We finally celebrated the new 2022 year. Astronomers say that we will have at least 5 unmissable events that you have to watch in 2022 in terms of stargazing. The coming year offers many heavenly delights for those who observe the sky. We will have, including two months of bleeding, partial solar eclipses and several planetary encounters.
The year 2022 is full of astrological events
In 2022, the night sky promises to be full of cosmic wonders. The total lunar eclipses, nicknamed the "Bloody Moon" for the intense red hue that the Moon takes when bathed in the shadow of the Earth, will be visible to billions of people.
Shining stars will pass through the sky without the bright moon drowning out the light. And sky observers can watch a cluster of five of the brightest neighboring planets, all visible to the naked eye.
Under the right conditions, distant Uranus could even join the other five visible planets, being seen as a small point of green light in the sky. Here is an overview of some of the most spectacular celestial phenomena worth circling in your calendar for next year.
On January 3 and 4, a rain of Quadrantid meteorites reaches its peak
For viewers in the northern hemisphere, the first major meteor shower in 2022, Quadrantidele, peaked on the night of January 3 and in the early hours of the morning of January 4. The thin, crescent-shaped moon will set early in the evening, leaving a dark sky ideal during peak hours between midnight and dawn.
This New Year's rain is known to produce brighter-than-average shooting stars, with 25 to 100 visible meteors per hour, depending on local light pollution.
Quadrantids take their name from the former constellation Quadrans Muralis, and the flaming space rocks appear to radiate from the northeast of the sky, right next to the handle of the Great Chariot.
Like all meteor showers, the best way to see as many shooting stars as possible is to find a place to watch away from the city lights and wait about 20 minutes for your eyes to fully adjust to the darkness of the sun. at the end of the night or before dawn.
Between March 24 and April 5, 2022, Venus, Mars and Saturn in a planetary dance
From late March to early April, those who wake up early in both hemispheres will be able to see some of the brightest neighboring planets performing a majestic celestial ballet.
Look at the low sky in the southeast about an hour before the local sunrise to catch Venus, Mars and Saturn grouped in a tight triangular group. On March 27 and 28, the rising moon will pass the planetary party.
Observers of the sky watching the planets from one morning to the next will notice that their positions will change. The planets will form a triangle that will change its angles until after April 1, when the trio will appear in a straight line.
In early April, you can also see how Saturn will approach Mars until the two appear next to each other between April 3 and 5. The two planets will appear closest on April 4, when they will be separated by only half a degree of arc, equal to the width of the full moon.
On April 30 we will have the first partial solar eclipse
Two partial solar eclipses, when the Moon blocks part of the solar disk in the sky, will occur in 2022. The first will be visible in southern South America, parts of Antarctica and parts of the Pacific and Southern Oceans.
On April 30, the Moon will pass between the Earth and the Sun, the maximum eclipse will take place at 20:41 UT, when up to 64% of the solar disk will be covered by the Moon. To see the largest magnitude of the eclipse, spectators will have to be positioned in the southern ocean, west of the Antarctic Peninsula.
However, those who watch the eclipse in the southernmost parts of Chile and Argentina will be able to see about 60 percent of the sun covered by the moon.
Goggles are needed to safely see all phases of a partial solar eclipse. Even though the sun may not appear as bright in the sky, looking directly at it can seriously hurt your eyes, so if you plan to see the eclipse on April 30, be sure to wear goggles that meet international safety standards.
On October 25, the second partial solar eclipse
On October 25, the Moon will bite from the Sun, when a partial eclipse of the Sun will cover the sky in most of Europe and the Middle East, as well as parts of West Asia, North Africa and Greenland.
Similar to the April 30 partial eclipse, this October event will take place when the Moon partially blocks the solar disk, as seen from Earth. Up to 86% of the sun will be covered for spectators in parts of Eurasia.
The moon's silhouette will begin to block some of the sun at 8:58 UT, and the maximum eclipse will occur at 11:00 UT. People in North and South America will not be lucky in this eclipse, because the partial solar eclipse will take place during the night in America.
The next solar eclipse for those looking at the sky west of the Atlantic will take place only on October 14, 2023, when an annular eclipse, or "ring of fire", will be visible.
