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40 unusual products that famous brands have released and surprised us

1 year ago
40-unusual-products-that-famous-brands-have-released-and-surprised-us

Increasing the ways consumers can interact with a brand is often quite a challenge to implement.

 

Miracles of marketing: what unusual products were released by companies that the whole world knows

 

This usually requires companies to go beyond their comfort zones, search for non-standard solutions and competently implement them. One of the ways is for a well-known company to start producing (or rather selling) a product that is completely inconsistent with their image and direction of work.

 

For example, barbell pancakes from Samsung... or McDonald's playing cards. How do you like that? Maybe a Coca-Cola screwdriver set will surprise you more?

 

Read below, we have 40 unusual products that famous brands have released and surprised us. It doesn't look like them at all, but it's true!

 

1. Thematic deck of McDonald's cards. In the hands of the king is a potato with an emblem, and in the hand of the queen is a burger

 

2. Audi is dog friendly. My car came back from the service center with these dog toys in the back seat.

 

3. Signature Subaru honey from my local dealership

 

4. Crayola Calculator

 

5. My dad has a working Mitsubishi sharpener from 40 years ago, and you can still adjust the sharpness of the pencil on it.

 

6. I was cleaning my old apartment and found a 1982 Coca-Cola screwdriver set.

 

7. This luxury watch from Nintendo

 

8. Porsche Buyers Get Paperclips In The Shape Of A Porsche 911

 

9. Turkish Muslim woman working at McDonald's wears McDonald's branded hijab (Istanbul, Turkey)

 

10. USB Power Bank disguised as a Honda mini generator

 

11. It was in a hospital in the UK. They have a toy MRI machine in the hospital waiting room

 

12. When you order a knife directly from Fällkniven, they also send you these branded plasters in the same package.

 

13. Spice Twix for popcorn, ice cream, dough, cookies and more

 

14. My neighbors park their Lamborghini in the yard.

 

15. Found this old Volvo cap where the strap is a seat belt

 

16. McDonald's made a french fry radio in the 80s

 

17. The radio I found in the attic looks like a Coke vending machine.

 

18. KFC made logs

 

19. Dodgeballs at a Dodge showroom

 

20. Still using a Coleman-made 12V Marlboro car fridge from the Marlboro catalog from the 90s.

 

21. Colgate Beef Lasagne

 

22. Packages of ketchup and mayonnaise that were brought to me in a restaurant along with food.

 

23. If you thought that the perfect soap does not exist - here it is!

 

Mountain Dew shower gel is powerful. But the face soap from the chip maker is no less fun...

 

24. Volkswagen is the largest producer of a certain type of sausage (currywurst) in Germany.

 

25. Michelin Tire is the same Michelin company that awards Michelin stars to restaurants and hotels.

 

26. LEGO Brick sneaker model

 

27. I received KFC socks with my delivery order.

 

28. IKEA sells panama hats made from IKEA bags

 

29. Hairdryer with an electric motor designed by Ferrari

 

30. Scented wipes Dr. Pepper

 

31. Dr. Canned Beans Pepper. Pepper, I think you've gone too far this time.

 

32. PlayStation cufflinks

 

33. Big Mac shower gel (courtesy of Austrian McDonald's)

 

34. Hello Kitty Pasta Sauce?

 

35. Guinness is a famous brand of beer and the creators of the Book of Records are the same company.

 

36. Samsung opens a fashion store in South Korea

 

37. Samsung, it turns out, made pancakes for the bar

 

38. Sewing machine Toyota. Give your beloved a Toyota if she so wants it.

 

39. Mentos Strawberry Bath Bombs

 

40. Louis Vuitton fire extinguishers. If you fight fire, then fight with style!

 

World brands and their strange goods

 

Colgate

Main range: toothpaste

Experimental Item: Kitchen Entrees Ready Meals

The Colgate brand decided to be with us not only after meals, but also during. Ready meals under the brand of toothpaste caused only bewilderment of buyers. The expansion campaign failed.

 

Frito Lay

Main range: chips

Experimental Goods: Lemonade

Frito-Lay marketers thought: why not let consumers refresh and quench their thirst after eating their salty snacks? And they created Frito-Lay lemonade. But the buyers did not accept the new product. Either the chips weren't salty enough, or the lemonade wasn't tasty enough.

 

Bic

Main assortment: ballpoint pens, lighters, razors

Experimental Item: Disposable Underwear

The kings of disposable goods Bic decided to get even closer to their customers and created a line of disposable underpants. But the linen did not receive the attention of the audience, the production had to be stopped.

 

Zippo

Main range: lighters

Experimental Item: Women's Perfume

The world-famous brand of lighters Zippo has released a collection of women's perfumes in bottles in the form of lighters. But the fair sex could not get rid of associations with Zippo gasoline stuffing, and sales turned out to be miserable.

 

Harley Davidson

Main range: motorcycles

Experimental Item: Cake Decorations

Harley Davidson is not such a brutal brand as it seemed to many. The motorcycle icon produced not only bikes, but also branded bakery decorations. It is easy to guess that fans of the brand did not understand this move.

 

Dr. Pepper

Main range: soft drinks

Experimental Item: Barbecue Sauce

Dr Pepper technologists turned out to be bold experimenters and created a barbecue sauce with the signature taste of Dr Pepper soda. Buyers did not appreciate this, so the sauce was discontinued.

 

Cosmopolitan

Main assortment: women's magazine

Experimental item: yogurt

Marketers of Cosmopolitan magazine, popular among women, saw some analogy between yogurt and sex, they say, we need one and the other every day. Subtly noted! But this did not bring success: either the price of yogurt did not cause attraction among buyers, or the idea itself ...

 

Smith and Wesson

Main range: pistols

Experimental Item: Mountain Bikes

Known worldwide for its reliable and high-quality products, Smith and Wesson decided to produce not only weapons, but also peaceful goods - bicycles. Like many of the experimental products, their bikes were not appreciated. Pistols were more relevant.

 

Virgin

International conglomerate

Experimental item: wedding dresses

A risky move for Virgin, whose core business was air travel and banking, was to sell wedding merchandise. The name of the brand, of course, suits such products perfectly. But Richard Branson, the founder of Virgin, later admitted: "There were no sales at all."

 

Pond's

Main range: face cream

Experimental Item: Toothpaste

The American manufacturer of cosmetics and skin care products Pond's has released a new product - toothpaste. Despite the fact that all the taste tests were successfully passed, the customers did not like the pasta. Perhaps because of the strong association with face cream.

 

Evian

Main range: bottled water

Experimental Item: Water Bra

Evian decided to help consumers refresh not only from the inside, but also from the outside. They created a unique water-filled bra that you could even sunbathe in on the beach. But the customers didn't like it.

 

Cheetos

Main assortment: snacks with cheese flavor

Experimental Item: Lip Balm

Lays has been making salty Cheetos-flavored snacks for many years. Who would have thought that they would decide to release with the same taste ... lip balm! But, obviously, none of the buyers wanted to smell of cheese.

 

Gerber

Main assortment: baby food

Experimental Goods: Nutrition for Singles

One of the leading brands in the baby food market, Gerber, decided to take care of adults as well. They released a line of Gerber Singles purees for students and bachelors, all those who are not used to cooking for themselves. But Gerber's marketers didn't think about the fact that it's "not cool" for students to eat porridge in a jar, and for single people, an extra reminder of their marital status is very painful.

 

Hooters

Main activity: chain of restaurants

Pilot Activity: Air Freight

The global network of American sports bars Hooters in 2003 took up air transportation in the United States. The aircraft retained the orange and white design of the bars and the big-eyed owl symbol. On board, in addition to the usual staff, there were 2 Hooters-girls. But flights with busty girls, oddly enough, were not to the taste of the Americans. Flights were stopped in 2006.

 

Life Savers

Main assortment: lollipops

Experimental Item: Soft Drinks

The candy brand Life Savers wanted to expand its range and created a soda that was identical to candies in taste and color. But lovers of sweets did not approve of the new product.

 

Diesel

Main range: jeans

Experimental Goods: Wine

In the early 90s, Diesel acquired its own vineyards. They thought why the grapes should be wasted, and began to produce wine. Diesel brand wines began to be sold in branded boutiques. But they could not compete in the wine and vodka market.

 

Guinness

Main range: stout

Experimental Item: Book of Records

The well-known Guinness Book of Records was first published in 1955 by order of the Irish brewing company Guinness. The decision to publish the book was visited by Guinness management when they saw how fierce disputes can be in bars regarding the record of this or that phenomenon. The book has taken root and is published annually to this day.

