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The National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing, Inc. is a privately held car racing organization and related activities. Founded by Bill Frans Sr. in 1947-1948 in the United States of America, and is still owned by the Frans family. The association holds a large number of different championships (series). The three largest NASCAR series are NASCAR Sprint Cup Series, NASCAR Nationwide Series, and NASCAR Camping World Truck Series. The series is also being held outside the United States - in Mexico and Canada.
NASCAR dates back to 1949, when Bill France Sr. decided to combine the semi-amateur production car races in the southeastern United States into one championship. No motorsport organization has undertaken to sanction this competition and France founded the sanctioning organization himself. Since 1949, NASCAR has held three championships - Strictly Stock (strictly serial), Modified (modified) and Convertible (open). Initially, Modified was a success, but gradually Strictly Stock came out on the first roles, about which it was said that the same cars participate in it as they drive on the roads, and anyone can take part.
High prizes attracted eminent pilots, low costs allowed newcomers to prove themselves. The good selection of tracks and the prudent policies of the Association have contributed to the rapid growth in popularity. In 1959, the huge Daytona International Speedway, a specially built for NASCAR racing, appeared, and the Daytona 500 race held there became the star of the championship.
1.We are not so different
2.Girls leaving club
5.Going in circles
Gradually, the championship moved away from its philosophy of participation of purely production cars - high speeds and asymmetric loads required modifications to improve safety. At first, even the riders cut a window in the bottom, through which the most loaded front right wheel could be seen, in order to call in on time to change tires. In 1962, the factory teams entered the championship, which had previously supported their brands behind the scenes, and the arms race and the growth of speeds began. Hiding behind the definition of "production car", the Big Three companies produced small batches (in 1970 a batch of at least 500 cars was needed to participate in races) of cars optimized for racing. In the early 70s, "air war" cars, such as the Plymouth Superbird, entered the track, but the Association took measures to prevent a further technology race and introduced special restrictions for such cars. The 1973 energy crisis that followed soon after forced the car companies to withdraw from the championship altogether.
In parallel with the technological competition, the companies tried to attract eminent racers to their side. Racers became real stars, but their attempts to create their own association of pilots to fight for safety were sharply suppressed by Bill France Sr. - the most active were excommunicated from the races, regardless of their names, including Richard Petty himself.
In 1981, the Association completely changed its technical policy, and now silhouette prototypes with a tubular frame and only superficially resembled serial cars came out at the start. Technical innovations were increasingly limited, and in order to equalize the participants and in matters of aerodynamics, the cars even lost their external resemblance to their road counterparts.
In 1979, NASCAR's Daytona 500 race was first shown live, and popularity began to skyrocket. In addition, the task was made easier by the fact that the main competitor in the American motorsport world - CART - has split since 1996. In 1996, the Daytona 500 ratings surpassed the Indy 500 ratings and NASCAR is now the second most popular competition in the United States, behind only the NFL, and the most popular NASCAR racer, Dale Earnhardt Jr., is also America's most popular athlete.
Stock cars bear the names of production cars, but they do not even look like them. The vehicles are based on a tubular steel frame. The factories (now Dodge, Ford, Chevrolet and Toyota) only supply the teams with the blocks of cylinders, and some other parts - everything else, including the frame and outer metal cladding, is built by the teams themselves.
All stock cars are equipped with V8s with a displacement of 5.87 liters, the configuration of which has not changed since the 60s of the last century - they use a cast iron cylinder block, a lower camshaft and carburetors. The gearbox has four gears, but on oval routes the gears need only be shifted when entering pit stops and when driving under a peyscar. In 2007, NASCAR's top division began the transition to Car of Tomorrow. In 2007, such machines were used only on short ovals (up to 1.33 miles), since 2008 CoTs have been used at all stages.
The engines on the Car of Tomorrow cars are made to an even tighter specification, with a fixed cylinder spacing, which makes them virtually the same. However, their recoil remains the same - a lower shaft petrol V8 with a volume of 5.87 liters and a capacity of about 770 hp. The body is taller, wider and longer (the base is 110 inches or 2794 mm), an adjustable splitter appeared in front (on "classic" cars, the front bumper should be strictly vertical), and a rear wing appeared instead of a huge spoiler.
