From the world of statistics: 30 facts that briefly explain what is happening to our world
Statistics seem to most people to be a boring science that is of interest only to specialists. But it is precisely thanks to statistics enclosed in numbers that we can learn amuchabout the world around us, from the state of nature to social problems.
Facts about the world for those who love numbers
They serve as a measure of progress while at the same time providing an understanding and patterns of many processes and allowing you to make decisions that contribute to the correct development of many areas of life and eliminate the causes that cause negative consequences.
If you are one of those who are passionate about numbers and facts, then you can dive into them right now. Bemorepanda is going to bring you more than three dozen data about the world collected on a Reddit thread where people from all walks of life shared interesting statistics. Animals, people, society, sports - we have found enough of everything to make you feel like a know-it-all in the end!
1. "There are more privately owned guns in the US than people." — Cantbetoobad1953 / Reddit
2. “Of the 30 fastest 100m runners, 21 were athletes who tested positive for doping. The other 9 running records were set by Usain Bolt.” — Davecasa / Reddit
3. "34 percent of adults and 75 percent of children sleep with a soft toy or blanket or other sentimental item as an object of comfort." — SuvenPan / Reddit
4. "3 people are killed by sharks a year, 3 million sharks are killed by people a year." Loopywolf / Reddit
“I thought to myself, '3 million sharks a year? It seems too big to be true." So I googled the number of sharks killed by humans per year and the answer was 100 million.” — SeaWaveGreg / Reddit
5. “The probability of successful hunting in dragonflies is 95%. This makes them the most efficient hunters in the world." JESquirrel / Reddit
"This is because the dragonfly's optic nerve connects directly to its wings, which allows for incredibly fast reaction times because target detection is not mediated by the nervous system." — supbros302 / Reddit
6. “49.6% of Pakistanis marry first cousins and 8.3% marry second cousins. In rural areas of Pakistan, up to 80% of people marry first cousins.” — Pleasant_Moose_5417
“In the UK, Pakistanis make up 2% of the population, but they account for 30% of children with genetic diseases. This is because, on average, 55% of them (but in some areas up to 70%) practice cousin marriage.” — ViolettaNoRegard / Reddit
“This is a consequence of arranged marriages and families not wanting ‘outsiders’ to join their families. They want a bride for their son that they can control, so a niece is preferable. One generation of cousin marriages won't cause these problems, but if cousins marry generation after generation, the result is a very small gene pool with bad recessive genes." — Transemacabre / Reddit
7. “I used to work as a meteorologist. More people die each year from floods than from all other natural disasters combined. At least a significant portion are people who think their cars can move on water when they obviously can't." — Cbandy / Reddit
"If there's one thing I've learned from survival shows and documentaries, it's that you should never underestimate the power of moving water." — BearsChief / Reddit
8. "Genghis Khan killed so many people that he cooled the Earth a little." — the_universe_is_ded / Reddit
9. “Only about 2% of the world's population has naturally blonde hair. It's crazy, if you think about it." — Vaspion66 / Reddit
“Light colors are rare in humans. 1% red-haired, 2% blonde, 20% brown-haired, black-haired majority in the world. The eyes are actually the same: green eyes 2%, blue eyes 8%, brown eyes (dark again in the majority) from 55% to 79%. — nba123490 / Reddit
10. “Miscarriages are increasing by 1% every year, and sperm count in men has decreased by 50% since 1970 (USA).” — uncleleo_ / Reddit
11. “While the numbers have risen slightly due to the pandemic, only about 4 out of every 10 Americans still wash their hands after going to the toilet, about 60% of women and only 35% of men.” — galaxy / Reddit
12. “20% of the mammal species on our planet are different types of bats. There are about 5,000 species of mammals, and about 1,000 of them are varieties of our little winged pals.” peon2/reddit
13. “Wayne Gretzky and his brother hold the record for most points by a brother in NHL history. His brother has four points." —Godofhorizons/Reddit
14. “Chronologically we are closer in time to Tyrannosaurus than Tyrannosaurus is to Stegosaurus. We are about 66 million years older than T-Rex, but Stegosaurus was about 85 million years earlier than T-Rex, which is 20 million years longer. Dinosaurs have been around for a VERY long time. Humans are just a drop in the ocean, evolved in just a few hundred thousand years for Homo sapiens.” — ConstantlySlippery / Reddit
15. “90% of the people on our planet live in the northern hemisphere.” – Salohacin / Reddit
16. “If you were making $295,000 every single day since the birth of Christ, you still wouldn’t be worth as much as Elon Musk.” — medicated_in_PHL / Reddit
17. "Despite the fact that Americans make up less than 4% of the population, Americans produce more than 20% of the world's garbage." — The Dankest Passions / Reddit
18. "6 percent of Americans believe they can beat a grizzly bear in hand-to-hand combat." — hellothere42069 / Reddit
19. “The birthday paradox is that if you have 23 random people, there is a 50% chance that two people have the same birthday.” – SebaZDK / Reddit
20. “With rabies, the mortality rate is 99%. You can live with it for a year without any signs or anything, but when you start showing symptoms, you die in a few hours.” — IDontKnoWhoBobRossIs / Reddit
21. “48% of Britons would not go into space even if their safety was guaranteed, and the most popular reason is that they were simply not interested in flying.” — Molesandmangoes/Reddit
22. “Butts make up about 38% of all garbage collected and can take up to 10 years to decompose. If you smoke, just throw them in the ashtray. Or better yet, stop smoking.” — hobochomsky / Reddit
23. "The risk of a heart attack is about 20% higher on Mondays for adult men and 15% higher for adult women." — ETphonehoooome / Reddit
24. “In 2018, National Geographic found that only 9% of all plastic in the world is recycled.” — Dynasty2201 / Reddit
25. “18% of all accidents on boats are due to people trying to urinate overboard.