On November 7th and 8th we will have a total lunar eclipse
Residents of North and South America, Australia, Asia and parts of Europe will have the opportunity to watch the red moon for the second time in 2022, when a total lunar eclipse will occur during the night of November 7 and 8.
In the western United States and Canada, in eastern Russia, in New Zealand, and in parts of eastern Australia, those looking at the sky will have the opportunity to see the entire eclipse unfold.
Meanwhile, eastern North America and most of South America will be able to watch partial phases of the eclipse as the moon sets in the west.
The moon will begin to darken along its edge on November 8 at 3:03 a.m. PT, and then its entire disk will plunge into the deepest central portion of the Earth's shadow at 2:59 a.m. PT. The eclipse will end at 3:41 a.m. PT, ending another wonderful year of stargazing, according to National Geographic.
The year 2022, a year of astronomical spectacle. The important thing is to have luck and clear skies so that we can see them in all their splendor.
Let’s look back at the most beautiful lunar eclipses in history.
The longest partial lunar eclipse of 2021
The longest partial lunar eclipse in the last 580 years occurred in 2021. The spectacular phenomenon, also called the "Blood Moon" due to the reddish light surrounding the Moon, was visible throughout North America as well as in some parts of the world. South America, East Australia and Northeast Asia.
The whole event lasted just over six hours, and the Moon spent three hours, 28 minutes and 23 seconds passing through the darkest part of the Earth's shadow. It was the longest partial lunar eclipse since 1440, according to NASA.
The eclipse, at its peak with 99.1% of the visible surface of the moon covered (Friday 09:03 GMT), was also visible by part of Northeast Asia, Polynesia and eastern Australia, but not from Europe or Africa.
Total lunar eclipse of 2019
Residents of much of Europe, West Africa, the Americas, and some parts of Asia were admiring a total lunar eclipse in clear skies.
It was the last such phenomenon that occurred before 2022.
For Europeans and Africans, the total eclipse occurred at the end of the night, shortly before sunrise. The eclipse was less visible in the eastern part of the two continents, due to the appearance of dawn.
For North and South Americans, the eclipse was visible in its early or midnight.
The full moon was in the shadow of the Earth from 03:34 GMT to 06:51 GMT.
During the first hour of this interval, it was gradually "blocked" from the left. The eclipse was total for one hour, starting at 04:41 GMT, according to NASA's timeframes.
The total phase of the eclipse was about three quarters of an hour shorter than that of the great eclipse of July 2018, which remained the longest in the 21st century.
During the total eclipse, the Moon was not visible, but appeared red in the night sky, as it happens during all total eclipses.
This coloration was due to the fact that the sun's rays no longer touched it directly. Instead, a small portion of the red rays of the light spectrum was filtered by the Earth's atmosphere and refracted to the moon (blue rays diverge outward), the same phenomenon that colors the sunrises and sunsets seen from Earth in red.
Total lunar eclipse of 2018
The lunar eclipse of July 27, 2018 was the second lunar eclipse of 2018. It was the second total eclipse, out of a series of three, which occurred at an interval of about six months. There was also a total central eclipse, with the Moon passing through the center of the Earth's shadow. It was the first central lunar eclipse since June 15, 2011.
Because it occurred when the Moon was nearing its peak, this eclipse was the longest total lunar eclipse of the 21st century, with a total phase of almost 103 minutes.
Eclipse of July 27, 2018. Friday night to Saturday was a unique astronomical event of this century. A total lunar eclipse took place on July 27, 2018, which was the longest in the 21st century.
Also called the "Blood Moon", the lunar eclipse of July 27, 2018 was the second total lunar eclipse that year and the third in a series of total eclipses that occur between 2017 and 2019.
In total, the astral phenomenon from the night of July 27 to 28 lasted 374 minutes, respectively 6 hours and 16 minutes. The Moon was in the shadow of our planet for 3 hours and 56 minutes.
The totality of the lunar eclipse of July 27, 2018 lasted 103 minutes, being the longest in the century 2000-2100, but with a small difference from the eclipses of June 26, 2029 and July 7, 2047, which will have totalities lasting 102 minutes.
