For most, New Year's Day is a global holiday that takes place on January 1st with a slight time shift depending on time zones. The first day of the calendar year plays an important role in different cultures and marks a kind of reset or a moment when everything can be started over. And what about those countries where the New Year is not celebrated on January 1 at all? For many countries in Asia, as well as for the Asian diaspora, present in almost all countries of the world, the New Year takes place from late January to mid-February. The Chinese New Year or Spring Festival is the most important event in the Chinese calendar.
If January 1 can simply be remembered as a given, then the date of the Chinese New Year is much more difficult to predict. The day is calculated according to the lunar calendar, an ancient Chinese invention - it all depends on the phase of the moon. Despite the fact that most Chinese use the Gregorian calendar in everyday life, the traditional lunar calendar remains an important part of their lives. Since the date depends on the moon, the holiday is celebrated at different times from the end of January to the middle or end of February. February 12th in 2021 and 1st February in 2022. Don't forget to congratulate your Chinese friends!
In Chinese culture, each year corresponds to one of the 12 zodiac animals, as well as a color according to the Wu Xing (Five Elements) system. You can view your Chinese zodiac sign by year of birth! Those born in 2022 are associated with the sign of the tiger, the color of the year is blue, and the element is water. The Chinese believe that if the sign of the upcoming year coincides with the personal sign of the zodiac, then this year may not be very successful. But do not worry, there is a fairly simple way to avoid these failures. It is believed that red is a lucky color that scares away all the bad luck that your zodiac sign can bring. Wear red clothes and you'll be fine!
Bemorepanda collected some really interesting facts about Chinese New Year 2022!
1. Chinese New Year comes at different times: the date of the holiday varies between January 21 and February 20 and depends on the Chinese lunar calendar. This year, Chinese New Year is on 1st February.
2. Each Chinese New Year begins with a new "animal" zodiac sign.
3. The Chinese zodiac signs are a very ancient tradition, which involves naming each new year as the year of one of the twelve animals.
4. Chinese New Year is celebrated in many Asian countries: China, Hong Kong, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Vietnam and, of course, Singapore.
5. On Chinese New Year, it is customary to give Eng Bao - red envelopes with money. Billions of envelopes will be donated during the holiday. In many companies, this is how bosses present their annual bonus to subordinates.
6. 200 million Chinese travel long distances on New Year's holidays. In China, approximately 3.5 billion trips were recorded during this period! By comparison, less than 100 million US residents travel more than 50 miles during the Christmas holidays.
7. Most of the fireworks take place in China: according to statistics, this is 90% of all fireworks in the world! The ancient Chinese believed that the light and explosion from fireworks frightened demons and evil spirits.
8. During the Chinese New Year, many Chinese people who are not in a relationship are afraid of a big family holiday where every relative wants to know "why you haven't got married yet." For this reason, there are many websites and agencies in China through which you can "rent" yourself a girlfriend or boyfriend - just to avoid annoying questions from relatives.
9. Although the new year comes in winter, the Chinese call it the "Spring Festival" (春节 chūnjié /chwn-jyeah/) because the "beginning of spring" (February 4-18) is the first period in the traditional solar calendar. While winter weather prevails, the "beginning of spring" marks the end of the coldest part of winter, when the Chinese have traditionally looked forward to the beginning of spring.
10. The Chinese zodiac years are a very old custom. Years are called one of the 12 animals in the zodiac cycle. For example, 2022 is the Year of the Tiger. Many Chinese still believe in astrology and other New Year superstitions.
11. The Chinese have a proverb, "the whole year is planned in the spring" 一年之计在于春 yinyan zhiji caiyuchun. This reflects the attitude of Chinese tradition towards the New Year period. It is still very cold, but the holiday marks the end of the coldest days.
12. People welcome spring and what it brings with it: crops and harvests, new beginnings, the hope of a better life, a better job, that everything will be fine during the year.
13. Also, the Chinese New Year is often informally referred to as the "lunar new year" because its date is determined based on the phases of the moon. And since the Chinese New Year is calculated using the lunar calendar, its celebration falls each time on different dates from January 21 to February 21.
14. And although China has officially switched to the Gregorian calendar, like the rest of the world, the lunar calendar is still very important. Many traditional holidays are calculated to be celebrated according to the lunar calendar.
15. The Spring Festival lasts exactly 15 days. During this time, working life in the Middle Kingdom freezes, the people of China have fun, relax and celebrate the holiday with their families.
16. Chinese New Year is one of the most important and revered holidays. The most important component of this holiday is family reunion. Everyone has to go home for New Year's Eve dinner.
17. In today's China, most elderly parents live in rural areas while their children work in cities. Moving around the country back home and on vacation is called chunyun 春运, or spring migration.
18. Even on ordinary days, the subway is packed. Imagine what happens during the Chunyun period. Also, the earliest you can buy train tickets is 60 days. This leads to crazy excitement, there are real battles for tickets. Thousands of tickets are sold per second.
19. The Spring Festival was originally a ceremonial day. On this day, they prayed to the gods, asked for good weather, a plentiful harvest, etc. Also, people prayed to their ancestors and addressed them as gods.
20. Following the customs of their ancestors, the Chinese do not sleep on New Year's Eve and set off fireworks and explode firecrackers at midnight, scaring away monsters and bad luck. In the morning they blow up the firecrackers again to welcome the New Year and the good luck that comes with it.
21. On the same night, families also burned counterfeit paper money in honor of their deceased loved ones. They believe that the offerings will bring good luck and fortune to their ancestors in the afterlife.
22. Due to safety concerns and air pollution concerns, many Chinese cities have banned fireworks, and more than 500 cities also have restrictions on their use.
23. But many look at it through their fingers and still fire salutes. In Beijing, the ban was lifted in 2006 due to an angry public.
24. If you are in China during this time, you will watch fireworks and hear firecrackers go off for at least three nights, if not for several weeks.
25. In the New Year, you can not take a shower, so as not to wash away good luck. Sweeping the floor and throwing garbage is also not allowed.
26. However, before the Spring Festival there is a day during which you can put your house and yourself in order. On this day, everyone should get rid of bad luck and make room for good luck.
27. What else is taboo during Chinese New Year?
Use scissors, knives and other sharp objects;
Saying negative words (such as "death" and "sickness");
Break and ruin things.
28. During the Spring Festival, gifts are exchanged. But Chinese children also receive something else: red envelopes.
29. The so-called red hongbao (红包, hóngbāo) envelopes are a very popular way to give a gift in China. Paper money is placed in an envelope and presented with wishes of well-being and good luck.
30. Red envelopes can also be given to relatives, friends, employees and colleagues.
31. With the New Year holidays approaching, many single people in China are starting to feel uncomfortable. The fact is that in the Celestial Empire a sense of family is very developed. It is very important for a Chinese person to raise a child and leave him his last name.
32. There are even special apps to help single adults who live and work in big cities find a soul mate... temporarily. Such applications are especially in demand during the New Year holiday period, when single men and women tend to feel acute pressure from family and relatives in order to settle down and get married.
33. Dumplings 饺子, Jiǎozi, jiaozi are the favorite food of the Chinese on holidays and according to Chinese tradition, if there are a lot of dumplings on the table, then good luck awaits you in the New Year.
34. Therefore, dumplings are an indispensable attribute of the festive table, and their joint production is a good tradition. Modeling dumplings is a rather painstaking and lengthy process, which is accompanied by lively communication of the audience. Therefore, for many Chinese, dumplings symbolize happiness and harmony in the family, as well as the unity of all its members.
35. In Chinese, the word "dumplings" - "jiaozi" sounds the same as the word "changing hieroglyphs", only pronounced in a different tone. On the night of the New Year, from 12 o'clock to 1 o'clock, there is a change of two symbols - the new year and the old one. For example, this time the year of the Pig is replaced by the year of the Rat.
36. Also, dumplings look like a copper coin "yuanbao", so eating dumplings is considered "reception of capital."
37. Traditionally, the first few dumplings are sacrificed to the ancestors, the second ones are sacrificed to various deities. At this time, older family members offer a prayer for the happiness and well-being of the whole family in the new year.
38. In fairness, it should be noted that the tradition of eating dumplings on New Year's holidays is more common in northern China. In the south, people prefer to eat Chūnjuǎn spring rolls (Chinese pancakes with various fillings) and glutinous rice balls in a soup called Tang Yuan 汤圆 tāngyuán - dumplings, dumplings (rice flour balls stuffed with sweet or meat, in soup).
39. Remember the legend about the horned monster named Nian? He was frightened by the loud explosions of firecrackers, the bright light of fireworks and the red paint on the houses. Since then, fireworks and the color red have been an important part of New Year's celebrations. It is customary to celebrate the Spring Festival in red robes, even if it is the year of the blue water Tiger.
40. In the Western horoscope, each sign of the zodiac corresponds to its own animal. There are 12 in total for each month. There are also 12 animals in the Chinese horoscope, but each animal symbolizes one year. These are: Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Dog and Pig.
41. All the positive features of these animals are bestowed on people born in the corresponding year. The Chinese horoscope plays a much larger role than in Western cultures. Your pet can decide your career, health and success. Make sure you know which animal you were born into!