The Canadian Red Cross conducted a survey of all water-related deaths between 1991 and 2008. It showed that 62 people died from urinating from their watercraft. This represents only 3% of the total number of deaths due to urination.
I couldn't find online information on how many accidents (non-fatal) involved urinating overboard, but my rowing instructor gave me a figure of 18%, and I've always trusted that figure.
The fact that they keep records of deaths due to urination and that insurance companies warn about the dangers of urinating overboard the boat makes me think that non-fatal accidents are much higher than 3%.” — Oscars_Grouch / Reddit
26. "Sharks have been around longer than Saturn's rings (450 million years versus about 100 million)." — Kriss0612 / Reddit
27. “Chopping wood for an hour leads to a 48% increase in testosterone levels in men.” — Bayou-Magic / Reddit
28. “I read somewhere that about 80% of Indians believe that if they are too happy, then something bad is just around the corner.” — Maxpro2001 / Reddit
29. “You are far more likely to die from a falling coconut than from a shark attack.” — reddit.com
30. "All the planets (including Pluto) can fit side by side between the Earth and the Moon (at its average distance)." — DoctorWho_isonfirst / Reddit
31. “In 2020, synthetic opioid overdose (most notably fentanyl) was the TOP cause of death for all Americans aged 18 to 45. Previously, car accidents were the leading cause of death in this age group.” — Nervemiester / Reddit
32. “The human eye blinks an average of 4.2 million times a year.” — reddit.com
33. “In over a quarter of teen pregnancies, the father is older than 20.” — Scythianlibrarian/Reddit
Top 10 Biggest Animals in the World
Among the animals, both small creatures are invisible to the eye and real giants. The dinosaurs died out a long time ago, so we can no longer see the brachiosaurs with our eyes, which could weigh up to 50 tons. There are some animals whose sizes are unique. Below is a selection of the ten largest animals.
Which one is the biggest animal?
Hundreds of thousands of animals of various sizes live on earth. There are real giants, the dimensions of which, although inferior to prehistoric monsters, far exceed the sizes of those animals that we can usually see around.
10. Giant Squid
Giant squids are clear evidence of deep-sea gigantism. Today, it is reliably known about individuals whose length from the ends of the tentacles to the fins reaches eight m. When, after death, the squid muscles are relaxed, length measurements can show the figure 16 m. The mass of these inhabitants of the ocean reaches 275 kg.
Giant squids live at depths of 300-1000 m, and they can be found in any ocean on Earth. They feed on fish and smaller species of squid.
9. Polar bear
Bears are the largest land mammal, predators. Among them, polar bears are the largest. Their length can reach 3 m, and their weight can reach 500 kg. The giant polar bears live on the coast of the White Sea.
The polar bear hunts seals and sea hares but, if possible, attacks seals and walruses. His favorite technique is to overturn the ice floe on which the seals are located. Today, there are approximately 25,000 polar bears in the world. It is worth noting that they live in the Northern Hemisphere, in the Arctic. They are not found in Antarctica.
The tallest animal on the planet, whose height can reach 6 m. The mass of adults is 900-1200 kg. The high neck allows giraffes, exclusively herbivores, to feed on the leaves of tall trees. At the same time, other herbivores cannot reach these leaves because of their high location, and therefore giraffes do not experience competition from them.
However, it is difficult for the animal's heart to pump blood because of the high neck. It is forced to create a blood pressure three times higher than a human. The nature of the giraffe weighs over 12 kg.
7. Saltwater Crocodile
The largest among crocodiles are combed crocodiles that live in Australia, India, Indonesia, Indochina. The length of their bodies can reach up to 6.2 m, and the mass of such crocodiles can exceed a ton. Due to their size, combed crocodiles are considered the planet's giant reptiles and terrestrial predators.
Salted crocodiles are extremely dangerous and can attack even some types of sharks in the water. In nature, they have no natural enemies. Even a man with a firearm is hard to resist. The incident that occurred in February 1945 on Ramri Island is indicative. During the Second World War, an armed detachment of more than a thousand armed Japanese tried to get out of the encirclement, making their route through one swamp. As a result, almost all the soldiers were eaten by combed crocodiles, only 20 Japanese survived.
The average mass of these giants living in Africa reaches 3 tons. However, record-holders weigh more than 4500 kg. The length of hippos can be 5.4 m.
They spend most of the day in the water but come out to feed at night. Although hippos are herbivores, they often attack other animals, including rhinos and elephants, when disturbed. There are frequent cases of fights between two hippos, while the weaker male usually dies in such disputes. Although hippopotamuses seem, clumsy creatures, if necessary, they can reach speeds of up to 30 km/h.
5. Elephant seal
Among all pinnipeds and seals, the largest species is the southern elephant seal. The mass of one such animal sometimes exceeds 3.5 tons, and its body length is 6.5 m. The name of the species suggests that it has a trunk. However, its length is usually only 10 cm.
