The vast majority of people associate Latin with doctors' prescriptions, because, as we know, they are written in Latin. But at the same time, there are many well-known phrases in Latin, which, no, no, and you will meet in someone's speech.
People who can speak this ancient language are perceived by others as educated. But sometimes it’s not at all necessary to learn it “from and to”, it’s enough to remember a few common phrases and, if necessary, flaunt them in a conversation - and then you will certainly look smarter in the eyes of other people. Moreover, you already know something: for example, alma mater, persona non grata, etc.
Learn to speak Latin
Bemorepanda has collected 35 Latin expressions (and their meanings) that can be used in conversation. The main thing is that they are "on topic".
1. "Mulgere hircum" - "Milk a goat"
This Latin phrase means trying to do something impossible. Which makes sense, given that it's impossible to milk a goat.
2. "Festina lente" - "Hurry slowly"
In fact, this expression calls to act quickly, but prudently, carefully. Augustus, the Roman emperor, often chastised his generals, advising them to "make haste slowly" because he thought that haste was dangerous.
3. "Persona non grata" - "Persona non grata" ("Unwanted person")
Refers to a person who is not welcome or is not wanted to go anywhere due to their behavior or other reasons. For example: "He became persona non grata in our company after his indecent behavior."
4. "Alma mater" - "Caring mother"
This refers to the educational institution that a person once attended: school, college, university.
5. "Veni, vidi, vici" - "I came, I saw, I conquered"
Julius Caesar is believed to have used the phrase in a letter he wrote to the Roman Senate in 47 BC to inform them of his victory over the Pontic king Pharnaces II near Zela.
6. "Acta, non verba" - "Deeds, not words"
In other words, "More action - less words." That is, always back up your words with deeds or act in accordance with what you say.
7. "Ad meliora" - "For the better"
8. "Mortuum flagellas" - "Smack the dead"
This Latin phrase means a useless action towards someone who will not be affected in any way.
9. "Amicus certus in re incerta cernitur" - "Friends are known in the hour of need"
We have it sounds like "A friend in need is known."
10. "Malo mori quam foedari" - "Better death than dishonor"
11. "De gustibus non est disputandum" - "Tastes do not argue"
Tastes are evaluated more subjectively than objectively - everyone has their own.
12. "Lupus in fabula" - "Wolf in a fairy tale"
With the meaning "Speak about the wolf and he will come" (from Terence's play "Adelfoy").
13. "Alea iacta est" - "The die is cast"
This is another phrase Julius Caesar uttered when he entered Italy and started a protracted civil war against Pompey and the optimates. The meaning of the phrase is "There is no going back."
14. "Carpe diem" - "Seize the moment"
Another Latin phrase that is often used these days. The saying aims to motivate people to focus on the present, not the future, and make the most of it.
15. "Aut Caesar aut nihil" - "Either Caesar, or nothing"
It is pretty much the Latin equivalent of "All or Nothing". The notorious Italian Cardinal Cesare Borgia lived according to this principle. Now this phrase can be used to denote an adamant desire to succeed.
16. "Ad astra per aspera" - "Through adversity to the stars"
For us, the sound is more familiar: “Through thorns to the stars,” but the essence of this does not change.
17. "Pecunia non olet" - "Money does not smell"
It is believed that the history of the origin of this expression is as follows. When the Roman emperor Vespasian introduced a tax on public toilets, his son Titus complained about the "disgusting" nature of the money. Vespasian held up a gold coin and asked if it smelled, and he himself answered: non olet ("it does not smell"). From here, the phrase was expanded to pecunia non olet - "Money does not smell."
18. "Mea culpa" - "My fault"
This Latin phrase is used to admit one's fault or mistake.
19. "De facto" - "Actually"
De facto describes a real situation, though not necessarily intentional or legal. For example: Whatever is on the calendar, Florida is de facto summer. Or: De facto, it is he who is the leader at the moment.