42. Traditionally, several generations live under one roof in China. And when a guy brings his wife into the house, she settles in this house too. And accordingly they celebrate the New Year as one big family. Visiting her parents' house on New Year's holidays would mean problems in marriage, which could bring trouble to her husband's entire extended family.
43. It will hardly surprise you, but the Chinese eat dumplings (jiaozi) on New Year's Eve as well, because this is the most popular traditional Chinese dish. It is worth noting that China is a fairly large and very diverse country, so the menu of the New Year's table will differ significantly from region to region.
44. For example, someone may choose niangao (年糕) - glutinous rice cookies, and someone - spring rolls with poultry or fish. All these dishes are associated with something positive and bright, energizing for the year ahead.
45. The TV show Chunwang is somewhat reminiscent of our Blue Light. This is a fairly young tradition, which gradually spread throughout the country.
46. The TV show "Chun Wan" or "Spring Gala Festival" is an annual entertainment show on China Central TV (CCTV) with music, dance, comedy shows and other performances.
47. The first show was released in 1983, and gradually Chunwang became the most watched TV program in the world.
48. Over the years, it has become part of the mandatory New Year's program, and many Chinese people stay at home with their families specifically to watch this TV show.
49. However, the younger generation is not so interested in watching TV shows and prefers to leave this business to their parents, skipping family viewing if possible. Be sure to ask your Chinese tandem partners about this show - someone loves it, someone hates it, no one is indifferent. This will definitely be an interesting topic for discussion.
50. As the name suggests, Chinese New Year is a 100% Chinese holiday. In fact, this holiday has become popular in many countries due to the spread of the Chinese community outside of China. Western countries are full of Chinese markets and areas (Chinatowns), where the New Year is celebrated exactly according to the lunar calendar.
In February 2022, the 2022 Super Bowl will take place - the final of the National Football League.
Ahead of the match, which is just some days away, the NFL has announced a roster of performers who will play during halftime.
The audience will be entertained by four famous rappers - Dr. Dre, Eminem, Snoop Dogg and Kendrick Lamar. Also on stage will be the hip-hop singer Mary J. Blige.
This is the final game of the American football season between the two best teams in the United States. At the same time, it is the most rated event of the year on American television, which gathers the maximum audience from television screens. The Super Bowl is not only watched by sports fans, because it is one of the main events of modern pop culture.
Every year, on the first Sunday in February, the US hosts the final game of the National Football League - The Super Bowl. From a purely sporting event, the Superbowl has long turned into a super show. We tell the story of the best performances of this cup, which have become iconic in pop culture and fashion - from Carol Channing to The Weeknd.
Bemorepanda collected some interesting facts about The Super Bowl 2022.
1. Super Bowl - in American football, the title of the final game for the title of champion of the National Football League (NFL) of the United States of America. The game and its attendant celebration over the years is Super Bowl Sunday.
2. Any holiday, in my opinion, is great: it is a good mood, emotions, meeting interesting people and friends (if you are watching a company) and a reason for discussion the next day. Well, in America they know how to decorate holidays beautifully and celebrate on a large scale.
3. During the break, the stadium turns into a large-scale concert venue. One star is putting on an amazing mini-concert!
4. Huge audience attracts advertisers' attention. During the Super Bowl, the most expensive and high-quality advertising in the world is shown - the cost of showing a 30-second video is $ 5 million. Film companies showcase exclusive trailers of the most anticipated films of the year.
5. At the same time there are 22 people on the field - 11 attacking players of one team against 11 defense players of the other. The task of attacking in 4 attempts to go 10 yards. In this case, the ball can be passed through the air or immediately run with it in hand. If you miss 10 yards in your available attempts, either give the ball to an opponent or kick the ball into the goal to score 3 points.
6. If the attack goes all the way and the player is in the end zone with the ball, this is called a touchdown and the team scores 6 points plus the chance to score one extra. The task of the defense, therefore, is to prevent the attack from passing all those yards.
7. The Denver Broncos are playing against the Carolina Panthers. For Denver, the main figure is 39-year-old quarterback Peyton Manning, one of America's most famous and respected athletes. For him, this is most likely the last game of his career and a chance to say goodbye to sports beautifully by winning the championship ring.
8. Carolina are a young and mischievous team with outstanding defense, having suffered only 1 defeat in 18 games of the season (including the playoffs). The leader is quarterback Cameron Newton, who will soon be named the best player of the regular season.
9. From the point of view of non-Americans, the hysteria around, in fact, a football match seems to be a surprising phenomenon.
10. The amazing thing is: Since 1967, when the National Football League and the American Football League began merging, the Super Bowl has grown in popularity until it has become a national phenomenon.
11. Now the final game of the season, during which the NFL champion is determined, in the United States has the character of a national holiday: fashionable department stores like Bergdorf Goodman decorate windows in her honor and come up with capsule collections, and Americans themselves sit en masse in front of TV screens - on the day of the final in the USA they buy and eat only slightly less food than they did on Thanksgiving.
12. The TV broadcast of the game is so popular that the match itself has been shifted over the years to the evening time, so that the breaks fall on Sunday prime time.
13. For this broadcast, brands of all stripes traditionally release separate commercials (one minute of airtime during the Super Bowl costs about $ 8 million) - this is how the first iPhone advertisement was shown for the first time, and this year the Tiffany & Co. campaign will be presented during the broadcast. starring Lady Gaga.
14. Falling into big news feeds, the fashion industry could not ignore such an event and throughout the existence of the Super Bowl systematically worked its way inside the football game. In the interval between the halves, since 1970, they have been organizing mini-concerts - a little less than 15 minutes, the so-called halftime performances, at which the most famous artists at the time of the game perform.
15. The next morning, the sports media talked about the score, and the rest of the media talked about the performances and costumes prepared by the fashion brand teams for the Super Bowl. We have selected the most iconic ones.
16. Raymond James Stadium in Tampa, Florida attracted three times fewer people than usual. Due to antiquated measures, the performances had to be moved from the field to the stage installed in the stands (for the first time in the 55-year history of the Super Bowl!). However, even this did not stop them from staging a grand show. Super Bowl 2021 headliner The Weeknd was accompanied by poet Amanda Gorman, r'n'b singer Jazmine Sullivan, singer H.E.R. and Miley Cyrus.
17. Viewers first saw Cyrus performing a special TikTok Tailgate show in honor of the doctors (with a Tik Tok broadcast, of course).
18. On the stage, Miley appeared first in the form of a cheerleader by Michael Schmidt, and then in the interpretation of football equipment that Gucci designers created especially for Miley, by the way, the FTW inscription on the top stands for for the win.
19. To the delight of older viewers, rock legends Billy Idol and Joan Jett appeared on stage with Cyrus (they also worked with Miley on her last disc). After Miley, Amanda Gorman, the 22-year-old poet most of us knew about at Biden's inauguration, came up with a new poem about Americans fighting a pandemic. Amanda changed her Prada coat to a Moschino from the Spring 2021 collection, and a red rim for a pearl one. Star stylist Jason Bolden, who works with the main figures of American pop culture, from Alicia Keys to Serena Williams, gathered her for the ceremony (you can find out how his everyday life as a stylist goes on in Bolden's author's show on Netflix Styling Hollywood.
20. Although on the eve of the Super Bowl, The Weeknd complained that he did not have enough money to repeat the appearance of Diana Ross (in 1996, the singer landed at the stadium by helicopter), his appearance on the impromptu stage turned out to be no less spectacular.
21. The Weeknd decided not to deviate from the narrative set in 2020, and again used the image of Robert De Niro from "Casino" by Martin Scorsese. The outfit was in charge of Givenchy creative director Matthew Williams, who said it took 250 hours of work to create the rhinestone-studded jacket. But The Weeknd made it easier for the makeup artists - this time the singer went on stage without bandages on his face.
22. Dancers have appeared in them, and according to The Weeknd, this is a hairpin towards celebrities who change their appearance for public recognition. The performance has already been sold into memes, including because at the same time as The Weeknd there were thousands of his "clones" on stage - some fans decided that in the middle of the show Abel himself was a little confused.
23. J-Lo and Shakira's performance during the Super Bowl 2020 halftime ended just a few hours ago, and it is already being called one of the most spectacular shows in the history of halftime performances. Designer Peter Dundas was responsible for Shakira's costumes. One of them - a red crop top with Swarovski crystals and a transforming dress - has been compared on the Internet to the Gazelle outfit from the Zootopia cartoon, voiced by Shakira. Red, which is so popular on similar tracks, in the Super Bowl, on the contrary, was an exception. Oddly enough, the last time Diana Ross performed in such a dress on the show was back in 1996.
24. The choice of outfit for Jennifer Lopez was predictable. “When people think of Jennifer, they think of Versace,” said one of the singer's stylists, Mariel Hann. In just a 14-minute performance, J.Lo changed four outfits, while it took her only 8 seconds to change clothes for the longest time. So, during Jenny From The Block, she was in a leather jumpsuit with rivets (like she wore to concerts in the early 2000s), and Get Right sang in a sparkling bodysuit.