Southern elephant seals live mainly off the coast of the subantarctic islands - the Kerguelen archipelago, the islands of South Georgia, Crozet, etc. Approximately 5% of individuals live directly in Antarctica. Also, animal colonies are present in the southernmost regions of Argentina. If necessary, elephant seals can hold their breath for 2 hours and dive to 2000 m.
Among these animals, distinguished by the presence of one giant horn, the largest are white rhinos, which are gray. Their mass can reach up to 5 tons, although usually, it is in the range of 2-2.5 tons. The length of the rhinos is 4.2 m, and the height is 1.6-2 meters.
There are white rhinos in southern Africa. They create groups that can reach up to 18 individuals. There are two subspecies of white rhinos - northern and southern. The subspecies of the north are almost exterminated - there are two females left, which are kept in the zoo. There are approximately 20,000 southern white rhinos.
Among all land animals, elephants are the largest, and among them, the savannah elephants that live in Africa are the largest. The average weight is estimated at 7 tons, and females weigh about 5 tons. However, in 1974, a specimen was shot in Angola while hunting, whose weight was 12.2 tons. The length of the savannah elephants reaches 7 m, and the height reaches 3.8 m.
Elephants lead a peaceful lifestyle and feed on vegetation. Nevertheless, only in Zimbabwe from 1982-to 1989, did 500 people become their victims, because elephants can still show aggression, protecting themselves and the herd. The number of savannah elephants back in 1930 was 5 million individuals, but today there are no more than 700 thousand.
2. Whale Shark
The largest of the sharks is also the largest fish on Earth. Usually, the length of the whale shark does not exceed 12 m, but there were individuals with a height of 20 m. The mass of such giants can reach 34 tons.
The speed of these species of sharks does not exceed 5 km/h. They feed on plankton and therefore are safe for humans. Sometimes people can even ride on their backs.
The lifespan of whale sharks is remarkable. Individuals reach sexual maturity only by 30, and they live up to 100 or even 150 years.
1. Blue whale
In general, all whales are enormous animals, and if desired, the entire TOP 10 could be filled with different types of whales. But the largest among them are blue whales. The length of the most prominent individuals reaches 33 meters, and the mass of such animals exceeds 150 tons.
Oddly enough, these giants do not feed on fish but only on plankton, consisting of small crustaceans (no more than 6 cm in size). Seeing their flock, the whale opens its mouth and launches a massive amount of water inside. Then it closes its mouth and uses a unique mechanism to push out the water.
Back in the 19th century, the number of blue whales exceeded 350 thousand individuals. Whalers could not hunt this species for a long time - it was too strong. But in 1868, hunters mastered a new weapon - a harpoon gun, with the help of which the extraction of blue whales became possible. By 1967, the number of blue whales was reduced to 2 thousand, as a result of which their fishing was utterly prohibited. Since then, the number of blue whales has grown very slowly.
What is the smallest animal in the world?
The Etruscan shrew is the smallest modern mammal on the planet.
The pygmy shrew, or Etruscan shrew (Suncus Etruscans), is the smallest known mammal. Her body weight does not exceed 1.8 grams, and the maximum body length is 4.5 centimeters.
The shrew moves very fast and has an extremely high metabolic rate, which causes it to eat twice its weight in food. So, this crumb has to eat up to 25 times a day, hunting for insects, young frogs, and lizards.
As a rule, the heartbeat of a shrew reaches 1511 beats/min (25 beats/sec), and its body temperature is 37 ° C. However, when a shrew falls into a temporary torpor, its temperature drops to 12°C. Usually, this state of the body occurs during a food shortage and with the onset of cold weather. The exit from the stupor is accompanied by a sharp increase in heart rate - from 100 to 800-1200 per minute.
Today, these amazing creatures are endangered in some countries. This is mainly due to sudden climate changes, to which pygmy shrews are very sensitive. But to a greater extent, the destruction of their dwellings due to agricultural work leads to a decrease in the number of Etruscan shrews. This fact is even more upsetting when you consider that the shrew is of great benefit to people, destroying pests in their gardens, vegetable gardens, and fields.
The most emotional 10 videos from the Ukraine war that are too emotional to ignore
Ukraine's eighth day of war has been difficult but optimistic, said President Zelensky's adviser Aleksey Arestovich last night. Near Nikolaev, the invaders were bombed from Grads facilities. In Kherson, the Ukrainian Armed Forces destroyed about 1,000 assailants, 20 helicopters, 200 cars. In Gostomel, two street fights took place, Ukrainian defenders destroyed a concentration of troops.
Bemorepanda collected 10 videos that are showing the reality behind the situation in Ukraine.
Russian troops arrived in the center of the Ukrainian port of Kherson on Thursday, the first major accomplishment of the invasion launched last Thursday, and in the capital Kyiv and other big cities, the occupation forces continued the destructive bombing, without significant troop movements, probably due to logistical problems. . A Ukrainian delegation has left for a second round of talks with Russian ceasefire officials. A fire broke out on Friday morning at the Zaporizhia nuclear power plant, the largest of its kind in Europe, after a bombardment by Russian troops, causing concern around the world.
The United Nations says one million people have fled their homes in Ukraine to Poland and other neighboring countries.
The United Nations has overwhelmingly voted in favor of a resolution condemning Russia's invasion of Ukraine and calling for the immediate withdrawal of its forces, in a global expression of outrage that has highlighted Russia's growing isolation.
At an emergency session of the UN General Assembly, 141 of the 193 member states voted in favor of the resolution, 35 abstained and five voted against.