20. "Et cetera" - "And so on"
Perhaps every student's favorite expression when they simply can't name more examples.
21. "Nitimur in vetitum" - "We strive for the forbidden"
Means that when we are denied something, we will want it even more. Think of Eve, who ate the forbidden fruit. No wonder they say: "Forbidden fruit is sweet."
22. "In vino veritas" - "Truth is in wine"
This Latin proverb implies that a person under the influence of alcohol is more inclined to express his hidden desires and thoughts.
The same as "What is on the sober mind, the drunk on the tongue."
23. "Quid pro quo" - "Something for something"
In other words, quid pro quo. Basically, this Latin phrase means favor in exchange for something.
24. "Status quo" - "The current state (of affairs)"
Applies to the current situation. For example: "The maintenance of such a status quo only weakened our already fragile positions."
25. "Audentes fortuna iuvat" - "Fortune favors the brave"
Apparently, these were the last words of Pliny the Elder before he sailed from the docks of Pompeii in 79 to save his friend Pomponianus from the eruption of Vesuvius.
In the same sense as "Who does not risk, he does not drink champagne" or "The courage of the city takes."
26. "Amor vincit omnia" - "Love conquers all"
This Latin saying originally appeared in Virgil's Eclogues (X, 69) in the 1st century BC. The phrase means unshakable love that will endure any trials and overcome all obstacles that stand in the way. Therefore, they often say: "There are no barriers to love."
27. "Surdo oppedere" - "Burp in front of the deaf"
Simply put, according to Desiderius Erasmus' Adagia (1508), surdo oppedere means a useless action.
Well, or in our manner: “Throw pearls in front of pigs”, that is, it’s pointless to prove or explain something to someone, because he still won’t understand or appreciate it.
28. "Cui bono?" "Good for who?"
This term implies that one should look for the culprit in the person to whom the unpleasant event will benefit / benefit.
29. "Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes" - "Fear the Danaans who bring gifts"
This expression from the Aeneid, the Latin epic poem by Virgil, was uttered by the Trojan priest Laocoön when he warned his fellow Trojans about accepting the Trojan horse from the Greeks.
An alternative translation could be: "Do not trust your enemies who bring you gifts", as this may be to your detriment.
30. “Homo sum humani a me nihil linearum puto” - “I am a man, therefore nothing human is alien to me”
Something like “We are all people, we are all people” (the expression came from Russian classical literature). It means that any person has weaknesses or can stumble, do something unseemly.
31. "Sine qua non" - "Sine qua non"
Refers to something absolutely necessary, without which something is impossible.
32. "Qui totum vult totum perdit" - "He who wants everything loses everything."
From the same series as "You want a lot - you get a little."
33. "Solamen miseris socios habuisse doloris" - "Misfortune loves company"
It is understood that it is a consolation for the unfortunate that others share their grief.
We usually say: "Together, grief is easier to bear."
34. "Oderint dum metuant" - "Let them hate, if only they were afraid"
Favorite saying of Caligula, originally attributed to Lucius Actius, Roman tragic poet (170 BC); also the motto of the Russian noble family Krasnitsky.
35. "Cogito, ergo sum" - "I think, therefore I am"
This famous phrase by René Descartes may seem vague and confusing, but it was the result of his unique, individualistic approach to philosophy. According to him, many of the world's problems stem from the way we use our minds - from misunderstanding, poor definition, and unintentional illogicality.
What would green cities look like? Green_architecturever is the page where you can see these wonders
The task of the architect is to choose environmentally friendly materials and suitable technologies so as not only to minimize environmental damage, but also to ensure comfort for the residents of the house.
For example, the project of the Cypriot eco-city Neapolis provides for a waste recycling system, water conservation, as well as energy savings of 25% due to natural resources. At the same time, the city is building its own university, hospital, entertainment and business centers.
