal to the area of the Tambov region.
22. The Russian Federation is considered the successor of the Roman Empire, because the double-headed eagle depicted on its coat of arms symbolizes the Byzantine idea of harmonious interaction between the power of church and state.
23. Russia is rich in its secrets. For example, there are more than 15 cities there that are hidden from everyone, because they are neither on maps, nor on road signs, but nowhere at all, and, of course, foreigners are strictly forbidden to enter there.
24. The Moscow metro is the most punctual metro in the world, because the intervals between trains during rush hour are only 1.5 minutes.
25. The deepest metro in the world is located in the cultural capital of the Russian Federation - St. Petersburg, and its depth is as much as 100 meters.
26. The Russian metro was the safest place during the air raids of World War II, and 150 people were born there during the bombing.
27. St. Petersburg is not just called the cultural capital of Russia, it's just that in this city there are 2000 libraries, 45 art galleries, 221 museums, about 80 theaters and the same number of clubs and palaces of culture.
28. Peterhof is one of the most amazing palace and park complexes in the world, because in addition to luxurious palaces, it has a huge number of fountains, of which there are 176 pieces, of which 40 fountains are truly gigantic.
29. They say that Venice is a city of bridges, but no matter how, because there are three times as many bridges in St. Petersburg.
30. Russia has the longest railway line - the Trans-Siberian Railway, connecting Moscow and Vladivostok. The length of this route is 9298 km, and during the trip it is possible to pass 8 time zones, 87 cities and 16 rivers.
31. Russia also has the largest freshwater lake in the world - Baikal, with a volume of as much as 23 km3. To imagine its greatness, it is enough to think about the fact that the 12 largest rivers in the world have to flow for a whole year in order to fill Baikal.
32. The most ancient, and therefore the most majestic mountains in the world are the Urals. For example, Mount Pencil, which is part of the Ural Mountains complex, arose more than 4 billion years ago.
33. One of the strangest mountains in the world is the Russian mountain Magnetic, located under the city of Magnitogorsk, which is almost entirely made of iron.
34. In Russia, there is the largest, densest and almost wild forest in the world - this is the Siberian taiga, half of which has not even been mastered by man yet.
35. In the capital of the Russian Federation there is one fountain, which is part of the architectural group "Alexander and Natalie", from which it is not ordinary water that beats, but drinking water, which you can gladly quench your thirst on a hot summer day.
36. Located on Borovitsky Hill, the Moscow Kremlin is the largest fortress in the world, preserved since the Middle Ages, and its area covers 27.5 hectares, and the length of the walls is 2235 m.
37. The largest and oldest museum in the whole world is the Russian Hermitage Museum, which contains 3 million exhibits, and if someone wants to examine them all, devoting only one minute to each exhibit, this person will have to go to the museum, as if to work, for 25 years.
38. The Hermitage is also famous for the fact that the staff of the museum includes not only people, but also the most ordinary cats who have their own passport with a photo and earn their Whiskas money by catching rodents in the museum, preventing them from spoiling the exhibits.
39. In Russia, there is the largest library in Europe - this is the Public Library, which was founded in Moscow in 1862.
40. In the small town of Kizhi there is a church resembling a work of art, which is interesting because not a single nail was spent on its construction.
41. In Russia, there is the world's largest university building - Moscow State University, whose height, together with an exquisite spire, is 240 meters.
42. In Moscow, you can see the highest building in Europe - the Ostankino TV tower, whose height is 540 meters.
43. The world's largest bell was cast in Russia by craftsmen Ivan Motorin and his son Mikhail. This is the Tsar Bell, which is 614 cm high and weighs 202 tons.
44. The oldest Christian temple is located on the territory of the Russian Federation - this is the Tkhaba-Erdy temple, built in the VIII-IX centuries, which is located in Ingushetia.
45. Russia has one of the largest urban parks in the world - this is Izmailovsky Park, which was founded in 1931 and whose territory is now as much as 15.3 km2.
46. The largest botanical garden in Europe is again Russian. This is the botanical garden. Tsitsing, which was founded immediately after the end of the Great Patriotic War in 1945.