 

Michelin

Main range: tires

Experimental Product: Restaurant Guide

Back in 1900, Michelin decided to make more than just tires and released the Michelin Red Guide. Initially, it was a list of various places that could be useful to a traveler, such as hotels, repair shops, eateries or paid car parks. Today, Michelin is the most famous and influential of the restaurant ratings.

 

 

 

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top-50-new-animal-facts-you-didnt-know

There are one trillion species of living beings on the planet today. This is slightly inferior to the number of trees, which are about three trillion on Earth. Each type of animal is unique and has its habits and characteristics. For example, did you know that chinchillas have the thickest fur of any land mammal and that turtles were the first animals to fly around the moon? We still know little about the natural world, and intelligent people still have much to learn. But we already know a lot.

 

Animal Facts You Won't Find in Textbooks

 

At Bemorepanda collected facts about animals and discovered that our smaller brothers hide a lot from us.

 

 

1. The average length of a giraffe's tongue is 45-50 cm. And they can grab branches with it, sticking it out 35-45 cm.

 

By the way, their tongue is dark in color (some scientists believe that the color of the language protects it from burning in the sun).

 

2. Sea lion cubs communicate with their mother using a unique set of vocal sounds so they can recognize each other.

 

Moreover, such vocalization is unique and does not resemble the sounds of other females and cubs. So the mother and her children do not confuse the sounds of other relatives. Also, each puppy and female has a unique smell that helps to recognize each other. For example, a female can find her cub by unique sounds even among hundreds of others, and when she sees it, she sniffs it as the last check.

 

3. "Puppy eyes" - the result of the joint evolution of dogs and people.

 

“Puppy eyes” or “puppy eyes” are round eyes, raised brow ridges, and a piercing, mimic look directed into a person’s eyes.

 

Domestic dogs have evolved two muscles that exaggerate the size of their eyes, making them appear larger and more expressive—in other words, cuter and cuter.

 

4. Newborn baby elephants can't see well, so they recognize their mother by touch, smell, and sound.

 

5. Male giraffes use their very long tongues to catch the female's urine to find out if she's ovulating.

 

6. The fins of the octopus Dumbo (Grimpoteutis) are like the ears of an elephant. 

 

That's why Disney named his iconic baby elephant after the cute octopus. By the way, it is one of the world's cutest octopuses.

 

 

7. Hippos have pink sweat.

 

When hippos are hot, they produce unusual sweat (an oily secretion), a reddish substance that acts like sunscreen.

 

8. Wolves are afraid of strangers and hide. Because of this, they make poor guard dogs.

 

9. Ostriches swallow pebbles to grind food in their stomachs.

 

With no teeth, ostriches swallow pebbles, so their food is digested normally. An adult ostrich can eat about 1 kg of stones at a time.

 

10. Giraffes can run at speeds up to 55-60 km / h, which is quite fast for an animal that practically walks on high stilts.

 

Usually, their average walking speed is 15-17 km/h. Compared to a person, their relaxed walking for us is the sprint speed of a runner at maximum speed.

 

11. Goats and cows have their regional accent.

 

Cows, as a rule, moo differently depending on the country, region, and area where they live. The same applies to goats, but unlike cows, goats, once in a new place where their foreign relatives live, quickly adopt their unique “accent.”

 

12. Penguins settled in an abandoned minefield protected from poachers. 

 

Penguins are too small to detonate mines, but poachers can't get through.

 

The mines were planted in the Falkland Islands when Argentine commandos occupied the territory in 1982 during a conflict with British forces. Magellanic penguins have lived in the area ever since. And since the rooms are well marked and fenced off, no civilian was harmed by mines.

 

13. Cats can feed hedgehogs.

 

In 2017, at the Sadgorod zoo in the suburbs of Vladivostok, a cat “adopted” them and began to feed them. Thanks to the care of the mother cat, the little orphaned hedgehogs were brought up.

 

14. Giraffes can live longer without water than camels.

 

15. Giraffes have twice the blood pressure of humans.

 

In just a second or two, a giraffe can raise its head from ground level up to a height of about 4.5 meters and not faint due to a lack of blood in the head. If a person could do something like that, he would immediately faint. A hard-working heart and high blood pressure keep the giraffe from fainting.

 

By the way, their blood pressure regulation system became a hint to aviation engineers to create a plan for maintaining astronauts' life support systems.

 

16. No two giraffes have the same spotting pattern, but those living in the same area tend to have the same coat.

 

 

17. Seagulls often stomp on the ground - called their "rain dance" - to attract earthworms and other insects.

 

Their stomp imitates vibrations from real rain, which lures insects to the surface, who think it has begun to rain, and, to protect themselves from moisture, crawl to the surface, where cunning birds are waiting for them.

 

18. Cats are responsible for the complete extinction of 33 animal species.

 

Let's be clear: we are talking about the street (feral cats) and not about your pets ...

 

Every year, billions of living creatures become the prey of street cats, and as a result of their hunting, 33 species of animals and birds have disappeared from our planet forever.

 

19. Dogs prefer to go to the toilet facing the North Pole.

 

One study showed that dogs use the Earth's magnetic field when they pee. While observing the dogs, the scientists found that the dogs preferred to "defecate with their bodies aligned along the north-south axis" and wholly avoided the east-west direction.

 

20. Your dog is probably dreaming about its owner.

 

According to Deirdre Barrett, a clinical and evolutionary psychologist at Harvard, there is reason to believe that animals dream the same way humans do. It is likely that dogs also have dreams where they dream of ordinary "dog joys," such as walks or the joy of the owner.

 

 

21. Zebra mothers keep their cubs in the center of the herd to keep them safe from predators.

 

22. The oldest living creature was a mollusk that lived 507 years.

 

The mollusk specimen was named Ming. It washed ashore in Iceland. Age was determined by the rings on the shell, counting their number. One call - one year of life.

 

23. Millions of years ago, penguins lived about 2 meters tall and weighed 115 kg.

 

Scientists named the giant penguin Palaeeudyptes klekowskii.

 

24. Ants can survive falling from any height. 

 

Even from an airplane! The fact is that because they weigh almost nothing, they fall very slowly. In addition, they have an exoskeleton.

 

25. Some fish can recognize the face of their master.

 

Not all fish can do this. But some can learn to recognize familiar faces even though they don't have the area of ​​the brain that humans use to recognize faces. In the study that found this fact, scientists used only archer fish. But, as biologists believe, other small fish in the world may be capable of this.

 

26. Giant pandas are no longer an endangered species. The tiger population is also growing.

 

Bamboo bear populations have increased by 17% over the past ten years, changing their status from endangered to vulnerable. Not everything is terrible with the tiger population, either. For example, in India, home to 60% of the world's wild tiger population, their number in the wild has increased by 33%.

 

 

27. When a baby elephant is born in a herd of elephants, other females trumpet to announce to the entire social group of animals about the appearance of the baby elephant.

 

Elephants tend to stay in close "family" groups their entire lives. Elephant herds usually consist of females (males often leave the group to mate with females from other packs but sometimes team up with other solitary males to search for elephants together).

 

28. Pregnant dolphin mothers sing to their babies.

 

According to a study by the University of Southern Mississippi, USA, mother dolphins emit an "unusual whistle" for their baby until it is born. This whistling sound is believed to be a kind of "name" that the future dolphin remembers. Thanks to this sound, they can easily find each other after birth. After the calf's birth, other nearby adult dolphins will make less of their sounds, probably helping the calf learn to correctly identify its mother's whistle and use it to call for its mother.

 

29. The first animals to circle the moon were turtles.

 

We know from school that our country was the first in the world to send animals into space. We are talking about launching dogs into Earth's orbit. Did you know we were the first to send animals around the moon?

 

In 1968, turtles were sent on a space flight around the moon (not in lunar orbit) aboard the Zond-5 spacecraft.

 

30. Giraffe in Latin is "Camelopardalis," a reference to the era of the Romans, who believed that these animals looked like a mixture of a camel and a leopard.

 

31. Your dog loves you, not just because you give and walk his food.

 

Studies that measured dogs' levels of oxytocin (a hormone that helps build social bonds - also called the hormone of affection and love), heart rate, and other biometric indicators showed that hormone levels increased. Heart rate decreased as in dogs: humans and their dogs after interacting. When you pet your dog, you and your pet release more of the same hormone in the brain that makes you fall in love with each other, making you less nervous and more relaxed.

 

 

32. Filmmakers often add tails to actor dogs.

 

This is done when the dogs in the frame often wag their tails. For example, computer graphics experts give some husky dogs virtual seats in The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe. This was necessary so the dogs did not look too friendly because they actively moved their tail during filming.