Green architects are also involved in the reorganization of existing cities, where they strive to create a more eco-friendly lifestyle. Rebuilding is more difficult than designing from scratch, so specialists have to organically introduce new technologies into ready-made urban spaces - organize a waste recycling system, introduce environmentally friendly transport, make buildings more energy efficient, think through a system of landscaping, etc.
1.Half green forest
3.The Palm House
Vancouver, for example, has been able to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 25% from 1990s levels. This was achieved through both the modernization of existing urban facilities towards energy efficiency, and the construction of new, more environmentally friendly infrastructure. And in Freiburg, Germany, 400 km of bike paths were built to make it more convenient and profitable for residents to ride bicycles, so there are only 393 cars per 1,000 residents.
In addition to professional knowledge in the field of architecture and urbanism, a “green” architect needs to understand the environmental agenda and sustainable production technologies. This will help to understand how to make the city and infrastructure eco-friendly.
According to the UN, about 55% of the world's population lives in cities, and by 2050 this figure will increase to 68%. Despite the fact that it is cities that are responsible for 75% of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. It is impossible to ignore the damage that megacities cause to the environment, so developed countries are trying to minimize it.
Cities of a new type are gradually emerging around the world: for example, in the UAE, the Masdar eco-city has been under construction since 2006 - each building in it is built from low-carbon cement and recycled materials, and also saves water and energy at least 40% more than usual. Saudi Arabia aims to complete The Line's zero-carbon city by 2025. It will have no cars or roads, only high-speed trains. And in Singapore, the Tengah eco-city is being built with vacuum waste collection and solar-powered air conditioners.
Eco-cities of the future are also being built in Denmark, China, Cyprus and many other countries.
The air in megacities is usually polluted, and parks can minimize this effect. But they need free territories, which, as a rule, are not available in large cities. A few years ago, the Italian architect Stefano Boeri, who created "vertical scaffolding", proposed a solution to the problem. Towers covered with gardens make a significant contribution to the ecology of the city and decorate its landscape.
A similar concept is being implemented by the Vietnamese architectural bureau Vo Trong Nghia. His portfolio includes many "green" and environmentally friendly buildings.
They resemble huge flower pots: plants take up as much space as possible, becoming not only a decoration, but also a functional part of the house. The method is suitable for both new buildings and those that need reconstruction. This perfectly illustrates the renovation of a dilapidated residential building in the center of Hanoi. The facade is entirely hidden behind plants creeping along the bars. They protect from the sun, provide residents with privacy and increase the number of green spaces in the city.
All the works of the architectural bureau have one goal: to return a person to the natural world. The idea is applied both in private and large commercial projects. So, by order of a large family from Ho Chi Minh City, a completely “green” residence was created: palm trees and other plants form courtyards that connect the living room, dining room, bedrooms and offices into a common space, and the vertical arrangement of the gardens provides natural ventilation.
And in the popular tourist city of Da Nang, a major hotel chain has built a futuristic restaurant with ponds and a rooftop garden with the help of Vo Trong Nghia.
The architecture of the future is often associated with futuristic buildings, but it is already difficult to surprise them. The whimsical facades of Zaha Hadid, for example, can hardly be called an innovation - this is an established style. Along with complex forms, content is now also valued, namely technologies that save energy and resources of the planet. A few years ago, few people thought about the importance of rainwater harvesting systems, but now it is an integral part of modern projects.
In the past, buildings with a positive energy balance could easily be called the architecture of the future - it's hard to imagine that an ordinary office building can power the trams that we use to go to work. Now this is a reality - there are already at least four such buildings in Norway. Inside, nothing reminds that these are mini-power plants: there are offices and co-working spaces, a restaurant, a conference room and a rooftop terrace overlooking the fjord. But the facade and sloping roof are lined with photocells.
The future has arrived. Houses are being built by giant 3D printers, the range of materials is replenished - now you can build not only from wood, brick and reinforced concrete, but even recycled plastic, Tetra Pack or hemp panels. What's next? Recently, at the conference "Dialogues on Art: Living Heritage and a Look into the Future", hosted by the House of Cartier, the architects tried to answer this and other questions.