The only countries that voted in favor of Moscow were Belarus, North Korea, Eritrea and Syria.
Russia's longtime allies, Cuba and Venezuela have joined China in refraining.
It is the first time in the last 40 years that the Security Council has sent the General Assembly to discuss a crisis and the 11th emergency session since 1950 and so far, writes The Guardian.
The General Assembly was convened after the Security Council, due to the lack of unanimity of the permanent members, failed to exercise its main function of acting appropriately for the maintenance of international peace and security.
"It will not stop the Russian forces in their tracks, but it is a big diplomatic victory for the Ukrainians and the United States and for all those who supported them," said Richard Gowan, UN director at the International Crisis Group.
The Russians have captured the southern Ukrainian city of Kherson, while the International Court of Justice has opened an investigation into the allegations of genocide and will hold public hearings starting next week. Kyiv resists the siege of Russian troops, and the city of Mariupol is surrounded. One million Ukrainians have left the country since the beginning of the invasion, and Russia has changed its military strategy and is pursuing the slow annihilation of the Ukrainian army.
About 150 public radio stations in Europe will broadcast the song "Give Peace a Chance" on Friday at 07:45 GMT, the European Radio and Television Union (EBU) announced.
The famous song, composed by John Lennon, will be heard in more than 25 countries, including Ukraine, and private radio stations can join the initiative, according to EBU.
Ukrainian authorities say Russian bombings in the city of Toretsk (Donetsk region) have hit a gas pipeline, leaving more than 15,000 people without heat. 400 homes, 8 schools, 9 kindergartens and 10 hospitals are affected, according to the Emergency Service
women, a lot of children, people who want to escape the horror of war. In the city, since 4 in the morning, anti-aircraft sirens sounded, a sound that is heard more and more often in the city. Many people have nowhere to flee and are trying to find a safe place.
Inside the Odessa train station, the images are even more dramatic, with thousands of children fleeing the horrors of war. I don't know when they will return and if they will have a place to return.
Many Ukrainians who are at the station on Friday at noon say they want to go to Poland and look for accommodation there.
To find their loved ones alive is the greatest wish of the Ukrainians who are now fleeing, hoping that they will escape the war. It is extremely difficult for them, because they leave behind their house, their fortune, their grandparents and they pray to survive until they manage to buy a ticket back, with which to return home, to their relatives, to their homes.
Images from the Odessa train station are painful and difficult to describe in words. It is an atmosphere of deep pain and emotion. People say that they do not know what is happening to them and why they have to witness this conflict that they do not understand and they wonder when this nightmare that they are living will end.
There are a lot of simple people in Odessa who say they can't go to other cities because they don't have enough money to get safely elsewhere.
They end up playing a lottery, where the price is their own life and they pray to God to survive.
In Odessa there are also tourists, but also foreign students who came to study at the Maritime University, a prestigious university, and who want to save their lives, it is very difficult for them to keep in touch with relatives, parents, because the phone signal is very weak and frequently falls in the area.
There are a lot of armed soldiers on the streets, ready to open fire if they don't understand clearly who you are and why you are in the area. There are soldiers who want to protect their families. There are a lot of volunteers in the army, defense groups of the city, made up of simple people, who went out on the street at night with hunting weapons and who say they are not ready to give up, do not want to give up and will defend their country and each centimeter of territory.
50 interesting facts about NATO and why it matters in today's Ukraine and Russian war
NATO is the organization that has dominated military relations in the 28 member states on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean for more than six decades. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is one of the world's leading international institutions. It is a political and military alliance of 28 member states in Europe and North America.
The alliance makes all decisions by consensus. Each Member State, no matter how large or small, is on an equal footing in the discussions and decisions taken. Member States are committed to respecting and promoting individual freedom, democracy, human rights and the rule of law. These values are NATO's main transatlantic bonds.
You can read the 50 interesting facts about NATO below:
1. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is one of the most important institutions in the world. NATO is a military alliance of 28 member states in Europe and North America. All decisions of the alliance are taken by consensus.
2. Each Member State has an equal position in every discussion and decision that is taken. Member States are committed to respecting individual freedoms, democracy, human rights and the rule of law. These values are extremely important in NATO's transatlantic relationship.
3. The alliance's primary responsibility is to protect and defend the territories of the Member States. Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty provides for a commitment to collective defense, and an attack on a Member State is an attack on the organization.
4. However, Article 5 was invoked only once in NATO's 67-year history on September 12, 2001, a day after the World Trade Center terrorist attacks.
5. NATO has a permanent and integrated command structure, with military personnel from all member states. The Alliance has two Strategic Leaderships, Allied Command Operations in Mons, Belgium, and Allied Command Transformation in Norfolk, USA.
6. Subordinate to these two strategic leadership are two joint command forces, based in Brunssum, the Netherlands, and in Naples, Italy, which are responsible for conducting and managing military operations.
7. The Command Structure also includes an Air Force Command Center (Ramstein, Germany), a Center for Land Forces (Izmir, Turkey) and a Navy (Northwood, UK).
8. NATO has a number of active permanent forces, which contribute to the collective defense of the Western military bloc on a permanent basis.
9. These standing forces include four navies, ready to act on the first signal. NATO also has an integrated air defense system, which maintains contact with the national air force and includes the missile shield.
10. NATO is taking part in several air missions in which Alliance fighter jets fly over the airspace of member states that do not have a military air force. NATO permanently defends the airspace of Albania, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovenia.
