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Everyone's favorite and the long-awaited holiday season have begun, the sea, sandy beaches, delicious fruits, and sunbathing. Everyone wants to relax in the sun, whether on a white sandy beach on the shores of the azure sea or a green lawn in the country. But does everyone know how to sunbathe correctly so as not to peel off the next day after spending a sleepless night in a moisturizer? Whatever you decide to get your tan, read on for our tips!
Tips for the best tan
Even though the sun has a beneficial effect on us (it increases the level of serotonin, stimulates the production of vitamin D, and strengthens the immune system), it still has its drawbacks: the risk of getting burned, aging prematurely or getting skin cancer. But all the disadvantages can be reduced to zero by following the simple rules for sunbathing.
Rule 1: Don't Forget Your Sunscreen
It would seem that everyone knows about it. However, how do you choose one that will protect your skin? Different creams provide different levels of protection, which is indicated by the SPF index.
The level of SPF (sun protection factor) determines the effectiveness of counteracting UV radiation on the skin treated with the cream. For example, if your cream has an SPF-20 index, you can get a UV dose without harm to health 20 times more than without using a protective agent. SPF only protects the skin from group B UV rays, which are dangerous for our health.
On sunscreen packages, SPF ranges from 2 to 50. It's essential to determine your skin type. Scientists identify six phototypes, read the descriptions and look for matches:
Phototype 1: people with blond hair, fair skin, and light eyes. Representatives of this type most often burn the sun. It is recommended to stay in the sun for no more than 15 minutes without protection. Creams with SPF-30 and above are suitable.
Phototype 2: people with blond or red hair, gray eyes, and fair skin, often with freckles. Recommended time in the sun: 20 - 30 minutes; creams with SPF-20, and then a minimum of SPF-10.
Phototype 3: people with dark hair, brown eyes, and swarthy skin. Recommended time in the sun: up to 40 minutes without additional protection. To prevent burns while tanning, you need to use creams with SPF-15 only after arriving on vacation and SPF-6 after three to four days.
Phototype 4: brunettes with dark eyes and swarthy skin. Such people often do not suffer from sunlight, but for prevention, it is better to use a cream with SPF-8.
5 and 6 phototypes: people with very dark (up to black) skin. They can spend much time in the sun without protection and only use moisturizers.
Have you identified your phototype? Excellent! However, it is essential to know the rules for applying sunscreen:
1. Apply 20 minutes before sunbathing.
2. Do not forget to reapply the cream according to the instructions.
Rule 2: tan gradually
If everything were simple, spend a few hours in the sun and immediately get the desired tan for the whole year! But don't even dream about it. As practice shows, adherents of this method most often suffer from the negative consequences of sunburn.
The dark pigment that gives our skin its brown color is called melanin. But besides providing shade to the skin, it has another vital function - a protective mechanism that protects the skin from UV rays! Melanin creates a protective barrier around skin cells that scatters dangerous UVB rays. That is why it is essential to accumulate melanin gradually: sunbathe on the first day for 10-15 minutes before lunch and 15-20 after. For a positive effect, add every day for 10 minutes, preventing the skin from reddening in the sun.
Rule 3: Prepare your skin for tanning
Before sunbathing, cleaning the skin of impurities and dead cells is essential. So it will be easier for her to accumulate melanin. You can do this with soft scrubs, a washcloth, or an exfoliating glove. But don't be zealous. It is enough to cleanse the skin in this way once a week and a half.
Rule 4: Don't be in the sun in the middle of the day
The more direct sunlight hits the skin, the more UV it receives. The maximum radiation falls on the time from 10:00 to 16:00. If the health of the skin and the body is dear to you, it is better not to show yourself in the sun at this time. Go outside at this time in light clothes with long sleeves.
It is safest to sunbathe before 10 am and in the evening after 4 pm.
Rule 5: protect the body from the inside
Don't worry; you don't need to eat sunscreen for this. To do this, some products help reduce the adverse effects of UV rays due to the high content of antioxidants. So what are these products:
- fatty fish rich in omega-3: mackerel, tuna, salmon.
- red and orange vegetables and fruits: tomatoes, peppers, oranges, apricots
- any cabbage: broccoli, leafy, cauliflower
- teas: green and black
In addition, there are products that, on the contrary, can increase the negative effect of the sun on the skin, for example, yogurt, cheese, or whole milk.
Rule 6: know the measure.
It makes no sense to sunbathe all day since the body stops producing melanin after 2-3 hours of exposure to the sun. So 4-5 hours in the sun will not give you a chocolate or bronze tan but will only increase the risk of skin damage.
Rule 7: take care of your skin after sunburn.
If you want to keep your tan for longer, do not forget to moisturize your skin after sunbathing. This is important because the body treats excess melanin as a wake-up call that signals damage to the skin. That is why he seeks to quickly get rid of the top tanned layer, making it drier. So it was easier for the body to eliminate damaged cells and exfoliate them.
Use moisturizing creams and lotions and wait with scrubs and rough washcloths.
Well, here are, perhaps, the basic rules that will provide you with the perfect tan!
First aid and treatment for sunburnt skin
From the first warm spring days to the beginning of autumn frosts, dressing as lightly as possible is pleasant to show a beautiful figure. Many spend weekends and vacations on the beach, taking their children with them, believing that sunbathing is suitable for their health. It has been established that exposure to the sun strengthens the immune system, promotes the production of vitamin D, and improves the condition of bone tissues. A soft golden or dark chocolate tan is associated with travel and adventure, holidays on the sea coast, and tropical islands.