47. The world's largest tram network is located in St. Petersburg and is as much as 690 km.
48. The most record-breaking issue of a paper newspaper took place in May 1990, when 22 million copies of Komsomolskaya Pravda newspapers were published.
49. The frame of the world-famous New York Statue of Liberty was smelted in one of the Russian cities - Yekaterinburg.
50. Russia is a paradise for tourists with many beautiful and interesting tourist and sightseeing routes, among which the Golden and Silver Rings of Russia, as well as the Great Ural Ring, are considered the best.
The human brain has fascinated scientists since ancient times, as well as writers, poets, and musicians. So far no one was able to send in the perfect solution, which is not strange.
Every second, the brain collects and transmits signals to and from parts of your body. It keeps everything running, even when we sleep at night. Here you can take a quick tour of this great control center. You can see each part and later find out which parts perform different functions.
There are two types of cells in your brain: neurons and glial cells (glia - Greek word for glue). For a long time, biologists believed that neurons were the only cells that controlled our bodies, and that was where memories were stored. The glial cells were in the brain only to support the neurons, to isolate them, to feed them, and to do the basic cleansing. Recent research is beginning to show that glial cells do much more.
Read here the most interesting facts about the brain.
1. The human brain has about 80-100 billion nerve cells (neurons).
2. The left hemisphere of the human brain is 200 million richer in neurons than the right hemisphere.
3. Neurons in the human brain are very tiny. Their size reaches from 4 to 100 micrometers in width.
4. According to the research of scientists in 2014, there is more gray matter in the brain of a woman than in the brain of a man.
5. According to statistics, a large percentage of the so-called gray matter are people with a humanitarian mindset.
6. Constant physical stress can increase the amount of gray matter.
7. The components of 40% of the human brain are gray cells. They turn gray only after they die.
Bark: The wrinkled outer part of the brain is the largest part of the brain. This is also where our thinking comes from. It is also used to read this story in mathematics or in solving homework given by teachers. It is also the part of the brain that controls your voluntary muscles. These are the muscles used to press a mouse button, ride a bike, run a race, or hit a ball.
Are you using the left or right side of your brain?
Some researchers believe that the right and left sides of the cerebral cortex specialize in various activities. The right side is responsible for abstract things, such as colors, shapes, and music. The left side deals with math and speech and is the analytical part. It is also known that the right side of your brain controls the left side of your body and the left side of your brain controls the right side.
8. The brain of a living person has a bright pink hue.
9. The male brain has less gray matter but more cerebrospinal fluid and white matter.
10. White matter makes up 60% of the human brain.
11. Fat is bad for the human heart, but it is very good for the brain.
12. The average weight of the human brain is 1.3 kilograms.
13. The human brain occupies up to 3 percent of the total body mass but consumes 20% of oxygen.
14. The brain is capable of producing a large amount of energy. Even the energy of a sleeping brain can light a 25-watt light bulb.
The cerebellum: Behind the brain, the cerebellum helps you to make smooth, coordinated movements. Walking, running, writing. . . without the cerebellum, the movement would not take place properly.
Thalamus: Given the activity that takes place in the brain, there must be a switching station, and this is the function of the thalamus. This part of the brain takes the information that comes from the body and transmits it to the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex also sends messages to the thalamus, which then transmits information to other areas of the brain and spinal cord.
Spinal cord: This is the main information bus. All information from different parts of the body moves to and from the brain through the spinal cord. It is connected to the brain through the brainstem. It is protected by the vertebral bones, which form the spine.
Hypothalamus: There is a thermostat in your house. This is the button on the wall that you can turn to warm or cool the room. The hypothalamus is your body's thermostat. When it is hot, it sends signals for your skin to sweat. If you are cold, it makes you shiver and goosebumps.
15. It has been proven that the size of the brain does not affect the mental abilities of a person, Albert Einstein had a smaller than average brain size.