 

33. Dogs can approximately determine what time their owner can return home.

 

Have you ever wondered how your dog can tell when you will come home? It turns out that they do this by the remnant of the smell of a person who is not at home. If you or someone you live with come home at about the same time every day, you have probably noticed how your dog, shortly before the arrival of a family member, sits at the door or window and waits. According to research, a dog correctly determines the arrival time of its owner or family member by how much the smell of a person in the house has decreased in his absence.

 

34. The fur of chinchillas is so dense that it is impossible to get wet. So instead of bathing in water, they bathe in the sand.

 

These funny furries have ultra-plush fur. They have an average of 60-70 hairs per follicle, which makes their fur the thickest among all land mammals. For comparison: in most mammals, including humans, there is only one hair per follicle!

 

Because their fur is very thick and dense, if it gets into the water, it will dry for a very long time, which is not safe for funny rodents. This is because moisture can get close to the skin, leading to several skin conditions, including pyoderma (skin infection) and dermatitis (skin inflammation). Instead of soap and water, chinchillas are "bathed" in fine dust, which helps evenly distribute skin oils, cleans dirt and debris from fur, and leaves it silky soft.

 

35. Giraffes give birth standing up, which means that the first thing a baby giraffe will experience is a fall from a height of almost two meters onto cold, hard ground.

 

 

36. Hundreds of trees - if not more - grow yearly due to squirrels forgetting where they buried their food.

 

According to Rob Swihart, a wildlife professor at Purdue University, gray squirrels bury their food (nuts, acorns, etc.) everywhere but often forget where they set up their hiding place. These buried squirrel "treasures" have a good chance of eventually becoming mature trees.

 

37. Scorpions glow in the ultraviolet.

 

Scientists don't know why this happens, but they have many theories about it.

 

38. It turns out that the wasps taught us how to make inexpensive paper.

 

They scrape wood from trees and stumps and recycle it into the paper to build a nest. The French scientist René Réaumur noticed this, and this idea became revolutionary to reduce the cost of paper, which in the 1700s was made from cotton and linen rags, ropes, old sails, etc., which made the piece too expensive.

 

The idea of making paper from wood was not realized immediately. Still, after a while, the German priest Jacob Schaffer wrote a treatise on producing paper from alternative fibers in 1765-1771. In his work, he talked about paper samples from wasp nests, comparing them in more detail from different types of wood.

 

39. Sharks "taste" everything.

 

Like your three-year-old nephew or small child, sharks also put everything in their mouths. And most often because they are curious. So most shark attacks are actually because predatory fish are very interested.

 

40. Lions love to cuddle.

 

This is how they build and maintain a friendship with each other.

 

41. Eels swim for a long time only to mate and die.

 

Eels migrate from freshwater to salt water to mate; this journey will be the first and last of their lives. For example, European eels, living in fresh and brackish waters of Europe and North Africa, go to spawn at the end of their lives. To do this, they swim more than 6 thousand kilometers across the Atlantic to the Sargasso Sea, mate, lay eggs and then die.

 

42. Pregnancy lasts 15 months for giraffes.

 

 

43. Wolves mourn when one of the pack dies.

 

Wolf packs are a big family; when one dies, they begin to “sing” (howl) mournfully.

 

44. Alligators pretend to be trees to attract birds.

 

American alligators have been observed using baits for hunting birds. They carry sticks and branches on their heads, thus attracting birds that are looking for nest materials.

 

45. Giraffes sleep a maximum of two hours a day, usually no more than 10 minutes at a time.

 

46. ​​Dead ends make a couple for life.

 

After the birth of offspring, they equally share their parental responsibilities. Before mating, the birds do an unusual ritual: rub their beaks against each other.

 

47. Sheep are born with long tails.

 

48. Alex the parrot is the only animal in the world that asks a question about itself.

 

When a mirror was placed in front of him, seeing his reflection, he asked an existential question: "What color am I?"

 

49. Among cows, there are optimists from birth or pessimists - everything is like in people.

 

In the study, the scientists found that the fearfulness of cows is closely related to pessimism and is not a temporary mood of the animals.

 

50. Ginger cats are predominantly male, and tricolor cats are primarily female.

 

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30-fascinating-facts-that-sound-like-a-lie-but-turn-out-to-be-true

Many of us are used to believing facts. However, sometimes they sound so implausible that we are not ready to take them seriously. And such facts can be found not one or two, but much more. This is proved by a thread on Reddit, where, in response to a request from user Aden_Elvis77 to share facts that seem to be fiction but are real, people began to share their findings from the world of information.

 

Things you won't believe until you double-check (they prove that the world is not at all what it seems)

 

We at Bemorepanda share them with you. If you want to double-check some of them - please do! In any case, that's exactly what we did. After all, is it possible to take at face value that a person ate ... an airplane? That's it!

 

1. So strawberries are berries or not?

Strawberries are not berries, while bananas are berries.

 

Meowsommar, alleksana

 

2. About Chimborazo in Ecuador

Everest is not far from the center of the earth. The peak of Chimborazo in Ecuador is 2.1 km further away, what's even crazier is that Chimborazo isn't even the highest mountain in the Andes.

 

SkinnyObelix, Michael Clarke

 

3. What is the shortest flight in the world?

The shortest commercial flight in the world lasted 57 seconds. It was a Loganair flight between two Scottish islands, Westray and Papa Westray. Then the shortest commercial flight was recorded with a length of 2.7 km.

 

AnneKellyy, Josue Isai Ramos Figueroa

 

4. Hunger in the world cannot be overcome not because there is not enough food.

An endless supply of food will not solve the problem of world hunger. We actually have more than enough food to end world hunger, the problem is distribution/logistics.

 

honeybutterbuscuit Dennis Siqueira

 

5. Plastic Flamingos vs. Real Flamingos - Who's More?

There are more plastic flamingos on Earth than living ones.

 

The same is true for unicorns. Joke:)

 

Positive-Source8205, Alan Levine

 

6. Mankind Designed The Atomic Bomb Faster Than It Moved From Bronze To Iron

It took people longer to go from a bronze sword to an iron sword than from an iron sword to an atomic bomb.

 

Joe_PM2804, Ricardo Cruz

 

7. Where are the ears of crickets located?

Getty Images / iStockphoto / Aratehortua

 

The ears of crickets are located on the legs.

 

Eli_JMI, Miguel A. Padrinan

 

8. Perhaps one of the strangest pistols in the world

Associated Press

 

The CIA has made a heart attack gun.

 

9. People have an extremely developed sense of smell for ... rain

Humans smell certain components of the smell of rain (in particular, geosmin, which is part of petrikor) much better than sharks smell blood in water.

 

Ratmatazz, Anna Atkins

 

10. Incredible skill of the 20th President of the United States

James Garfield (20th President of the United States) could write Greek with one hand and Latin with the other.

 

TheDangerHeisenberg, Aaron Burden

 

11. What is the blood pressure of a giraffe?

The average blood pressure of a giraffe is about 300/190. They must have high blood pressure in order for the blood to reach the neck and oxygenate the brain. I am totally impressed with their cardiovascular system.

 

Anastasiaanne, Gary Bendig

 

12. Can a person eat an airplane?

Once a Frenchman ate an entire plane.

 

CauliflowerDaffodil, Khamkeo Vilaysing

 

13. That's how much dirtier a coal power plant is than a nuclear one

One coal-fired power plant generates more toxic waste per year than any nuclear power plant has ever produced.

 

ob-2-kenobi, Jason Blackeye

 

14. Strange platypus glow

The platypus glows under black light.

 

KingZaneTheStrange, Meg Jerrard

 

15. Female monitor lizards can breed without males

Komodo dragons usually reproduce sexually, but females in captivity have been known to reproduce by parthenogenesis without the need for sperm.

 

Dusty_Roller, Spencer Weart

 

16. Eyes see the world not as it is, but the brain corrects everything!

Our eyes see everything upside down, but our mind perceives everything as it should.

 

Alexisallore, Paul Savage

 

17. Greater Texas

Each person on Earth can have about 950 88 sq. m in Texas and leave the rest of the world completely empty. (Not that anyone wants this!)

 

Murky Purple, Marcy Reiford

 

18. The color of carrots in the past will surprise you.

In the Middle Ages, carrots were purple.

 

MermaidandtheKraken, Darya Pino

 

19. Almonds are almost peach

Almonds belong to the peach family.

 

RifleShower, Nacho Fernandez

 

20. Who is older: sharks or trees?

Sharks are older than trees.

 

com2420, GEORGE DESIPRIS

 

21. How many ants are there in the world?

The number of ants on Earth exceeds the mass of all birds and mammals combined.