But intense exposure to ultraviolet rays is not suitable for health. Sunburn is a protective reaction of the skin, leading to a change in its color. The coloring pigment melanin is produced in its lower layers to protect against ultraviolet radiation. With prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, skin photoagingaccelerates, wrinkles form faster, and the risk of developing neoplasms increases. Another danger of sun exposure is burnt skin. Pain for negligence will be a pain, peeling, or a general deterioration in well-being.
What to do if the skin is sunburned
You can get burned on the beach, walking around the city, working on an individual plot, etc. The sun gradually heats the skin and the head,d a person does not feel discomfort for a long time but notices redness, burning, and tightness when the skin is severely burned. Minor burns can be treated at home, but if blisters develop, see a doctor.
You must go into the room or the shade at the first sign of burning or overheating. If this is not possible, cover open areas of the body with clothes, a towel, or a thick cloth. Replenish the lack of fluid in the body. Drink clean, cool water or warm but not hot tea. To reduce discomfort, if there are no blisters, or open wounds, apply an after-sun cream or other emollient, such as Panthenol, to the skin. If the damage is minor, restoring the skin after a sunburn will take 3-5 days.
Signs of sunburned skin
To prevent deep burns, you must periodically check for burning signs in the sun. The first symptom is redness of the skin. Pain and another discomfort may not be felt. They show up later.
It is necessary to determine the degree of damage to the skin. If there is redness or mild pain but no blisters, you need to provide first aid, and the redness will pass after a few days. Perhaps the skin will begin to peel off. This is not dangerous but increases the risk of a second, more severe burn when exposed to the sun.
If blisters appear, you need to consult a doctor and treat them with anti-burn ointments, drugs that relieve inflammation and prevent infection. Treatment takes place under the supervision of a physician. Patients often have a fever, swelling, headaches, weakness, and palpitations.
If there are burns from sunburn, you need to get dressed and go into the shade or the room. A cool (but not cold) shower or a compress on the affected body parts will help relieve unpleasant symptoms. Cool and cleanse your skin. To quickly restore the damaged epidermis and prevent the appearance of blisters, and peeling, apply an anti-burn ointment with panthenol on it.
If blisters appear, cool the skin, wash with clean water without soap, apply an ointment, and then visit a doctor. He will prescribe a treatment to avoid infection of the wounds that appear after the blisters burst.
If a significant body surface is burned, a person has a fever, dizziness, palpitations, nausea, or vomiting; you need to give an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory drug (Nurofen or others) and quickly deliver it to a medical facility or call an ambulance. Sunburn can cause disturbances in the functioning of the cardiovascular system.
First aid for burns caused by ultraviolet radiation should be provided as soon as possible. But not always in the home first-aid kit; there are the necessary medicines. They can be replaced with folk remedies. To improve the general condition without antipyretics, you can drink cool black or green tea with lemon and mineral water if the temperature has risen slightly. You can apply a cool compress to your forehead.
To cool and soothe burned skin, you can make a gauze compress from excellent green tea, a decoction of parsley, chamomile, calendula, and oak bark. If the face turns red after going to the beach or walking on a sunny day, you can apply fresh cabbage leaves and chopped parsley to the burnt places and grease them with honey. They will help with minor burns and prevent peeling, and you will look good the next day. To reduce the risk of infection of burned areas and moisturize them, you can rub the skin with aloe leaves.
What not to do with sunburn
Complications after sunburn often arise due to improper treatment. So that they pass without consequences:
- do not apply ice to burned areas, do not take a cold shower - a sharp temperature drop will accelerate the development of the inflammatory process;
- do not puncture blisters with a needle or other sharp objects - this increases the risk of infection;
- do not wipe the skin with alcohol-containing solutions - it needs to be moisturized, and alcohol dries it, which will increase peeling;
- do not lubricate burned areas with olive, sunflower, or other vegetable oils - they form a greasy film, which prevents regular air exchange and natural cooling;
- if there are blisters, there are wounds, or acne - do not apply fermented milk products;
- do not use hard washcloths or peels to speed up exfoliation; you can injure the skin.
At this time, you need to soften it, moisturize, and protect it from ultraviolet radiation with sunscreen or tight clothes, do not use scrubs, or hard washcloths, do not go to the sauna, and do not take hot baths.
How to choose a cosmetic product that protects against ultraviolet radiation
Sun cream can have different levels of protection. SPF denotes it with various coefficients. For a walk around the city on a clear spring day, a cream with SPF 2-5 is enough. If you are going to be on the street for several hours (picnic, work in the garden), you need a remedy with SPF 5-10. For those with white skin prone to freckling, it is best to use sunscreen products that provide intense protection (SPF 20-30). If you vacation to a hotter region, take an SPF 50 cream with you, such as Avene cream. If you want to swim, use a waterproof product. Sunscreen should be applied 20 minutes before leaving the house.
Choose products containing vitamins and antioxidants to look good on hot days and prevent the appearance of early wrinkles. They protect not only from ultraviolet rays but also take care of the skin.
How to choose creams after sunburn
To make the skin recover quickly after sunbathing, and look beautiful and fresh, use an after-sun cream or milk. It contains hydrants that replenish water in cells and soothing and softening ingredients that prevent flaking. To quickly pass minor burns, you can use not medicinal but cosmetics. It is convenient to use cosmetics that are available in the form of sprays, for example, Avene. By pressing the sprayer several times, you will evenly apply the product.
Sprays or creams are available that need to be rubbed with light massage movements for the face and body. It is better to purchase two products of the same brand: one for the front, where the skin is more delicate and demanding to care for, and the other for the body. Use them every time you go out in the sun to rehydrate and prevent photoaging.
