20 facts about space that will surprise you no less than the rain in January
Scientists have revealed the secrets of stars and planets by exploring outer space. Many objects were at first simply mathematically calculated in theory, and when powerful telescopes were invented, these facts were confirmed. Now people have the technical ability not only to photograph amazing space phenomena, but also to understand how everything works with the help of space probes.
We have collected cosmic facts to prove that the Universe is much more mysterious than it seems
We at Bemorepanda have put together a good dose of scientific space facts for you to show how our Universe is both an amazing and strange place in space.
1. The Perseverance rover is looking for signs of life on the Red Planet
NASA's Perseverance landed on the most intriguing planet in the solar system, Mars, two years ago. This happened in February 2021. The task of "Perseverance" is to collect data to answer the question: did someone live on the planet before it became a lifeless desert.
The rover is drilling and collecting rock samples, looking for signs of microbial life, testing oxygen production for further human colonization of the planet.
Perseverance traveled 211 million km of outer space before successfully landing on the surface of Mars. It took him 7 months of Earth time to do this. NASA plans that the collected samples, which the rover is stockpiling in caches, will be brought back to Earth by follow-up missions in the 2030s.
2. A huge cloud of water floats in space
Astronomical observations in 2011 led to a striking conclusion: at a distance of about 12 billion light-years from our Earth, there is a huge accumulation of water vapor in outer space.
This is the largest cloud that is known to mankind. It appeared at an early stage of the origin of the Universe, when its age was about 1.6 billion years. Therefore, this accumulation of water vapor in space is also the oldest of all known to astronomers.
To imagine its size, you need to try to mentally increase our entire water supply, which is located in the oceans and seas of the Earth, by 140 trillion times. It is unlikely that this will work for an ordinary earthling. But that's not all, here's a little more coolness.
Astronomers believe that this grandiose accumulation of steam is nothing more than a source of energy for the life and growth of a black hole. If there is enough carbon monoxide in the form of gas in the cloud, then the black hole has every chance to increase in size by six times with all the ensuing consequences - black holes absorb matter irrevocably!
3. Jupiter's Great Red Spot Is Shrinking
The planet Jupiter is a gas giant, which is an accumulation of hot gases. Jupiter's calling card is its Great Red Spot, or GRS (Great Red Spot), which is nothing more than a high-pressure storm raging on the planet - a giant storm, or rather a cyclone.
This phenomenon lasts for 300 years, and once its area was three times the diameter of the Earth. But astrophysicists are seeing a gradual contraction of the Great Red Spot, which is getting narrower. Now the dimensions of the GRS are 8000 miles (about 13 thousand km). But you can not worry about the complete disappearance of the Red Spot - it becomes smaller in width, but grows in height.
4. Black and white moon of Saturn
Not one moon revolves around Saturn, like the Earth, but as many as 53, and these are only those that received their own names. In addition to them, smaller satellites revolve near Saturn, which have not yet been honored to be named by official science.
The brightest and most unusual of the moons of the giant of the solar system is Iapetus, who managed to be two-faced: one of his hemispheres is dark and the other is light. This rocky fragment is small in size - its diameter is 914 miles, or about 1.5 thousand km.
The light side is capable of reflecting 20 times more light than the dark side, and scientists are well aware of why this happens. This area is normal ice. But why it is always dark on the other side is not entirely clear. According to one theory, another of the moons - Phoebe - shows a vindictive nature and emits a stream of particles towards Iapetus. According to a more recent theory, Saturn's two-faced moon rotates so slowly that its dark material absorbs heat and therefore darkens more and more.
5. Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system
It is unlikely that a human foot will set foot on Venus in the near future, because on this hot planet the average temperature reaches 450 - 462 ° C. This is enough to melt the lead, but not enough heat to melt the steel (it needs 2500°F, or 1370°C).
450 Celsius means that no form of life known to us today is possible on Venus. By comparison, the average temperature on Earth is only 58.6°F, or 17.8°C. Extremophile organisms can live happily on Earth at 206°F (96.7°C), but even they cannot survive on Venus.
At the same time, it is worth considering that the "Morning Star" is not located closer to the Sun than the rest - it is in second place after Mercury. Venus, on the other hand, has a super-dense atmosphere that can hold greenhouse gases, and therefore the planet is an uninhabitable “gas chamber”.
6. Amazing speed of rotation of neutron stars
The birth of neutron stars occurs at the moment of explosion and death of stars, the mass of which is 8 times greater than the Sun, and as a result of a supernova explosion. These celestial bodies are very small in size - their radius is from 10 to 20 kilometers, and their mass is about the same as that of the Sun, but they have a huge density.
If you theoretically weigh one teaspoon of the substance that makes up a neutron star, then the scales will show one billion tons. How much such a star will weigh as a whole is hard to even imagine, although it is possible to calculate. If people were on the surface of a neutron star, they would experience the force of gravity 2 billion times more powerful than Earth's.
The most amazing thing is the speed of rotation of these celestial bodies. Due to the compression of the core and a sharp decrease in inertia, the new neutron star begins to rotate very quickly - up to 43 thousand revolutions per second, however, the speed slows down over time. Astrophysicists have calculated and then discovered more than 2500 neutron stars in outer space.