Lunar eclipse through the twilight of 2016
On March 23, was the first lunar eclipse in the twilight of 2016. The eclipse coincided with another spectacular astronomical phenomenon. The lunar eclipse began on Wednesday.
The astronomical phenomenon was visible only for a few minutes in Asia, Australia, North America, South America, the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and Antarctica, because at that time, the Earth was between the Moon and the Sun and the shadow. The earth covered the lunar disk in a proportion of 77.5%.
A full astronomical phenomenon took place in the full moon eclipse through the penumbra. Jupiter was much brighter than usual, and after the moon was closest to the moon, it was looking like a big star, shining right next to the full moon, slightly dimmed. Jupiter was at its maximum brightness (apparent magnitude of -2.5), while the full moon, even during the eclipse, was still extremely bright, with a magnitude of -12.4.
Total lunar eclipse from 2010
The total lunar eclipse was the second that year after the partial eclipse of June 26, 2010.
In Europe, the beginning of the lunar eclipse was visible before sunrise only in the Scandinavian Peninsula.
This was the first lunar eclipse to occur on the day of the winter solstice in 1638. The next such lunar eclipse will occur in 2094.
The previous total lunar eclipse occurred almost two years ago, on February 21, 2008.
2011 began with a partial solar eclipse on January 4, followed by two more total lunar eclipses on June 15, 2011 and December 10, 2011.
The moment of totality is spectacular because the Moon had shades of orange-red-brick. The disc was not colored and evenly lit, the part closer to the center of the shadow was darker (the bottom of the disc).
Lunar Eclipse - An eclipse that occurs when the Moon enters the cone of the shadow cast by the Earth. The diameter of the Earth's shadow spot at a distance of 363,000 km (the minimum distance of the Moon from the Earth) is about 2.5 times the diameter of the Moon, so that the entire Moon can be shaded. At each moment of the eclipse, the degree of coverage of the lunar disk by the earth's shadow is expressed by the phase of the eclipse. The magnitude of the phase is determined by the distance 0 from the center of the moon to the center of the shadow. In astronomical calendars, the values of Ф and 0 are given for different moments of the eclipse.
When the Moon completely falls into the shadow of the Earth during an eclipse, they speak of a total lunar eclipse, when partially - a partial eclipse. A lunar eclipse can be observed in half of the Earth's territory (where at the time of the eclipse the Moon is above the horizon). The view of the shadowy moon from any point of view is negligibly different from another point and is the same. The maximum theoretically possible duration of the total phase of a lunar eclipse is 108 minutes; such were, for example, the lunar eclipses of August 13, 1859 and July 16, 2000.
During an eclipse (even a total one), the Moon does not disappear completely, but turns dark red. This is explained by the fact that the Moon continues to shine even in the total eclipse phase. The sun's rays that pass tangentially to the earth's surface are scattered in the Earth's atmosphere and due to this scattering they partially reach the moon. Because the Earth's atmosphere is most transparent to the rays of the red-orange part of the spectrum, these rays reach the surface of the Moon to a greater extent during an eclipse, which explains the color of the lunar disk. In fact, it is the same effect as the red-orange glow of the sky near the horizon (dawn) before sunrise or even after sunset. The Danjon scale is used to assess the brightness of the eclipse.
Bemorepanda collected 50 interesting facts about the full moon eclipse, that you can check below.
1. An observer on the Moon, at the time of a total (or partial, if on the shaded side of the Moon) of a lunar eclipse sees a total solar eclipse (the eclipse of the Sun by the Earth).
2. If the Moon falls in the partial shadow of the Earth only partially, a partial eclipse is observed. With it, part of the Moon is dark and part, even in the maximum phase, remains in partial shade and is illuminated by the sun's rays.
3.There is a penumbra around the cone of the Earth's shadow - a region of space where the Earth hides the Sun only partially. If the Moon passes through the penumbra but does not enter the shadow, a penumbral eclipse occurs. With this, the brightness of the moon decreases, but insignificantly: such a decrease is almost imperceptible to the naked eye and is recorded only by instruments. Only when the moon in a penumbral eclipse passes by the cone of full shadow, with a clear sky, can you notice a slight darkening on one edge of the lunar disk.