 

InquisitaB, Marco Neri

 

22. Where does black pepper really come from?

Black pepper is a stone fruit similar to an apricot.

 

Dreadsin, M Mahbub A Alah

 

23. Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima

The atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima released an amount of energy equivalent to converting 0.7 grams (about the weight of a paper clip) of matter into energy.

 

tazzietiger66, US military

 

24. Does the brain distinguish between real and unreal?

Your brain can't really tell fantasy from reality.

 

Darya_Jaen, MART PRODUCTION

 

25. What is the chance of humanity dying out in the next 10,000 years?

Angelina Bambina Getty Images

 

According to the Doomsday Argument (the doomsday theorem), there is a 95 percent chance that human civilization will die out in the next 9120 years.

 

SheikhYekaterinburg

 

26. Math problem

Rope around the Earth: a challenge.

 

Take a rope tied tightly around a basketball. Now the rope must be lengthened so that there is a gap of one foot (0.000305 km) between the ball and the rope at all points, as if the rope were hanging a foot away around the entire ball. How long does the rope need to be for this? At 6.28 feet (0.0019 km).

 

Now take a rope taut around the Earth's equator. The task is the same - creating gaps of one foot around the entire Earth. How much should the rope be lengthened? At 6.28 feet.

 

This is so illogical that almost no one will believe it until it is mathematically proven.

 

-Slartibart, The New York Public Library

 

27. Do you believe in the existence of narwhals?

I am shocked at the number of people who refuse to believe that narwhals are real animals. I have one tattoo on my forearm so I guess people talk to me about it more than usual lol. It usually ends with me showing photos to Google and they are still skeptical.

 

cheechiie, PAO press service

 

28. What marks the film "Who Framed Roger Rabbit"?

"Who Framed Roger Rabbit" marks the only time that Mickey Mouse and Bugs Bunny officially appear in the same place at the same time, as well as Daffy and Donald.

 

The screen time of all characters from both companies was timed to the frame to ensure they had exactly the same amount of time with their characters.

 

Yuni_smiley, epicurious_aussie

 

29. Brazil is very big...

Brazil's northernmost point is closer to Canada than Brazil's southernmost point.

 

prof_dynamite, Lara Jameson

 

30. And finally, one fact about basketball player Shaquille O'Neal

In his entire NBA career, Shaquille O'Neal has only made one three-point shot.

 

berlinheroes, Cubahora

 

 

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20-curious-facts-that-will-tell-you-something-new-and-make-you-a-little-smarter

There are so many fascinating things in the world  to learn, and even more to remember, all this is simply unrealistic. Therefore, it is best to learn a little bit of everything, choosing only the most interesting from it. Today we hope to become a source of insight for you by presenting a collection of 20 fascinating facts about a wide variety of things. Educate yourself, have fun and get smarter 💗

 

The modern air conditioner was invented by Willis Carrier not for the comfort of people, but to control temperature and combat damaging humidity in the printing

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house.The actual first apparatus was invented on July 17, 1902 in Buffalo, New York, USA, when Carrier created the first air conditioner for the Brooklyn printing house. The inventor received a patent for the air conditioner on January 2, 1906. The very first air conditioner designed to cool people's homes was installed in 1914 by the design of Willis Carrier in Minneapolis.

 

Rolling Stones bassist Bill Wyman began dating his second wife Mandy Smith when she was 13 and he was 47. They were married for 2 years and divorced in 1993. In the same year, Wyman's 30-year-old son from his first marriage married his mother Mandy Smith, who at that time was 46 years old

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Wyman's son actually married his step-grandmother. After that, he seemed to become his own grandfather 🎪

 

There has been no Soviet Union for 30 years, but the USSR still holds the record for the number of Olympic gold medals in wrestling

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In the medal table of the Soviet Union from 1896 to 2020: 62 gold medals, 31 silver medals and 23 bronze medals, total 116 🥇🥈🥉

Immediately behind the USSR is the United States, they have over the same period: 60 gold, 47 silver and 44 bronze medals.

 

A Spanish civil servant did not show up to work for 6 years, and this only came to light when his superiors decided to present him with a seniority award.In

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Italy, there was a similar case where a public hospital employee did not go to work for 15 years after transferred from one hospital to another in 2005. He reportedly received a total of 538,000 euros over the years of his "work" 👨⚕️

 

After the plague epidemic in Europe, there was a severe shortage of workers who, therefore, were able to demand higher wages. By some estimates, the wages of the average worker have increased by 50%.

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Labor shortages have been observed since 1348. Of course, the rise of salary was not easy, since the feudal lords did their best to keep the workers and peasants in check, limiting their movements and passing other laws. But with the help of the uprisings, they were able to get their way.

 

The chemical reaction in glow sticks was discovered by Dr. Edwin Chandross in 1962, but he had no idea that his “chemiluminescent” invention was hugely popular at raves and music festivals until an interview with Vice in 2013.

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He said, “Is this really so? Perhaps now my granddaughter will think that I am cool ” 🎆

 

Astronauts need to sleep near ventilation, otherwise, due to weightlessness, carbon dioxide from their own lungs forms a bubble around their

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heads.As reported, astronauts almost always feel nasal congestion, since due to weightlessness, the natural leakage of mucus from the nasal cavities does not occur 👃

 

Albert Spazhyari, a bank robber from France, prepared a fake, encrypted document, allegedly proving his alibi. While the judge was distracted by decryption, Spazhyari jumped out of the window, landed safely on the roof of a parked car and disappeared from his seat on a waiting motorcycle. No one saw him

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again.Some sources say that later the car owner received a check for 5,000 francs in the mail for damage to the roof 💰

 

 

Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989. He was frustrated by the fact that he had to go to his colleagues and ask what data was on their computer so that he could add it to his computer.

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For the invention of the World Wide Web, we have to thank laziness and frustration.

 

According to the Geneva Convention, an ejected pilot in the air is not a participant in hostilities, so an attack on him is a war crime

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Not only does the pilot lose the ability to attack, moreover, having landed on enemy territory, he will presumably become a prisoner of war. Shooting at paratroopers descending by parachute is not prohibited 🪂

 

In the original script the finale of the film "Pretty Woman" (1990) character Richard Gere had to throw Julia Roberts from his limousine in a dirty alley and throw her an envelope with $ 3,000

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Once the main character Vivian (Julia Roberts) had to throw on Hollywood Boulevard, she had to throw an envelope into a leaving car. The envelope should have been torn, and the money should have disappeared in a ditch 💸

 

The study showed that 94% of Brits said that they talked about the weather in the last six hours, and 38% said that they had discussed it in the last 60 minutes,

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which means that at any time in the UK a third of the population, or talking about the weather, or already did it, or is going to do it ☔

 

ADVERTISING

 

In 2012, a Briton named Wesley Carrington bought a metal detector and within 20 minutes found Roman-era gold worth £ 100,000 (at the time of writing, £ 10,125,345), a

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34-year-old car salesman walked into a local store where he bought the cheapest metal detector for beginners. He immediately went to the local forest to try out his new toy. He immediately found a spoon and a halfpenny, but then the apparatus began to emit a loud sound signal, making it clear that there was something large and metallic under the ground 🧐

 

When Muhammad Ali lost the fight to Larry Holmes in 1980, 14-year-old teenager Mike Tyson, who was already a promising boxer, spoke to Ali on the phone, promising to avenge the defeat.He

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fulfilled his promise seven years later, knocking Holmes out in just four rounds. Later, Tyson called this a highlight of his career. During the battle, Muhammad Ali was in the hall watching Holmes' defeat 🥊

 

Corporation McDonald's quietly abandoned its legendary mascot clown Ronald McDonald after the 2016 network filled rolls with cruel jokes from prankerov dressed as clowns, in which they scared people

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In 2016, the real trend started in the network, in which prankery in clown costumes scared people in different ways, filming it all on camera 🤡

 

Popular American presenter Steve Harvey sent a TV every year to his school teacher for Christmas, who said that he would never make it on TV

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“Every year, while my teacher was still alive, I sent him a TV for Christmas. I just wanted him to see me, ”said Harvey 📺

 



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50-interesting-facts-about-sea-urchins

Amazing creatures, sea urchins, have long tormented the minds of zoologists. These underwater animals are very interesting from a biological point of view, and the conditions in which some of their species live seem to be truly extreme. But people are willing to collect them, especially in shallow water, as sea urchins in some countries are enviable food. However, most tourists who have tried them do not share this opinion.