7. A distant planet with a diamond core
Exoplanet 55 Cancer e is a celestial body in the status of a super-Earth, which is approximately twice the size of our Earth and is part of the distant planetary system of the star in the constellation Cancer. It was named Janssen and studied with the help of modern telescopes and satellites.
The planet is located far from us - at a distance of 40 million light years. 55 Cancri e revolves around its star in a very low orbit, making one revolution in 18 Earth days - a year there lasts a little more than two weeks! Such proximity of one side of the planet to the star leads to heating to a temperature of 2400 ° C - this is an ocean of lava on the surface. The other side heats up to 1100°C and has an atmosphere.
Scientists have suggested that 55 Cancer e has carbon in its depths, which, due to high temperatures and density, may well have the form of graphite and diamonds, and there are very, very many of them!
8. Ice space cryovolcanoes
A volcano on our planet is a geological object that spews molten and red-hot lava from its depths. In space, at low temperatures, volcanoes also operate, but they spew out frozen water, ammonia and methane, which come out in the form of steam, cryolava and volcanic snow.
Many cryovolcanoes have been discovered on the planets and satellites: Pluto, Triton - the satellite of Neptune, Titan - the satellite of Saturn, on Europa and Io - the satellites of Jupiter. On Io, NASA probes have detected very high activity, with plumes of frozen steam from hundreds of vents stretching horizontally for 400 km. Why cryovolcanoes erupt is still not exactly clear, researchers call the gravitational attraction of cosmic bodies the reason.
9. Our galaxy will collide with the next
Together with our solar system, we are hurtling through space in the Milky Way galaxy. The nearest neighboring Andromeda galaxy is a huge distance of 2.5 million light years. But the problem is that the Milky Way and Andromeda are flying at cosmic speeds towards each other, and someday a collision is inevitable, astrophysicists say. As a result, both galaxies will be destroyed, and everything we know about the world and space will disappear.
The speed of these star formations is 250 thousand miles per hour (402 thousand km / h), and given the enormous mass of both objects, the death of stars and planets is inevitable. As a result, what remains will be a completely different galaxy, which has nothing in common with our star-planetary system.
What should humanity do? You can relax a little: the collision will not happen earlier than in 4 billion years, so for now you can safely go about your business.
10. Space cold welding
On our planet, we connect two metal parts by welding: we heat the metal until it reaches its melting point, after which the molecules combine.
But in outer space, if we want to join metal parts, we don't need hot welding. No other similar steps are needed. There is a method of cold welding - when metals are connected either by compression or by shear sliding. At the same time, the protection in the form of an oxide layer is erased, which prevents the metals from merging under Earth conditions.
But there is no air and oxygen in space, and this layer is lost, so nothing prevents electrons from flowing from part to part, fusing them into one.
11. Uranus has a strong orbital inclination and a long winter.
The planets revolve around the Sun with some tilt. For example, our Earth has a tilt angle of 23 degrees. Thanks to this, we know the pronounced seasons and the change of weather - in summer the part of the planet where we live leans closer to the sun, and therefore we are warm, and in winter our territory is at a far distance, and we have cold.
But the ice giant Uranus has a planetary tilt "beyond". Its rotation angle is nearly 98 degrees, making its placement relative to the Sun "on its side and slightly head down". The planet makes a full revolution around the Sun in 84 Earth years, so the "season", in our understanding, here lasts 21 years, with 42 years being a polar day, the other 42 being a polar night. The winds of Uranus reach a speed of 240 m/s, and the temperature drops to minus 224 °C. In short, this planet is cold, very cold.
12 Largest Canyon System On Mars
Mars is already fairly well understood thanks to the advent of powerful telescopes and space probes, and NASA's Perseverance module is currently doing a detailed study.
This amazing planet has the largest and most extensive canyon found among the planets of the solar system, including Earth. The Mariner Valleys are a gigantic canyon system discovered by Mariner 9 back in 1972. It is 4,500 km long, ten times the length of the Grand Canyon in the United States, and covers a quarter of the entire circumference of Mars.
The width of the canyons reaches 600 km - this is 20 times the Grand Canyon, and the depth reaches 11 km, seven times the largest canyon on Earth. It is believed that the Mariner Valleys were formed during the formation of the planet and deepened due to erosion, and possibly the powerful giant volcanoes of the Martian province of Tharsis.
13. Mercury shrinks in size
It was believed that our Earth is the only planet in the solar system that continues to shrink. This is caused by tectonic activity, when the movement of lithospheric plates under the earth's crust releases energy and deforms the surface, which leads to gradual compression.
But now there are other data. Earth is not the only planet that is gradually shrinking in size. The smallest planet in the solar system, Mercury, as it turns out, is also in the process of warping. This was revealed by the MESSENGER spacecraft in 2016. Rock-like landforms, called fault ledges, have been discovered, which indicate that the planet is still in the formation stage, although 4.5 billion years have already passed since the creation of the solar system.
14. Neptune warms itself
Neptune happened to be at the farthest end of the solar system with a distance of 4.55 billion km from the Sun, so that the year on this ice giant lasts almost 165 Earth years. At the same time, Neptune is spinning as best it can - it rotates around its axis at a speed of one revolution in 16 hours.