After-sun cosmetics are available for different skin types. For oily, a lighter texture is needed; for dry, high hyaluronic acid content; for sensitive, aloe extract and other medicinal plants.
Prevention of sunburn
For the tan to look beautiful and there to be no burns, you need to dose your exposure to the sun. The best sunbathing is before 10-11 am and after 4-5 pm. Try not to go out in the sun between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. Wear wide-brimmed hats, peaked caps, or other head coverings to protect your face and body from direct sunlight. Do not forget about eye protection - sunglasses will help maintain vision and slow down the formation of wrinkles in the corners of the eyes.
On hot days, dress in loose, light-colored clothing made from natural fabrics. It reflects ultraviolet rays well and does not interfere with air exchange. If you have delicate, fair skin prone to sunburn, cover your shoulders and back, choose dresses, shirts, and long-sleeved T-shirts.
Drink more clean water and tea, but give up sugary carbonated drinks and coffee. They have a diuretic effect and accelerate the loss of moisture. And it is needed by the body to release sweat and naturally cool the skin.
Apply sunscreen regularly to exposed areas of your body, even if you have to walk down the street for a short time on a sunny day. At the beach, renew it every 2 hours and after swimming.
A good primer should smooth out skin imperfections on the face and keep the make-up in perfect condition for as long as possible. We have collected the most effective makeup bases - read and choose the one that is right for you.
Facial primers are a controversial product. Today there are a huge number of them on the market and it is not so easy to find a quality makeup base. It is not always clear whether it is needed at all. Let's try to figure it out, and at the same time, we will tell you about those basics for makeup, which, in our opinion, are worth paying attention to.
What is a makeup base?
Primers solve several problems at once:
- Mask imperfections, age spots, uneven tone.
- Makes skin texture smoother.
- Improve the properties of tonal products and increase the durability of makeup.
- A primer cannot replace either foundation or skin care creams, it has a narrow, limited functionality. The basis for makeup does not have to be in a woman's cosmetic bag. However, you can’t do without it if you need impeccable and persistent make-up.
It is important to know that many makeup bases necessarily contain silicones, so due to frequent use, skin pores can become clogged, which will provoke rashes on the face. To prevent this from happening, thoroughly cleanse your skin every evening and, if possible, use a make-up base, not every day.
How to choose a primer according to skin type?
Today, the beauty industry offers a large selection of makeup bases. You need to choose those products that are most suitable for the type and color of the skin.
For normal skin types, a brightening make-up base with sunscreen is ideal. A primer with reflective particles is also suitable.
For dry skin types, it is recommended to use light moisturizing makeup bases with a creamy or oily consistency. To give the face visual moisture, use a product with a shimmer.
For oily skin types, a make-up base is best suited to mattify and mask pores. It will control the appearance of oily sheen throughout the day. The primer can be either water-based or silicone-based. If the skin has inflammation and redness, use a base with a green tint.
For combination skin, you can take a mattifying makeup base and apply it only to problem areas. On other "dry" areas, use a moisturizing primer.
For sensitive skin, you will need a makeup base, with the function of protecting against toxins, toxins, and negative environmental factors. Look for fragrance-free products. If redness and inflammation often appear on the skin, choose a color-correcting primer with a green pigment.
Is there a difference between budget and luxury makeup bases?
Unfortunately, there is no definitive answer here. Choosing a good makeup base requires personal experience. The most important thing in any cosmetic product is how it suits your skin. Hence the relativity of rankings - what has become a panacea for a thousand lucky ones, for you may turn out to be a waste of money.
When choosing a primer, pay attention to the following:
- how effectively it evens out the complexion, hides skin imperfections;
- how long does it keep makeup in perfect condition;
- what type of skin is suitable for.
To make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of 19 good makeup bases, one of which is potentially suitable for you.
Face Primer Urban Defense Complexion Primer SPF 30, Urban Decay
It is a pleasure to apply it on the skin: the delicate gel texture does not leave any stickiness or film feeling! And the composition itself makes the skin smooth and prepares for the application of foundation, minimizing bumps and pores. You can be calm about the skin, especially in spring and summer: with this primer, care and sun protection are provided.
The basis for the perfect complexion Le Blanc de Chanel Multi-Use Illuminating Base, Chanel
This makeup base is indispensable for creating a flawless look, because it is suitable for any skin tone, hiding visible imperfections and gently illuminating the face. In addition, the product contains caring elements (witch hazel extract, licorice extract and a moisturizing complex) that help preserve the beauty of the skin.
Multifunctional primer Naked Face Balancing Primer, Holika Holika
This tool pleases even externally: inside the bottle there are capsules of three different shades, which, mixing when the dispenser is pressed, give a base that adapts to skin color. The mixture is dense enough to even out the microrelief of the face and last for several hours. Another plus is that you will need significantly less foundation, because the primer provides the necessary undertone.
Cellular Performance Glow Makeup Base Brightening Make-Up Base, Sensai
This base immediately deeply moisturizes, smoothes and brightens the skin, giving firmness and radiance - so that wrinkles and unevenness become less noticeable. A special complex of apricot essence, OH-neutralizer, hyaluronate and collagen stimulators helps the base to fight the first signs of aging. They prevent loss of tone and neutralize pigmentation.
Pore-covering makeup base Master Prime, Maybelline New York
This primer from Maybelline perfectly evens out the texture of the skin, giving it a delicate glow. And at the same time pleases with a very affordable price!
Waterproof face primer You better work! Gym-proof Primer Essence
Thanks to its special waterproof formula, this primer not only hides skin imperfections, but also prevents makeup from "floating" from sweat or heat - ideal for holidays or active workouts, if it is important for you to look "on parade". Bonus: UV filter with SPF 20.