 

Facts about sea urchins

 

 

1. Animal sea urchins are echinoderm mollusks.

 

2. These amazing creatures have long been under the close attention of zoologists, as sea urchins are very interesting from a biological point of view.

 

3. These underwater animals attract with their unusual appearance and physiology.

 

4. In total, there are about 940 species of sea urchins in nature, and in our time, zoologists continue to discover more and more of their species.

 

5. Sea urchins are one of the longest living animals on Earth. They are older than dinosaurs. Their first species appeared on our planet about 450 million years ago.

 

6. These animals are able to easily withstand the monstrous pressure of the water column. Research probes have detected them at depths of up to 7 kilometers.

 

7. These animals live only in very salty waters, therefore, where large rivers partially desalinate the seas and oceans into which they flow, sea urchins are not found.

 

8. The size of the largest sea urchins reaches 30 centimeters in diameter, while in the smallest it does not exceed 2 centimeters.

 

9. The conditions in which some of the species of sea urchins live seem truly extreme. 

 

10. They are also found not only in warm waters. Some sea urchins even live in the Antarctic climate.

 

11. Sea urchins can drill holes for themselves even in strong granite rocks.

 

SEA URCHIN-DIADEMA

 

12. The record holder for the length of the spines among all sea urchins are diadem hedgehogs (the length of their spines is up to 70 cm with a shell diameter 10 times smaller), and in flat hedgehogs their length does not exceed 2 millimeters.

 

13. Also diadem sea urchins glow in the dark.

 

14. Most sea urchins lay eggs, but some give birth to live offspring, like mammals.

 

15. Sea urchins got their name for a reason. Their entire body is covered with movable sharp needles, although there are a small number of species lacking this feature. Basically, the needles serve to protect against predators. Their long needles are a formidable and effective weapon. But needles serve them not only for protection, but also for movement, as well as for obtaining food.

 

16. On the body of sea urchins there are over 1000 tiny legs with suction cups on them. Thin legs pass through the shell. On their feet are suction cups, with the help of which these animals move.

 

17. In addition, their legs are adapted for burrowing. The legs of sea urchins are also located on the back, they serve to sense the environment. And some species have adapted their unusual limbs to obtain food and cleanse their shells of pollution.

 

18. Sea urchins do not have bones. Their body is covered with strong calcium plates that cover the body like an orange peel. These plates are symmetrical to each other, they are strong enough and protect the internal organs from mechanical damage.

 

19. By the annual rings on the shell of these animals, one can determine their age in the same way as by the growth rings of trees.

 

 

20. Sea urchins have five jaws at once, each of which has one tooth. These teeth can move independently of each other. Their teeth grow throughout their lives. Thanks to friction against each other, they grind off and always remain sharp enough. The mouth of these animals is somewhat reminiscent of a beak.

 

21. The eyes of sea urchins are located in the upper part of the body, and the mouth is in the lower.

 

22. Puberty in sea urchins occurs only 2-3 years after birth.

 

23. And in some of their species - even after 5 years. That's why they reproduce so slowly.

 

24. Sea urchins reproduce by external fertilization - they release sperm and eggs directly into the water.

 

25. First, the animal passes through the larval stage. Until its final transformation, it moves along the bottom along with other plankton.

 

26. In food, sea urchins are completely illegible. They feed mainly on algae, but are also not averse to eating small invertebrates, the remains of dead fish and other small living creatures.

 

 

27. A large brood needs a lot of food. Hedgehogs literally eat all the coral reefs. Some of them even eat each other.

 

28. They continue to grow throughout life.

 

29. Most species of sea urchins are nocturnal.

 

30. One of the species of sea urchins cannot roll back if they are knocked over. In this case, these animals die.

 

31. Amazing sea urchins are always a close object of attention for lovers of snorkeling or scuba diving.

 

32. These strange creatures look very unusual, and many people want to touch them, but this should absolutely not be done.

 

 

33. You can easily prick yourself on the spines of a sea urchin, and such injections are very painful.

 

34. If you step on a sea urchin, its needles, like fragile glass, break into many fragments, sticking into the body. Their extraction is a very complicated and painful operation, which only experienced doctors can do.

 

35. And some types of sea urchins are poisonous, and therefore very dangerous.

 

36. Poison is contained in the mucus on their spines.

 

37. During low tide, sea urchins do not risk staying on the shore, where they can become easy prey. Usually they either hide in burrows or burrow into the sand.

 

SEA CUCUMBER

 

38. Close relatives of sea urchins, according to scientists, are sea cucumbers.

 

39. Some small fish have learned to have a mutually beneficial coexistence with sea urchins.

 

40. They hide between its needles in case of danger, and in response they eat the parasites that have stuck around it, from which the hedgehog cannot get rid of on its own.

 

41. On average, sea urchins live for about 30 years. But some types of sea urchins are real centenarians. In the wild, they live up to 200 years.

 

42. Despite their own pricklyness, they often become victims of predators. A large number of different animals prey on these echinoderms. They are readily eaten by fur seals, birds, fish, lobsters and starfish.

 

43. One of the most formidable enemies of sea urchins is the sea otter. He breaks the needles of his prey with a stone, and then eats her insides. Sea otters eat so many sea urchins every day that their entire insides turn purple due to the pigment contained in these echinoderms.

 

 

44. Humans also pose a considerable danger to the diversity of species of this class. Sea urchins in many countries are part of the national cuisine. Their caviar is mainly used for food.

 

45. Many people are willing to collect sea urchins, especially in shallow water, as sea urchins are a delicacy in some countries. But most tourists who have tried them do not share this opinion.

 

46. ​​There is a whole fishery for their breeding and catching. Due to human activities and active fishing, many species are endangered.

 

47. Although sea urchins are distributed throughout the world. They are found in all oceans and in almost all seas, including the coldest ones.

 

48. There are only three seas in which not a single species of sea urchins lives - the Caspian, the Black, and, of course, the Dead Sea.

 

49. These animals are very useful creatures. They absorb carbon dioxide like plants. And sea urchins reduce the level of radiation in the oceans.

 

50.Sea urchins are an essential part of the ocean ecosystem.

 

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top-50-movies-about-the-harsh-reality-of-the-holocaust-that-are-worth-watching

January 26 is the day of the commemoration of all the victims of the Holocaust, on this occasion Bemorepanda has prepared some hot and worth watching movies about the harsh reality.


Although Europe is thriving, its politicians and writers are worried about death. The mass murder of European civilians between 1930 and 1940 is the point of reference for today's confusing discussions about memory and the cornerstone of European shared ethics. The bureaucracies of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union turned individual lives into mass deaths, human beings to the point of dying. The Soviets hid their mass shootings in dark forests and falsified the archives of the regions where they starved people to death; the Germans had slave laborers who would bury and burn the bodies of the Jews, victims of huge fires. Auschwitz, generally regarded as the proper or even the most important symbol of the evil caused by mass murder, is, in fact, only the beginning of knowledge, a starting point for a true reckoning with the past, which is only now being shown.


The main reasons why we know something about Auschwitz distort our understanding of the Holocaust: we know about Auschwitz because there were survivors there, and there were survivors because Auschwitz was a concentration camp and a death factory at the same time. These were mostly Western European Jews, because they were usually sent to Auschwitz. After World War II, Jewish Jewish survivors in Western Europe were free to write and publish as they wished, while Eastern European Jews, prisoners behind the Iron Curtain, could not. In the West, memories of the Holocaust could (albeit very slowly) enter historical writing and the public consciousness.


This form of survivor history, for which the works of Primo Levi are the best example, inadequately captures the reality of mass murder. Anne Frank's diary talks about assimilated European Jewish communities, such as the German and Danish communities, whose tragedy, though horrific, was only a small part of the Holocaust. In 1943 and 1944, when most of the crimes took place among Western European Jews, the Holocaust was largely complete. Two-thirds of the Jews killed during the war were already dead by the end of 1942. The main victims, Polish Jews and Soviet Jews, were killed by bullets fired from death nests or by carbon monoxide from internal combustion engines, pumped. in the gas chambers of Treblinka, Belzec and Sobibor in occupied Poland.


1.Leningrad (2009)

The action of the film takes place in November 1941. The city is under a continuous siege, the bombings do not stop, but the most disturbing for the 2,887,000 is the fact that the city was surrounded, completely canceling the connection with the rest of the world.


2.Anne Frank

Died of typhus at the age of 15, just two weeks before the release of the camp, Anne Frank, who could have become a great writer, became the best-known Holocaust victim and the voice of an entire generation.


3.Colditz

In World War II, Officer Jack Rose is taken prisoner in the famous Colditz Castle in Germany. Here, he gathers around him the greatest team of escape specialists, only to find that in the end the greatest betrayal awaits him outside prison.


