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20-interesting-facts-about-fiji-the-archipelago-of-south-pacific-ocean

The Fiji Islands are among those countries that are rarely interested in anyone other than those who already live here. Perhaps in vain - this is a very interesting place, and it is definitely worth visiting here at least once in your life.

 

Fiji is one of the best known and most developed states in the Pacific, and its main islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for most of the land and concentrate over 90% of the total population. The island's inhabitants are a mixture of Indians, Polynesians and Malaysians and have one of the highest living standards in Oceania, although the country has suffered from ethnic conflicts at the end of the last century. The relief of these islands is volcanic, and the maximum height is on the island of Viti Levu where there is also the capital Suva (Tomaniivi peak 1,424 m high).

 

Bemorepanda collected top facts about Fiji Islands.

 

1. Over the past century and a half, the state of Fiji has changed five names.

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2. The current name is the Republic of the Fiji Islands.

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3. In Fiji, as many as three languages ​​have the status of state - English, Fijian and Hindustani.

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4. The country's currency is the Fijian dollar.

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5. Fiji has 332 islands, of which about a third are inhabited.

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6. The highest point in Fiji is Mount Tomanivi, whose peak reaches 1324 meters above sea level.

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7. Due to the lack of fresh water, the Fijians collect rainwater from roofs in special tanks.

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8. There are rivers and lakes on the Fiji Islands.

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9. More than three and a half thousand species of various insects live here.

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10. Descendants of immigrants from India make up a third of Fiji's population, there are a little less than three hundred thousand people.

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11. The Armed Forces of the Republic of the Fiji Islands take part in various UN peacekeeping activities around the world.

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12. The most popular sport in Fiji is rugby.

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13. On Fijian dollars there is an image of the Queen of England.

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14. In Fiji, it is customary to go on a visit and take some gift for the hosts with you.

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15. Fun fact - sunglasses in Fiji are prohibited, as are hats. They can only be worn by leaders.

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16. Tipping in Fiji can be considered disrespectful.

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17. In Fiji there is a line of change of dates - the 180th meridian.

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18. There are as many as 28 airports in Fiji.

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19. There are highways only on two islands. Cars, respectively, too.

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20. About 87% of the population lives on the two largest islands of the archipelago.

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53-interesting-water-facts-you-didnt-know

Often our knowledge of our world does not go beyond the boundaries of the school curriculum of chemistry, physics or biology, magazines, films and everything we learned from the Galileo TV show. However, we are surrounded by many extraordinary things, such as water, which seems to have appeared in the universe just a billion years after the Big Bang, and has since become the basis for the birth of every form of life known to us.

 

Facts about water may surprise and even scare

 

Bemorepanda has picked up another batch of amazing things you may not have known about water.

 

 

1. Up to 80% of diseases in developing countries are associated with poor water supply and unsanitary conditions. According to a study, one in six people in the world live without regular access to safe drinking water. More than 2.4 billion people do not have access to adequate sanitation.

 

2. The study showed that in the US, manufacturers spend an average of 1.39 liters of water to produce 1 liter of sparkling water. This is lower than in the world, where this value is 2.02 liters. Meanwhile, 4 liters of water are needed per liter of beer, 4.74 liters for wine. Strong alcohol, it turns out, is the most wasteful - for its production you need 34.55 liters of water per liter of drink.

 

3. 68.7% of our planet's fresh water is stored in ice.

 

4. Now there is about the same amount of water on Earth as it was millions of years ago.

 

5. The dishwasher uses 7-14 liters of water per wash cycle, while hand washing uses approximately 75 liters.

 

6. Drinking too much water can be fatal.

 

7. It takes about 5000 liters of water to produce 500 sheets of A4 paper.

 

8. The water in the Atlantic Ocean is more salty than in the Pacific.

 

 

9. Since water is much denser than air, the speed of sound in it is about five times the speed of sound in air. The speed of sound in pure water is 1500 m/s, and in air it is 335 m/s.

 

10. Under certain conditions, hot water can freeze faster than cold water. This effect is called the Mpemba paradox.

 

11. Water can be described as a sticky liquid with high surface tension - the water molecules tend to cling to each other, which creates a large and strong bond between them. However, there are fewer water molecules on the surface to cling to because there is air on top (where there are no water molecules). This leads to a stronger bond between those molecules that are in contact with each other, creating a layer of tightly bound water.

 

12. Pure water, which, by the way, does not exist in nature, does not conduct electricity. Water becomes a conductor when the substances surrounding it begin to dissolve in it. By the way, water that can be conditionally considered “clean” is ordinary distilled water (water condensed from steam). There is also "pure" deionized water (used in laboratories), which can still contain ions.