25. There were also political statements at the Super Bowl. So, for the finale of the performance, Jay Lo wore a voluminous cape of multi-colored feathers that form an American flag on the outside, and a Puerto Rican one from the inside.
26. Shakira's performance was regarded as an homage to Middle Eastern culture. The singer took the stage with the Colombian dance troupe Swing Latino (and performed a belly dance herself), and when she played the track My Hips Don’t Lie, she imitated the manner of Arab women to festively "hoot" with joy. True, not everyone understood the allusion - and so the singer became the main meme of the Super Bowl.
27. The end of the show was held under the auspices of girl power. Shakira and J. Lo sang Let’s Get Loud together - Lopez's hit from her 1999 debut album. And on stage they were joined by a chorus of girls led by the 11-year-old daughter Jennifer Lopez Emmy (American Vogue has already read her a great future).
28. The performance at the 2016 Super Bowl was discussed, firstly, because the game was jubilee - the fiftieth, and all the artists tried to make their performances as patriotic as possible.
29. The incident was that absolutely everything was decided to express love for the native country in the outfits of Italian designers: Lady Gaga was in Gucci, Bruno Mars - in Versace, Beyonce - in Dsquared2, and only Chris Martin's sneakers were American. Otherwise, the patriotic component of halftime performance was all right: for example, the costumes of Beyoncé dancers, which Zana Bane did, were an allusion to the uniforms of the Black Panthers, a radical political group that fought against the oppression of black Americans, and on the day before Super Bowl, the singer presented composition Formation and a clip for it (you yourself know what).
30. Jeremy Scott was responsible for the costumes of Perry: he came up with four extravagant (in some places even just weird) looks for the singer - from a beach ball costume to a dress of flames, in which Katy rode out onto the field, sitting astride a huge mechanical dog.
31. Scott is known for his commercial approach to fashion, and about the appearance of Moschino clothes at the Super Bowl he said honestly: "This is the most popular show of the year - it has more viewers than the Oscars!" As for Missy Elliott, in her case, the news feed was in her very appearance on the stage after a ten-year hiatus. Thanks to the Super Bowl, her album sales grew more than 900 percent in the week after the match.
32. Since 2012, bespoke clothing from big brands has become an important part of Super Bowl performances. For example, three years ago, the fashionable component of the performance split in two - on the one hand, there was Bruno Mars in a gold Yves Saint Laurent jacket, on the other - the opera singer Renee Fleming in a black Vera Wang dress made especially for her with white draperies.
33. According to Vera's plan, the dress was supposed to embody all the greatness of American culture, sit comfortably on Fleming and look good against the background of the orchestra. It seems that everything turned out, and in such a way that Rene did not want to donate the outfit to the museum later (in the end, she was persuaded).
34. The Super Bowl has had dozens of amazing performances, but Beyoncé is Beyoncé. The show, which the singer, her team and the group Destiny's Child came up with, was so entertaining and polished that it seemed as if the audience was watching a 3D clip.
35. Beyoncé came out in a transforming bodysuit, from which she unfastened parts during the performance until only transparent leather lace remained on her. The outfit was invented by the young American couturier Rubin Singer - according to him, the Super Bowl 2013 completely turned his career around. And we join Vogue.com's question: how did it happen that Beyoncé never lost her breath throughout the entire performance?
36. The most epic performance in Super Bowl history goes to Madonna. In the guise of an Egyptian queen, she rode out onto the field in a huge golden chariot, which was carried by hundreds of athletes, and then sang her hit Vogue and several compositions with M.I.A. and Nicki Minaj.
37. The costumes for the show were made by Ricardo Tisci - he has already collaborated with Madonna during her three-year Sticky & Sweet tour. “People say that there is a limit to everything, but there are no borders from Madonna. So glad that after trying herself in different roles, she decided to return to the music scene. Not only to give us music, but also to create fashion, create iconic performances, ”said Tisci. For his Super Bowl performance, he came up with three looks: with a long gold cape, with a long black cape and a short dress with over the knee boots. The dancers' costumes were also ordered by Givenchy.
38. The Black Eyed Peas were still performing in full force back then, and each costume deserved a separate discussion. Fergie wore a leather dress with huge overhead shoulders (like those of American football players) covered with crystals, and her fingers glittered with huge ring claws worn on the last phalanx. The rest of the band were wearing leather suits with built-in LEDs. Plus the costumes of four hundred dancers glowed. Minnesota-based dance studio Just For Kix took on this challenging design and technical work. Six years have passed since then, and LEDs on clothes and shoes are gradually becoming a common place (the future is somewhere nearby).
39. The stage in the form of a purple cartoon letter P, the same guitar and sky-blue pantsuit with an orange shirt: this appearance of Prince is invariably included in all lists of the best images of the singer, and outside of such listings it can be safely called the most obvious proof of what he knew how to wear nuclear colors like no one else.
40. Perhaps the most scandalous costume in the history of the Super Bowl. During the joint performance of Rock Your Body, Timberlake tore off Janet's suit - the right cup of a leather corset, exposing the singer's chest. This incident became so high-profile that the English-language Wikipedia has a separate article dedicated to it. CBS was fined a record 550,000 dollars, critics said Janet's trick was a sign of moral decline in the United States, and Jackson herself had to make a public apology.
41. The singer's PR service later explained that Janet let the suit down, but no one believed them: the singer's nipple was prudently covered with an ornament in the form of the sun. The bare-chested fragment was cut from the Super Bowl recording, but it was sent to each other anyway. YouTube co-founder Javed Karim even believes that the episode was one of the reasons for the popularity of the video platform.
42. Strictly speaking, in 2001 she was not the only one performing at the Super Bowl - the singer was accompanied by Aerosmith, * NSYNC and Mary J. Blige. But Britney was the epitome of the early 2000s. In low-rise white trousers, a crop top and a pierced navel, she was the face of a decade, defining the look of the most fashionable girls for years to come. That same year, Pepsi, the official sponsor of the Super Bowl, shot a commercial starring Britney that looked like a sequel to her performance with Aerosmith.
43. Diana Ross wouldn’t be herself if her Super Bowl performance hadn’t been built around her as the main diva of the nineties. First, she changed four costumes: she came out in a red fluffy dress, which was transformed into a mini; then she appeared in an orange-pink mermaid dress, changed it to a gold cloak with leggings and a fuchsia-colored corset, and ended the performance in a pink and orange suit.
44. Ross flew away from the stadium in a helicopter. Thirdly, people lined up in giant letters Diana Ross - so that they could be seen even from space. Her performance is ranked ninth in the Top 10 Super Bowl Performances: Diana turned the costumes into part numbers for the first time.
45. The press unanimously considers Michael Jackson to be the founding father of the standard halftime performance format - in general, he invented a lot of pop cultural phenomena that did not exist before him. Jackson turned his Super Bowl performance into a hit potpourri for the first time, and produced individual dance routines that flow into each other.
46. The singer's costume became no less legendary than the performance itself: black aviator glasses, a black military jacket with a decorative gold bandolier and black cropped trousers with white socks. The Dsquared2 leather jacket that Beyoncé wore at last year's Super Bowl is a homage to Jackson's 1993 look.
47. It is believed that halftime performance first became a full-fledged pop show in 1991, when the Super Bowl was headlined by boy band New Kids on the Block. Firstly, for their performance, a real Disneyland was built on the field with a huge castle and hundreds of children dressed as Disney characters. Second, all four members of the group could outperform the models from men's glossy magazines: wide-leg trousers with a high waist, a straight jacket under Adidas sweatpants, a vest for a naked body and a golden leather jacket, like Mick Jagger.
48. The king of the twist Chubby Checker in tight black trousers and a silver shirt with a wrap and shoulder pads, plus the famous dance group The Rockettes (44 girls in gold top hats and bodysuits), and 88 more white pianos and pianists - just imagine this party on the football field. After Checker, there were many worthy performances, and some of them were much more spectacular, but there was never more fun in the Super Bowl.
49. Actress and singer Channing became the first artist to perform at the Super Bowl. She told The Guardian that she was asked to perform the hit from the Broadway musical Hello, Dolly! literally a week before the match. That halftime performance was built, by the way, not around her performance, but around the Southern University Orchestra - according to Carol, it was like her debut on Broadway.
50.Channing stepped onto the moving platform stage in a white long coat with a hood trimmed with fluffy fur. Presumably, its author was the American couturier Nolan Miller, and the coat itself later became the hallmark of the actress, and she put it on more than once for her other performances.
London is the capital of Great Britain and one of the largest cities in Europe, which is the world center of culture, music, education, fashion, politics, finance and trade. It is a vibrant and bustling metropolis with a dynamic life and a wonderful cosmopolitan atmosphere. London is one of the oldest cities in Europe, which has an amazing concentration of a variety of sights, historical and cultural monuments: luxurious palaces, historical buildings, towers, bridges, ancient churches, attractions and world-class museums.
London was founded during the Roman Empire and throughout its rich history has been one of the most important cities in Europe. All the wealth of the United Kingdom flocked here, so its capital has magnificent sights from various historical eras. London is one of the most multifaceted cities in the world, which has absorbed not only the traditions of Britain, but also the cultures of many nationalities and peoples. It is a place of amazing diversity to be discovered and explored endlessly.