Auschwitz, as a symbol of the Holocaust, excludes those who were at the center of the historic event. The largest group of Holocaust victims - Orthodox Jews and Yiddish speakers in Poland or, in German vocabulary, Ostjuden - was culturally alienated from Western Europeans, including Jews from Western Europe. To some degree, they continue to be marginalized in the memory of the Holocaust. The Auschwitz-Birkenau death factory was built on the territories now part of Poland, although at the time they were part of the German Reich. Auschwitz is thus associated with modern-day Poland by anyone who visits it, although relatively few Polish Jews and almost no Soviet Jews died there. The two large groups of victims are almost missing from the memorial symbol.


An appropriate view of the Holocaust should place Operation Reinhardt - the killing of Polish Jews in 1942 - at the heart of its history. Polish Jews were the largest Jewish community in the world, and Warsaw was the largest Jewish city. This community was exterminated at Treblinka, Belzec and Sobibor. About 1.5 million Jews were killed in these three places, 780,863 in Treblinka alone. Only a few dozen people survived these death factories. Belzec, although in third place in Holocaust crimes, after Auschwitz and Treblinka, is little known. 434,508 Jews perished in that death factory, and only two or three survived. Another million Polish Jews were killed in other ways, some in Chelmno, Majdanek or Auschwitz, many others shot dead in the eastern half of the country.


All in all, even though the number of Jews killed by bullets was not as high as those killed by gassing, they died of bullets in places forgotten in a hazy memory. The second very important part of the Holocaust is mass shooting in Eastern Poland and the Soviet Union. It began with the shooting of Jewish men by the SS Einsatzgruppen in June 1941, followed by the killing of Jewish women and children in July and the extermination of the entire Jewish community in August and September. At the end of 1941, the Germans (along with local auxiliary troops and Romanian troops) killed one million Jews in the Soviet Union and the Baltic States. It is the equivalent of the total number of Jews killed at Auschwitz during the entire war. By the end of 1942, the Germans (again, with consistent local support) had shot another 700,000 Jews, and the populations of Soviet Jews under their control had ceased to exist.


4.Stalingrad

The plot of the Russian feature film is based on "a dramatic love story, set against the backdrop of a great battle." The action took place in 1942, when German troops occupied the banks of the Volga River.


5.The Devil's Arithmetic

Sixteen-year-old Hannah Stern (Kirsten Dunst, "Spiderman") accompanies her parents to visit Aunt Eva for the Jewish holiday celebration of Passover, but Hannah is uninterested in her uncle's stories of the Holocaust. Reluctantly taking part in the tradition of Seder, she opens the door to prepare for the arrival of the prophet Elijah and is mysteriously transported to Poland in the year 1941.


There were Soviet Jewish witnesses and chroniclers, such as Vasili Grossman. But he, like others, was forbidden to present the Holocaust as a Jewish event. Grossman discovered Treblinka as a journalist with the Red Army in September 1944. Perhaps because he knew what the Germans had done to the Jews in his native Ukraine, he was able to guess what had happened there and wrote a book about it. He called Treblinka a "hell" and placed it at the center of the war and the century. But for Stalin, the mass murder of the Jews was to be seen as the suffering of the "citizens." Grossman helped draw up a Black Paper on German crimes against Soviet Jews, which the Soviet authorities later banned. Stalin erroneously argued that if a particular group suffered especially under German occupation, it was the Russians. Thus, Stalinism obstructed our correct view of Hitler's mass murders.


In short, the Holocaust meant, in order: Operation Reinhardt, the Shoah with Bullets, Auschwitz; or Poland, the Soviet Union, the rest. Of the approximately 5.7 million Jews killed, three million were pre-war Polish citizens and another million were Soviet citizens: taken together, 70% of the total. (After the Soviet and Polish Jews, the next large group of Jews killed were from Romania, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia. If we take them into account, the Eastern European character of the Holocaust becomes even clearer.)


Even this corrected picture of the Holocaust leads to an incomplete sense of the extent of the mass murder policies of Germans in Europe. The "final solution," as the Nazis called it, was at first only one of the extermination projects to be implemented after a victorious war against the Soviet Union. If things went as expected by Hitler, Himmler and Göring, German forces would have implemented a "Hunger Plan" in the Soviet Union in the winter of 1941-1942. While agricultural products from Ukraine and southern Russia were sent to Germany, nearly 30 million people in Belarus, northern Russia and Soviet cities were starved to death. The "famine plan" would have been just a prelude to the "Generalplan Ost", the settlement plan for the western Soviet Union, which aimed to eliminate 50 million people.


6.The Pianist

The Pianist is the true story of a brilliant Polish pianist who, due to his Jewish origins, is forced to lead a fugitive life during the Nazi occupation of Poland in order to escape deportation.


7.Uprising

Using the photo archive of the Warsaw Ghetto, this "interview" by Jon Avnet talks about the memoirs of Marek Edelman and the role he played in the 1943 imprisonment there against the Nazis.


The Germans have succeeded in pursuing certain policies that bear some resemblance to these plans. They expelled half a million non-Jewish Poles from the territories annexed to the Reich. An impatient Himmler ordered the implementation of a first stage of the "Generalplan Ost" in eastern Poland: ten thousand children were killed and one hundred thousand adults were expelled. The Wehrmacht intentionally starved nearly a million people during the siege of Leningrad and another hundred thousand in Ukrainian cities. Nearly three million captured Soviet soldiers starved to death in German camps with prisoners of war. These people were intentionally killed: during the siege of Leningrad, there was a plan and intent to starve people to death. If the Holocaust had not taken place, they would have been called the most horrific war crimes in modern history.


In the actions against the partisans, the Germans probably killed 750,000 people, of which 350,000 in Belarus alone, and a smaller but comparable number in Poland and Yugoslavia. The Germans killed more than a hundred thousand Poles during the suppression of the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. If the Holocaust had not existed, these "reprisals" would have been considered one of the greatest war crimes in history. German occupation policies have killed non-Jewish civilians in other ways, for example, by hard labor in prison camps. Again, most of them came from Poland and the Soviet Union.


The Germans killed just over ten million civilians in the largest mass killings, nearly half of them Jews and half non-Jews. Both Jews and non-Jews came mostly from the same part of Europe. The plan to kill all the Jews was, in essence, realized; the plan to destroy the Slavic populations was only partially implemented. Auschwitz is just an introduction to the Holocaust, and the Holocaust is just a suggestion of Hitler's final plans. Grossman's books - Rhei's Slope and Life and Destiny - rename terror, Nazi and Soviet alike, and remind us that even a full characterization of German mass murder policies is incomplete as a history of European atrocity in the middle of the last century.


8.Der letzte zug

The Last Train is a 2006 German film directed by Joseph Wilsmeier and Dana Vavrova and starring Gedeon Burkhard, Lale Java and Lena.


9.Saving Private Ryan

Captain Miller must lead his men behind enemy lines to find Private Ryan. In the face of overwhelming enemy forces, the soldiers question the orders. Why do eight soldiers risk their lives to save one?


10.Escape from Sobibor

During World War II, those concentrated in extermination camps could only hope for survival by trying to escape. In the case of Sobibor, this was only possible if all 600 prisoners escaped.


It omits the state that Hitler was deeply intent on destroying, that is, the other state that massively killed Europeans in the middle of the century: the Soviet Union. During the entire Stalinist period, between 1928 and 1953, Soviet policies cautiously killed over five million Europeans. Thus, when one analyzes the total number of European civilians killed by totalitarian powers in the middle of the twentieth century, one must consider three groups of relatively equal size: Jews killed by Germans, non-Jews killed by Germans, and Soviet citizens killed. by the Soviet state. As a general rule, the German regime killed civilians who were not German citizens, while the Soviet regime killed civilians who were Soviet citizens.


Soviet repression is identified with the Gulag, just as Nazi repression is identified with Auschwitz. The gulag, despite all the horrors of forced labor, was not a mass murder system. If we accept that the mass murder of civilians is at the heart of political, ethical and legal concerns, the same historical feature applies to the Gulag and Auschwitz. I found out about the Gulag because it was a bearing system, not a set of death factories. The gulag detained 30 million people and shattered about three million lives. But a large majority of these people, who were sent to the camps, returned alive from there. Precisely because we have a literature of the Gulag - the best known book being Alexander Solzhenitsyn's Gulag Archipelago - we can imagine its horrors to a greater extent than we can imagine the horrors of Auschwitz.