This configuration gives participants a wider range of aerodynamic settings, and should compensate for the abandonment of "specialized" cars (now teams are building three types of cars: for fast tracks, slow and European type tracks). In addition, according to the organizers' calculations, the new body shape will increase the number of overtaking in races. Even more attention has been paid to safety, energy-absorbing zones have been increased, and the rider sits even closer to the center. With the introduction of the COT in full in 2008, more opponents of the COT have emerged. Of course, Michael McDowell's crash in Texas on 04/06/08 cleared up any questions about whether the safety level of a rider in the COT had changed. But, at the same time, tire problems on the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, which led to the association's decision to throw the technical yellow flag every 15-18 laps, are related precisely to the specifics of the COT design. Also, COT was unable to provide one of their main tasks - reducing costs due to the versatility of the chassis.
11.Is something happened
In 2010, NASCAR began to gradually improve the aesthetic appearance of the COT. Starting with the spring round in Martinsville, they began to use a standard spoiler instead of a wing. In 2011, the appearance of the front has changed. For 2013, the front end will undergo even more changes, which will give an individual look for each car brand.
The current NASCAR eyewear system has been operating since 1975 with minor changes. The winner receives 185 points, 175 points are given for the second place, then, from the second to the sixth - in increments of 5 points, from the seventh to the 11th - in increments of 4 points, and from 12th place - in increments of 3 points, to the last, 43rd place, for which 35 points are given. However, in total, 54 participants receive points in the classification of car owners - 11 who did not start, but those who took places from 44th to 54th in qualification receive from 32 to 3 points. In addition, an additional 5 points are given to everyone who was able to promote at least one lap, as well as 5 points to the one who has won the most.
In 2004, the Cup introduced a play-off system - Chasing the Cup. For ten races before the end of the season (i.e. after 26 stages), the top ten drivers of the current moment and the drivers who are no more than 400 points behind the leader of the championship receive points in return for their previous results according to the following system: the leader of the championship receives 5050 points, the next one is 5045 and so on. In the remaining 10 races, all drivers still receive points, but only the first ten drivers can compete for the title.
Since 2007, the 400 points rule has been abolished, and the number of pilots participating in the fight for victory has been increased to 12. All participants in the Chase for the Cup receive 5000 points instead of all previously earned, and an additional 10 points for each victory won in the previous part of the season.
16.I already told you
On January 26, 2011, an event occurred in the history of NASCAR that will undoubtedly affect its future. The racing series management has published a new scoring system designed to make it more understandable for the general viewer, as well as to add an element of unpredictability to the fight for the title in 2011.
Many doubts were expressed about the new points system (much simpler than the previous one, which, as the race management considered, was too difficult to remember and calculate the points). Now the difference in points between the positions at the finish line from 43rd to 2nd place will be only one point. That is, the rider who took the last, 43rd place will receive 1 point, the one who took 42nd place - one point more, that is, 2 points, 41st - 3 points, 40th - 4 points, and so on. The rider who takes 2nd place receives, respectively, 42 points. And only the difference between the second and the first place will be 4 points and, thus, the winner of the race will receive 46 points. The new system retains additional bonuses: for leading at least one lap of the race - 1 point, for leading during most laps in the race - 1 point.
The Chase for the Cup system has also undergone changes: the 12 best riders in the regular part of the championship will continue to compete for the title of champion, but now the last 2 places in the Chase will be given to the riders who took places from 11th to 20th with the highest in the final qualification the number of victories. Thus, the last two places in the Pursuit theoretically provide a chance of getting into the finals for drivers with a more aggressive fighting style, who usually either come first or drop out of the race during the struggle for the lead.
All 12 participants in the Chase receive 2000 points, in addition, those of them who made it to the Chase from the top ten receive 3 points for each victory during the season. Those who passed into the Chase from the second ten do not receive bonus points for victories during the previous part of the season. As before, according to the results of the Chase, the driver who has the maximum number of points after the end of the tenth race gets the Cup.
22.It’s gonna be May
23. 2020 in one photo
24.Should have stoped
25.Stop and go penalty
26.Another left turn
30.Haven’t seen you since last year
32.My time has come
33.It’s time to go
41.Certanities of life