London can be visited all year round, so the best time to visit it depends entirely on your preferences. There are fewer tourists in the capital of the United Kingdom during the off-season, so it's easier to book a good hotel and you can comfortably explore the city. There are many festivals and cultural events in London in the summer, but there are also many more tourists.
London is one of the world's shopping capitals. Here is the largest department store in Europe - Harrods, where you can find almost everything. Also in the capital of Great Britain is a huge shopping center - Westfield, which includes 300 stores. The main shopping area is the West End (Oxford Street, Regent Street, Bond Street, Piccadilly and Covent Garden). Near London Bridge is the Borough food market, although it is relatively expensive. Brushfield is home to an old fruit market that now sells up-and-coming designers, housewares and food.
Food in London caters to all tastes. Here you can find everything from fast food and inexpensive pubs to exclusive restaurants. In London, a standard tourist rule applies - food near popular attractions and in the central part of the city is more expensive. Many locals go to restaurants in residential and working areas, where the quality of food and service is higher and prices are lower.
Below you can read more interesting facts.
1. The English capital is about two thousand years old. No one knows the exact date of foundation.
2. In the past, London was known as Londinium, Augusta, Lundenwick and Lundenburch.
3. Native Englishmen make up about 50% of the population of the capital of Great Britain. The rest are mostly from Africa and Asia.
4. The first Londinium was burned by the Britons during their revolt against the Romans.
5. In the 9th century, a huge army of pagan Vikings captured half of England, avenging the death of their king Ragnar. It controlled the territories of London and its environs for 15 years.
6. Judging by archaeological finds, primitive people lived on the site of modern London long before the foundation of the city.
7. Indigenous people in different parts of London have different accents. Foreigners do not notice this, but the locals determine it accurately.
8. Because of the monstrous prices for real estate, most citizens in London rent a house all their lives, and do not buy it.
9. Every Friday every London pub is packed to capacity. Most locals book tables well in advance.
It is impossible to see a stray cat or dog on the streets of London.
10. Residents of London can easily walk around in a T-shirt and jeans, for example, in November. Like their Irish neighbors, they are not afraid of the cold.
11. The apartments here, with rare exceptions, are very cramped. Many also live in old houses with communication problems.
12. London is in the top 10 most expensive cities in the world every year.
13. Drivers of traditional cabs in London know the whole city from memory down to the small lanes.
14. Navigators are not allowed to use them. This rule does not apply to ordinary yellow taxis.
15. You can find at least one bike rental on any major London street.
16. The most popular fast food in London is Indian cuisine.
17. London police officers do not carry firearms.
18. There are usually no washing machines for London apartments, so there is a laundry service on every corner.
19. Every year, people forget about 80,000 umbrellas on the London Underground.
20. Contrary to popular myth, it doesn't rain as often in London as you might think. For example, even in Rome or Milan there is more rainfall than here.
21. According to ancient law, London has the right to refuse the reigning English monarch entry into the capital.
22. Londoners never go out without taking an umbrella with them. Yes, just in case.
23. On one of the branches of the London Underground, trains are fully automated, and they travel without the help of drivers.
24. And here it is customary to leave to read newspapers right in the subway so that someone else can read them. By the way, they are still very popular in London, despite the development of modern technology.
25. The most popular pet in London is a dog, despite the fact that many landlords forbid tenants from keeping pets.
26. Every year, a Christmas tree sent from Norway is set up in London's Trafalgar Square. This is a token of appreciation from the people of Oslo for helping Britain during World War II.
27. Driving into central London costs money.
28. Big Ben is not called the famous London clock tower, but the bell installed in it.
29. Some retail outlets in London only accept credit cards.
30. Most of London's cinemas are specialized - one shows comedies, another shows Hollywood blockbusters, and a third shows retro movies.
31. There are about 5,000 pubs in London. This is more than even in Dublin.
32. Most of London's museums are free to enter, but donations are welcome.
33. About 20 underground rivers flow under London.
34. The multinationality of London society is evidenced by the fact that the locals speak about 300 different languages.
35. Among all the cities in the world, London occupies one of the first places in terms of the number of billionaires living in it.
36. The famous movable Tower Bridge in London weighs 2000 tons, while it takes just one minute to open.
37. It was here that the world's first subway was built.
38. The foggy London stereotype arose from the fact that during the era of the development of local industry, the city was constantly wrapped in thick smog. In fact, fogs are rare here, and mostly in the cold season.
39. In summer it is rarely warmer than +20, but in winter the temperature rarely drops below 0 degrees.
40. In terms of population, London ranks second in Europe, second only to Moscow.
41. Many streets, especially in older areas, are confusing and very winding, so many Londoners carry a map of the city with them.
42. Lines are everywhere here - in museums, pubs and restaurants. Even in the USSR there were not so many queues.
43. London is the only city in the world to have hosted the Olympic Games three times.
44. Less than 50% of Londoners are Christians.
45. The famous Westminster Abbey in London was built over almost 700 years.
46. One of the ancient laws obliges London hotels to accept not only guests, but also their horses.
Buckingham Palace in London consists of 600 rooms.
47. In the USA, as many as 8 cities are called London (interesting facts about the USA).
48. From the center of London to the center of Paris can be reached by high-speed train in just 2 hours.
49. The exact age of London is unknown, but, judging by the chronicles found, it is about two thousand years old.
50. In the Tower of London, the ravens that live there are looked after by a special caretaker. There is a legend that Great Britain will fall when these birds leave the Tower (see interesting facts about birds).
51. There are two types of taxis in London - ordinary and traditional London cabs. To get a cab driver's license, you have to pass the most difficult test on the knowledge of absolutely all London streets, because traditionally cab drivers do not use maps or navigators.
52. London is the largest city in the European Union, and concurrently the second largest in Europe as a whole.
53. Founded by the Romans, London was originally called in the Roman manner - Londinium.
54. For a hundred years, from 1985 to 1925, London was the largest city in the world.
55. Every year at Christmas in Trafalgar Square in London, a Christmas tree is sent from Oslo. This is a token of gratitude for the help provided to Norway during the Second World War (see interesting facts about Oslo).
56. Driving into the center of London during the daytime is paid, and, by the way, costs a lot - ten pounds sterling.
57. There is a statue of George Washington in London, but it was installed on land brought from the United States, because Washington declared during his lifetime that "do not set foot on English soil again."
58. London's famous Big Ben is not a tower, contrary to popular myth. "Big Ben" is the name of the bell tower installed there, and the tower itself is called "Elizabeth"
59. Twenty hidden rivers flow under London (see interesting facts about rivers).
60. The code of rules for ships entering London harbor still allows the constable of the Tower to demand a barrel of rum from each ship as a duty.
61. The inhabitants of London speak more than three hundred languages, which makes London the most multilingual city in the world. However, in English here anyway, of course, everyone speaks.
62. Local law forbids you from hailing a taxi on the streets of London if you are infected with the plague.
63. All London buses became red in 1907. Before that, they were painted in different colors.
64. London is the largest city in the UK. About a third less people live here than in Moscow, and almost fifty times more than in Paris.
65. One of London's museums houses a collection of items left behind by passengers on the London Underground. It includes such extravagant items as a human skull, a samurai sword, a coffin and a puffer fish.
66. London Heathrow Airport receives and sends more international flights than any other airport in the world.
67. During the fire of 1666 in London, about 70 thousand people were left without a roof over their heads, despite the fact that then the population of this city was only 80 thousand.
68. The world's first zoo opened in London. This significant event took place back in 1828.
69. There are over a thousand streets in London.
70. Contrary to popular belief, London is not a rainy city at all. On the contrary, it is one of the driest in Europe. But there are really many cloudy days here.
71. Buses in London run around the clock.
72. The cheapest transport in London is a bicycle. You can rent it on almost every street, and a daily rental will cost half the price of the shortest metro ride.
73. In 2012, the city hosted the Olympics for the third time, no other city has received such an honor.
74. Many museums in London are free to visit, although you can make a voluntary donation if you wish.
75. Eternal rain in London is a common myth. In fact, there is no more precipitation here than, for example, in Rome, but it can start to rain suddenly and end just as suddenly, so it is customary for locals to always carry an umbrella with them.
76. The London Eye Ferris wheel is one of the largest in the world. There are 32 booths fixed on the circle (according to the number of districts of the city), each of which can accommodate 25 people. A full turn of the wheel takes half an hour. The "Eye" is an important element of the pyrotechnic shows that are held on New Year's Eve and other holidays; fireworks are also launched from it.
77. If Japanese restaurants and pizzerias are widespread in Russia, then in London the championship belongs to Indian cuisine.
78. There are as many as 6 airports in London and its environs. Heathrow is the most famous of them, and also the busiest in Europe.
79. There are almost no traffic jams in the central part of the city. The secret is simple - since 2003, on weekdays, entry here is paid and is more than 12 pounds. Moreover, entry in an old car that does not meet environmental standards will cost twice as much.