Just as Auschwitz distracts us from the even greater horrors of the Treblinka, the Gulag distracts us from Soviet policies that killed people directly and premeditatedly by starvation and bullets. Among the Stalinist killing policies, two were the most significant: the famine of collectivization in 1930-1933 and the Great Terror in 1937-1938. It remains unclear whether the Cossack famine of 1930-1932 was intentional, although it is clear that more than a million Cossacks starved to death. It is well established that Stalin starved the Soviet Ukrainians to death in the winter of 1932-1933. Soviet documents revealed a series of orders from October to December 1933, given with obvious malice and intent to kill. In the end, more than three million people of Soviet Ukraine died.


11.The Grey Zone

Based on actual events, "The Grey Zone" is the story of the Auschwitz's twelfth Sonderkommando - one of the thirteen consecutive "Special Squads" of Jewish prisoners placed by the Nazis in the excruciating moral dilemma of helping to exterminate fellow Jews in exchange for a few more months of life. Stars Michael Suhlbarg, Steve Buscemi, Harvey Keitel, Mira Sorvino and Natasha Lyonne.


12.Out of the Ashes

Christine Lahti is the protagonist of this shocking film, inspired by the real case of Dr. Gisella Perl, one of the first women gynecologists in Eastern Europe, who was imprisoned in the Auschwitz camp during the Nazi occupation. When the Nazis decided to use her as a doctor, she was forced to become the assistant to the famous war criminal Dr. Josef Mengele. But through an amazing combination of defiance, humanity and strength, she managed to restore hope to thousands of people.


13.Sorok pervyy

An unexpected love story is woven between a Red Army sniper and a White Army officer …


What we read about the Great Terror also distracts us from its true nature. The great novel and the great memoir about this period are Dark at Noon by Arthur Koestler and The Defendant by Alexander Weissberg. Both focus on a small group of Stalin's victims, communist city leaders, educated people, some of whom are known in the West. This image dominates our understanding of the Great Terror, but it is incorrect. Taken together, the purges of the communist elites, the secret police, the army officers amount to no more than 47,737 dead.


The biggest action taken in the Great Terror, Operation 00447, was directed mainly at the "kulaci", ie peasants who had already been oppressed during collectivization. 386,798 lives. Several national minorities, together representing less than 2% of the Soviet population, accounted for more than a third of the victims of the Great Terror. In an operation against ethnic Poles who were Soviet citizens, for example, 111,091 people were shot. Of the 681,692 executions during the political crimes of 1937 and 1938, Operation Kulaci and those against national minorities killed 633,955, more than 90 percent of the total. These people were secretly shot, dumped in mass graves and forgotten.


The focus on Auschwitz and the Gulag minimizes the number of Europeans killed and moves the geographical center of crime to the German Reich and eastern Russia. Like Auschwitz, which draws our attention to the Western European victims of the Nazi empire, the Gulag with its well-known Siberian camps takes us away from the geographical center of Soviet assassination policies. If we focus on Auschwitz and the Gulag, we do not notice that in a period of twelve years, between 1933 and 1944, about 12 million victims of Soviet and Nazi mass murder policies perished in a certain region of Europe, one defined more or less by Belarus, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Latvia today. In general, when we consider the Auschwitz and the Gulag, we tend to think of the states that built them as systems, as modern tyrants or totalitarian states. But such a view of Berlin and Moscow's thinking and politics tends to overlook the fact that mass killings took place mainly in European territories between Germany and Russia, not in Germany and Russia.


14.The Boy in the Striped Pajamas

Set during World War II, the story is told through the innocent eyes of Bruno, the 8-year-old son of a concentration camp commander. The boy befriends a Jewish boy, behind the fence of the camp.


15.The Book Thief

The film tells the story of a lively and courageous girl named Liesel who transforms the lives of everyone around her when she is sent to live with an adoptive family in World War II Germany.


Mass killings is Eastern Europe, above all Belarus, Ukraine, Poland and the Baltic States, lands that have been the subject of sustained policies of atrocity by both regimes. The people of Ukraine and Belarus, especially Jews, but not only, suffered the most when they came to the Soviet Union during the terrible 1930s and were subjected to the worst German repression in the 1940s. If Europe was, as Mark Mazower calls it, a "dark continent," Ukraine and Belarus were the heart of darkness.


Historical assessments that can be seen as objective, such as counting the victims of mass killings, could help restore a slightly lost historical balance. Germans who suffered terribly under Hitler and during the war are not at the center of the history of mass murder. Even if we include ethnic Germans killed during the flight from the Red Army, those expelled from Poland and Czechoslovakia in 1945-1947, and those who fell victim to the bombing of Germany, the total number of German civilians killed by state power remains comparable. little.


The main victims of direct killing policies among German citizens are the 70,000 "euthanized" patients and the 165,000 German Jews. The main German victims of Stalin remain the women raped by the Red Army and the prisoners of war detained in the Soviet Union. About 363,000 German prisoners died of starvation and disease in Soviet captivity, as did about 200,000 Hungarians. At a time when German resistance to Hitler is beginning to garner media attention, it must be remembered that some of the participants in the plot against Hitler in July 1944 were right at the center of mass murder policies: Arthur Nebe, for example. , who led Einsatzgruppe B in the Belarusian territories during the first wave of the 1941 Holocaust; or Eduard Wagner, the general superintendent of the Wehrmacht, who wrote a lively letter to his wife about the need to deny food to millions of hungry people in Leningrad.



16.The English Patient

At the end of World War II, Count Almasy suffered a terrible burn in a plane crash. Watched by a devoted and sensitive nurse, he remembers his life.


17.Sophie's Choice

Sophie, a Polish Catholic, is a survivor of the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz. Here she lost her husband, children, and parents. Arriving in New York to write a book, young Stingo meets her and falls in love with her.


18.Sophie Scholl - Die Letzten Tage

Oscar® 2005 nomination - Best Foreign Language Film. Most important awards: European Film Award - German Film Award - German Film Award - Audience Award German Film Award Best Bavarian Film The main question raised by this film is what can be done when you realize that the Nazi regime has Go crazy - do you resist, even though it is clear that it is useless or not?


It's hard to forget Anna Akhmatova: "The Russian land loves blood." However, Russian martyrdom and heroism, now vehemently proclaimed in Putin's Russia, must be placed on as broad a historical background as possible. The Soviet Russians - like any other Soviet citizen - were indeed victims of Stalinist policy: but the risk of being killed was lower than in the case of Ukrainians or Soviet Poles or members of other national minorities. During World War II, several severe acts of terror were extended to eastern Poland and the Baltic states, territories absorbed by the Soviet Union. In the best-known case, 22,000 Polish citizens were shot in 1940 in Katyn and four other places; Tens of thousands of other Poles and Baltics died during or immediately after deportations to Kazakhstan and Siberia. During the war, many Soviet Russians were killed by the Germans, but proportionally fewer than the Belarusians and Ukrainians, not to mention the Jews. The death toll from Soviet civilians is estimated at 15 million. On average, 1 in 25 Russian civilians was killed by the Germans during the war, as opposed to 1 in 10 in Ukraine (or Poland) or 1 in 5 in Belarus.


Belarus and Ukraine were occupied for much of the war, with German and Soviet armies crossing their entire territory twice in attack or retreat. German armies have never occupied more than a small part of Russia's territory for short periods. Even if we take into account the siege of Leningrad and the destruction of Stalingrad, German control of Russian civilians was much less than that of the Belarusians, Ukrainians, or Jews. The Russians claim the death toll in Belarus and Ukraine as belonging to Russia and treat Belarusians, Ukrainians and Jews as Russians: this leads to an imperialism of martyrdom, to the implicit claim to territory by explicitly claiming the victims. This seems to be the line proposed by the new historical commission appointed by President Dmitry Medvedev to prevent "falsifications" of Russia's past. Under the legislation being debated in Russia today, statements such as the above would be a criminal offense.


19.In Darkness

It is the year 1941. Leopold Socha, a dumpster and petty thug, comes across a group of Jews fleeing the ghetto who want to hide in the city's underground canals, which he knows very well. As such, he agrees to help them for a fee. What begins as a bargain turns into something unexpected, as for 14 months of maximum danger, they try together to fool death.


20.Schindler's List

The true story of Oskar Schindler, a womanizer and profiteer who saves the lives of more than 1,100 Jews during the Holocaust. An emotional testimony about the horrors of war and the alteration of human characters in time of war.


21.La rafle.

1942. Joseph is 11 years old. This June morning, she has to go to school with a yellow star sewn on her chest. Between benevolence and contempt, Jo and other Jewish friends like him and their families learn how to live in a busy Paris.