It may seem that a severe cold and darkness reigns on the planet, but this is not entirely true. What is on Neptune is hurricane-force winds and storms that accelerate to 600 m / s. But if the planet does not have enough light and heat from the Sun, then you have to produce this heat on your own, which Neptune does.
Its internal temperature is much higher than that of Uranus, due to which weather changes occur. The exact cause is not yet known, but it is believed that the hydrogen, which is located in the depths of Neptune, increases the heat. The planet produces its own heat 2.6 times more than it can receive from the Sun, so it is terribly cold in the upper atmosphere - minus 220 °C, and inside the planet warms up to plus 7000 °C.
15. Saturn and its mysterious hexagon
The size of Saturn is 9.5 times larger than the Earth, and despite the fact that the planet has no solid and consists of gases, its mass is 95 times greater than that of the earth. Saturn makes one revolution around the star in 29.45 Earth years, but it turns around its axis in 10 hours 32 minutes, ranking second in terms of rotation speed after Jupiter.
The features of Saturn include its extraordinarily beautiful rings, consisting of particles of ice and stones, and in addition, a completely unique and amazing phenomenon - a regular hexagon located at its north pole. This is nothing more than a cluster of clouds, but scientists have not yet figured out why they took the correct geometric shape. It is only known that one side is 13800 km and four of our planets Earth can easily fit inside this formation.
The hexagon rotates with a period of 10 hours. 39 min., but at the same time it does not change its shape. A strong turbulent vortex is raging inside it, and this storm has been going on, according to observations, for 40 years now. Perhaps the strange shape is due to zonal jets extending downwards in high-pressure areas.
16. Cosmic distances are beyond imagination.
People do not even think about the fact that they live on a small planet that flies in a boundless dark space. We measure the distance using the time we spend on the move - for example, to work 30 minutes, to the store 10 minutes walk.
But in space, you have to measure the distance in light years. One light year is the distance that a ray of light (its speed is 300 thousand km / s) is able to overcome in one calendar year. To imagine this scale, let's take the distance from the Earth to the Moon - it will take only 1.3 seconds for the beam to travel these 380 thousand km to our satellite. It would take nine hours for a modern spacecraft to do this.
But if we decide to fly to our nearest star, Proxima Centauri, we will have to travel 4.246 light years (at the speed of light). The same journey in a car at a speed of about 100 km/h would take 356 billion years.
17. Twinkling Stars
If we look at the sky, we will find that the stars twinkle and twinkle, but the planets do not, they continue to shine with a steady light. Why it happens?
The explanation lies in the mobility of our planet's atmosphere. The light that the star emits enters the atmosphere and is refracted in it, which our eyes perceive as flickering. The planets seem large to us, and their reflected light is also refracted in the atmosphere, but due to the size of the planets, these distortions are compensated, as a result of which our eyes see a steady brilliance.
18. Temperature spread of Mercury
Even on Earth, one can encounter a large spread in the values of a street thermometer, when in summer it is plus 45 ° C in the region, and minus 30 ° C in winter. But small in size Mercury has gone much further and can greatly surprise with its temperature drops.
Since this planet is located closest to the Sun and the period of its revolution around the star is the shortest - only 87.97 Earth days, Mercury has no atmosphere and there has been no geological activity along with internal heat over the past few billion years, and the temperature change is significant.
So, at night at the equator on the surface of the planet it is minus 173 °C, during the day this area warms up to plus 427 °C. This spread is the widest among all other planets in the solar system. In the polar zones, the temperature is more stable and does not rise above minus 93 °C. If you suddenly find yourself on Mercury as a traveler, you will have to rack your brains well, choosing your wardrobe.
19. Planetary diamond showers
Probably, diamond planets exist somewhere, and scientists even point to these amazing celestial bodies, but they are far beyond our solar system.
But even among the closest neighbors of the Earth there are planets in the atmosphere of which it can rain from real diamonds. The gas giants Jupiter and Saturn are able to turn the methane they are made of into carbon black under the influence of thunderstorms raging on the surface. As the soot settles, it becomes graphite, which crystallizes into diamonds.
When these diamond crystals, about one centimeter in diameter, approach the red-hot core, they melt and transform into diamond liquid droplets. Thus, those astronauts who dare to take these diamonds into their pockets have very little time left.
20. What is more - sand or stars?
Carl Sagan said that there are more stars in the universe than there are grains of sand on the entire earth. Astronomer Bob Berman decided to check and refuted this statement. For calculations, he applied mathematical methods: he multiplied the 100 billion stars that one galaxy in our Universe has by the probable number of galaxies (which is from 200 billion to 3 trillion galaxies). Then he counted how many grains of sand are in one cubic centimeter and multiplied by the amount of sand on Earth. And what turned out? There were as many grains of sand as there are stars in the universe.
Memoirs of a 'Spare' Prince: 45 Details About the Royal Family from Harry's Book
On January 10, 2023, the book “Spare” was released: the memoirs of Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, a member of the British royal family (it was published immediately in 16 languages, and the Spanish version appeared by mistake even earlier). Shortly before its release, the media began publishing excerpts from this edition, so the book was eagerly awaited: recent events, the change of the monarch, have increased the interest in the British crown that has not waned.
Details from the life of the royal family from Prince Harry: the whole world reads.