4. At least two lunar eclipses occur each year, however, due to the mismatch of the plans of the lunar and terrestrial orbits, their phases differ.
5. Eclipses are repeated in the same order every 6585 days (or 18 years 11 days and 8 hours - a period called saros). By knowing where and when a total lunar eclipse was observed, you can determine the exact time of subsequent and previous eclipses, which are clearly visible in this area.
6. This cyclical nature often helps the exact date of the events described in the historical annals.
7. The eclipse, whether solar or lunar, has always frightened and delighted mankind. From a scientific point of view, this is an astronomical phenomenon, during which one celestial body shuts off the flow of light to another and visually creates the impression that the planets are disappearing.
8. Any processes and phenomena that occur on and around the Earth have a certain conditioned influence on our planet and its inhabitants. Solar and lunar eclipses can cause various types of cataclysms, as well as changes in the psychological and physiological health of people.
9. During a total lunar eclipse, the Moon disappears completely into the shadow of the Earth. The total phase of a lunar eclipse lasts much longer than the total phase of a solar eclipse.
10. The shape of the edge of the earth's shadow during lunar eclipses served the ancient Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle as one of the strongest proofs of the Earth's sphericity. The philosophers of ancient Greece calculated that the Earth is about three times the size of the Moon, simply based on the duration of eclipses (the exact value of this coefficient is 3.66).
11. The moon at the time of a total lunar eclipse is actually devoid of sunlight, so a total lunar eclipse is visible from anywhere in the Earth's hemisphere. The eclipse begins and ends simultaneously for all geographical points. However, the local time for this phenomenon will be different.
12. As the Moon moves from west to east, the left edge of the Moon first enters the shadow of the earth.
13. An eclipse can be total or partial, depending on whether the Moon enters the shadow of the Earth completely or passes near its edge.
14. The closer the lunar eclipse is to the lunar node, the greater its phase. Finally, when the lunar disk is covered not by a shadow but by a penumbra, penumbra eclipses occur. It is difficult to see them with the naked eye.
15. During an eclipse, the Moon hides in the shadow of the Earth and, it seems, should disappear from view every time, because the Earth is opaque. However, the Earth's atmosphere scatters the sun's rays, which hit the moon's eclipsing surface, "bypassing" the Earth.
16. The reddish color of the disc is due to the fact that the red and orange rays pass best through the atmosphere. The reddish color of the disk during a total lunar eclipse is due to the scattering of sunlight in the Earth's atmosphere.
17. Each lunar eclipse is different in terms of the distribution of brightness and color in the shadow of the earth. The color of the eclipsed moon is often estimated according to a special scale proposed by French astronomer André Danjon:
0 points - the eclipse is very dark, in the middle of the eclipse the Moon is almost or completely invisible.
1 point - the eclipse is dark, gray, the details of the lunar surface are completely invisible.
2 points - the eclipse is dark red or reddish, a darker part is seen near the center of the shadow.
3 points - a red-brick eclipse, the shadow is surrounded by a gray or yellowish edge.
4 points - a copper-red eclipse, very bright, the outer area is light, bluish.
18. If the plane of the Moon's orbit coincided with the plane of the ecliptic, then the lunar eclipses would be repeated every month. But the angle between these planes is 5 °, and the Moon crosses the ecliptic twice a month only at two points, called the nodes of the lunar orbit. Even ancient astronomers knew about these knots, calling them the Dragon's Head and Tail (Rahu and Ketu). For a lunar eclipse to occur, the moon on a full moon must be close to the node of its orbit.
19. There are usually 1-2 lunar eclipses per year. In a few years it may not be at all and sometimes the third one happens. In the rarest cases, there is a fourth eclipse, but only a partial penumbra.
20. The period of time after which the moon returns to its node is called the draconian moon, which is 27.21 days. After this time, the Moon crosses the ecliptic at a point offset from the previous 1.5 ° westward passage. The phases of the month are repeated on average every 29.53 days (synodic month). The time interval of 346.62 days in which the center of the Sun's disk passes through the same node of the lunar orbit is called the draconian year.