Leveling face primer Prime and Fine Pore Refining Anti-Shine Base, Catrice
The lightweight texture of this primer ensures perfect pairing with any foundation and extra hold. No unwanted shine and enlarged pores!
Makeup base, concealing redness, Base Full HD 16 hours, Eveline
Worried about redness, vascular network and manifestations of rosacea? Then you need the Full HD Base 16 hours from Eveline - the perfect camouflage tool. By the way, she also mattes.
Makeup base Prisme Primer Color Correcting, Givenchy
This makeup base has a light, velvety texture, easy to apply and blends well. The coating is quite dense without the "mask effect". Moreover, this primer not only masks imperfections (it is especially good at fighting dark circles around the eyes), but also gives the skin elasticity over and over again due to vegetative
x extracts in the composition.
Face primer with reflective particles Perfect Glow Primer, Thalgo
Marine spring water and verbena extract, together with reflective particles and color-correcting pigment, give a stunning effect. Firstly, the caring ingredients really take care of the skin - and its natural color evens out over and over again. Secondly, the tone becomes radiant, as if glowing from within.
Primer for flawless skin Smooth Affair Facial Primer & Brightener, Jane Iredale
A sheer, mineral-based soft pink, this primer is virtually invisible on the skin, but that doesn't stop it from effectively tightening pores, unifying skin texture, and giving it a luxurious matte finish. In addition, the formula of the product is enriched with plant components that have an anti-aging effect. Namely - extracts of grapefruit, apple, green and white tea, algae and olive leaves.
Prelude in the Clouds Aqua Base, Rouge Bunny Rouge
This moisturizing foundation is 70% water and literally hydrates the skin for the whole day. Ideal as a make-up base! It contains extracts of sea buckthorn and Florentine iris root, bisabolol and vitamins A and E. With regular use, you will notice that your skin has become softer and more elastic, and inflammation and irritation have decreased.
Face primer Encre de Peau All Hours Primer, YSL Beauty
This base makes it easier to apply the foundation, makes it last longer and helps to keep the matte finish until the evening. Instant perfection for the whole day!
Mattifying base for makeup, masking pores Instant Poreless Pore-Blurring Matifying Primer, Clarins
Despite its light texture, Instant Poreless mattifying base erases pores like an eraser! Thanks to the universal shade, this tool can be used as a base for makeup, or solo. In any case, you are guaranteed perfectly smooth porcelain skin.
Makeup base Photo Finish Foundation Primer, Smashbox
With this primer, you don't need Photoshop or Facetune, because it not only prolongs the durability of makeup, but also visually fills pores and wrinkles, evening out skin texture and tone.
Leveling and illuminating makeup base Radiant Boost Face Base, Kiko Milano
This base visibly improves and refreshes the complexion due to its delicate pinkish tint. The lightweight formula helps the product absorb quickly, smoothing imperfections and giving the skin a slight shimmer.
Makeup base UV Master Primer, Giorgio Armani
Ideal if you are concerned about enlarged pores and uneven skin texture in general. The base will smooth out unevenness and give a soft natural glow, as if you just returned from vacation. Speaking of vacations, this foundation will also come in handy there, because it contains UVA and UVB filters that provide sun protection with an SPF 40 factor.
Aqua-fluid for the face Moisture Genius, L'Oreal
Innovations on guard of your beauty! This product, enriched with aloe juice and hyaluronic acid, immediately turns into a liquid upon contact with the skin and is instantly absorbed, moisturizing the skin, normalizing the hydro-lipid balance and preventing the appearance of oily sheen. Amazing combination of moisturizer and primer!
Moisturizing cream primer for face Hydro Priming Cream InBetween, Blithe
This tool is not just a primer, but a complete care that is suitable for both morning and evening use. Thanks to its elastic formula, this cream is suitable for any skin type, effectively smoothing its texture, correcting tone and mattifying. Bonus: nice lavender scent.
The pursuit of a quick tan can result in burns. To sunbathe with pleasure and without harming the skin, sunscreen for the face helps. How to choose this tool, and what to look for so as not to be disappointed in the purchase?
A wide range of sun protection products with different SPF levels is available in the Amoreshop online store.
What to look for when buying SPF creams
Sunburn is a side effect of prolonged sun exposure. The skin acquires a chocolate hue due to the production of melanin, which fights against the aggressive effects of ultraviolet radiation and protects the skin from photoaging, age spots, and premature wrinkles. Sunburn also prevents the development of melanoma.
Sun creams protect the skin from UVB rays, which make up 5% of all radiation that causes sunburn and skin tan. They also protect against UVA rays that penetrate deep into the skin and can lead to negative consequences in the future. There are some essential characteristics of creams that you need to pay attention to when buying.
Degree of protection
Sunscreens contain SPF, a sun protection factor that measures how long a person can stay in the sun before burning. The degree of protection against spectrum B rays, which cause redness and sunburn, can be different:
- SPF 2-4 protects against 50-75% of UV rays;
- Products provide medium protection with SPF up to 10;
- A high degree of protection is ensured if funds with SPF 10-20 are selected;
- Intensive protection is provided by SPF 20 or 30;
- Almost complete sun protection is provided by SPF 50.
The best face sunscreen for pigmentation, redness, and burns may contain physical or chemical filters. The former creates a kind of film on the skin, which, like a screen, displays the sun's UVB rays. These substances include titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.
Substances that form a chemical filter are benzophenone, avobenzone, and others. It is necessary to select products for your phototype and skin type and not strive for the highest degree of protection if it is not required.
