Astronomical events in 2022 Full Moon Eclipse Details, Meteor Showers: Where to watch, how long it will last and more
In 2021, we had suborbital flights, we had a rover that landed on Mars, we sent the James Webb telescope, the best so far, in space and we expect many "gifts" in 2022. What will we see in 2022 , if we look up at the sky?
One of them will be visible for only 20 minutes, because the Moon is setting. We will have a lunar eclipse on May 16th. Basically, we will have to look at the moon in the morning, around 5 a.m, and we will find that it is very close to the horizon, because it is starting to set, but then it will start to enter the shadow of the Earth. It will be a spectacular phenomenon because we will see both the eclipsed sunset and the rising sun.
We will have another partial solar eclipse, which will be visible from us, on October 25. There, the Sun will be about 45 percent covered by the Moon. But it is a beautiful eclipse of the Sun, which will be seen, and for us the advantage is that it is partially visible from anywhere in the world, so we should not be "upset" that others could see it in full.
The new year will surely be a delight for heavenly viewers, with plenty of celestial events on the calendar. Here are the main events in the sky in 2022, so you can prepare your binoculars and telescope.
There are 12 phases of the full moon in 2022, and two of them qualify as supermoons. The definitions of a supermoon may vary, but the term generally refers to a full moon that is brighter and closer to Earth than normal, and therefore appears larger in the night sky.
Some astronomers say that the phenomenon occurs when the Moon is at 90% of perigee, the closest to Earth in orbit. According to this definition, the full moon in June as well as July will be considered supermoon events.
Here is the list of full astronomical events for 2022:
January 17: Moon of the Wolf
February 16: Snow Month
March 18: Worm Moon
April 16: Pink Moon
May 16: Flower Month
June 14: Strawberry Month
July 13: Deer Moon
August 11: Moon Sturgeon
September 10: Harvest Month
October 9: Hunter's Month
November 8: Beaver Month
December 7: Cold Moon
Lunar and solar eclipses
Partial solar eclipses occur when the Moon passes in front of the Sun, but only blocks some of its light. Be sure to wear appropriate eclipse goggles to see solar eclipses safely, as light can be harmful to the eyes.
A partial solar eclipse on April 30 can be seen in southern South America, the southeastern Pacific Ocean and the Antarctic Peninsula.
Another eclipse on October 25 will be visible in Greenland, Iceland, Europe, Northeast Africa, the Middle East, West Asia, India and western China.
A lunar eclipse can only occur during the full moon, when the Sun, Earth, and Moon align and the Moon passes in the shadow of the Earth. The earth casts two shadows on the moon during the eclipse. The penumbra is the partial outer shadow, and the shadow is the complete, dark one.
There will be two total lunar eclipses and two partial solar eclipses in 2022, according to The Old Farmer's Almanac.
When the full moon passes in the shadow of the Earth, it darkens, but does not disappear. Sunlight passing through the Earth's atmosphere illuminates the Moon dramatically, turning it red, which is why it is often referred to as the "blood moon."
The new year begins with the Quadrantid meteor shower, which is expected to peak in the night hours between January 2 and 3 for those in North America, according to the American Meteor Society.
The annual Perseid meteor shower in August is a real delight for those observing the sky, as it produces extremely many streaks of light through our atmosphere.
It is the first of 12 meteor showers during the year, although the next, the Lyrid meteor shower, does not reach its peak until April.
Here are the other rains to watch in 2022:
Lyrids: April 21-22
And Aquariids: May 4-5
Southern Delta Aquariums: July 29-30
Alpha Capricorns: July 30-31
Perseids: August 11-12
Orionids: October 20-21
Southern Taurids: November 4-5
Northern Taurids: November 11-12
Leonids: November 17-18
Geminids: December 13-14
Bears: December 21-22
If the sky remains clear, the Quarantines should reach their peak on the evening of January 3, after 20:00.
Lyride, meteor shower - April 21. In 2022, meteor showers will peak on the night of April 22 until the early hours of April 23.
Eta Aquarid, meteor shower - May 6. The meteor shower will peak on the night of May 5 to May 6.
Caused by Comet Halley, this meteor shower can be seen especially by people living in the southern hemisphere.
Super Moon - July 13th. A supermoon occurs when the Moon is closest to the Earth during its orbit, at the same time as a full moon, making the Moon appear significantly larger and brighter. In 2022 you will be able to see this show in mid-July.
Perseids, meteor showers - August 12 and 13. Perseids can be seen from mid-July to late August, but the peak will be between August 12 and 13.
Orionids, meteor showers - October 21. If it is dark at night, it is possible to see between 10 and 20 meteors in the sky every hour.
Partial solar eclipse - October 25. The eclipse will be visible in the UK, Europe and parts of the Middle East on October 25.
Geminids, meteor shower - December 14. The meteor shower will take place for about two weeks, but the meteorites can be seen best on December 14th.
The first meteor shower of the year, Quadrantidele, has its maximum manifestation period in January, in 2022 it takes place on the night of January 3 to 4. This meteor shower has its radiant in the constellation Bootes and is one of the strongest meteor currents, producing between 100 and 140 meteors per hour. The meteors of this current are bright and very fast.