21. The recurrence period of eclipses - saros - will be equal to the time period after which the beginning of these three periods will coincide. Saros in ancient Egyptian means "repetition." Long before our era, even in antiquity, it was established that saros lasts 18 years 11 days 7 hours. Saros includes: 242 draconian months or 223 synodic months or 19 draconian years. During each Saros 70 to 85 eclipses occur; of these, there are usually about 43 solar and 28 monthly.
22. During the year, the seven largest eclipses can occur - either five solar and two lunar, or four solar and three lunar. The minimum number of eclipses per year is two solar eclipses. Solar eclipses occur more often than lunar eclipses, but are rarely observed in the same area, as these eclipses are only visible in a narrow band of the moon's shadow. At a certain point on the surface, a total solar eclipse is observed on average once every 200-300 years.
23. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon, and the Earth's shadow falls on the Moon. This happens on a full moon if it is observed near the lunar node. A lunar eclipse affects the psyche to a greater extent than life's plan of events, giving rise to a feeling of excruciating anxiety and a desire to do something without a clear understanding of the meaning and purpose of actions. Under a lunar eclipse, people experience a wave of emotions, there are illusions about partners and their own role in relationships
24. A solar eclipse can only occur on a new moon. A lunar eclipse can only occur on a full moon.
25. The moon governs everything related to the interests of the home and motherhood and represents the external part of a person's personality. Personality is what we see in the external expression (appearance, words, deeds), that is, everything that distinguishes one person from another.
26. The moon governs the stomach, breast, fertility, household, maternal instinct, adaptation to everyday circumstances, popularity. It has a significant impact on the general, mundane activities of everyday life.
27. The sun rules character, personality (what we really are), power and authority, authority among others. The sun means the influence of high-ranking people and the occupation of high positions.
28. Everything that happens a week before the eclipse has a completely different quality from what happens a week later. Events that occur a week before an eclipse can rarely be reconciled with how they were planned. They get out of control, gaining about higher purpose and higher speed.
29. Everything that happens on the day of the eclipse itself is endowed with fatal significance and is almost out of human control. During an eclipse, we are aware of the information that may have been available to us before, but for one reason or another did not reach our consciousness. Therefore, important decisions should be made in the week after the eclipse.
30. Solar and lunar eclipses affect differently. Solar eclipses stimulate a crisis of consciousness, change our internal attitudes, bringing events that we did not consciously cause, dictated by external circumstances. Situations conditioned by karmic predestination are made here.
31. Lunar eclipses are more associated with events caused by our thoughts and feelings. These indicate the area of daily life where the changes caused by the solar eclipse will take place.
32. If a lunar eclipse precedes a solar eclipse, the situation in a certain area of life reaches a critical point, requiring reorganization and pushing to rethink and seek a new approach to the time of the solar eclipse following the moon. If a solar eclipse is followed by a lunar eclipse, what will be determined at the beginning of the cycle will inevitably manifest itself in the next lunar eclipse - new conscious attitudes will be realized or rejected in situations that will determine the next stage of life. This can be a time of important choices and life-changing decisions.
33. Unlike a solar eclipse, a lunar eclipse is the completion of a stage in our lives. The Enlightenment came to the opposition - after passing this point, the Moon begins its journey back to the Sun.
34. A lunar eclipse is a time of maximum illumination, manifestation of questions and problems. This is a crisis in which something will be drastically changed or thrown away. One way or another, the circumstances will not remain the same. This is the time when relationship issues, legal disputes and open conflicts come to the fore. It is the most public and public time of the year, revealing information that could have remained hidden for a long time. The information spreads instantly, becoming public knowledge. The secret can be revealed. If you've been looking for someone or something, you might find it during a lunar eclipse. Carries out long-term projects and tasks. It can bring a long-awaited meeting or it can end a long-awaited breakup.
35. A lunar eclipse is a time of public outcry, termination of contracts or, conversely, mergers and acquisitions of parties. Although the conflict, clarifying the positions of the parties, is often a way to resolve the issue, however, it should be remembered that at this time the emotional tension is too strong, so beware of making spontaneous decisions. What will be destroyed during this period is difficult to restore.
36. A lunar eclipse is a cosmic phenomenon that occurs when the moon falls in the shadow of the earth. Moreover, as in the case of the Sun, events may have more development options.