Today, the beauty market offers budget sunscreens and mid-range and premium products. Each of these categories includes both favorites and underdogs. Therefore, it is essential to use this "cheat sheet" and familiarize yourself with the list of the best sunscreens.
Sunscreen in the summer should be in every woman's makeup bag. Today, brands even produce men's creams with SPF and sunscreen for the little ones. This means that each person can, if desired, protect themselves from sunburn.
1. Best sunscreen of all La Roche-Posay Anthelios Ultra SPF 50+
The best face sunscreen for every day, according to many people, is a light fluid from the French company La Roche Posay. The cream contains chemical and physical filters and provides a high degree of protection against UVA and UVB rays. It is presented in a small format, which allows you to take it with you on a trip.
- Suitable for different skin types;
- Easily distributed on the skin, without white streaks and oily sheen;
- It can be applied under makeup.
- Relatively high cost with a small volume.
2. Best Premium Sunscreen Helen Sole Bimbi SPF 50
The top sunscreen for the face includes a product that can be used even for children. It contains vitamin E, aloe vera juice, almond oil, and filters that prevent dryness and provide high protection from the sun's rays.
- It can be used on a baby's delicate skin
- The composition includes natural ingredients;
- The cream does not contain dyes, parabens, SLS, and other harmful substances.
- High price.
3. Best waterproof sunscreen Bioderma Photoderm MAX SPF 50
The best sunscreen for your face is bioderma. The product contains two filters of the latest generation - both physical and chemical. This is necessary for maximum protection.
- Suitable even for sensitive skin;
- It does not cause acne comedones;
- It can be used as a make-up base;
- It spreads well on the skin and lasts a long time;
- Not afraid of water.
- The skin remains shiny, which many do not like.
4. Biore UV Aqua Rich SPF 50
Another top face sunscreen comes from Biore. The Japanese brand offers a product with a light texture, quickly absorbed, and protects the skin from type A rays. Chemical filters provide Sun protection.
- Do not leave white marks on the skin;
- Resistant to water and sweat;
- Does not leave a radiant shine on the skin;
- Contains hyaluronic acid and plant extracts;
- Can be reapplied, layered, and not afraid that the cream rolls.
- The composition contains dimethicone - one of the most popular silicones in cosmetics. It is a synthetic polymer designed to soften the skin and hair and create a protective film, making it smooth and silky.
5. Best sunscreen for problem skin Premium Sunguard Oily Skin SPF 50
Not every best face sunscreen can be worn under makeup. But Premium Sunguard Oily Skin SPF 50 is a product that provides excellent protection against type A rays. It spreads evenly on the skin, regulates moisture levels, and is quickly absorbed.
- Suitable even for sensitive skin;
- Despite the dense texture, the product is easy to apply;
- There are no white spots left on the skin;
- Good for dry skin.
- Does not have a long-term effect; needs to be updated.
6. Best Moisturizing Sunscreen Librederm Bronzeada Full Spectrum Anti-Age SPF 30
With summer approaching, tanners are trying to figure out which sunscreen is best to be as comfortable on the beach as possible without getting sunburned.
Another leader in the middle price segment is Libriderm brand products. The cream contains a unique complex of substances that protect the skin from A and B spectrum radiation. Sunscreen can be used for various skin types.
- The composition contains plant extracts, oils, and vitamins;
- Waterproof effect;
- Reasonable cost and excellent quality;
- No filmy feeling on the skin.
- Due to the thick texture, it isn't easy to spread over the skin;
- Slightly brightens skin tone when placed on the face.
7. Best sunscreen for baby skin Weleda Edelweiss Sensitiv Sonnencreme SPF 50
High-quality sunscreens for children and babies are offered by the Swiss manufacturer Weleda. This cream contains natural ingredients, does not contain chemical filters, and is ideal for use by children, protecting them from the adverse effects of the sun.
- Does not contain chemicals and fragrances;
- Mineral UV filter provides sun protection;
- In the composition of sunflower extract and coconut oil, which helps to retain moisture in the skin;
- Moisture resistance.
- Not suitable if there is an individual intolerance to the components.
8. L'Oreal Paris Sublime Sun
A good sunscreen for the face is offered by the French brand L'Oreal Paris. The emulsion is suitable for both women and men. It provides reliable protection from the sun, and the skin acquires a uniform tan without burns and redness.
- An innovative formula that protects against UVA rays that provoke photoaging, the appearance of age spots and wrinkles;
- Large volume;
- Suitable for all skin types.
- Low SPF factor, so you have to renew the product on the skin.
9. The best budget sunscreen Biokon Cream-fluid for face and décolleté SPF 35
Among the budget representatives of sun creams, Biocon is the leader. The high design prevents Type A and B rays from harming the skin. The product is suitable even for sensitive and problematic skin.
- Affordable price;
- The presence of vitamin E;
- Convenient dispenser, which allows you to spend the product economically;
- Well, moisturizes the skin.
- You need to update the tool every 2 hours.
10. Uriage Bariesun SPF 50
French brand Uriage face sunscreen is an excellent option for people with sensitive skin. The product should be applied to the skin to provide maximum protection.
- Convenient dispenser;
- High degree of protection;
- As part of the thermal water Uriage;
- Suitable for use, even in damage to the face or after surgery.
- May leave a shine on the face.
How to choose the best sunscreen
Sunscreen in the warm season should be included in the daily care program. Dermatologists and cosmetologists explain that excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays does not benefit the skin. And before the holidays, you should buy the best sunscreen for your face.
Also, in the summer, it is recommended to use this type of care before each sun exposure to protect yourself from burns and premature skin aging.