80. The London Underground is one of the largest in the world with 270 stations. It is also the oldest in the world, its first branch was opened in 1863. The people call the subway Underground (“subway”) or Tube (“pipe”). The fare varies depending on the metro area. The stations have special places for musicians to perform, and it is customary to leave the newspapers in the car, where someone else can read them.
81. London has a Tramlink tram system, but it operates only in south London in the Croydon area and has only 4 routes. The fact is that there is no subway in this part of the city.
82. London is the only place where you need to study to become a taxi driver, and the training takes several years and involves passing the most difficult exams. The fact is that it is not customary for local taxi drivers to use maps, and even more so navigators, they must remember all the streets and even houses by heart! Not surprisingly, about 70% of applicants do not stand up to training. Naturally, we are talking about black taxi cabs that have become the hallmark of the city. It is they who have the right to play the streets and put passengers anywhere, but the prices in them bite. There are also simpler taxis in the city, but they only work on specific calls. If you need to use a transfer to the airport, we recommend that you order a Russian taxi in London. Reasonable price and quality service guaranteed.
83. Famous red double decker buses are called double deckers. The first buses of this type appeared on the streets in 1956.
84. In many places of the city there are parking lots with bicycles that can be rented with a bank card.
85. The Greenwich meridian passes through London, which in 1884 was decided to be considered zero (until that moment, different countries counted longitude from their national meridians). It used to pass through the observatory in the town of Greenwich, but now the town has become one of the districts of the sprawling capital.
86. Under London there are many underground rivers and streams. In the Victorian era, they were hidden underground - in the sewer system. At that time, it was the right decision, because Londoners threw garbage at them and poured sewage.
87. The Tower of London on the banks of the Thames is considered one of the oldest buildings in the UK. Its construction is attributed to William I, the legendary Norman conqueror who radically changed the whole way of Great Britain. Construction began in 1066 and ended in 1078. Later, Richard the Lionheart ordered to build several more towers and dig a moat around the fortress, and from 1190 the fortress gradually began to turn into a prison and a place of executions, and representatives of the nobility and even unsuccessful monarchs often became prisoners. King Henry VIII and his descendants were especially zealous in this matter in the 16th-17th centuries. It was only after World War II that they stopped keeping prisoners. Part of the fortress was occupied for a long time by the mint and the menagerie, later transferred to the London Zoo. Today, the Tower has become a museum and repository of the treasures of the British crown. Among the staff of the modern Tower there is a ravenmaster - an employee who monitors the well-being of the local flock of crows. There is a belief that when they leave the fortress, many misfortunes await the country. To prevent this from happening, crows have their wings clipped.
88. Big Ben is another well-known landmark that is actually not called that. The clock tower of the Palace of Westminster bears the name of Elizabeth, and "Big Ben" is not even the name of the clock, but the largest of the six bells inside the tower.
89. The London Zoo has been operating since 1828 and is the oldest in the world. Interestingly, it does not receive government funding and exists on proceeds from ticket sales, charitable fees and donations.
90. Like other major cities, London has not been spared by great tragedies. In 1952, the Great Smog hung over the city for several days - a toxic fog that led to the death of several thousand people. Immediately after this environmental disaster, the Clean Air Act was passed, but London is still considered one of the most polluted European cities today.
91. In 1666, during the Great Fire of London, most of the city burned out in just three days. The exact number of victims is unknown, the fact remains that more than 80% of the population was left homeless, and the restoration of the city took more than a dozen years. Although everything can be found pluses. For example, the fire helped to cope with the Great Plague Epidemic, which at that time had been raging in the capital for a year.
92. The Great Stench is another environmental disaster in London's history. In 1858, there was no sewerage in the largest city in Europe. And during the hot summer, the Thames overflowed with sewage and poisoned the surrounding areas. Cholera began to spread (they did not yet know that it was transmitted through water), there was a disgusting stench, residents fled to the suburbs, and the British Parliament resigned. The disaster ended by itself with the advent of rainy weather, but the government realized that the problem had to be dealt with somehow, and a year later a sewer system appeared in London.
93. The city is the main political, cultural and economic center of Britain.
94. In the Tower, a local fortress, a special person watches over the ravens living in its territories. According to one legend, Great Britain will fall immediately after the birds leave the fortress.
95. An interesting fact is that in London, anyone can, instead of a traditional taxi, call a cab - a horse-drawn carriage.
96. There are 20 piped rivers flowing under the surface of London.
97. Did you know that over 300 languages are spoken in this capital, making London the most multilingual city on earth. But there is no doubt that everyone here knows English.
98. The British take their culture and traditions very seriously. As a result, the tower constable has the right to demand from the ships entering the harbor - a barrel of rum.
99. By law, a person suffering from the plague is not allowed to call a taxi.
100. Since 1907, all London buses have been painted red, although before that they were of a wide variety of colors and shades.
Tokyo, the capital of distant and prosperous Japan, stuns tourists literally from the first moments, as soon as the traveler's footsteps on his land. Everything seems to be different here than in other cities: an incredibly complex layout of blocks, and intricate metro lines that are perceived as not connected to each other, and a solid jungle of city communications wires. During rush hours, people seem to merge into one river, and its flows fill the streets, underpasses, public transport. Here you need to always keep your eyes open, because it is very easy to get lost, getting completely different from where you hoped to be.
Tokyo is second in the world in terms of population density. The city of 37 million is not only the political, administrative and financial, but also the industrial and cultural center of the country. Located in the southeastern part of Japan's largest island of Honshu, this ultra-modern metropolis, where life does not stop day or night, is located on the Kanto Plain, in a cozy bay of Tokyo Bay. To truly feel its amazing atmosphere and get acquainted with at least half of the sights, one day or even a week is not enough - you need to live here for several months.
Huge and many-sided Tokyo, the capital of the only empire in the world, and even an island - Japan, cannot be described in a few words or limited to only a couple of epithets, even the most eloquent ones. And all because in this ancient city, modernity and ancient Japanese traditions harmoniously coexist, mutually penetrating each other. The Old City is worth mentioning separately. Having visited its numerous palaces, temples and shrines, it is as if you are plunging into the era of the shoguns, who for a long time were the sole rulers of the Land of the Rising Sun. Art lovers will quench their thirst for beauty in Tokyo's many museums.
1. Beneath Tokyo are five huge cylindrical shafts that will be filled with water in the event of a flood. This will prevent the destruction of the city.
2. There is an anime and manga in Japan called "Saint Young Men" in which Jesus and Buddha live in Tokyo as roommates. They rest on Earth and try to understand Japanese society.
3. When Tokyo officials went to congratulate the oldest man in the city on his 111th birthday in 2010, they found his remains on a bed. He had been dead for 30 years, and his family was taking away his pension, which was still accruing to him.
4. The Allied bombing of Tokyo killed more civilians than the atomic bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima combined.
5. During the Tokyo real estate bubble, the Imperial Palace (1.32 square miles) was valued more than all real estate in California.
6. Researchers in Tokyo have developed a mirror that changes a person's facial expression in real time. It gives a smile to the face. The application is intended for use in the bathrooms of the mall. The technology was adopted in the hope that happy shoppers would spend more.
7. The 2020 Olympic Games was held in Tokyo, Japan, as predicted in the 1982 Akira manga.
8. In 2013, a 39-story hotel in Tokyo literally "disappeared". It was demolished without the use of explosives or a special wrecking ball. All 39 floors were dismantled from the inside using a small crane, which gradually folded floor by floor.
9. You can pay a travel agency in Tokyo to send your plush toy on vacation without you.
10. One day, the Japanese government sent cherry tree seedlings to Washington as a gift. After the Second World War, cuttings from these cherry trees were sent back to Japan to restore the Tokyo collection, which was destroyed as a result of American bombing.
11. Tokyo Skytree is the tallest freestanding tower in the world. The height of the building is 634 meters. The tower's final height was chosen solely because of a play on words. The result is "Musashi": "mu" (in old Japanese means the number 6), "sa" (3) and "si" (4). This was the name of the historic district where modern Tokyo is located.
12. A Japanese scientist has created an exact copy of Tokyo. He used oatmeal to create nearby settlements, and bright light to simulate mountains, water sources and other natural features. When a scientist placed a living slime mold in the center of the mock-up, it created a network reminiscent of the Tokyo rail system as it tried to reach the treat (oatmeal).
13. Japan has almost twice as many 7-Elevens stores as the US. Only in Tokyo there are 2079 stores of this network.
14. There is a store in Tokyo called Whoopi Goldberg.
15. One of the Tokyo skyscrapers informs you with the help of colored lights whether to take an umbrella with you when you go outside.
16. In Tokyo, there is a building built in 1972, consisting of tiny 90-square-foot capsule apartments. If necessary, they can be replaced as Lego pieces.
17. There is a 12-story luxury stationery store in Tokyo. On the 12th floor they serve lettuce grown on the organic indoor farm located on the 11th floor of the same building.
18. Tokyo University is developing a tactile hologram. In other words, they create a hologram that can be touched and felt.
19. Tokyo has an anime-themed Butler cafe. According to the hostess, Japanese women “want to visit cafes where handsome male waiters will treat them like princesses.” This is the only cafe where only foreigners work.