37. Depending on some factors, a lunar eclipse can be total or partial. Logically, we can well assume what this term or another that characterizes a particular eclipse means.
38. A total lunar eclipse is a lunar eclipse that is usually seen where it is above the horizon at the right time. The satellite is in the shadow of the Earth, but a total eclipse is not able to completely hide the Moon. In this case, it fades only slightly, acquiring a dark, reddish hue. This is because even when it is completely in the shade, the lunar disk does not cease to be illuminated by the sun's rays passing through the Earth's atmosphere.
39. The partial lunar eclipse is in the case of the Sun, the darkness of the visible surface of the Moon is often incomplete. We can observe a partial eclipse when only part of the Moon is in the shadow of the Earth. This means that when part of the satellite is eclipsed, that is, shaded by our planet, then the second part of it continues to be illuminated by the Sun and remains clearly visible to us.
40. The penumbral eclipse, which differs from other astronomical processes, will seem much more interesting and unusual. This type of eclipse of the Earth's satellite occurs slightly differently than partially. From open sources or from our own experience, it is easy to see that there are areas on the surface of the Earth where the sun's rays are not completely hidden and therefore cannot be a shadow. But even here there is no passage of direct sunlight. This is the region of the penumbra. And when the Moon, caught right in this place, is in the penumbra of the Earth, we can observe an eclipse of the penumbra.
41. It's unbelievable, but true: the number of solar eclipses is greater, even if the Moon is smaller than After all, knowing what an eclipse is and why it occurs, one might think that the shadow of a larger object is more likely to cover a smaller one than the other way around. Based on this logic, the size of the Earth makes it possible to hide the lunar disk in the shortest time.
42. For those who have extraordinary abilities, the lunar eclipse can present a surprise in the form of doubling the extrasensory abilities, increasing the acuity of perception and intuition.
43. In the Middle Ages, mankind feared seriously for its present and future in times of eclipse, seeing only the negative consequences. Today, old prejudices have sunk in the summer, and modern science has begun to defend the interests of humanity. Long-term studies have shown that solar eclipses carry various energies. The influence of eclipses in a balanced way is both positive and negative. To smooth over the latter, esotericism is recommended to follow certain rules associated with some restrictions that are not typical of everyday life.
44. The lunar eclipse also, according to scientific research, helps to drive away the old resentment from your conscience, to reduce the feeling of guilt for past mistakes, regardless of their severity. Anything negative can lead to destruction and chaos. The energy of the eclipse will help to release the accumulated negative energy and, in return, will gain a positive and an unprecedented inspiration. In a lunar eclipse, it is advisable to forgive your criminals.
45. Lunar eclipses are as old as our planet (and the moon itself), and the moon has long played a role in shaping people's religious beliefs. So it's no wonder that lunar eclipses - especially the spectacular one in the world on Friday - have a serious history behind them.
46. The lunar cycle changes the quality of the light at night, and an eclipse temporarily throws the entire cycle out of the highest path. So it is no wonder that an eclipse can affect nocturnal species. Lemurs, for example, stop their activity altogether (maybe those big eyes aren't that great without moonlight?) While bats increase their activity before and after the eclipse to go hunting.
47. Record duration! The longest total solar eclipse in the last 100 years was on July 22, 2009. It has been admired in India, Nepal, Bhutan and China. The total dark phase lasted up to 6 minutes and 29 seconds.
48. The only place in the solar system where an eclipse can be seen is the Earth. However, some planets also have spectacular phenomena. A triple eclipse can occur on Jupiter at the same time, because it has several satellites. The phenomenon can be observed from Earth with the help of a telescope.
49. The lunar eclipse occurs when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are placed on an axis, in that order. At a lunar eclipse, the phase of the moon will always be a "full moon".
50. The moon is moving away from the Earth! This phenomenon is proven and it has been estimated that over 600 million years ago, the Moon will be so far away that we will not see a total solar eclipse. A solar eclipse is likely to be visible twice from the same place for 360 years, however, in Carbondale, Illinois, a solar eclipse will be observed in 2017, and in 2024 the second will be observed.