The world knowingly waited for revelations and shocking details. Indeed, less than a month had passed since the publication, and strong statements appeared in the press: mainly distrust was expressed in many of the facts outlined in Spare, and the author himself was already getting hit by opponents (according to the first survey, two-thirds condemn the author for too much frankness).
Today, Bemorepanda presents readers with 45 fragments of the sensational book: the prince's memoirs in Russian have yet to be available, so let's get acquainted with the text from excerpts from it.
1. Almost every member of the royal family has a nickname or nickname:
Prince William - "Willie" Katherine, Princess of Wales - "Kate" The king is "Pa." Princess Diana was "mother." The Queen and Prince Philip are "grandmother" and "grandfather." The Queen Mother was "Gan-Gan." Princess Margaret was "Aunt Margot." Princess Eugenie - "Yuge".
And Harry? He has a lot of nicknames. He is called "Harold" by his family (although his father also calls him "dear boy"). Palace staff calls him "Skinny." Megan calls him "Haz." His friends call him: "Spike," "Baz," and "Prince Shakaru" ("Spike" was also the codename used by Harry's bodyguards).
The King wanted to name Harry Albert. Diana convinced him, and this name became one of Harry's middle names.
Harry writes that his father was a fan of Queen Victoria's husband, Albert, and at one point wanted to name his second son after the famous Prince Consort. “Mom stopped him,” he writes. Harry was christened Henry Charles Albert David of Wales.
2. The king regularly takes care of himself:
The king does a daily headstand, which Harry says was prescribed by a physiotherapist and proved to be the only effective remedy for neck and back pain caused by old polo injuries. He also listens to audiobooks (which he calls "storybooks") on a portable CD player (wireless) while taking a bath.
3. Princess Diana loved mango sorbet and bread and butter pudding:
Harry reveals these two facts at various points related to desserts in his book Spare.
4. The king has an unusual favorite tea snack:
Harry writes that his father likes "crackers with some creamy spread [and] crushed basil."
5. Harry loves Opal Fruits and was offended when they changed their name to Starbursts.
He detailed the joy of the days at Eton when students were allowed to choose their sweets. He always chose Opal Fruits and "crumpled them into one huge lump and then put it in his mouth."
“I was very offended when Opal Fruits changed their name to Starburst,” he writes. - Pure heresy. As if Britain had changed its name."
6. The royal family hosted informal dinners at Balmoral, with Prince Philip grilling and the Queen making salad dressing.
. Harry describes one particular journey in the summer of 2001 in his book Spare.
Upon arrival, he writes, “grandfather, who had set off half an hour before us, was already fiddling with his grill at the back of the cabin.” Standing in a "thick cloud of smoke, tears streaming from his eyes," Prince Philip donned a flat hat that he also used as a towel to dry his face and a fly swatter.
"When the venison fillet sizzled, he turned it around with huge tongs and then skewered Cumberland sausages." The Queen's specialty was salad dressing, which she whipped up "heaps." The family (and sometimes the "famous or eminent person" who deserved the invitation) sat at a long table on "creaky straw chairs."
7. It is not customary in the royal family to show the physical side of affection.
“The older generation adhered to an almost complete ban on physical contact,” Harry writes about his family. No hugs, no kisses, no pats. Sometimes, there may be a light touch on the cheeks ... on special occasions. In the book Spare, Harry describes several moments when he wanted to hug his grandmother, the Queen, but in the end, refrained.
One of the rare instances in which members of the royal family backed away from this unofficial policy was when Harry returned home from his first overseas military campaign, he writes. “I think Willie hugged me. I think I kissed Pa on each cheek. Perhaps he also... squeezed my shoulder? To some, from a distance, it would have seemed like a normal family greeting and communication, but to us, it was a dramatic, unprecedented display of physical affection."
8. The Royal Family Unwraps Their Christmas Gifts on Christmas Eve.
Harry describes earlier the moment of unwrapping gifts as "a German tradition that survived the anglicization of the family name from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor." Since the family usually spends Christmas at Sandringham, a large room is set aside for the event, with a large table "covered with a white tablecloth and bearing white name cards."
“According to custom, by nightfall, each of us determines his place, and stands in front of his pile of gifts,” writes Harry. “Then everyone suddenly starts opening them at the same time. Complete freedom of action: dozens of family members speak at the same time, pull the bows and tear the wrapping paper.
9. The king takes a teddy bear with him wherever he goes:
Harry writes that a teddy bear (named Teddy) comforted the king when he was bullied as a child. “Teddy went everywhere with Pa. It was a sad thing, with broken legs, dangling threads, and holes patched here and there.
He looked like I thought Pa would look after the bullies had finished with him. Teddy eloquently expressed, better than Pa ever could, the feeling of loneliness in his childhood," writes Harry.
10. One Christmas, Harry's great-aunt, Princess Margaret, gave him a pen with a rubber fish attached to it:
Harry says it was the smallest gift of all that Christmas, though he does not specify the year, and describes it as "quite indifferent."
11. Harry Never Talked To The King About The (Incorrect) Rumors That James Hewitt Is His Real Father.
It has long been rumored that Harry is not the child of the King and Diana but of one of his mother's former lovers, Major James Hewitt (who, like Harry, has red hair). “Never mind that my mother did not meet Major Hewitt until after I was born, this story was too good to pass up,” he writes.