 

13. A leaky faucet that drips water at a rate of one drop per second can lead to water overruns of more than 11,000 liters per year.

 

14. In 20% of cases, water pollution on Earth is associated with the production of clothing.

 

15. Around 75 billion liters of water is used worldwide every year to produce textiles, including cotton.

 

16. There is more fresh water in the atmosphere than in all the rivers of the planet combined.

 

 

17. A leaking toilet can result in about 760 liters of water being wasted daily.

 

18. Due to evaporation, the pool loses about 3785 liters of water per month.

 

19. Although the earth has as much fresh water as it has ever had, the demand for water has risen sharply due to rapid population growth, leaving the world's water resources scarce. Only 1 percent of the world's fresh water is readily available, and most of it is in glaciers and snow. In fact, only 0.007 percent of the planet's water is available to sustain 8 billion people.

 

20. In 1944, two scientists decided to give up water for an experiment - one for three days, the other for four days. However, they stopped the experiment, as their condition from dehydration worsened dramatically. If they continued their dry hunger strike, there was a risk to life.

 

21. In Canada, there is more water underground than on the surface.

 

22. Water regulates the Earth's temperature. For example, the ocean influences weather and climate by storing solar radiation, distributing heat and moisture around the world, and controlling weather events.

 

23. Beneath the frozen surface of Enceladus, Saturn's moon, there is an ocean of liquid water.

 

24. 85% of the world's population lives in the driest half of the planet.

 

25. The first water pipes that appeared in the United States were made of burnt logs, in which a hole was drilled or were made of boards.

 

 

26. On average, 1,771 liters of water are required to refine one barrel of crude oil.

 

27. The percentage of water in the body varies in different periods of life: in the womb, the fetus is 95% water, at birth - 75%, adolescents are 65% water, adults - 60% and the elderly - 55% % of your body weight.

 

28. Jellyfish is 95% water.

 

29. In Africa, women spend about 200 million hours a day collecting water. That's about 40 billion hours a year.

 

30. Usually, 3000-5000 liters of water are required to produce 1 kg of rice.

 

31. Globally, 44% of household wastewater is not treated safely and properly.

 

32. If the water of the whole world could fit in a 4-liter container, then the fresh water available to us would be only about one tablespoon.

 

33. If you drink water on an empty stomach, it will enter your bloodstream within 5 minutes after the first sip.

 

34. The weight that a person loses after intense physical activity depends on water, not fat.

 

 

35. 2 billion people in the world drink water from sources that are contaminated with faeces.

 

36. When water freezes, it expands by 9 percent.

 

37. The average cost of cold water in Russia in 2022 (with a consumption of 4-7 m3 per month) was 25-38 rubles/m3.

 

38. According to some estimates, more than 147,000 liters of water are used to produce one car.

 

39. 90% of water-related diseases are due to unsafe water supply, unsanitary conditions and poor hygiene. Moreover, children in developing countries are most often ill.

 

40. 69% of fresh water in the world is used for agriculture.

 

41. More than a quarter of all bottled water is taken from the municipal water supply - the same place where ordinary tap water comes from.

 

42. According to forecasts, by 2050 the global demand for water will increase by 20-30%.

 

43. Poor water supply and sanitation in developing countries is estimated to cost $260 billion a year in economic losses.

 

44. In plants, water defies gravity.

 

 

45. Water is the only substance on Earth that occurs in nature in three forms: liquid, solid and gaseous.

 

46. ​​Water that is ejected from hydrothermal vents on the seafloor can reach temperatures of up to 400º Celsius.

 

47. Using rice water to wash your hair can make your hair healthier and stronger.

 

48. If all the water vapor in the atmosphere of our planet fell on the Earth in the form of water and was evenly distributed over it, it would cover the globe with water only 2-3 cm deep.

 

49. The earliest known example of interstate conflict over water is between 2500 and 2350 BC between the Sumerian states of Lagash and Umma.

 

50. Flat-headed spatula, Australian desert frog, storing water in its body, can store it for up to two years.

 

51. Scientists suggest that the water in the oceans of the Earth appeared due to the fall of water-bearing celestial bodies that collided with our planet in the early stages of the formation of the solar system. Like today's ice-rich asteroids or comets.

 

52. Fluoridation of tap water has been proven to prevent tooth decay. Many scientific studies have shown the safety and benefits of fluoridated water. For example, in the US, people have been drinking fluoride-infused water for 75 years, leading to improved dental health.