8.Half city, Half forest
Junya Ishigami, Stefano Boeri and Solano Benitez discussed what technology is changing in modern architecture, whether it has learned to interact with nature, and the role of an architect in the 21st century.
“The acute period of COVID-19 is over. Now we must ask ourselves if we are ready to return to normal life, which, however, led to the emergence of a pandemic, says Stefano Boeri. “The arrogant enslavement of wildlife, the destruction of places of biological diversity (deforestation, intensive agriculture or monoculture farming) has greatly facilitated the transition of the virus from rodents to our species.”
Junya Ishigami also speaks about the connection between man and nature. In his latest project, a plaza on the grounds of the Kanagawa Institute of Technology, he tried to create close contact between people, the environment and architecture. The feeling of unity with nature arises when you sit on the ground, so it is logical that a similar feeling will arise with architecture if you sit on the floor.
In ordinary life, furniture separates architecture, but here it is not. Only an undulating floor and ceiling, which evoke associations with natural hills or a huge soft bed.
When entering the building, you need to take off your shoes, and then sit or lie down, enjoying the breath of the wind, the rays of the sun that make their way through the round holes, the echo or even the raindrops.
Junya's project is difficult to describe in one word - it would seem that this is a multifunctional space, but the architect did not focus on this at all. While everyone wanted to create multi-purpose buildings that can be used for different needs, Ishigami designed a place where you can just pass the time. The priority here is a person's physical experience over time.
In all projects of the bureau, of course, this is taken into account, so buildings and even cities turn out to be energy efficient and environmentally friendly. One of these - the district of the future in the ancient Indian city of Amaravati - is being built right now. Here, more than sixty percent of the area will be occupied by green spaces, canals and ponds. The city will be equipped with a data collection center and made as autonomous as possible through the widespread use of solar energy. In addition to electric vehicles and water taxis, Amaravati will have a large number of shady streets and squares encouraging people to explore the city on foot.
11.Flower of Qinghai
13.China Bay Arena
18.Project of future
23.The change is here
24.Design is a behavior
28.Greenland convention center
31.Des Plantes Park
34.A green city
36.Future is here
39.A walk here
44.Future US Pavlion
48.One more perfect project
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Valentine's Day is celebrated annually on February 14th.
Every year on February 14, couples around the world congratulate each other on Valentine's Day, give gifts and traditional valentines. But how did such a wonderful tradition appear - to give sincere feelings and bright hearts?
It is believed that Valentine's Day has existed for more than 16 centuries and this holiday has a specific "culprit" - the Christian priest Valentine. This story dates back to about 269, while the Roman Empire was ruled by Emperor Claudius II.
The warring Roman army experienced an acute shortage of soldiers for military campaigns, and the commander was convinced that the main enemy of his “Napoleonic” plans was marriage, because a married legionnaire thinks much less about the glory of the empire than about how to feed his family. And, in order to preserve the military spirit in his soldiers, the emperor issued a decree forbidding the legionnaires to marry.
The history of Valentine's Day dates back to the Lupercalia of Ancient Rome. Lupercalia is a fertility festival in honor of the goddess of “feverish” love, Juno Februata, and the god Faun (Luperk is one of his nicknames), the patron saint of herds, which was celebrated annually on February 15th.
1. "When you give yourself, you receive more than you give. Because you were nothing and you are beginning to be fulfilled. ” - Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
2. "I don't know where my path leads, but I do better when I hold your hand." - Alfred de Musset
3. "To give everything, to sacrifice everything without hope of reward: that means love." - Albert Camus
4. "Love, like light, does not remain hidden." - Rabindranath Tagore
5. "The most generous gift that love brings is its wings." - George Byron
Almost nothing is known about the life of the real Christian Valentine (born in the 3rd century AD in the city of Terni - the Roman Empire). The meager facts of a tragic biography are cut out from contradictory legends. They say that the Bishop of Terni, being a young man, showed young lovers a special disposition - he helped write letters with declarations of love, reconciled those who died, gave flowers to young spouses. His arrest was allegedly caused by the fact that the Roman emperor Julius Claudius II did not allow the soldiers of the imperial legions to fall in love and marry, and Valentine secretly married the legionnaires.