If there is one general political lesson in the history of mass murder, it is the need to be cautious about so-called privileged development: attempts by states to achieve a political expansion that designates its victims, that motivates prosperity through mortality. The possibility of killing one group to the advantage of another cannot be ruled out, or at least that is the case. It is a version of the policies that Europe has witnessed and can continue to do. The only acceptable answer is an ethical commitment to the individual, namely that an individual is worth more in life than in death, and the above plans become unthinkable.


Today's Europe is especially remarkable for its unity and prosperity, with social justice and human rights. Probably more than any other corner of the world is immune, at least for the time being, to such soulless concerns for economic growth. However, memory has produced some strange deviations from history, at a time when history is needed more than ever. Europe's recent past may resemble the near future of the rest of the world. This is another reason to make the most accurate assessments.


22.A Bridge Too Far

War film, evoking the assault of American, Polish and British troops, to capture an important bridge behind the German front lines. The assault was carried out by a complicated action of paratroopers and armored troops


23.The Bunker

We are in 1944. The German army is retreating. Chased across the country by US allied forces, a company of Nazi soldiers seeks refuge in an anti-tank bunker. In the maze of tunnels below the bunker, strange, terrifying things begin to happen. One by one, the soldiers start cracking nervously or being killed. Paranoia dominates the whole group. Did the Americans infiltrate or is there a force of evil lurking within the walls of this complex?


24.Dresden

Germany, January 1945. Young nurse Anna Mauth (Felicitas Woll) works at a hospital in Dresden and has a romantic relationship with Dr. Alexander Wenninger (Benjamin Sadler). When an English plane is bombed, the only survivor, the pilot Robert Newman (John Light), hides in the hospital attic. Here he is accidentally discovered by Anna. At any risk, she decides to help him!


25.Pearl Harbor

On a quiet Sunday morning, Japanese fighter jets flew across the sky, launching a surprise attack on U.S. military forces in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This day has plunged the United States into a war, changing the course of history.


26.Flags of Our Fathers

February 1945. One of the bloodiest battles of World War II takes place on the island of Iwo Jima. At the beginning of the battle, an American flag appears on Mount Suribachi, and the image of the 5 soldiers who raised it surrounds the USA.


27.Jakob the Liar

In 1944, in Nazi-occupied Poland, Jacob, the owner of a long-closed cafe in a Jewish ghetto, accidentally overhears a news bulletin on a banned radio station. Although full of joy, he cannot share the news.


28.Vilniaus getas

1942, Vilnius. Nazis kill 55,000 Jews, and 15,000 of them are locked up in a 7-pavilion ghetto. At the age of only 22, the sadistic commander Kittel has the mission to manage the ghetto in the Lithuanian capital, becoming master of people's lives. Kittel discovers that Hayyah stole a pound of beans and sentenced her to death. When he finds out that Hayyah is a successful former singer, he decides to put on a show in the old ghetto theater. Will it be a spectacle of life or death?


29.Zwartboek

The Netherlands, 1944. A former famous Jewish singer, Rachel, now a refugee in rural Holland, tries to reach the territories liberated from German influence. A patrol captures the group of refugees it is in and only it manages to escape with its life. Arriving safely at her destination, Rachel joins the Resistance and, under the name of Ellis de Vries, manages to infiltrate the German Intelligence Service. He seduces Officer Muntze and he, seduced, offers him a job.


30.Inglourious Basterds

In German-occupied France, Shosanna (Melanie Laurent) watches helplessly as her family is executed by Nazi colonel Hans Landa (Christoph Waltz). Shosanna escapes through the ears of the needle and flees to Paris, where she creates a new identity.


31.Valkyrie

During World War II, German Colonel von Stauffenberg is wounded in Africa and returns to the country. Dissatisfied with Nazi abuses, Stauffenberg agrees to lead Operation Valkyrie, which aims to assassinate Hitler.


32.Saints and Soldiers

Four American soldiers fighting in Europe during World War II are separated from the rest of US troops during the Malmedy massacre. The small group remains isolated and without any help behind enemy lines.


33.We Were Soldiers

In 1965, the first battle between the Americans and the Vietnamese took place. 400 American soldiers entered Vietnamese territory and found themselves surrounded. Harold Moore, commander, and reporter Galloway also found themselves facing this situation.


34.Defiance

Inspired by real facts. 1941. Jews in Eastern Europe are massacred by the Nazis. Succeeding in escaping from a camp, three Jewish brothers take refuge in the forest. There they manage to turn a struggle for survival into something much more important.


35.Life train

One evening in 1941, Schlomo, the village madman, brings terrible news to his fellow Shetl (an Eastern European Jewish village): Germans kill and deport Jewish residents of neighboring Shetl to unknown destinations


36.Katyn

In 1940, the Soviet secret services killed thousands of Polish prisoners of war. A subject hitherto considered taboo is analyzed by the famous Andrzej Wajda, who enters one of the darkest periods in the history of Poland.


37.Rosenstraße

In the spring of 1943, German and Jewish women gathered on Rosenstrasse in central Berlin to protest against sending Jewish husbands to concentration camps. The painful memories, which have become family secrets, have been preserved in modern-day New York. Ruth continues to perform Jewish mourning rituals for her late husband. Her daughter, Hannah, learns the story of her mother, a war orphan Selected in the official competition of the Vene Festival.


38.Naples - Elite fur den Fuhrer

We are in 1942. Friedrich Weimer, a 17-year-old hardworking boy from a working-class district of Berlin, loves boxing. His only problem is that he is always reluctant to give the final blow that could knock out his opponent. During a boxing match, he is spotted by a Naples recruiting officer who offers to help him. 'NaPolA' is the acronym for 'National Politische Erziehungs Anstalt' or 'National Institute of Political Education'.


39.Enemy At The Gates

As the German and Russian armies clash, Vassili, the sniper, ambushes his enemies. Vanity pushes him into a duel with the best German sniper, Major Konig, and the two find themselves engaged in a personal battle.


40.Into the White

WWII. Two planes, one British and the other German, crash into an isolated land. Driven by the freezing cold, both pilots seek shelter in the same hut. Although enemies, they will be forced to cooperate in order to survive.


41.Band of Brothers

This terrifying World War II saga closely follows the journey of the 147 members of Easy Company's paramilitary troops, from the first training sessions to the memorable day of landing in Normandy.


42.De Tweeling

After the death of their parents, twin sisters Anna and Lotte Bamberg have been brutally separated since the age of six. Anna stays in Germany, where she grows up in quite difficult conditions on the farm of her uncle Heinrich and his wife, Martha. Lotte, who is ill, has a happy life in the Netherlands, with her parents' more distant relatives - the Rockanjes family. In the years following the separation, the twins did their best to get in touch.


43.The Pacific

See all 10 installments of HBO's acclaimed World War II miniseries 'The Pacific' plus a 'making of' special, 'Anatomy of the Pacific War' featurette and 'Marines of the Pacific' featuring profiles of six WWII heroes.


44.The Great Escape

In 1944, a group of Allied prison officers organized the escape from Stalag Luft III, one of the best guarded prison camps in Germany. The preparations lasted a year and involved the participation of over 600 people.


45.Europe Europe

The film is based on real events between 1938 and 1945. Salomon "Solly" Perel is a Polish Jew from Germany, whose life changes radically when the Nazis break into his wife's apartment. Separated from her parents and siblings, Solly is saved only by the Nazi uniform she wears. This gesture is the forerunner of his future "career". From here, Solly is subjected to many attempts, but the biggest one is to kill the Jews.


46.Flames & Lemons

Drama centered on two fighters from the Holger Danske resistance group during World War II.


47.Max Manus

The film is based on the true story of resistance fighter Max Manus and follows the hero from the beginning of World War II until the summer of 1945. After fighting the Russians in the Finnish Winter War, Max returns. in Nazi-occupied Norway. He soon joined the resistance movement and became one of the most famous members of the so-called Oslo Group.


48.Letters from Iwo Jima

Over 60 years ago, American and Japanese soldiers fought on the island of Iwo Jima. Decades later, hundreds of letters are unearthed at Iwo Jima, letters that give face and voice to the men who fought there.


49.Hiroshima

Documentary made by British television, which describes through reconstructions the catastrophic moments during the bombing and after it.


50.Hiroshima my love

"In the elements of the story there seems to be more of an excuse for the film than the film itself, which always amazes and surprises, offering developments that the mind cannot immediately perceive. There is always in the film an atmosphere of guilty meanings, Hiroshima, war, love lost, the anxiety that remains separate elements and does not even intend to crystallize. " - Peter Harcont 1974 (Film Comment).


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