11. NATO benefits from military expertise from the 28 member states. This expertise includes tanks, submarines and fighter jets. When the alliance collectively decides to conduct a military operation, member states are called upon to place their troops and equipment under NATO command.
12. Soldiers taking part in NATO operations are collectively treated as "NATO forces", even if they represent multinational forces from bloc member states, and in some cases from partner countries or contributing troops.
13. The only military equipment that is owned by NATO is the AWACS air fleet. From 2013. NATO will operate five Global Hawk monitoring drones. The procedure for requesting troops and military equipment is called "force generation".
14. The 28 member states contribute directly and indirectly to covering the costs of NATO operations and the implementation of Alliance policies and activities.
15. But most of the contributions are indirect, through the participation of allies in NATO military operations. Member States shall cover the costs of operations whenever they agree to participate in such activities.
16. Direct contributions to NATO's common budget are made by member states according to a cost-sharing formula that takes into account national GDP. These contributions finance the costs of integrated structures, common equipment and NATO facilities.
17. In the five decades since World War II, the military alliance has successfully prevented an open conflict between the United States and Russia.
18. Under the security umbrella offered by NATO, people in European states, the United States and Canada were able to enjoy the benefits of democratic elections, the rule of law and substantial economic growth.
19. NATO relies on a combination of conventional and nuclear military capabilities to deter the aggressiveness of third countries, and these remain a key element of the Alliance's strategy.
20. Member States are also committed to controlling firearms, supporting the disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear warheads.
21. NATO has often acted to maintain international security and peace. In 1995, the Western military alliance contributed to the end of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the implementation of the peace agreement.
22. In 1999, NATO put an end to the massacre and expulsion of ethnic Albanians from Kosovo. NATO troops continue to operate in Kosovo under a UN mandate.
23. Since 2003, the NATO presence under the UN mandate has assured the world that Afghanistan will never be a safe haven for terrorists again.
24. In 2011, NATO acted on a UN mandate to ensure the security of Libyan citizens. Alliance ships are fighting piracy off the Somali coast and conducting counterterrorism operations in the Mediterranean.
25. Since February 2016, NATO has provided assistance to European authorities, who have had to deal with a large number of migrants.
26. NATO vessels are taking part in surveillance, monitoring and intelligence gathering operations to support international efforts to reduce illegal migration from the Aegean Sea.
27. NATO forces have repeatedly delivered humanitarian aid, including to the United States, following the devastating Hurricane Katrina and the 2005 earthquake that hit Pakistan hard.
28. It faces threats such as terrorism, piracy, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and cyber warfare, which knows no borders.
29. For this reason NATO has developed a global network of security partners, which includes 40 states around the world and international organizations: the United Nations, the European Union, the OSCE and the African Union.
30. NATO's mission in Afghanistan includes 13 partner states. Kosovo's operations are supported by eight partner states. In addition to partners involved in NATO missions and operations, the Western military bloc has developed a wide network of partnerships, including the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, the Mediterranean Dialogue Forum, the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative, and other partners around the world, including Australia, Japan and South Korea.
31. Any European state that can contribute to the security and principles of the Alliance is invited to join. However, accession depends on the decision of that state.
32. Six times, between 1952 and 2009, a number of 16 European states chose to join the alliance and became member states. This process has helped to maintain peace and stability in Europe.
33. On 19 May 2016, Member States' foreign ministers signed a protocol inviting Montenegro to join NATO. Following the signing of the protocol, Montenegrin representatives may attend allied meetings as observers.
34. After the Allies ratify the protocol, Montenegro can become a full member of NATO. Currently, three states aspire to join NATO, namely Georgia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia.
35. The allies evaluate each candidate state according to its own merits. A wide range of political, economic and security reforms must be implemented before a state can join NATO.
36. Member States consult and make decisions on a daily basis on security issues at all levels and in a variety of areas.
37. A "NATO decision" is the expression of the collective will of all 30 Member States, as all decisions are taken by consensus.
38. Hundreds of officials, as well as civilian and military experts, come daily to NATO Headquarters to exchange information, share ideas and help prepare decisions when needed, in cooperation with national delegations and NATO headquarters staff.
39. 40 non-member states work with NATO on a variety of political and security issues. These states pursue dialogue and practical cooperation with the Alliance, and many contribute to NATO-led operations and missions. NATO also cooperates with a wide network of international organizations.
40. Partner States do not have the same decision-making authority as Member States.
41. NATO has always innovated and adapted to ensure that its policies, capabilities and structures take into account current and future threats, including the collective defense of its members.
42. NATO is committed to respecting the principle that an attack on one or more of its members is considered an attack on all. This is the principle of collective defense, enshrined in Article 5 of the Washington Treaty.
43. So far, Article 5 has been invoked only once, in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11 in the United States of America in 2001.
44. NATO is an alliance of states in Europe and North America. The alliance represents a unique link between these two continents, giving them the opportunity to consult and cooperate in the field of defense and security and to carry out multinational crisis management operations together.
45. The strategic concepts specify the Alliance's core tasks and principles, its values, the evolving security environment, and the Alliance's strategic objectives for the next decade. The 2010 strategic concept defines NATO's core tasks, such as collective defense, crisis management and cooperation-based security.
46. Membership of NATO is open to "any other European State capable of developing the principles of this Treaty and contributing to the security of the North Atlantic area."