In the late Middle Ages in France and England, the life of St. Valentina gradually began to acquire legends associated with the secret wedding of couples in love.
According to the Golden Legend, in those distant and dark times, the imperious and cruel Roman emperor Claudius II came to the conclusion that a single man, not burdened with a wife and family, would be better off fighting on the battlefield for the glory of Caesar, and forbade men to marry, and women and for girls to marry the men they love. And St. Valentine was an ordinary field doctor and priest who sympathized with the unfortunate lovers and secretly from everyone, under the cover of night consecrated the marriage of loving men and women.
Soon the activities of St. Valentine became known to the authorities, and he was put in prison, sentenced to death. In conclusion, Saint Valentine met the warden's beautiful daughter, Julia. Before his death, the priest in love wrote a declaration of love to his beloved girl - a valentine, where he spoke about his love, and signed it "Your Valentine". It was read after he was executed, and the execution itself took place on February 14, 269.
6. "Give the person you love: wings to fly, roots to return, and reasons to stay." - Dalai Lama
7. "It is not beauty that makes us love, but love that makes us see beauty." - Lev Tolstoy
8. "Don't think that you can set the course for love. If she considers you worthy, she will direct your course. " - Octavian Paler
9. "The greatest joy of life is to be convinced that you are loved." - Victor Hugo
10. "Men create by imagination, but women create by love." - Rabindranath Tagore
According to another legend, the Roman patrician Valentine, who was a secret Christian who also converted his servants to the new faith, once performed a wedding ceremony for two of them. By denunciation or by coincidence, all three were detained by the guards. Valentine, as a member of the upper class, could have escaped death, but not his servant. Then, wanting to encourage the doomed fellow believers, Valentine writes them letters in the form of red hearts, meaning Christian love.
A blind girl was supposed to send messages to the newlyweds, but unexpectedly Valentine himself came to the dungeons, who persuaded the guards to let his servants go in exchange for his life. Before entering the arena of death, Valentine handed over the last letter, consecrated by faith and kindness, to a blind girl, who after that received her sight and became a beauty.
Scarlet heart valentines cards are now very well known as a symbolic gift on Valentine's Day. The creation of the first "valentine" is also attributed to the Duke of Orleans in 1415. He sat in a dungeon, and thus perhaps fought off boredom by writing love letters to his wife. And the greatest distribution of postcards-"valentines" reached already in the XVIII century.
The account of electronic messages on the Internet goes on February 14 to millions.
11. "I would prove to people how wrong they are to think that they stop loving when they grow old, without knowing that they only grow old when they stop loving." - Gabriel Garcia Marquez
12. "The woman is a creature meant to be loved, not understood." - Sigmund Freud
13. "Love is more afraid of change than of destruction." - Friedrich Nietzsche
14. "A sure measure of character is the feeling you have for a man after you have loved him." - Titu Maiorescu
15. "Just because someone doesn't love you the way you want to, doesn't mean they don't love you with all their being." - Gabriel Garcia Marquez
It's hard to say what other holiday is as popular as Valentine's Day. On this day, lovers give each other gifts and valentine cards. Most of the "valentines" are anonymous, have no return address, are written from right to left or left hand. So it is accepted - it adds mystery. True, the recipients are then forced to look for an anonymous messenger if they believe in fate.
Every nation celebrates Valentine's Day in different ways. The British, for example, on Valentine's Day send love messages not only to friends and acquaintances, but also to their pets. The Japanese, on the other hand, turned out to be more original - they remade February 14 into a kind of "March 8 for Men", when gifts are received mainly by the strong sex.