“To this day, almost every biography of mine, every long story in a newspaper or magazine, mentions Major Hewitt, seriously considers the possibility of his paternity, including a description of the moment when Pa finally sat me down at the table for a heart-to-heart talk, reassuring me that Major Hewitt was not my real father. A vivid scene, poignant, touching, and completely fictional. Harry writes that if the king had any thoughts about the rumors and Major Hewitt, "he kept them to himself."
12. Harry's hair has never been the same after friends at Eton shaved him bald:
In his "foolish" decision, Harry allowed his friends to shave his head while he was at Eton. “My hair never fully recovered,” he writes. “Some strands rose like summer grass; some lay flat like varnished hay.” His resemblance to the echidna gave rise to the nickname "Spike."
13. Harry doesn't like beer.
Although Harry writes about drinking a lot of beer as a teenager, in the middle part of the book, which describes his military service, he says that he is not a big fan of this drink. “Everyone was given exactly two cans. No more,” he writes about the peacekeeping mission in the army after serving in Afghanistan. “I didn't like beer, so I gave my can to a soldier who looked like he needed it more than me. He reacted as if I had given him a Rolex.”
14. Harry never dated Cameron Diaz.
In Spare, Harry complains about the sheer amount of fiction being published about him in exclusive stories and unauthorized biographies. “Books about me describe my love life, savoring every romantic failure or slip. I think I remember one that detailed my flirtation with Cameron Diaz."
In that book, he said, the author wrote that the prince could not imagine being paired with an actress. “I couldn’t, because we never met. I have never been closer than fifty meters from Miss Diaz, which proves once again that if you like to read complete nonsense, then royal biographies are what you need.
15. The queen's corgis lived in clover - and often "mortgaged" the king and Harry.
“My mom used to say that being around grandma and corgis was like trying to stand on a moving carpet, and I knew most of them, dead and alive, like my cousins,” writes Harry. At Balmoral, the Queen and the Corgis often took the elevator to her second-floor bedroom, which Harry said the Corgis liked better.
Harry writes that he and his father are both sensitive to heat, and they suffered particularly when the royal family dined in Sandringham's "sub-tropical" formal dining room.
According to him, he and his father waited for the queen to turn away, and “then one of us jumped up, ran to the window, and pushed its shutters an inch. Ah, the blessedly cool air." But corgis have always betrayed us. The cool air made them whine, and Grandmother would say, "Is there a draft?" And then the footman quickly closed the window.
16. The widely reported story that William received Princess Diana's engagement ring from Harry to propose to Kate is not valid.
“There were florid stories in the newspapers about how I realized that Willie and Kate were a good match for each other, how I appreciated the depth of their love and therefore decided to give Willie a ring that I inherited from my mother, the legendary sapphire: such a touching moment of the relationship between brothers and mom that unites the three of us, and absolute nonsense: none of this has ever happened, ”writes Harry.
According to him, William already had the ring. "He asked for it after my mom died, and I was thrilled to give it away."
17. Harry thought he would get married and have children before William.
“I always assumed that I would be the first of us to get married because I wanted it so badly,” he writes in his memoir about the preparations for the wedding of William and Kate. The King was 35 years old when Harry was born, and Harry wanted to be a younger and more active father.
18. Harry and William weren't each other's best men at their weddings.
Harry writes that this "blatant lie" was invented by the Palace and released to the press because "the public expected [it]." In addition, Harry notes, “In truth, Willie didn't want me to give the best man's speech. He did not consider it safe to hand me a microphone and create a situation where I could deviate from the script. I could say something wildly inappropriate. He wasn't wrong."
William's friends, James and Thomas, were his best men. Harry's absolute best man was his "old pal Charlie."
19. The King and Queen Consort wanted Kate to change the spelling of her name.
Harry said that when his brother's wife entered the family, and joined Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall; they decided that "there are already two royal monograms with the letter "C" and a crown above it" and "it would be too difficult to get another. " They suggested that Kate (née Katherine Elizabeth Middleton) change her name to Katherine with a "K."
20. The Queen was a big fan of Kate's hairstyle.
Harry writes that both the current king and the former queen preferred women to wear their hair loose. "[Grandma] often commented on Kate's 'beautiful mane,'" writes Harry.
21. Meghan Didn't know Google Harry And The Royal Family While They Were Dating.
The Duchess of Sussex made this (seemingly unrealistic, to tell the truth) statement in an interview with Oprah and the Netflix movie Harry & Meghan, and the Duke of Sussex confirms in his memoir that it's true.
“I was pretty sure she wasn’t looking online because she kept asking questions,” writes Harry. “She seemed to know next to nothing—it’s so inspiring.” When Meghan first met the Queen, she didn't recognize Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and thought he was the Queen's aide because he carried his mother's purse to the car. "She didn't google us," Harry concludes.
22. Harry regretted that he googled Meghan's erotic scenes from Suits.
“I made the mistake of googling and looking up some of her love scenes online,” Harry admits in the book Spare. “I witnessed how she and her teammate beat each other in some office or conference room ... It would take electroshock therapy to get these images out of my head.”
23. William and Kate were Suits fans and couldn't believe Harry was dating an actress from the show.
Harry writes that . “Their mouths were open. They turned to each other.