Determine the phototype
Exposure to ultraviolet rays can affect people differently, depending on their phototypes. The amount of melanin in the skin of all people living in the world can be divided into six types:
Scandinavian or Celtic. They have light skin, light eyes, and hair. And prolonged exposure to the sun will undoubtedly cause burns.
Nordic, or light European. Such people have fair skin, and their hair can be blond or brown. They tan slightly but are also prone to sunburn.
Central European. These people have brown or dark hair and more melanin in their skin. They can stay in the sun for a while but also get burned if they sunbathe for a long time.
Mediterranean. These people have dark skin, dark eyes, and dark hair. They do not tan quickly and get burned only if it is boiling outside, or they do not use sunscreen.
Asian or Indonesian. People have skin with a yellowish undertone; they have dark eyes and dark or black hair. Their skin contains natural protection from sun exposure, so they rarely burn.
African American. They have dark brown or black skin, black hair, and dark eyes. Even prolonged exposure to the scorching sun does not get burned.
Choose between physical and chemical filters.
The best face sunscreens may contain physical or chemical filters. The former include zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. The bottom line is that these substances do not penetrate the skin but are on its surface. When distributed on the face, they can slightly whiten it. Also, people with sensitive skin sometimes cause inflammation because they lie in a dense layer on the surface of the epidermis.
There is a lot of controversy about chemical filters. Some people are reluctant to use such sunscreens because they fear that the substances can enter the bloodstream and cause harm to the body. And others boldly use sunscreens with chemical filters because they are well distributed on the skin and do not leave white marks and oily sheen. It is undesirable to use this product for people with allergies.
Select the degree of protection
When choosing a sunscreen, the best of the best, you need to pay attention to its degree of protection.
People with a Scandinavian or light European phototype are better off using products with maximum protection, even if the sun is not shining brightly outside. People with a Central European and Mediterranean phototype should use products with the security of at least 20 SPF if they stay in the sun for a long time.
People with dark skin can purchase products with a weak degree of protection of 5-10 SPF as a preventive measure against photoaging. Sunscreens with protection level 50 protect against 98% of solar radiation. To protect the body, you can use products with an SPF of 20-30.
Look at additional properties.
The best sunscreens always contain care ingredients that help moisturize and nourish the skin. Thanks to this, you can not use an additional one more emulsion.
Sunscreens also allow you to apply makeup. It is only essential to consider your skin type when choosing a product. For dry skin, the composition must contain moisturizing ingredients, for example, hyaluronic acid. For oily skin, it is better to choose light textures that will not clog pores. For sensitive or problematic skin, you need to select soft formulations with physical filters, so there are no allergic reactions or rashes.
Everything you need to know about photoaging and sun protection
Types of sun rays and their influence
All solar rays can be divided into three types depending on the wavelength. More than 95% of all ultraviolet radiation is UVA rays. They can penetrate glass and clothing and accelerate the aging process. These rays tend to accumulate in the deep layers of the skin, and after a few decades, a person who does not use sunscreen can get serious skin problems.
Type B rays affect only the epidermis and contribute to melanin production. They are responsible for the appearance of a tan on the skin, but if their adverse effects are not prevented, a person can get burned.
Another type of ray is UVC. But they do not penetrate the earth's surface, as they are absorbed in the atmosphere.
When choosing the best sunscreen, you need to pay attention to what type of radiation it will protect from.
Are sunscreens necessary in everyday life?
A good sunscreen never gets in the way of everyday life. Dermatologists recommend using products with UV protection, even if it's cloudy outside. Moreover, sunscreens can be used all year round. It is only essential to reduce the degree of protection in winter.
Thanks to such self-care, you can protect the skin from premature aging and avoid the occurrence of various dermatological diseases.
What is the UV index, and why is it important
Today, scientists can determine the degree of intensity of solar radiation at certain hours at a particular point on the globe. The resulting value is called the ultraviolet index. It must be taken into account when purchasing and using the best sunscreens.
If the UV index is high and its value is above three, sunscreen must be used. If the index is 1-2, we can talk about a safe time for sun exposure.
How to use SPF cream correctly.
It is essential not only to determine which sunscreen is best but also to learn how to use it correctly so that it does not harm the skin and brings tangible benefits.
Dermatologists recommend that you adhere to the following rules:
- It is advisable to apply the cream 15-20 minutes before sun exposure so that it has time to spread over the skin;
- Maximum protection is possible if sunscreen is applied in a dense layer;
- Every 2 hours, the product requires renewal on the skin, and it is advisable to wash off the first layer, if possible;
- Depending on the manufacturer, it is advisable to renew sunscreen after bathing or after a person sweats a lot.
Sunscreen and makeup
Cream sun protection, which manufacturers offer today, can be used in conjunction with foundation or powder. In this case, you can choose a decorative tool with SPF. If it is necessary to use skin care products, they are applied before distributing sun protection on the skin.
Popular sunscreen myths
#1: One tube of cream is enough for the whole summer
Sunscreen for the face is used several times during the day. And therefore, even a large volume is not enough for the entire summer - a maximum of one month. Health is not worth saving.
#2: Powder and foundation with SPF replace sunscreen
Even the best Korean foundation or powder cannot return SPF products that protect against sun exposure. Moreover, the biggest misconception is that the level of protection of different means is summed up.
#3: Sunscreen Doesn't Produce Vitamin D
Sunscreen face spray cannot interfere with the formation of vitamin D in the body. To start producing it, it is enough to stand in the sun for 10 minutes.
#4: Men Can Do Without Sunscreens
The sunscreen is intended for use by women only. Although less susceptible to the adverse effects, men's skin is still not worth giving up on sunscreens in the summer.