Since 1969, as a result of the reform of worship, Saint Valentine was removed from the liturgical calendar of the Catholic Church (along with other Roman saints, information about whose life is contradictory and unreliable). However, even before 1969, the church did not approve and did not support the traditions of celebrating this day.
Whether it was so or otherwise, but, apparently, it was from there that it was customary to write love notes on Valentine's Day - “valentines“. And on this holiday they like to arrange weddings and get married. It is believed that this will be the key to eternal love.
16. "Love is the wing given by God to the soul to ascend to Him." - Michelangelo Buonarroti
17. "I think the world was too big for me. Instead, a world reduced to "two" seemed ideal to me. " - Octavian Paler
18. A couple of lovers cross the park, holding hands, later they will pass by here again, but they will have a different expression in their eyes and a different meaning in the handshake, now the purity of the dawn is in them. (Jerome K. Jerome)
20. "Love is the greatest strength of mankind, and yet the most modest we can imagine." - Mahatma Gandhi
21. Love is a wonderful disease: from a fire two people lie in bed. (Robert Lembke)
22. One word can save us from all the hardships and pains of life: the word love. (Sophocles)
23. There is only one dignity after all - love… It is probably the only drop of eternity that is given to us. (Helen Hayes)
24. Assumptions can ruin a relationship. (Henry Winkler)
25. Because the revelation of the perfect union is this: you find yourself in the moment you lose yourself. (Mircea Eliade, Wedding in Heaven)
26. Love is anything you can betray. (John LeCarre)
27. It is not worth crying for anyone, and whoever deserves it will not make you cry. (Gabriel Garcia Marquez)
28. You know you're in love when you don't want to go to bed, because reality is better than dreams. (Dr. Seuss)
29. Love is the kind of tree whose fruit does not grow on the branches, but on the root. (Bruce Boyd)
30. Love is nothing but our discovery in others and the pleasure of recognition. (Alexander McCall Smith)
31. But his eyes are blind. You have to search with your heart! - Antoine de Saint (Exupery, Little Prince)
32. I love you not for who you are, but for who I am when I am with you. (Roy Croft)
33. When we are in love we look completely different from what we were before. (Blaise Pascal)
34. You realize that you have fallen in love if you do not want to fall asleep because the reality is finally better than your visas. (Dr. Seuss)
35. I love you, and this is the beginning of it all (F. Scott Fitzgerald)
36. But what can love mean? How long can it last? Nothing lasts in this world; everything passes, everything pretends, everything dies to be born again, otherwise, elsewhere, with other people. (Mircea Eliade)
37. When I saw you, I fell in love, and you smiled because you knew - William Shakespeare)
38. Give it to the person you love: wings to fly, roots to return, and reasons to stay. (Dalai Lama)
39. Where there is love is life. (Mahatma Gandhi)
40. The last goodbye, in love, is the one that is not said. (Alexandre Dumas)
41. Love, in all its forms, is the only path that leads to moral purity. (Pierre Lescot)
42. Love makes us dive into the unknown and then gives us the courage to resist. (Pam Brown)
43. Love is the healthiest disease. (Euripides)
44. Love! It is the wing given by God to the soul to ascend to it. (Michelangelo Buonarotti)
45. What happiness to be loved, and, oh, what a blessing to love! (Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe)
46. In love we taste, we enjoy ourselves, we delight in the pleasures of our erotic trembling, for this reason, love is all the more intense and deeper the greater the distance from the loved one. (Emil Cioran)
47. Love is an act of eternal forgiveness, the tender gaze that becomes a habit. (Peter Ustinov)
48. Love is the greatest feeling, which works miracles, which creates new people, creates the highest moral values. (A. S. Makarenko)
49. Woe to him whose heart did not learn from his youth to hope, to love, and to trust in life. (Joseph Conrad)
50. The saddest thing about love is not only that love does not last forever, but that the despair it causes is easy to forget. (William Faulkner)