In the year 2022, on April 14, we will have the phenomenon of the Black Moon (sometimes called in English "Dark Moon" - or "Lilith", meaning "Dark Moon" or "Black Moon"). The moon is the only natural satellite of planet Earth and has no light of its own, but only reflects that received from the Sun. There are several ways to calculate the occurrence of the phenomenon called the Black Moon: the third phase of the New Moon in a season in which there are four such monthly phases (a year with four seasons of three months each); the second phase of the New Moon in a month in which two such phases occur; the month in which the New Moon phase does not occur and the month in which the Full Moon phase does not occur
In 2022, there will be four eclipses (two lunar and two solar), according to NASA. Both lunar eclipses are total and will occur on May 16 and November 8, respectively. The first will be visible from the Americas, Europe and Africa, and the second from Asia, Australia, the Pacific and the two continents, according to eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov.
The 2022 solar eclipses will be partial and will occur on April 30 and October 25, respectively. April will be observed in the Southeast Pacific, and October in Europe, Northeast Africa, the Middle East and West Asia,
The four astronomical events that mark the beginning of the four seasons in 2022 occur at: March 20 17 h 33 m - spring equinox, June 21 12 h 14 m - summer solstice, September 23 04 h 04 m - autumn equinox , on December 21 23 h 38 m - the winter solstice.
On January 20, from an astrological point of view, the transition to the zodiac sign Aquarius is made, until February 18.
In 2022, a real heavenly spectacle is announced
We also have as a spectacular phenomenon the approach of the planet Mars. Mars is approaching Earth in December and will reach about 80 million kilometers from us. At the same time, on the evening when it is best seen all year round, the Moon will cross Mars and cover it. An occultation between the Moon and Mars will be seen somewhere around 7:00 in the morning.
We have other visible planets. For example, in the morning of March, you will see four planets in the sky: Mercury, Mars, Venus and Saturn. Then Mars will meet Saturn in April, and they will be side by side in the morning. Venus will also meet Jupiter on May 1st. From July, all year round, three planets will be seen all night: Saturn, Jupiter and Mars. They will remain visible until the end of the year.
The year of the recapture of the moon
On the other hand, 2022 will be the year of the recapture of the Moon, because almost all the states that can afford it will launch probes towards the Moon. The Americans will launch their Artemis system to the moon and back, with no people on board, will test to see if everything works. India and China will also launch probes to the moon, and it appears that Ukraine also wants to launch a satellite to study the moon closely.
The first solar eclipse of this year took place on Sunday. The Shadow of the Moon passed through West Africa, southern Saudi Arabia, India (not far from New Delhi), crossed the Himalayas, Tibet, China, Taiwan, and ended in the East China Sea. Below, how the solar eclipse could be seen in the cities and countries from which it was visible, in pictures.
The sun can be viewed safely using a green welding filter. Looking at the Sun every five minutes we can see how the edge of the Moon will touch its disk.
Those who have an astronomical instrument must be very careful in observing the eclipse. A safe method can be used, the projection method. A white card or white sheet is placed behind the telescope or telescope. The Sun's disk will be projected on a sheet where the eclipse can be observed, by several spectators at once. No filter will be used when using the projection method.
An annular eclipse of the Sun occurs when the length of the axis of the shadow cone of the Moon is less than the distance Earth-Moon, the tip of the shadow cone being located between two bodies. For the terrestrial points in the field delimited by the extension of the shadow cone, an annular eclipse of the Sun will take place, from these points being visible a peripheral ring of the Sun in the form of a "ring of fire". The Sun and the Moon are perfectly aligned with the Earth, the apparent diameter of the Moon is smaller than that of the Sun;
As the moon is quite far from Earth on this day, it will not be able to obscure all the light of the Sun sent to earth. From the Sun you will only see the edge in the shape of a "ring of fire" that surrounds the dark Moon.
A solar eclipse always occurs during the New Moon phase. Solar eclipses can be of three types: partial, annular and total. A total eclipse occurs every 40 years, visible from the same region of the earth.
Since ancient times, people have been interested in the starry sky. First stargazers, and later astrologers studied such distant and such inaccessible (for the time being) celestial bodies. And, we must say, they managed to learn a lot. However, their knowledge is not comparable to that of modern scientists, with their high-tech equipment for observation, including powerful telescopes, satellites and interplanetary ships.
Cosmic facts about our solar system known to science today
But if you think that the facts about space are difficult for the majority of the population of the Earth to comprehend, then we at Bemorepanda will now prove the opposite to you, since they can be presented in a very accessible and interesting way. For example, that a person in space can grow several centimeters ...
But we are not going to tell you everything here, but we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the facts about our solar system that we managed to find on the Web. And as a bonus, you will have gorgeous images as an illustration of what has been said.
1. All the planets in our solar system can be placed between the Earth and the Moon
At apogee, when the Moon is farthest from the Earth, the surface-to-surface distance is about 398,000 km.