The modern beauty industry offers a vast selection of sunscreens. And each girl can decide for herself which cream suits her best. You need to pay attention to the emulsion's composition, consider your phototype and skin type and choose the most suitable type of filter. A quality product will protect against sunburn and give the skin a pleasant tan, but at the same time, it will protect against photoaging.
A trip to the sea is one of the best ways to relax and switch. Before you set off, pack your suitcase (thanks, cap). We know it isn't straightforward. Therefore, we have compiled a list of things that will make it easy to pack all the stuff.
Take a photo of the documents and upload them to your phone or cloud storage - in case the originals are lost, copies will remain, and they can be printed or sent.
Passports and their photocopies
It would help if you had a regular passport. Sometimes, you need a valid visa - if you go to the sea abroad. Make photocopies of the first page of your passport and the visa page - you can carry them with you instead of a document so as not to lose the originals.
Insurance must be taken out before the trip: sometimes, it is needed even when applying for a visa. What kind of insurance to arrange, read in our material.
Check with your carrier about online check-in - this is a very convenient procedure that reduces time in queues on the spot. You receive a boarding pass in advance by filling in the required data on the carrier's website. Check if you need to print tickets afterward or show them from the smartphone screen.
Voucher or printed reservations
Guarantee that you can check into the hotel. When booking a hotel, a confirmation voucher can be sent by mail to yourself and forwarded to fellow travelers - you will always have access to it, even if the Internet and connection are lost.
Don't forget your driver's license if you plan to rent a car. They must be international if the trip is overseas.
When choosing clothes, focus on the main pastime. If you spend more time at sea or by the pool, a couple of dresses and shorts with T-shirts will suffice. If there are excursions and trips to nature, you also need to take clothes suitable for such walks.
Road clothes set
Decide what you're going to do. It should be comfortable clothing made of light fabric you feel comfortable on the road.
We bathe in one, dry in the other. A unique cosmetic bag for a swimsuit will also come in handy; you can buy one in a lingerie store.
Pair of T-shirts and skirt/shorts
Choose versatile items that blend well, dry quickly, and don't wrinkle.
One set for each day.
To keep your socks from taking up space in your suitcase, roll them up and put them inside the shoes you take with you.
Light pajamas or a long T-shirt for comfortable sleep.
Long pants and a light jacket/jacket
For chilly evenings or a day trip to the mountains.
Shirt or blouse with long sleeves
In case you get burned and need to escape from the sun.
Clothing for a restaurant or a disco
In many hotels, thematic performances, animations, or dances are arranged in the evenings. It would help if you had something neat and intelligent, but not too much.
Flip-flops or flip-flops are needed for the beach, the pool, and sometimes to take a shower in the room.
Formal and weekend shoes, so as not to be ashamed to go to a bar (some are not allowed in flip flops) or to the terrace in a cafe.
Comfortable shoes for excursions
Worn-out sneakers or sneakers in which you can walk all day without fear of rubbing your feet.
Cap or hat
A cap, hat, or Panama hat will protect against sunstroke.
Not only a fashion accessory but also an irreplaceable thing that protects the eyes from bright light and ultraviolet radiation.
Collect a separate cosmetic bag with hygiene products - it is more convenient to store all the tubes and jars in one place, so they do not hang around the suitcase. And it will also save your things if something spills along the way.
Toothbrushes and toothpaste
Everyone takes a brush, and the paste is in a large tube, one for all participants in the trip.
Shampoo, shower gel, washcloth, deodorant, tonic, or facial wash
Pour the liquid into small jars, and what you can take for everyone, take in a single copy. Remember that if any bottles travel in hand luggage, they must be less than 100 ml. By the way, if you go to an excellent hotel and there are bath accessories, you don’t need to drag some of this, and you can even take something with you as a keepsake. What can and cannot be taken from the hote?hoteldd here.
Better folding, which does not take up much space in hand luggage.
Antibacterial hand gel
It is convenient to carry with you, as it is not always possible to wash your hands on the way, and napkins run out quickly.
Check if your hotel provides towels. If yes, but yours out of your luggage! If you still want to take your own, take a microfiber towel: it is light and dries quickly.
Lenses and solutions for them
We take at least two pairs of spare lenses, as well as a small jar of the solution so that it is enough for the duration of the trip. Alternatively, buy a pack of one-day lenses.
At least sunscreen, after-sun cream, and lip balm with SPF. How to choose the proper sun protection, read here.
To sunbathe. A towel is also suitable for this business, but if several people or a large company are traveling with you, it is better to take a light blanket (but not woolen!).
Go for the paperback one - it weighs less than a hardcover book. And if you plan to read the entire list of books for the summer, think about an e-book - why drag a whole library when you can download several volumes of your favorite authors at once and not worry that the reading has ended on the first day.
Great idea to avoid buying extra plastic bottles. And with a thermos, the water will always be cold - the most it is in the heat!
They take up little space in the backpack and guarantee a fun time on the beach.
Mask, fins, water slippers, air mattress
Take it with you if you do not want to spend money and buy these things on the beach.
It is convenient to wear to the beach - you will add everything according to the list above.
First aid kit
No one is immune to headaches, fever, or indigestion while on vacation. Therefore, collect proven tablets in your first-aid kit that is beyond doubt (why your first-aid kit is always better, we tell here). There are pharmacies everywhere, but finding an analog of Russian medicine is not always easy.
From indigestion, colds, runny nose, allergies, motion sickness, antipyretic, analgesic. Check that the names are well read and you know what each drug is from and what dosage.
Get a set of patches in different sizes and callus patches if you plan on walking a lot.
Panthenol or "Rescuer" will do if you do not calculate the time in the sun and get burned.