20. 45 of the 51 busiest train stations in the world are in Japan. The busiest Shinjuku station, located in Tokyo, serves approximately 1.2 billion passengers a year.
21. At noon on September 1, 1923, a powerful earthquake occurred in Tokyo. Major fires broke out throughout the city because at the time of the earthquake, people were cooking dinner over an open fire. More than 100,000 people died.
22. Blue "anti-suicide" LED lights have been installed on all train platforms in Tokyo in an attempt to reduce the number of suicides committed here. It is believed that such lanterns have a calming effect. Studies have shown that blue-light stations have reduced suicide rates by 84%.
23. In 1923, a “fire tornado” swept through Tokyo and burned over 38,000 people.
24. Each Tokyo train station has its own unique theme songs.
25. The rock and roll culture of the 50s is still thriving in Tokyo.
26. Researchers at the University of Tokyo have created a robot arm that wins 100% of the time in a game of rock-paper-scissors. Using a high-speed camera, the robot recognizes within one millisecond the shape that the human hand is about to create, and then selects the winning combination.
27. A cafe has opened in Tokyo where visitors can hug hedgehogs.
28. On March 9-10, 1945, 300 B29 bombers dropped almost 500,000 cylinders of napalm and petroleum products on Tokyo, creating a 40-kilometer firestorm that killed over 100,000 people and maimed another million Japanese. It was the most destructive bombing in human history, including the atomic bombs of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
29. Crows in Tokyo often steal steel wires to add to their nests. This often results in power outages when birds build nests on power lines.
30. Tokyo restaurants have more Michelin stars than Parisian establishments. In 2007, the editor of Michelin declared Tokyo to be the "Gastronomic Capital of the World".
31. Cat cafes are popular and quite common in Japan. Here, people pay to interact with cats, since most Tokyo apartments do not allow pets.
32. Only after 3 hours in Tokyo learned that Hiroshima had been bombed.
33. In 2011, the residents of Sendai received an earthquake warning 10-30 seconds before the main seismic waves hit. Residents of Tokyo, the Japanese Earthquake Early Warning System (EEW) notified of the impending wave in 60 seconds. Messages were relayed via mobile phones, TV shows and web pages across the country.
34. The Tokyo metropolitan area has a larger population than Canada.
35. More than 70 unexploded WWII bombs are found in Tokyo every year.
36. Tokyo Tower was built from steel, a third of which was scrap metal (American tanks damaged in the Korean War). Often this building is used in the Japanese kaiju film genre. It also became the site of the culminating "battles" of Godzilla, Mothra and King Kong.
37. Tokyo is by far the richest city on Earth. If it were a city-state, then Tokyo would still be among the ten richest countries in terms of GDP.
38. The former Tokyo governor claimed that the Nanjing Massacre (the mass rape and murder of Chinese civilians by the Japanese military) never happened.
39. Because of Tokyo's location on a tectonic fault, geologists call it the "city waiting for death."
40. There are rumors that a secret underground city is supposedly located under Tokyo, but officials vehemently deny this information.
41. The ancestors of modern Japanese inhabited these lands in the era of stone axes. Previously, this city was a military fortress and was called "Edo".
42. Tokyo became the capital of Japan only in 1868. Prior to that, for 1075 years, the capital was the city of Kyoto.
43. In 1923, a terrible earthquake destroyed almost half of Tokyo and killed more than 90,000 people (earthquake facts).
44. The cost of a square meter of real estate in the business center of the city here reaches 2 million dollars.
45. Due to the high price of real estate in Tokyo, capsule micro-apartments have become widespread.
46. Some establishments here do not allow foreigners. A sign can hang right on the door, which means "foreigners are not served."
47. Despite the relative popularity of tattoos among Japanese youth, a person with a tattoo on exposed areas of the body will most likely not be allowed into any decent restaurant. In Japan, tattoos are strongly associated with the yakuza and the underworld.
48. In order to get rid of traffic jams in Tokyo, a huge number of high-speed highways were built, but the passage on them is paid.
49. The cost of parking here is fabulously high.
50. Fruits and vegetables are expensive here.
51. The most popular area for Tokyo youth looking for entertainment is Harajuku. It is here that you can meet the owners of the strangest outfits and hairstyles.
52. In Tokyo, there is a restaurant "Aragawa", which from year to year occupies one of the first places in the list of the most expensive establishments in the world.
53. An asteroid discovered in 1900 by a Tokyo astronomer was named after this city.
54. The zoo in Tokyo closes for two months each year so that its inhabitants can take a break from visitors.
55. “Cat cafes” are common here - establishments where you can play with these fluffy creatures.
55. They have become popular because most Japanese people love cats, but in most households, the rules forbid keeping pets (cat facts).
56. The air temperature in Tokyo is usually 9-10 degrees higher than outside the city. The reason for this is a huge amount of infrastructure radiating into space, plus 13 million inhabitants, whose bodies also warm the air around.
57. There are about 150 earthquakes in Tokyo every year, but most of them are so weak that people don't even notice them. A similar situation is observed, by the way, in Santiago, the capital of Chile.
58. The capital occupies only 0.6% of the area of Japan, but it provides a third of its total GDP.
59. The GDP of the city of Tokyo alone is higher than the GDP of all of Australia.
60. Twice as many people live in the suburbs of the Japanese capital than in the city itself. In total, more than 35 million people live in and near the city. This is about 60 times more than the population of Montenegro.
61. Based on the area of the city and the population, there are about 4 square meters per inhabitant.
52. Tokyo's ubiquitous vending machines sell everything from chocolates and hamburgers to used women's underwear.
53. The dog Hachiko, famous all over the world due to his devotion, was waiting for his master right here, at Tokyo's Shibuya station, until his death.
54. In major Japanese cities, many homeowners ban pets, which is why "cat cafes" have appeared in Tokyo - for a low fee, visitors can choose a cat and pet it while drinking lemonade or tea.
55. The Tokyo subway system is the world's largest in terms of ridership, with 3.2 billion people a year. An interesting fact is that there is even a special position here - osiya, or pushers, whose duties include pushing passengers into overcrowded cars.
56. Public transport in Tokyo is the most reliable, affordable and fastest way to get around. But still, he's not cheap.
57. The asteroid Tokyo, discovered in this city in 1900, was named after the city. This is an irregularly shaped celestial body with a diameter of approximately 81 kilometers.
58. Tokyo Ueno Zoo is Japan's oldest zoo with over 2,600 pets.
59. If you say at least a couple of phrases to the Japanese in Tokyo in their language, they will be very happy, because they believe that foreigners simply cannot learn Japanese because of its phenomenal complexity.
60. The population density in Tokyo is one of the highest among cities in the world, and there are only 4 square meters per person. In total, more than 35,000,000 people live in the Tokyo agglomeration.
61. There are a lot of single people in Tokyo who have never been in any kind of relationship with the opposite sex. Because of this, the suicide rate is extremely high.
62. If Tokyo were a separate country, it would be 15th place in the world in terms of GDP.
63. Tokyo is the safest metropolis in the world. Tokyo is so safe that young children use public transport on their own.
64. Tokyo's Shinjuku-Ni-Cheme area has the largest concentration of gay bars in the world.
65. Dressing up as your favorite manga or anime character and organizing a performance in Tokyo is a completely normal pastime.
66. Since the "Land of the Rising Sun" is located in a seismically active zone, earthquakes often occur here. In 1923, a powerful earthquake destroyed about half of Tokyo's infrastructure, killing more than 90,000 people in the process.
67. In the capital, real estate costs fabulous money. For 1 m 2 in the business center of Tokyo, the buyer will have to pay about $ 2 million!
68. Due to the high cost of housing, there are many micro-apartments in Tokyo. Their area varies within 10 m².
69. Parking in the city center for 1 hour is approximately $15.
70. Curiously, Harajuko is predominantly populated by young people. For this reason, in this region you can see many people with original hairstyles and outfits.
71. An interesting fact is that in the capital, rail transport is the most common type of public transport.
72. The Tokyo Stock Exchange is one of the three largest stock exchanges in the world.
73. Unlike some other megacities like Kuala Lumpur or Manila, Tokyo can be called a safe city with a clear conscience. True, foreigners are not welcome here everywhere. Some establishments here, as in the Korean capital of Seoul, put up a sign stating that "foreigners are not served."
74. Formally, Tokyo ceased to exist as a city in 1943 and was no longer displayed on maps. Officially, Tokyo refers to the 62 administrative divisions that make up the Tokyo Metropolitan Area.
75. Moreover, the 23 special districts included in it, which made up Tokyo until 1943, are now equated in status with individual cities that have their own mayor and their own city council.
76. An indicator of the exceptional transparency of the air in Tokyo - if from it you can see the sacred Mount Fuji located 100 kilometers from it - the national symbol of Japan. But this happens very rarely.
77. Fujiyama, in fact, is not a mountain, but a volcano, although it is listed as weakly active. Its last eruption occurred in 1707. Then Edo was covered with a cloud of volcanic ash.
78. Tokyo is one of the few capitals in the world located in a seismically active zone. And at the same time - the only one, because the world's largest economy is located here.