47. NATO has what the Treaty calls the Accession Action Plan. It helps aspiring members prepare for membership and meet key requirements by providing practical advice and personalized assistance.
48. NATO benefits from the capabilities and expertise of its members. This includes tanks, submarines and fighter jets. When the Alliance collectively decides to carry out an operation, it calls on the Allies to place troops and equipment under NATO command.
49. Personnel involved in a NATO operation are often collectively referred to as "NATO forces", these are strictly speaking the multinational forces of NATO member countries, and in some cases, it is the partner countries or other countries that contribute troops to these operations.
50. The only military equipment that NATO has is a fleet, AWACS (Airborne Warning and Control) aircraft. Starting in 2018, NATO will also operate five surveillance drones, called the Global Hawk. The procedure for requesting forces and equipment for an operation is often called "force generation".
50 interesting facts about the ecology of the Earth
The word "ecology" can be translated from ancient Greek as "house" or "property". This translation is entirely consistent with the truth because the Earth is our typical home. We must not only constantly remember this but also do everything possible to keep the planet habitable for as long as possible!
Top facts about ecology
1. Lead poisoning is especially dangerous for the environment because it accumulates in the environment, as well as in living organisms. In the last century, lead was actively used as an additive for gasoline, but then its dangers were discovered, and now its use as such is prohibited.
2. There is a garbage patch in the Pacific Ocean, the area of which reaches 1.5 million km², which is larger than the area of most countries in the world. The currents carry millions of tons of garbage here every year, and it has turned into a kind of garbage continent.
3. Ordinary cats cause decent environmental damage on some islands. Having got there together with seafarers, they partially became wild, bred and occupied their niche in local ecosystems, crowding out or exterminating the local fauna.
4. In Australia, environmental organizations stretch artificial vines over highways so that koalas do not risk dying by crossing these roads.
5. Half of the world's population drinks water that is polluted to one degree or another, and therefore unsafe for health.
6. About 12% of the surface of our planet has a protected status.
7. Only about 10% of trees are planted annually on Earth from the number that is cut down over the same period.
8. The fight for the environment is best in the northern countries of Europe. In Sweden and Norway, for example, up to 95% of waste is recycled and reused, and internal combustion engines will soon be banned there, giving way to more environmentally friendly transport.
9. About 5% of the world's population lives in the USA, but this country produces up to 30% of all the world's waste.
10. Recycling is important not only because it saves resources, but also because ordinary plastic takes more than 500 years to decompose in nature.
11. The state of ecology is also evidenced by the fact that every year about 30 thousand species of living beings die out on our planet. At this rate, by the end of the 21st century, species diversity will be halved.
12. About 15% of all deaths and fatal diseases in the world are caused by high levels of air pollution.
13. An increase in the average global temperature of only 3-4 degrees can lead to ice melting, global flooding and the disappearance of most of the forests on Earth.
14. Modern cars emit an average of 1.5 kg of gaseous waste into the atmosphere per 100 kilometers.
15. Bad ecology really kills. Thus, in 2015 alone, according to statistics, more than 9 million people died due to environmental pollution.
16. Biological dead rivers flow through some large cities like Kabul and Manila, in which, due to the extreme level of pollution, there is no life at all.
17. The dirtiest air in the world can be breathed not even in Beijing or Mumbai.
18. Every person on Earth consumes about 500-600 m³ of fresh water per year, but it is distributed very unevenly.
19. One large city in Africa or Asia like Lagos or Karachi pollutes the environment more than the average European country.
20. In the 20th century, an ecological disaster broke out in Australia due to the fact that wild rabbits brought to this mainland incredibly bred. It was possible to cope with the threat only when a special virus was created and distributed, which reduced the size of the rabbit population.
21. The best ecology in the world is preserved in Tibet. True, in recent decades, this region has been actively developed by China, so that the local ecosystem in the future may be in a vulnerable position.
22. Due to intensive agriculture, soils are depleted and turn into deserts. In China alone, 1000-2000 km² of land is desertified annually.
23. Clean ponds in Moscow in the recent past were so polluted that they were called Pogany.
24. Modern research shows that excessive air pollution leads to a gradual decrease in brain volume in humans.
25. In Sweden, Iceland and some other Nordic countries, waste heat from crematoria is used to heat houses. The practical descendants of the Vikings do not waste anything.
Half of the 50 interesting facts about ecology are over. So much more ahead.
26. Solar energy is the most environmentally friendly, but petroleum products are still used to produce solar panels.
27. More than 50% of the world's grain harvest is used to feed livestock and produce biofuels.
28. In some African countries, ecologists deliberately saw off the tusks of elephants and the horns of rhinos to protect these animals from poachers.
29. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the air is constantly growing, new records are recorded every year.
30. Some farm animals have a negative impact on the environment. Their population is in the tens of millions, and the gases they emit on such a scale really pollute the atmosphere. Now geneticists are trying to figure out how to genetically modify cows to rid them of this feature. Kangaroos, for example, do not know how to emit gases at all.
31. Only 8% of fresh water is used for domestic purposes. Industry takes 22%, and the rest is spent by agriculture.
32. One of the most global and complex problems of modern ecology is the gradual increase in the level of acidity of the waters of the World Ocean. If nothing changes, in the future it may lead to the extinction of entire ecosystems, and, accordingly, to a global environmental catastrophe.