16. The human brain has no nerve endings, so doctors can cut into a person's brain when he is conscious.
17. A person uses the capabilities of his brain by almost 100%.
18. The texture of the brain is very important, and the wrinkles of the brain enable it to contain more neurons.
19. Yawning cools the brain, and the absence of normal sleep raises its temperature.
20. Even a tired brain can be productive. Scientists say that in one day, on average, a person has 70,000 thoughts.
21. Information inside the brain is transmitted at high speed, from 1.5 to 440 kilometers per hour.
22. The human brain can process and scan the most complex images.
Hippocampus: Deep in your brain, the hippocampus works with the cerebral cortex to create memories. From five minutes ago to five years ago, the hippocampus helps you remember everything that has happened in your life. The hippocampus helps you remember how to navigate and how to navigate the environment, depending on how you've traveled in the past.
Callus Body: The callus body connects the right side of the brain to the left side. It allows the two parts of the brain to communicate with each other.
Pituitary gland: This small part of the brain is the size of a pea. It is the smallest part of the brain and one that controls when and how fast we grow. It releases special hormones that help you grow. He also works at puberty.
Brainstem: The brainstem connects three areas of the brain. These parts are the spinal bulb, Varolio's bridge, and the midbrain. The brainstem is located below the cerebellum and connects the brain to the spinal cord. It makes all the muscles work involuntarily. These are the muscles that you do not consciously control, such as the muscles that make your heartbeat. Together, these three parts of the brain keep us alive by controlling our breathing, digestion, and blood circulation.
23. Previously, it was believed that the human brain is fully formed already in the first years of life, but in fact, adolescents undergo changes in the cerebral cortex, which are responsible for emotional processing and impulse control.
24. Doctors say that brain development continues until the age of 25.
25. The human brain takes seasickness for a hallucination caused by poison, so the body turns on a defensive reaction in the form of vomiting impulses to get rid of the poison.
26. Archaeologists from Florida at the bottom of the pond found an ancient cemetery, some turtles had parts of the brain tissue.
27. The brain perceives the movements of annoying people slower than they are.
28. In 1950, the scientist found the pleasure center of the brain, and acted with electricity on this part of the brain, as a result, he imitated a half-hour orgasm to a woman using this method.
29. In the human stomach there is a so-called second brain, it has control over mood and appetite.
30. When you refuse something, the same parts of the brain work as with physical pain.
31. Obscene words are processed by a separate part of the brain, and they reduce pain.
32. It has been proven that the human brain can draw monsters for itself when a person looks in the mirror.
33. Human brain burns 20% of calories.
34. If you pour warm water into the ear, then his eyes will move towards the ear, if you pour cold water, then, on the contrary, I use this method to check the functioning of the brain.
35. Scientists have proven that not understanding sarcasm is considered a sign of brain disease, and the perception of sarcasm helps in solving problems.
36. A person sometimes does not remember why he entered the room, this is because the brain creates a “border of events”.
37. When a person tells someone that he wants to achieve some goal, this satisfies his brain as if he had already achieved this goal.
38. The human brain has a negative bias, because of it a person wants to find bad news.
39. The amygdala is part of the brain, its function is to control fear, if you remove it, you can lose the feeling of fear.
40. During rapid eye movement, the human brain does not process information.
41. Modern medicine has almost learned to do brain transplant operations, this was practiced on primates.
42. Phone numbers have seven digits for a reason, as this is the longest sequence that the average person can remember.
43. To create a computer with the same parameters as the human brain, it will have to perform 3800 operations in one second and store 3587 terabytes of information.
44. There are “mirror neurons” in the human brain, they encourage a person to repeat after others.
45. The inability of the brain to correctly assess the upcoming situation causes a lack of sleep.
46. Obulomania is a brain disorder that causes a person to have a constant feeling of indecision.
47. In 1989, a healthy child was born, even though his mother's brain completely died, and the body was artificially supported during childbirth.
48. The reaction of the brain in mathematics lessons and scary situations is identical, which means that mathematics is a great fear for those who do not understand it.
49. The most rapid development of the brain occurs in the range of 2 to 11 years.
50. Constant prayer reduces the frequency of breathing and normalizes the wave vibrations of the brain, stimulating the process of self-healing, because believers go to the doctor 36% less.
Top 15 interesting facts about koalas
People became closely acquainted with koalas only 200 years ago. Still, during this time, the cute eared creature managed to become the most famous Australian animal, eclipsing even the kangaroo and one of the most famous animals worldwide. Everyone, at least once, was touched by this creature that looked like a tiny bear cub with cute ears and a curious look.