79. The earth on which it stands is shaken by earthquakes of various strengths about 150 times a year.
80. The Tokyo subway is also the largest in the world in terms of passenger traffic: more than 8.5 million passengers a day. Of these, 3 million are at Shinjuku Station alone, the busiest transport hub in the world.
81. However, trains must still leave stations without delay. That is why passengers are helped by special employees - osiya ("pushers"): they push them into the cars and make sure that the doors do not jam anyone's luggage.
82. One of the main attractions of Tokyo is Ginza, the main street of Tokyo's administrative center and the main shopping street. Walking on it is a kind of ritual. The whole street is one continuous showcase of shops located on it.
83. Buying here is not available to everyone, but it is prestigious. And also such a purchase means that you belong to the middle class - the basis of the entire Japanese economy.
84. From an architectural point of view, Tokyo is a gray and featureless city, devoid of frills and sights.
85. After World War II, mass construction began in the rapidly developing city, and it was guided by only three principles: pragmatism, expediency, and economy.
86. Tokyo can be amaze with an abundance of gray and inexpressive streets, many of which do not even have a name.
87. In Tokyo, as in other major cities in Japan, it is forbidden to keep any animals at home - the unanimous point of view of Japanese homeowners.
88. The onset of cherry blossom season, which is an important part of spring in Japan, marks the end of harsh winters. Cherry blossoms can be enjoyed for only two weeks during the whole year.
89. With a noodle shop and a beer garden on top, Takao-san is the world's most visited mountain on the western edge of Tokyo.
90. Tokyo Tower, modeled after the Eiffel Tower, is repainted with approximately 7,500 gallons of paint every 5 years.
91. Tokyo's Ritz Carlton has the most expensive room in the city, costing as much as $25,000.
92. The longest concert in Tokyo was the concert of the American band Guns N'Roses, which lasted three hours and thirty-seven minutes.
93. No matter how old people in Japan are, the Komagata Dozeu restaurant managed to survive the earthquakes and bombings, and managed to continue operating on the same piece of land for six generations (150 years).
94. Tokyo Skytree became the tallest tower in 2010. The official name was determined by a voting system. The current name received 30% of the votes and was announced on June 10, 2008 as "Tokyo Skytree".
95. Shinjuku Station has 36 platforms, including an underground entrance, an overhead entrance, and many corridors. Moreover, there are more than 200 different exits.
96. Tokyo in translation means the eastern capital. There are approximately 150 earthquakes in Tokyo every year.
97. In Japan, growing plants is an art.
98. The new generation of Japanese is not as small as Europeans think.
99. The Japanese tend to believe that all foreign countries, especially America, are dangerous to visit.
100. You can buy batteries, beer, wine, condoms, cigarettes, comics, hot dogs, light bulbs, and used women's underwear from Tokyo's vending machines.
Powerball and Mega Millions have a lot in common, but there are still some differences between them. Let's compare Mega Millions and Powerball and find out which lottery has the best odds and which game has the best prizes. In short, which is better: playing Mega Millions or Powerball? Bemorepanda hopes that in this article you will find answers to all questions regarding the differences between these lottery titans. But also find out some interesting facts about both Mega Millions and Powerball : history, biggest wins and other interesting things.
Americans kicked into lottery fever when the combined Mega Millions and Powerball jackpots were played. $ 1 billion.
The Mega Millions jackpot for the October 16 draw is valued at $ 667 million. This is the largest jackpot in Mega Millions history. Meanwhile, the Powerball jackpot is $ 345 million and the next draw will take place on October 17th.
With incredibly high jackpots, not even gamblers are willing to try their luck. If you've never played the lottery before, here's what you need to know.
Mega Millions tickets cost $ 2 each and can be purchased from lottery stores in 44 states. (Six states do not participate. Sorry Alabama, Alaska, Hawaii, Mississippi, Nevada, and Utah — you're out of luck.)
You choose six numbers for each ticket: five numbers from 1 to 70 and one number from 1 to 25 - the Mega Ball. If you do not want to choose your numbers, use the Quick Select feature and your numbers will be selected for you.
In some states, such as Texas and Wisconsin, you buy a Just the Jackpot ticket. This ticket costs $ 3 but gives you two raffles. The catch is that you only win if you get all six winning numbers. This is in contrast to the standard Mega Millions ticket, where players who match some but not all of the numbers are eligible for lower prizes.
There is also a Megaplier option that is available in most states. For the extra $ 1 per game, any non-jackpot winnings will be multiplied.
1. The rules for Mega Millions and Powerball are almost identical. You need to choose 5 main numbers and 1 additional one. If you match all the numbers drawn, you will win the jackpot. An overlap can win you a side prize.
2. Powerball and Mega Millions are renowned for their incredible jackpots, some of the largest in the world. Today the world record holder is Powerball, but before that, the Mega Millions held the palm for four years.
3. The Mega Millions jackpot reached incredible heights in March 2012, when the previous world record (set by Mega Millions in March 2007) was $ 390 million. After a long losing streak, on March 30, 2012, the $ 656 million prize was split among three winners.
4. A record $ 1.586 billion won by Powerball in January 2016 was also won with three tickets. In October 2018, it looked like Mega Millions was about to beat that amount. The lottery announced a jackpot of $ 1.6 billion, but the final prize fell below the Powerball record. This happened because ticket sales fell short of expectations.
5. The $ 1.537 billion jackpot won by a single South Carolina player is the largest lottery prize ever won with a single ticket, as well as the largest single payout on a single ticket.
6. Mega Millions also managed to win another jackpot of over a billion dollars. Although he has not set any new records, this $ 1.05 billion prize was won on January 22, 2021 in Michigan. It went to the Wolverine FFL Club, a four-member lottery club.
7. The Megaplier in Mega Millions and Power Play in Powerball are multipliers (multipliers) that you can add to your ticket for a small surcharge. This will allow you, in case of winning the secondary prize, to increase its size several times.
8. Unlike the additional numbers that players select when filling out the ticket (Mega Ball in Mega Millions and Powerball in Powerball), the multiplier number does not need to be guessed. It is selected randomly during the draw (from a separate reel).
9. In both games, the multiplier can be 2, 3, 4 or 5. However, Powerball also has a multiplier of 10, which can only be drawn when the lottery jackpot is below $ 150 million.
10. Although the multiplier does not affect the jackpot in any way, it determines how many times the secondary prizes will be multiplied. The winners of the secondary categories, who marked the multiplier box on their ticket, will win a prize multiplied by several times.
11. There is another difference between the two multipliers. Megaplier multiplies all Mega Millions side prizes. This means that when Megaplier 5x is dropped, the player who wins the 2nd prize can win $ 5 million.In the PowerBall lottery, the maximum size of the 2nd prize, regardless of the Power Play number drawn in the drawing, is always $ 2 million.
12. Powerball has drawn $ 1.586 billion and Mega Millions $ 1.537 billion, so both lotteries can play astronomical amounts. The second prize in both lotteries is $ 1 million, but there is a slight difference: the Mega Millions multiplier can increase it to $ 5 million, while the size of the 2nd Powerball prize, even with the Power Play multiplier, will never exceed $ 2 million.
13. In both Powerball and Mega Millions, you have to match 5 main and 1 additional numbers to win the jackpot. The conditions for winning other prizes are also the same, but their amounts are different.
14. The odds of hitting the jackpot in both lotteries are pretty low, but in Powerball the odds are slightly higher (1 in 292.201.338 versus 1 in 302.575.350). The odds of winning secondary prizes also vary slightly. This is due to differences in guessing ranges. Here is a table that compares the odds for each prize tier.
15. The first Powerball draw took place on April 22, 1992; The Mega Millions have been drawn since September 6, 1996. Learn more about the history of Mega Millions.
16. Mega Millions offer the "Just the Jackpot" option, which allows players to buy a cheaper ticket that only claims the jackpot and cannot win other prizes.
17. In some states, Powerball offers an additional Double Play option that allows players to participate in an additional draw where they have a chance to win up to $ 10 million.
18. Mega Millions draws on Tuesdays and Fridays at WSB-TV in Atlanta, Georgia. Powerball Draws take place on Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at Universal Studios in Orlando, Florida.
19. Mega Millions tickets are sold in 47 jurisdictions (45 states, the District of Columbia and the US Virgin Islands). Powerball tickets are available in the same jurisdictions as well as Puerto Rico.
20. The price of a Mega Millions ticket, like the cost of a Powerball ticket, is $ 2. The Megaplier / Power Play option adds $ 1 to the ticket price.
21. The minimum starting jackpot for both lotteries was $ 40 million, but this amount was cut to $ 20 million in April 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic.
22. Jackpots of both lotteries can be obtained either in a one-time payment or in 30 annual installments (each of which will be 5% higher than the previous one).
23. You don't need to travel to the United States to play Mega Millions! You also do not need to be in the United States to participate in the Powerball Draws. You can play both exciting lotteries online at theLotter!
24. The first tickets for the Mega Millions lottery, founded under the name "The Big Game", went on sale in August 1996. The first draw took place on September 6, 1996.