Then Willie turned to me and said: Hey, fuck off! Harry writes that he was "bewildered" until "Willie and Kate explained that they were regular - one might say fanatical - viewers of the series." Harry jokes that at first, he was afraid that the Cambridges would not accept Meghan in the family, but now he is worried "that they will beg for an autograph."
24. Harry borrowed a Mad Max costume from his friend Tom Hardy for a Halloween party he attended with Meghan.
During one of Harry's visits to Toronto to Meghan in October 2016, they planned to attend a Halloween party with his cousin Eugenia, her then-boyfriend Jack Brooksbank, and Meghan's friend Marcus. In the book Spare, Harry hints that this was the first "masquerade party" he attended after the infamous Nazi uniform incident.
“I turned to a friend, actor Tom Hardy, for help choosing a costume before I even left home,” says Harry. “I called him and asked if I could borrow his Mad Max costume. Whole? Yes, please buddy! The whole set. He gave it all to me before I left Britain." Harry writes that Meghan was "sobbing with laughter" when he first showed her the costume.
25. Meghan left her rescue dog, Bogart, in Canada when she moved to London because he became overprotective of her.
After it became known that Meghan and Harry were dating, the press attacked her home in Toronto, trying to enter, constantly knocking on the door and ringing, writes Harry. This turmoil took a toll on one of Meghan's dogs, Bogart, and she had to leave him in Canada when she moved to the UK.
“He was so traumatized by the siege of her house, the constant ringing at the door, that his behavior changed when Meg was around. He became an aggressive guard dog. Meg's neighbors kindly agreed to adopt him."
26. Harry dreamed of a dog for most of his adult life until meeting Meghan.
“I wanted to get a dog for so long, but I never got the chance because I was such a nomad,” writes Harry. He became especially attached to Megan's rescued beagle Guy, and in early 2018 they brought home a black Labrador puppy named Pula, which means "rain" and "luck" in the Setswana language. (In August 2022, Harry and Meghan adopted a third dog into their family, a beagle named Mamma Mia, who was rescued from a medical testing facility.)
27. Camilla Turned Harry's Bedroom Into A Dressing Room When He Left Clarence House.
Harry reveals this juicy information by describing Meghan's first meeting with his father, the king. He told his then-girlfriend that he lived at Clarence House from 19 to 28. “After I moved out, Camille turned my bedroom into her dressing room,” he said. I tried not to pay attention. But when I saw it for the first time, it became… I don’t care.”
28. William has repeatedly warned Harry about his relationship with Meghan - in strong terms
“He was always depressed that I was dating Meg at all,” writes Harry in Spare. One day, sitting with me in his garden, he predicted the many difficulties that might await me if I got along with "American actress" - a phrase that he always managed to translate as "convicted criminal."
When the brothers visited their mother's grave in 2017, on the 20th anniversary of her death, William disputed Harry's claim that Diana helped him find Meghan: "Well, now Harold, I'm not sure about that. I wouldn't say that."
Moreover, when Harry told William that he planned to propose, his brother warned against it, saying that Harry was acting "too fast." However, he didn't mind when Harry took the diamonds from one of their mother's bracelets to make Meghan's engagement ring, noting that William "seemed to like Meg despite his misgivings."
29. When Harry asks the Queen for permission to marry Meghan, she replies: “I guess I should say yes.”
Under the terms of the 2013 Succession to the Throne Act, Harry, as one of the first six people in line to the throne, had to obtain the Queen's permission before marrying Meghan. Harry writes that he was incredibly nervous before asking the question and waited until the family trip to the Sandringham shoot, as "shooting always puts Grandma in a good mood."
He managed to be alone with the Queen after a day of filming and nervously asked her permission to propose, mentioning in his request that he and the Queen's staff had warned him that the monarch's permission was required.
“I stared at her face, but it was impenetrable,” he writes. Finally, she said, “Well then, I guess I should say yes.” Harry said he "didn't understand" why the queen said that. Was she being sarcastic? Ironic? Intentionally cryptic? Or was it a play on words? In the end, he decided it didn't matter because she said yes, and although he wanted to hug her, he refrained.
30. The King helped Harry and Meghan choose the music for their wedding.
Harry dedicates an entire chapter of the book to the evening he and Meghan spent at Clarence House with the King while planning their wedding. "He fully supported our desire to invite an orchestra rather than an organist and played several works for us with different performers to cheer us up."
. “When one piece ended, he quickly reset his player, and began to hum or tap his foot in time with the next.
He was light, witty, charming, and I kept shaking my head in surprise.” Harry writes that he knew his father liked music, but before
He was light, witty, charming, and I kept shaking my head in surprise.” Harry writes that he knew his father loved music, but he didn't know until that point that "he loves it that much." Harry credited Meghan for this.
“She awakened so many qualities in him that I rarely saw. Pa became a boy in her presence. I saw it, I saw the connection between them growing stronger, and I felt my connection with him growing stronger.”
31. The Queen allowed Harry to keep his beard at the wedding (to the annoyance of William, who threatened to grab Harry and shave him if he got too drunk at the bachelor party)
“After I asked my grandmother for permission to marry Meg, I thought I would never have the courage to ask her for anything else,” writes Harry in Spare. - And yet I dared to ask her one more request: "Grandma, please, can I leave a beard for the wedding?"