Buy iodine or brilliant green in pencil - they won't spill in your luggage and won't ruin your things.
Eye and ear drops
There is a lot of dust everywhere, and seawater can stuff your ears, so put saving drops with you.
If you have specific allergies or asthma, medications should be on hand. This applies to those that are needed in an emergency and those pills that are taken constantly.
Put gadgets in waterproof cases and chargers in a separate bag so the wires do not bend.
A necessary thing: this is a connection, and a camera, and a player, and a flashlight, and a navigator, and a notepad for notes. Install valuable applications on the road, such as offline maps or a reader - everything you need is collected in the article.
To listen to music or audiobooks on the go.
Camera and memory card
If you think the camera in the phone is not enough, we advise you to take a small camera instead of heavy photographic equipment. Why burden yourself with extra weight on vacation?
Chargers and batteries
Check if all gadgets are charged and if all wires are working.
Powerbank (external battery)
To recharge your gadgets on the go. A small power bank with a capacity of 5000-10,000 mAh is suitable. Enough for one or two charges during the day.
There are 15 types of sockets in the world; for example, in India, Italy, Israel, and Cyprus, they differ. Familiarize yourself with the types of sockets in advance so as not to look for an adapter on the spot if you are unsure if your adapter will fit the sockets in the hotel.
How and where to store valuables on a trip on a sea holiday, we tell here.
Preferably two different payment systems, such as Visa and Mastercard. In case of failure of one, it will be possible to use a spare. Remember to notify your bank if you are going abroad.
Remember: you never need to carry all your cash with you. Put the money in different places (of course, not in the luggage you will hand over!). For example, you can hide in a secret pocket of a backpack you take with you in hand luggage.
Take dollars or euros, or any other currency depending on your destination.
What to take a woman
Pareo or sundress
It is convenient to throw over a swimsuit to go to the beach or the pool.
A small bag
A small bag will be handy to add the necessary little things for a walk around the city.
Remember that neither a nail file, scissors, orezers in hand luggage will be allowed on the plane - put them in your suitcase.
A minimum of cosmetics, let the skin rest. Choose travel options for your favorite cream or perfume - they are more compact and take up less space in your cosmetic bag.
Funds for critical days
Take what suits you.
What to take a man
Razor and shaving foam
We put it in a suitcase.
It is smaller than a backpack. We hide everything necessary inside: phone, documents, keys, and money.Such a bagt is v, very convenient for boat trips, rides, and cycling trips.
What to take if you are traveling with children
Documents for a child
Birth certificate, consent to travel (to some countries), if the children are traveling with one parent, and a new passport (you can only enter a child in an old passport
In principle, the list of clothes at the beginning of our article is also suitable for children. Remember that the smaller the child, the faster he gets things dirty. Therefore, take additional sets of children's clothing, warm socks, tights for girls, and trousers for boys. Also, children burn faster in the sun, so they take light sweaters and shirts.
Favorite toy with which the child falls asleep or without which he refuses to leave the house.
Diapers and other necessary
In order not to lug a supply of diapers for the whole vacation, find out if the right ones are sold in the place where you are going. You will probably find some diapers, but if you have preferences, it is better to take care of them in advance.
Waterproof sheets or diapers
You can lay it in transport or on a bed in a hotel.
Baby food, bib, and bottle
Baby food for babies under two years old can be taken in hand luggage, but only in the amount needed for the flight's duration (even if the capacity is more than 100 ml). With a bib, clothes can be changed less often, and the bottle will come in handy to dilute the formula for feeding.
Moisturizing - after water procedures, anti-inflammatory - with skin irritation, protective - from moisture loss, wind, and sun.
Armlets or rubber band
To swim safely.
Pencils, sketchbook, coloring book
Consider your child's leisure time. We told in our article about the things that will entertain the child on a trip.
What to take in transport
Whether you are traveling by car, train, bus, or plane, take with you:
Paper tissues and wet wipes
An absolute must-have anytime, anywhere!
An inflatable pillow, earplugs, and a sleep mask will protect your sleep in transport from bright light and noise and save you from a stiff neck.
In case the air conditioner will work to its fullest. Life hack: the blanket can then be used as a blanket to sunbathe on the beach.
Change of shoes
Cloth slippers to rest your feet.
Lollipops and snacks
Valuable to kill a worm.
Tablet with movies and games
To keep yourself and the kids busy on a long trip.
What not to take
Hair dryer and iron
If there is no hair dryer and iron in the room, you can ask for them at the reception. If you rent an apartment on the sea, you should ask the owners about their availability.
Umbrella (beach or rain)
A beach umbrella can be rented on the beach or bought locally, so you don't have to carry it in your hand luggage. And an umbrella from the rain at sea is unlikely to be helpful to you.
Check the laws of flying on drones where you are going (they are prohibited somewhere above the cities), as well as the rules for transporting quadrocopters on airplanes - we talk about all the nuances of using drones while traveling in the article.
You're going on vacation, not to work!
Leave them at home if you don't want to constantly worry about your gold rings and earrings left in the room.
Recheck the weather forecast and consider whether you need a warm sweater and jeans for the sea.
Evening dresses and stilettos
You can get by with sandals from the list of basic clothes and a short cocktail dress if you are planning parties in expensive restaurants and trips to discos.
So let's check again if everything is ready for the holidays
- The documents
- Swimsuit and swimming trunks
- Flip-flops and spare shoes
- Chargers and adapter
- Travel first aid kit
- Travel set
- Bath accessories
The most important thing is to take a good mood on vacation. Rest will not be pleasant if you worry about things forgotten at home. Almost everything from the list above can be bought on the spot, so sit back and relax!