33. Pollution of the seas and oceans also affects people, and in the most direct way. Under the influence of solar ultraviolet radiation, plastic breaks down into tiny particles, which, due to their similarity to plankton, are eaten by crustaceans and fish that eat these crustaceans. Then these animals get on the table to people.
34. For the production of environmentally friendly electric vehicles, a lot of harmful technologies that pollute the environment are used. Mainly for the production of their batteries.
35. The Russian lake Karachay is the most polluted in the world, as it has been used as a radioactive waste disposal site since 1951. Over the entire period of its operation, 150 million curies have accumulated in it, which is equivalent to 6 Chernobyls. Now the lake is completely isolated and, one might say, filled up.
36. Agricultural water consumption could be reduced by a third simply by modernizing irrigation systems, but all countries prefer to save.
37. The greatest harm to the ecology of the Earth is caused by people themselves. At the same time, the population of our planet is increasing by about 10 thousand people every hour.
38. In recent years, the thickness of the Antarctic ice sheet has been decreasing by about 10 cm annually.
39. Even in a large city with dirty air on the street, it is still 20-30 times cleaner than in a poorly ventilated room.
Well, and the last 10 of 50 interesting facts about ecology. Not tired yet?
40. About 35 million Russians live in settlements where the environment is so bad that the degree of air pollution exceeds the established safe standards.
41. To grow 1 kilogram of potatoes, on average, 120 liters of water are spent, and to obtain 1 kilogram of beef - about 13,000 liters, more than a hundred times more.
42. Electricity consumption for the operation of the Internet is increasing by an average of 10% annually.
43. Every year, people around the world throw away about 125 million fully functional smartphones simply because they are tired of their owners, and only a small part of this garbage is sent for recycling.
44. By the middle of the 21st century, more than 50% of the world's population will experience an acute shortage of clean drinking water.
45. Already now, due to environmental problems, every sixth person lives in conditions hazardous to health.
46. About 14 thousand people die every day because of polluted water. Most of all - in Asia and Africa, least of all - in Europe and North America.
47. Over the past half century, the area of glaciers in the Himalayas has decreased by about 15%. It is gradually decreasing almost every year.
48. Noise pollution is also dangerous, as constant noise interferes with the normal life of a person and other living beings.
49. Over the past 15-20 years, cockroaches have begun to disappear en masse from large cities. Many scientists attribute this phenomenon to environmental degradation.
50. Light pollution is harmful in that it greatly changes the natural level of illumination and thus negatively affects the biorhythms of living beings.
30+ facts from the world of statistics that help you improve your knowledge
Millions of people are drawn to knowledge and want to know more. But when it comes to complex graphs and numbers, we tend to ignore the information. And as soon as it comes to statistics, we remember the boring lessons of mathematics and do not pay attention to such facts. But in vain. Do you know that statistical things are much more interesting and entertaining when everything superfluous has been removed from it, leaving only the facts?
Reddit users share interesting and entertaining statistics
We at Bemorepanda have collected interesting statistics that are related to different things in our world. And we think that it will be more interesting for you to learn about them than to watch the next series on the Internet.
1. About pilots
56% of pilots admitted to falling asleep in the cockpit.
Not only that, 29% of the pilots who woke up afterwards found that the other pilot was also asleep.
2. About walking
The average moderately active person takes about 7,500 steps a day. If a person maintains this average per day and lives to be 80 years old, they will walk 216,262,500 steps in their lifetime.
3. About names
Sofia and Alexander are the most popular names in Moscow. Unfortunately, there are no statistics for all of Russia by name. Available only in the USA. Mary and James are the most popular names in the United States for the past 100 years.
4. About work
85% of people don't like their job. This is the world average. In some countries, this figure is slightly better - for example, in the US, somewhere around 70% hate their job.
5. About the Vietnam War
More US veterans who fought in Vietnam committed suicide than died in the war. — Fewwordsbetter / Reddit
6. About cats
80% of orange striped cats are male. — kitkat_pro / Reddit
7. About seat belts
Wearing a seat belt correctly reduces the chance of a front-seat passenger being killed in a frontal collision by 45%. Seat belts save lives. People, damn it, buckle up! Also, don't forget that car airbags are more likely to cause injury than prevent it. Especially when seat belts are not fastened. — danthemanning / Reddit
8. About movement in space
- Raise your hands and clap your hands.
- Wait one second, then do it again.
- If you could measure the distance between the first and second claps, it would be over 800 kilometers.
- This is because the Earth is moving around the Sun, the Sun is moving around the center of the galaxy, the galaxy is moving through the Virgo Supercluster, and the Virgo Supercluster is racing through the Universe. When you sum up all the speeds and compare the result with the cosmic microwave background (which is the closest we have to a universal frame of reference), it turns out that in one second you, along with the Earth and other space objects in space, moved 800 kilometers.
- In the time it took you to read this, you moved farther in space than you have ever moved in your life. — RamsesThePigeon/Reddit
9. About the Chinese
If you take the entire population of our planet and calculate the average person, it turns out that this is a 30-year-old Chinese. — ohazltn/reddit
10. About Australia
Australia has more kangaroos than people. — Jiren21 / Reddit
For reference: 25 million people and about 50 million kangaroos live in Australia.
11. About sharks
Sharks of ancient trees. Sharks are at least 400 million years old, while trees are about 350 million years old.