25. Initially, only 6 states participated in the lottery: Virginia, Georgia, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan and Maryland. Initially, the draws were held only on Fridays, but the game quickly gained popularity, and already in February 1998 the organizers added an additional draw on Tuesdays. Around the same time, the guessing range was expanded, and the winners had the opportunity to take the main prize in one payout. In 1999, New Jersey became the seventh state to offer tickets for the Great Game draws.
26. The "Mega Millions" lottery was renamed in May 2002. At the same time, Washington, New York, Oregon joined the host states. Subsequently, circulations also began to be carried out in Texas (2003) and California (2005).
27. Texas became the first state to offer members the Megaplier option, which could multiply the secondary prizes by several times. The Megaplier remained unique to the one-star state until it signed a cross-sell agreement with Powerball in January 2010, after which it appeared on tickets sold in other states. Today, the Megaplier is available in all jurisdictions in which Mega Millions tickets are sold, with the exception of California.
28. In January 2010, Mega Millions and Powerball signed a historic cross-selling agreement that allowed states to sell tickets to both lotteries. As a result of the agreement, the number of states in which Mega Millions tickets were sold jumped to 43. It was also possible to play the lottery in Washington D.C. and in the US Virgin Islands.
29. In March 2012, Mega Millions set a world record for the largest jackpot to date. The incredible $ 656 million prize was won by three tickets (purchased in Illinois, Kansas and Maryland). That record was held until January 2016, when Powerball raffled off $ 1.586 billion.
30. Starting October 22, 2013, the guessing range has changed from 5/56 + 1/46 to 5/75 + 1/15. The lottery organizers also set a minimum jackpot ($ 15 million) and a minimum amount of an increase in the first prize in case of transfer ($ 5 million), and also increased the size of the second prize from $ 250,000 to $ 1 million. In addition to this, the Megaplier 5x (with which the second prize can reach $ 5 million).
31. On July 8, 2016, Mega Millions hit the jackpot of $ 536 million - the largest prize ever won with a single ticket.
32. In October 2017, the lottery organizers revised its rules once again. The aim of these measures was to increase the popularity of the lottery and increase the Mega Millions jackpots. Changes included an update to the guessing range (5/70 + 1/25), a $ 40M minimum guaranteed jackpot, and higher secondary prizes. As part of the new format, the ticket price for Mega Millions has doubled from $ 1 to $ 2.
33. The organizers introduced a new game option "Just the Jackpot" - for $ 3, players got 2 chances to hit the jackpot, but, at the same time, they could not claim secondary prizes (this option is not available in all jurisdictions, in which tickets are sold).
34. In a historic draw on October 23, 2018, Mega Millions hit the biggest jackpot in its history: $ 1.537 billion. The winner who bought the ticket in South Carolina applied for the prize in March 2019. He chose to receive his winnings in a lump sum of $ 877,784,124 and not divulge his identity. This jackpot was the largest amount ever won with a single ticket in the world.
35. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, "The Mega Millions Consortium has adjusted the game's starting jackpot and will determine the starting amounts for subsequent jackpots and jackpot increases for each draw," the lottery organizers said in a statement in early April 2020. Since then, the starting jackpot has been reduced from $ 40 million to $ 20 million, and the minimum jackpot increase between draws has been $ 2 million.
36. The Mega Millions raffled its second billionth jackpot on January 22, 2021. After a record longest losing streak of 37 draws, the $ 1.05 billion ($ 776.6 million lump sum) prize was won by a four-player Michigan-based lottery club. The club's representative and attorney applied for the prize on March 12, 2021. The group opted for a one-off payment of $ 766 million over receipt of the full amount in annuity payments. This jackpot is the second largest prize in Mega Millions history and the third largest prize in the history of the lottery.
37. Shane Missler, 20, from Port Richey, Florida, was not surprised to find out that he had won a giant jackpot. As he said, he had a "premonition". "I am only 20, but I hope to use this [prize] to devote time to various hobbies, to help my family and to benefit humanity."
38. The syndicate prize is the largest of just 3 Mega Million jackpots hit in Philadelphia since Mega Million tickets began selling there in 2010.
39. Richard Wahl, a 47-year-old production manager at a food services company from Vernon, New Jersey, won the jackpot on the second time he ever played the lottery. "I drive past that (Mega Millions) sign every day and don't buy," he told reporters at a press conference when he picked up his check.
40. On March 30, 2012, Mega Millions had a huge draw. As the jackpot grew and grew, players and fans alike began to wonder if the prize would ever get bogged down! The final jackpot was $ 656 million - which brought the lottery the world record for the largest lottery jackpot (it lasted almost four years)!
41. The first of the three winners took his share of the $ 218.6 million prize the following Friday after the draw. Kansas law allows lottery winners to remain anonymous, which is exactly what this wise lottery multimillionaire did.
42. The second winners of the stunning prize were three Maryland public school staff who called themselves the "Three Amigos." It is known about the winners that one of them was a woman in her twenties, the other in her fifties, and the third member of the syndicate was a man in his forties. Chipping off $ 20 each, they bought 60 tickets, one of which brought them a lot of money! The amigos who split the whopping $ 218.6 million are probably each other's richest friends!
43. The last winning ticket of this huge circulation belonged to retirees Merle and Patricia Butler. When it was revealed that the winning ticket had been purchased in their hometown of Red Bad, Illinois, friends jokingly asked Merle if he had won. They never imagined ... The couple stayed up all night watching the news and surfing the Internet to find out how many people have won the jackpot. On April 18, 2012, they took their prize in a one-time payment, and after taxes were paid, they got their hands on $ 111 million.
44. After a record longest losing streak of 37 draws, the Mega Millions jackpot hit a staggering $ 1.05 billion. Finally, on Saturday, January 22nd, the winning draw numbers matched the numbers on a lucky ticket purchased in Novi, Michigan. As it turned out later, the jackpot was won by a 4-member syndicate called "Wolverine FFL Club" (wolverine - wolverine). They announced their winnings on March 12, 2021. “This money will affect the lives of the families of our club members for many generations to come. We plan to stay humble and share the winnings through donations to charities in southeastern Michigan. " Like many of the other winners on this list, the group opted for a $ 766 million lump-sum prize. This Mega Millions jackpot is the third largest lottery prize in the world, and the second largest prize won with a single ticket!
45. The ticket, sold in South Carolina, was the sole winner of the $ 1.537 billion ($ 878 million lump sum) Mega Millions draw on October 23, 2018. The jackpot was announced at $ 1.6 billion and it looked like Mega Millions would break the Powerball world record for the largest lottery prize in history. But ticket sales were lower than expected, and the final jackpot was reduced slightly as a result. After the draw ended, it became known that South Carolina has a single winner.
46. The mother of four children, Marie Holmes, did not have an easy life. She raised four children single-handedly and had to quit her job to constantly take care of her son with special needs. When the Powerball jackpot rose to sky-high levels, Marie asked her mother to buy a ticket for her. Her mother complied with the request, and fortune took care of the rest. Holmes became one of three winners of the $ 564.1 million jackpot, making her the largest lottery winner in North Carolina history. Taking the prize, Holmes vowed to spend the money on good deeds. Since then, she has made frequent headlines in the news for both positive and not-so-positive reasons. She used some of her winnings to help her church and some of the bail money for her boyfriend, who was arrested on drug charges.
47. Matthew Goode, Mark, and Cindy Hill - $ 587.5 million - November 28, 2012. The winners of this epic Powerball jackpot from Missouri announced their big win in high school, where they first met and fell in love in the 1970s. Mark and Cindy Hill of Dearborn, Missouri spent $ 10 on five random tickets and hit a $ 192 million (gross) prize! These high school sweethearts made the country news and made Dearborn famous. The second runner-up, Matthew Goode of Phoenix, Arizona (namesake of the famous actor), also opted for a lump sum.
48. Lerynne West, a 51-year-old mother of three, from Redfield, Iowa, just bought a new home and, in the course of her upcoming move, stopped by the store to buy pizza and coffee, as well as a Powerball ticket. She ended up leaving a ticket for a few days on the floor of her sister's pickup truck before realizing that she had just won a slice of the huge Powerball jackpot. Her share of the prize was $ 343.9 million, and she took that amount in a one-time payment of $ 198.1 million.
49. The record longest four-month streak without a winner was finally cut short on October 4, 2021, with a single ticket sold in California that hit the jackpot of $ 699.8 million! The winning draw numbers were 12, 22, 54, 66, 69 and Powerball 15. Not only is it the 5th largest jackpot in Powerball history, but also the 7th largest prize ever drawn in an American lottery. According to the California Lottery website, the lucky ticket was purchased at a grocery store in Morro Bay. The winner has not yet applied for the prize.
50. The ticket purchased from the Coney Market in Lonaconing, Maryland was the only ticket that featured winning Powerball draw numbers on January 20, 2021. On May 26, 2021, the prize was collected by anonymous winners who identified themselves as the “Power Pack.” ("Powerpack"). They chose to receive the money in a lump sum of $ 546.8 million (approximately $ 366.6 million after deducting federal and state taxes). Maryland Lottery officials said the winners told them the money would allow them to help their families and community members "for generations to come."