 

53. Approximately 1 billion years after the Big Bang, water appeared in the Universe. According to astrophysicists, the first water molecules appeared in the era of the birth of the first stars, which indicates that already 10-11 billion years ago there was the possibility of the existence of life in one form or another.

 

 

 

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pycnopodia-the-largest-starfish-is-also-the-fastest-without-her-the-ocean-is-doomed-to-enslavement-by-sea-urchins

Who lives at the bottom of the ocean? Children will answer this simple-minded question very unequivocally and loudly, and biologists will list the animals until evening. However, there is a bottom dweller, who is recognized by both those, and those - a starfish. But today we will talk about the most titled type of these animals - the sunflower star, or pycnopodia.


Пикноподия: Крупнейшая морская звезда ещё и самая быстрая. Без неё океан обречен на порабощение морскими ежами


Why the most titled? Well, firstly, because sunflower stars are the largest among their relatives. The creeping "flower" can fatten up to a meter in diameter. With such a size, five branches, as in standard stars, are clearly not enough. At least, the starfish itself decided so, increasing their number by 3-4 times!


Пикноподия: Крупнейшая морская звезда ещё и самая быстрая. Без неё океан обречен на порабощение морскими ежами


But that's it, turn the starfish upside down and see hundreds of thousands of micro-legs! Such a number of walking and grasping accessories gives the animal a second title - the title of the fastest starfish. Pycnopodia "rush" at a speed of one meter per minute! Not impressive? And if I say that her relatives have an average acceleration of about 5 times less?


Пикноподия: Крупнейшая морская звезда ещё и самая быстрая. Без неё океан обречен на порабощение морскими ежами


Do you still doubt the speed abilities of our heroine? Well, okay. The main thing is that the pycnopodia itself does not need high speeds for happiness - the predator's prey can barely crawl, if at all, so that it does not have problems in catching up.


Пикноподия: Крупнейшая морская звезда ещё и самая быстрая. Без неё океан обречен на порабощение морскими ежами


You can find "sunflower fields" on the picturesque reliefs of the northern Pacific Ocean. There are underwater forests of algae rich in various living creatures. In the hunt for its inhabitants, the beast has honed its skills to the level of a serial killer.


Пикноподия: Крупнейшая морская звезда ещё и самая быстрая. Без неё океан обречен на порабощение морскими ежами


She easily catches up with sea urchins, hermit crabs and weakened fish. By the way, in reality, the friendship of SpongeBob and Patrick would last exactly as long as the pycnopodia would crawl to a sea sponge. Their stars gnaw with the same pleasure as everyone else.


Пикноподия: Крупнейшая морская звезда ещё и самая быстрая. Без неё океан обречен на порабощение морскими ежами


Neither scales, nor chitinous shells, nor even needles will save from the invasion of a starfish! The star swallows its prey whole, leaving bare skeletons after its meal. And if the food turns out to be too large, then the pycnopodia will release its stomach and begin to digest lunch just like that!


Пикноподия: Крупнейшая морская звезда ещё и самая быстрая. Без неё океан обречен на порабощение морскими ежами


And if the pycnopodia loves to gut the bottom dwellers, then it does not excite it very much to love its relatives. Looking for a partner? Raising children? To hell with all this, the hunt does not wait! Stars of different sexes simply throw eggs and sperm into the water, hoping that they will somehow intersect themselves. If a miracle occurs, a small and not at all star-shaped larva is formed, which will turn into the likeness of parents only under the influence of the pheromones of an adult star.


Пикноподия: Крупнейшая морская звезда ещё и самая быстрая. Без неё океан обречен на порабощение морскими ежами


With this level of carelessness in reproducing their own kind, extinction was only a matter of time. But now there is every chance that pycnopodia will finally disappear. And the sapiens are not even to blame. Sea stars were sharply knocked down by an incomprehensible infection 6 years ago, and they massively gave up - only some small populations remained. Without a bottom super-predator, unbelted sea urchins have bred to such an extent that they have eaten algae forests almost completely clean.


Пикноподия: Крупнейшая морская звезда ещё и самая быстрая. Без неё океан обречен на порабощение морскими ежами


Scientists are trying to breed pycnodia in captivity and release them to their old habitats, but so far the population of giant Patrick is still hanging by a thread, alas.


Пикноподия: Крупнейшая морская звезда ещё и самая быстрая. Без неё океан обречен на порабощение морскими ежами




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Blue ocean eyes 😍

3 years ago

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Ocean eyes 😍

3 years ago

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