Another fun fact: when it comes to evolution, sharks are one of the most endangered species of marine animals. Thanks to "adaptive radiation", these marine animals are able to effectively mutate, perfectly adapting to a variety of habitat conditions. Adaptive radiation allows you to use new food sources and avoid enemies. As a result of this adjustment, there is an increase in species diversity in a short period of time. Modern sharks evolved as a result of adaptive radiation that occurred during the Jurassic period, about 200 million years ago. One of the newest modern sharks are the hammerhead sharks, which first appeared about 50 million years ago. corvettee01 / Reddit
12. About our time and the modern world
By almost every important indicator and statistic, the world today is better suited for a normal life than at any time in the history of mankind. — keenly_disinterested / Reddit
13. About animals
The tallest known giraffe (George) was 5.8 meters tall.
The largest crocodile ever measured (Lolong) was 6.17 meters long.
To get an idea of the size of such a crocodile, think of the tallest giraffe you have ever seen, and then add a little and you have the longest crocodile.
Herpetologists agree that there are probably more large long crocodiles in nature. They are just hard to catch to measure. — FlorenceCattleya / Reddit
14. About rich people
The top 1% of the world's richest people have more than twice as much money as 6.9 billion people.
And the 8 richest people in the world have as much money as the poorest half, 3.6 billion people. — Munninnu / Reddit
15. About birthdays
If you are in a group of twenty-three people, there is a 50 percent chance that two of them share the same birthday.
If you are in a group of seventy people, this probability rises to 99%. — RamsesThePigeon/Reddit
16. About poverty
3-4 billion people in the world earn $2.50 or less a day. — chelseatys/reddit
17. About ecology
25% of air pollution in California comes from China. — cOOlio-pasta/Reddit
For reference: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that nearly 25 percent of the particulate matter in the skies over Los Angeles on certain days came from China. Some experts estimate that China accounts for a third of all air pollution in California. Experts have found ozone, carbon monoxide, mercury and particulate matter from Asia in the air.
18. About USA
America is home to approximately 5% of the world's population, but US prisons hold 25% of the world's total prison population. — Gaarakotq / Reddit
19. About heroine mothers
The world record for the number of children born to one mother is 69. She had 16 pairs of twins, 7 triplets and 4 quadruplets. And this record belongs to a Russian woman who lived in the 1700s in the Ivanovo region. — TnekKralc / Reddit
20. About the war
3% of all living on Earth in 1939 died in World War II. — paul99501 / Reddit
It is important to know and remember: according to the latest estimates, 26,600,000 people died in the USSR alone. This is approximately 13.52% of the total population of Soviet Russia in 1939.
21. On the movement of the continents
South America is moving away from Africa at about the same rate as human nails grow. — stickmanDave / Reddit
The speed of movement of the continent at the moment is about 20 millimeters per year.
22. About water
99 percent of the earth's water is unusable for humans and many other living things—only about 0.3 percent of our fresh water is found in the surface waters of lakes, rivers, and swamps. More than 68 percent of the fresh water on Earth is in ice caps and glaciers, and just over 30 percent is in groundwater.
It seems incredible that the water that supports all terrestrial as well as aquatic life on our planet is actually so scarce. With these numbers of statistics comes the realization that we must use this resource very wisely.
23. About mosquitoes
It would take about 1.2 million mosquitoes to suck all the blood out of a person, each of which must bite at least once. — pm_me_anythingg_sfw / Reddit
24. About the human body
Have you ever wondered how fat disappears from a person? And it doesn’t matter why: from playing sports or from starvation. It turns out that most of it (86%) comes out through breathing. The remaining 14% leave our body through the water in a natural way. — PleiadianJedi / Reddit
25. About physics
The size of a dust particle is somewhere between a subatomic particle and the size of our Earth. — reddit.com
A subatomic particle is smaller than an atom, and atoms are damn small. So the next time you see a grain of dust, think about how huge it is compared to, for example, the same neutrino, or how small it is compared to our planet.
26. About the Sun
It takes about 170,000 years for photons from the core of the Sun to reach the convection zone of the photosphere, where they are ejected further into space. In other words, the sunlight we see is hundreds of thousands of years old. — mattk1017 / Reddit
27. About Marriage
If you and your spouse are divorced and one of you (or both) has more than one failed marriage, your marriage has a 93% chance of failure. — reddit.com
According to research, the average marriage lasts 7 to 10 years. But in each country, the average duration of modern marriages is different. For example, in the United States, couples have been legally married for 8 years. In Italy, for example, the typical couple stays married for 18 years.
28. About playing cards
If you shuffle a deck of playing cards well, you will create a hand that has never been and probably never will be again. This is because there are 8.1x1067 possible layout combinations for 52 cards. It takes more time than our universe exists to roll every possible order of cards. — RamsesThePigeon/Reddit
It has been 700 years since playing cards were invented. Since that time, all the cards in the world have been shuffled and laid out approximately less than 1.546X1020 times. Thus, the chances that in one of these shuffles they were shuffled in the same order that you see in your spread is less than 1 in 100000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 (1 in 1047).
29. About billionaires
Even though they make up just under 2% of the population, 44% of the richest people in the world live in the US, and they are Jews. — rlrhino7 / Reddit
30. About countries
The population of vast Russia is smaller than the population of small Bangladesh. Bangladesh, as of 2022, is home to 165.9 million people. In Russia - 146.1 million people.
31. About Earth
Every hour the Earth receives more solar energy than the planet uses in a year. — Redshift_1 / Reddit