What are some interesting facts about koalas?
In nature, koalas live only in Australia, and in zoos, where they take root well, they are real stars not only because of their appearance but also because of their elegant and, at the same time, leisurely manner of moving. If there are koalas in the zoo, you can predict with a high degree of probability that the most significant number of visitors, tiny ones, will be near their enclosure. The appearance of koalas is deceptive: an angry animal in a rage can attack a person. Let's try to state a few more facts about these fascinating animals.
15. Europeans first met koalas in 1798.
One of the employees of the governor of the colony of New South Wales, John Price, reported that in the Blue Mountains (they are located in the extreme southeast of Australia) an animal similar to a wombat lives. Still, it does not live in holes but on trees. After four years, the koala remains were discovered, and in July 1803, the Sydney Gazette printed a description of a recently caught live specimen. Surprisingly, koalas were not seen by members of the expedition of James Cook in 1770. Cook's voyages were extensive, but the solitary lifestyle of koalas prevented them from making a discovery.
14. Koalas are not bears, although they are very similar.
Not only does the appearance of a funny animal contributes to the confusion. The first British settlers in Australia called the animal "Koala bear" - "Koala Bear." For former convicts and people from the lower classes of British society at the end of the 18th century, it was difficult to expect ordinary literacy, let alone biological. Yes, and scientists reached an agreement on the belonging of the koala to the class of marsupials only at the beginning of the next century. Of course, in everyday life, the combination “Koala Bear” will be understandable to most people.
13. Koala is a particular species in terms of biological classification.
The closest relatives of the inhabitants of the eucalyptus forests are wombats, but they are both in terms of lifestyle and biologically very distant from the koala.
12. Except for nature reserves and zoos, koalas live only in Australia and only on its east coast and adjacent islands.
The example of the koala clearly shows that the negative experience of settling animal species on the continent does not teach Australians at all. Having burned themselves on ostriches, rabbits, and even cats in the 20th century, they enthusiastically undertook to resettle koalas. Not only restored the deforested population of these marsupials in the state of South Australia. The koalas have been relocated to the Yanchep National Park and several islands off the northeast coast of the country. The geography of the settlement of koalas has expanded to 1,000,000 km2, but one can only hope that the slowness and good nature of koalas will help avoid the following environmental problems. Although on Kangaroo Island, where koalas were forcibly brought, their number reached 30,000, which exceeded the food supply. The proposal to shoot 2/3 of the population was rejected as damaging the country's image.
11. The maximum body length is 85 cm, the maximum weight is 55 kg.
The cost differs depending on the habitat - its color varies from silver in the north to dark brown in the south. This gradation suggests that two different subspecies live in the north and south, but this assumption has not yet been proven.
10. The diet of koalas is unique.
Not only does it consist exclusively of plant foods. Vegetation is slowly and poorly digested, forcing the animal to devote most of the day to feeding. The diet of koalas consists only of eucalyptus leaves, which are poisonous to all other animals. They contain terpene and phenolic compounds, and young shoots are also rich in hydrocyanic acid. It is surprising how koalas absorb such a hellish mixture of tens of kilograms (500 g - 1 kg per day) without harming their health. After genetic research, it turned out that in the genome of these animals, there are particular genes responsible for the breakdown of poisons. The same studies showed that the tongue of koalas has unique taste buds that allow you to instantly assess the moisture content of a eucalyptus leaf - a fundamental property of its absorption. In fact, by lightly licking the leaf, the koala already knows if it is edible. And yet, even with such unique abilities, the koala spends at least 20 hours a day on food and the subsequent digestion of food in a dream.
9. The fact that a koala sleeps a lot and can sit on the same tree for days does not mean that the motor abilities of this animal are limited.
Koalas just have almost nowhere to rush. In nature, Dingoes are their enemies, but for an attack, the marsupial needs to get out into the open, and the dog gets close - a koala can quickly accelerate up to 50 km / h at short distances. During the mating season, males can arrange a bloody duel in which they will demonstrate sharpness and speed of reaction; in this case, it is better not to fall under the arm, or rather, under the long sharp claws. Also, koalas are very clever at jumping from tree to tree and even know how to swim. Their ability to climb trunks and branches and even hang on one paw for a long time has long been the hallmark of these cute animals.