And this is not a small request. Some felt that the beard was a clear violation of protocol and long tradition, especially since I got married in an army uniform.” Harry said that Meghan has never seen him without a beard and having a beard helps him deal with the excitement. When he explained this to the Queen, she said she understood him, adding that "her husband liked to play pranks sometimes."
Harry said it upset his brother, who was rumored to have been told to shave off his beard when he grew it out while in the Special Forces. William was angered that Harry had asked the Queen for permission, and, as Harry writes, "at one point [William] ordered me, as the Heir to the Throne, ordering the lowest in rank, to shave." (Harry writes that part of the dissatisfaction with the beard was because he was allowed to wear a military uniform, which William would like to wear when he married Kate).
According to Harry, at the bachelor party, he was afraid that if he "got too drunk and passed out, Willie and his buddies would twist me and shave me." As it turned out, it was a well-founded fear. "Willie told me straight out, in all seriousness, that this was his plan."
32. At first, Meghan was going to wear the Spencer tiara (which Princess Diana famously wore) to the wedding, but then the Queen offered to lend her one from the royal collection.
Harry's aunts (Diana's sisters) were first asked if Meghan wanted to wear the Spencer tiara that Diana wore on her wedding day. “We were both touched,” writes Harry. “Then Meg spent many hours with the designer, matching the veil to match the tiara and with a similar wavy edge.”
However, shortly before the wedding, "Grandma got in touch" to suggest Harry and Meghan "take a look at her tiara collection." She invited them to Buckingham Palace to try on several options, and Harry described it as "an extraordinary morning."
“We entered my grandmother’s private dressing room, Harry. “Along with my grandmother was a jewelry expert, an eminent historian who knew the pedigree of every stone in the royal collection.”
Angela Kelly, "cloakroom attendant and confidant of the Queen," was also there. The Queen chose five tiaras as options: “One was all emeralds. One was aquamarine. Each one was more dazzling and stunning than the previous one."
Meghan and the Queen had a special moment, writes Harry. “Grandma said to Meg very gently: “tiaras suit you.” - Meg melted: "Thank you, ma'am." In the end, one of the five (Queen Mary's tiara) fit best, "seemed to be made for Meg," says Harry. They left the palace with a feeling of "admiration, love, and gratitude."
33. There was a problem getting a tiara from the Queen's cloakroom attendant Angela Kelly so Meghan could practice styling her hair with her hairdresser.
The saga of Harry, Meghan, and the bridal tiara has become such tabloid material that royal correspondents have dubbed it Tiaragate.
Reports claimed that Meghan was denied a first tiara choice and that she and Harry threw a tantrum when the chosen tiara was not provided on demand so Meghan could rehearse the hairstyle. In the book, Harry paints Kelly as an "unintelligent gatekeeper," ignoring requests and unnecessarily denying the couple access to the tiara out of spite, and implies that she was the source of the negative (and false, he says) stories in the media.
“Installing the tiara was a complex, elaborate process,” writes Harry. “First, it had to be sewn to the veil, then Meg's hairdresser had to fasten it to a little pigtail in her hair. Difficult, long – we would need at least one dress rehearsal.”
Kelly, he said, "obstacles" and when she finally handed over the tiara, "her eyes burned with fire. ... She stared at me with a look that made me tremble. I could read a clear warning on her face: this is not the end."
34. Harry and Meghan did have a private, informal wedding "ceremony" in their garden a few days before the big royal wedding.
Meghan revealed this to Oprah Winfrey in an interview in March 2021, and the British press quickly verified the claim, and said it was legally impossible (A quick Google search will reveal that this was information that was widely reported in the media after the interview).
But Harry writes in Spare that a few days before the royal wedding, their confessor, the Archbishop of Canterbury, held a "little ceremony" in Harry and Meghan's garden, "only the two of us, [dogs] Guy and Poole, are the only witnesses." He describes the ceremony as "informal, non-committal, just for fun."
"We were grateful to every person in and around St. George's and the TV viewers, but our love started in private, and publicity was mostly a torment, so we wanted the first consecration of our love, the first vows to be private as well."
35. Meghan's engagement ring used the last piece of fine Welsh gold that has gone on for generations of royal engagement rings.
For generations, members of the royal family have made their wedding rings from rare Welsh gold. The tradition began in 1923 when gold from the Clogau St. Davids mine was donated to Windsor House.
This gold was used to make an engagement ring for Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the future wife of King George VI, and then a call for the wedding of Princess Elizabeth to Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten. The Clogau website details all of the royal brides who wore Welsh gold wedding bands in later years (as well as instances where a lot of gold was given to the royal family).
In the book Spare, Harry claims that Meghan and Kate's rings were forged from the same ingot donated in 1923. Gold is first mentioned in his account of William and Kate's wedding, as he held the call until the groom put it on the bride's finger.
“A thin strip of Welsh gold taken from a bar donated to the royal family almost a century before. The same gold was used to make a ring for my grandmother when she got married and for Princess Margaret, but as I heard, it was almost finished. By the time I get married,”
Fortunately, there was enough gold to make Meghan's engagement ring. “Grandma told me it was almost the last [gold],” he writes. - The last gold. That's how I felt about Meg."