If we align the planets along their polar axes, their total distance is 364,799 km.
Phil Plait, nasa.gov
2. Sunsets on Mars would look blue to human eyes
3. Saturn's moon Titan is the only known place in our solar system other than Earth to have a "liquid cycle"
It is the only other place in the solar system known to have an Earth-like cycle of liquids, raining down from clouds flowing across its surface, filling lakes and seas, and evaporating back into the sky (similar to the water cycle on Earth).
4. If left untouched, footprints on the moon will remain there for millions of years.
5. Neptune is the only planet in our solar system not visible to the naked eye, and the first one predicted by mathematics before it was discovered.
6. Jupiter's moon Io is the most volcanically active body in the solar system
7. Neptune's winds can reach speeds of over 2,000 km/h
8. You can grow up to 5 centimeters in space
9. Space (Karman Line) is only 100 kilometers away from us
10. About 13,630 satellites launched into low Earth orbit
About 8850 of these satellites are still in space and about 6700 are still active.
11. The Sun is predicted to live just under half its lifespan.
The sun will eventually run out of energy, like all stars.
When it begins to die, the Sun will turn into a red giant star and become so large that it will swallow Mercury and Venus, and possibly the Earth.
12. Pluto has mountains
13. The biggest storm in our solar system: The Great Red Spot is shrinking
14. Uranus' moon Miranda has the strangest surface features seen on the Moon.
It has giant rift canyons, 12 times deeper than the US Grand Canyon, terraced layers and surfaces that appear very old, and others that look much younger.
15. A six-way jet stream of winds surrounds a huge storm and forms a hexagon at the north pole of Saturn
16. The outer atmosphere of the Sun, the corona is hotter than the "surface" of the Sun (photosphere)
The core of the Sun reaches 15 million °C, the photosphere only reaches 5500 °C, while the corona can reach 2 million °C.
17. Our solar system formed about 4.5 billion years ago
18. Venus is the brightest object in Earth's night sky after the Moon
19. There are five dwarf planets in our solar system: Pluto, Ceres, Makemake, Haumea and Eris
20. Mars has the largest volcano in the solar system - Mount Olympus
It is three times the height of Mount Everest on Earth, and its base is the size of New Mexico.
21. The rings of Saturn are made up of many small pieces of ice and rocks of various sizes, from dust to the size of mountains.
22. Jupiter's moon Ganymede is not only the largest moon in our solar system. There is also evidence that it has an underground salt water ocean containing more water than all the water on Earth combined.
23. Since 1957, there have been about 6250 successful rocket launches.
24. There are over 10,100 tons of space objects in Earth's orbit.
25. If you weigh 40 kg on Earth, you will weigh 94 kg on Jupiter
26. The Canyon of Mars is 7 times bigger than the Grand Canyon of Earth
27. Spaceships have visited all the planets in our solar system.
28. There may be a ninth giant planet in our solar system
Konstantin Batygin, Michael E. Brown, nasa.gov
29. There are over 200 moons in our solar system.
30. Uranus was the first planet discovered with a telescope
31. Asteroids are leftovers from the formation of our solar system.
32. There are over 130 million space debris.
36,500 space debris larger than 10 cm.
1,000,000 space debris objects ranging in size from over 1 cm to 10 cm.
130 million space debris objects ranging in size from over 1 mm to 1 cm.
33. The temperature on Uranus can drop to -224.2 Husrad Celsius
34. Uranus rotates sideways
It rotates at an angle of almost 90 degrees to the plane of its orbit.
35. Every planet in our solar system has at least some water in different forms.
36. Mercury is the smallest and closest planet to the Sun in our solar system.
With a radius of 2440 kilometers, Mercury is just over 1/3 the width of the Earth.
With an average distance of 58 million kilometers, Mercury is 0.4 AU from the Sun.
37. One day on Mercury is about 59 Earth days, and a year on Mercury is 88 Earth days
38. The color of Mars is due to the iron-rich dust that covers the surface.
39. The sun is the largest object in our solar system
To fill the volume of the Sun, you will need 1.3 million Earths.
40. Here on Earth there are rocks from Mars
41. The solar system is incredibly large
The average distance between the Sun and Pluto is 5,913,520,000 km.
42. Winds drive clouds around Venus at a speed of 360 kilometers per hour
43. Venus has the hottest surface in our solar system
44. The sun makes up 99.8% of the mass of our solar system
45. Saturn's moon Iapetus is called the Yin and Yang of Saturn because of its hemisphere.
The front hemisphere has a reflectivity (or albedo) as dark as coal (albedo 0.03-0.05 with a slight reddish tinge), while its rear hemisphere is much brighter at 0.5-0.6.
46. There are 8 planets in our solar system
Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars fall under the category of terrestrial planets, Jupiter and Saturn are gas giants, and Uranus and Neptune are ice giants.
47. Our solar system is part of the Milky Way galaxy.
48. The sun is about 150 million kilometers from Earth
49. The moon has no atmosphere
50. The average temperature on Mars is -66 degrees Celsius
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