8. Koala parasites are much more dangerous than external enemies.
Many young male koalas die in fights with more experienced individuals or due to falls from trees (and they happen - a large amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the skull is often explained by the need to soften the concussion from a fall from a height). Many koalas suffer from pathogens that cause conjunctivitis, cystitis, sinusitis, and other diseases. Even with a slight long-term decrease in temperature, koalas can get pneumonia caused by a runny nose. Koalas even have their analog of AIDS, the Koala Immunodeficiency Virus.
7. The brain's weight is only 0.2% of the total weight of koalas.
Excavations, and the current size of their skulls, show that the brains of the ancestors of these animals were much larger. However, with the simplification of the diet and the disappearance of enemies, its size became excessive. Now about half of the internal volume of the koala's skull is occupied by cerebrospinal fluid.
6. Koalas breed at about the same pace as they live.
Sexual maturity occurs in the third year of their life, lasting only 12-13 years. At the same time, females mate once every 1 - 2 years, exceptionally rarely bearing two cubs, usually one. Males call them with sharp-smelling secretions of glands and characteristic cries. Pregnancy lasts a little more than a month; the cub is born very small (weighing a little more than 5 grams) and sits in the mother's bag for the first six months. He also does not come off his mother for the next six months but already outside the bag, clinging to the fur. At the age of one year, babies finally become independent. At the same time, females look for their territory, and males can live with their mothers for a couple more years.
5. Male koalas have unique vocal cords that allow them to make loud sounds of different tones.
Like humans, the voice develops with age. Young males, frightened or injured, make cries similar to the cries of human babies. The call of a mature male has a lower timbre and is more informative. Scientists believe that the screams of a koala can frighten competitors and attract females. Moreover, the tone of the cry contains information (often exaggerated) about the size of the individual.
4. Koalas survived their genocide.
At the beginning of the 20th century, they were shot by the millions; the beautiful thick fur was so valued. Hunting was banned in 1927, but the population never recovered. Later, several koala parks and even a particular hospital were organized in Australia. However, due to climate fluctuations, human deforestation, and wildfires, the koala population is constantly declining.
3. Private ownership of koalas is illegal worldwide, although there may be some kind of underground trade - the forbidden fruit is always sweet.
But to see these marsupials, it is not necessary to fly to Australia - there are koalas in many zoos around the world. They live longer in captivity than in the wild with proper nutrition and care and can live up to 20 years. At the same time, despite their low level of intelligence, they show a touching affection for the staff, having fun or being capricious like small children.
2. By the end of the 20th century, the koala surpassed the kangaroo as the animal symbol of Australia.
In 1975, a survey conducted among tourists entering the continent from Europe and Japan showed that 75% of the guests would first like to see koalas. The income from visits to parks and reserves with koalas was then estimated at $ 1 billion. The image of the koala is widely used in the advertising industry, show business, and logos around the world. Koalas are characters in many films, television shows, cartoons, and computer games.
1. Australia has an exceptional Wildlife Rescue Service.
From time to time, its employees have to rescue animals in dangerous or incidental situations. On July 19, 2018, the service crew went to the electrical substation "Happy Valley" of SA Power Networks in South Australia. The koala was stuck in an aluminum fence that he could have crawled under. Rescuers quickly released the animal, which behaved remarkably calmly. This calmness was explained simply - the unlucky marsupial had already dealt with people. On his paw was a tag saying that the koala had already been rescued once after being hit by a car.
Which animal is lazier, a koala or a panda?
The sloth shares the first place among the laziest creatures with the koala. The time of wakefulness of this marsupial animal does not exceed two hours a day, while their sleep can last from eighteen to twenty-two hours. During it, a koala can pick eucalyptus leaves from trees and eat while half asleep.
Panda belongs to the bear family. But its main difference is that it does not fall into hibernation, but it can sleep up to fifteen hours a day. This huge animal, the rest of the time, is engaged in the extraction and eating of food. Since all representatives are in enclosures due to the threat of extinction of the species, they do not have to get food on their own, so the wakefulness time has decreased significantly.
So, of course, a koala is much lazier than a panda.