36. William and Kate didn't sit in their assigned seats at Harry and Meghan's wedding reception - though they claimed they didn't move the cards on the table
When the Cambridges and Sussexes held their first big, very tense meeting to 'clear things up,' this was one of the grievances Harry and Meghan wanted to discuss. (This was the much-publicized meeting: when Kate wanted Meghan to apologize for calling her brain "baby" after the birth of her third child, Prince Louis.)
“We weren't too happy when Willie and Kate switched cards and seats at our wedding. We followed the American tradition of seating couples next to each other, but Willie and Kate didn't like this tradition, so their table was the only one where the team sat separately. They insisted that it was not they who decided this, but someone else.
37. Meghan cracked a joke that sparked a tense moment during one of her first significant royal events.
Harry writes that shortly after he and Meghan returned from their honeymoon, it was time for the Queen's official birthday party, Trooping the Colour. At this event, they first appeared in public as newlyweds. “Everyone present was in high spirits,” he writes. “But then Kate asked Meg what she thought of her first Trooping the Color ceremony. And Meg joked: "Colorful ... I thought we would drown in the silence."
38. Meghan and Kate "got on the wrong foot" because of a misunderstanding about fashion preferences
At the same meeting "to defuse the situation," Meghan suggested that some of the "tension" between the Cambridges and the Sussexes may be related to a misunderstanding that arose when she first entered the royal family, and because of which the two royal wives "got up with that leg, maybe. Harry writes: “Kate thought Meg wanted her fashion contacts. But Meg had her acquaintances."
39. Harry and Meghan did tell the royal family they were pregnant at Princess Eugenie's wedding.
This revelation was one of the few times in the book that Harry confirmed a story previously reported in the British media. The Duke pays no attention. Harry told the King, William, and Kate about this at Windsor during a drink reception organized for Eugenie and her fiancé Jack Brooksbank.
40. Harry and Meghan offered to give up their titles of Duke and Duchess of Sussex in January 2020
Since Harry and Meghan announced their decision to retire from life as acting royalty, there have been public calls to strip them of their titles (the UK Parliament will have to get involved in some way).
However, in the book Spare, Harry reveals that he offered to drop them in the first letter he sent to the king about his and Meghan's plan to lead a less public life. “I kept saying we are willing to make any sacrifice to find peace and security, including relinquishing the Sussex titles,” he writes.
41. Tyler Perry said he helped Meghan and Harry when they needed housing and security because his mother loved Princess Diana
In the Netflix movie Harry & Meghan, the Sussexes detail how Perry flew the couple and their son from Canada to Los Angeles on his private jet and housed them (including security). At the same time, they got back on their feet, but in the book, Harry recounts why the actor, screenwriter, and director made such a decision regarding people he barely knew.
“I asked him why he did that. "My mother... loved your mother." I was surprised. He said, “. According to Maxine Perry, she was perfect and couldn't be wrong."
42. Harry - instead of a doctor or midwife - adopted his daughter Lilibet when she was born
The Duke made this decision when his wife was already in labor. “When the doctor said it was a matter of minutes, I told Meg that I wanted my face to be the first one our little girl sees,” he writes. The doctor put Harry in the right place and helped him when the baby was born. “I slipped my hands under the tiny back and neck. Gently but firmly, like in the movies, I pulled our precious daughter out of that world and into this one." Later, writes Harry, Meghan told him that she "had never been so in love with him as at that moment."
43. When the Queen met Harry's daughter Lilibet (and saw Archie again) in the summer of 2022, Harry decided she expected to see more "American" children.
44. Harry describes his family's last visit to the Queen's Grandmother at the end of the book, writing that he "couldn't stop imagining [his children] with their grandmother" when he returned to California after her funeral.
“Archie makes deep, chivalrous bows, his younger sister Lilibet hugging the monarch’s knees. Dearest children, Grandmother said in bewilderment. She expected them to be a little more... American, I guess? That is, in her opinion, more violent.
45. Harry says he learned of the Queen's death from BBC reports after his plane landed in Scotland.
In Spare, Harry writes that when he received word that the Queen's health was deteriorating, he contacted William to find out how his brother was getting to Scotland but never received a response (it turned out that William and other members royal family took off on a military flight, arriving a few hours before Harry).
After being told by his father that Meghan wasn't welcome here, Harry boarded a charter flight and, according to him, was in the air when his grandmother died. “When the plane started descending, my phone turned on. Message from Meg: "Call me as soon as you get it." I checked the BBC website. Grandma was gone. The pope became king."
Royal Sources disputed the Duke of Sussex's account, arguing that the King ensured that all royal family members knew about it before the announcement was made.
More than space
Top 30 funny memes and tweets with Elon Musk in 2022 that are too hilrarious to ignore
From electric cars, solar batteries or space rockets, Elon Musk seems to be a Tony Stark of real life. As general manager of Tesla, SpaceX, The Boring Company and co-founder of OpenAI and Neuralink, Musk always seems to be at the forefront when it comes to launching the most futuristic technologies possible.
But his path to the title of the richest man in the world was not a smooth one at all. From school problems to bankruptcy, countless lawsuits and government problems, Elon Musk's life has been full of ups and downs.
Born on June 28, 1971 in Pretoria, South Africa, problems arise since childhood. His parents divorce, and the two brothers, Elon and Kimbal, choose to live with their father. "It wasn't a good idea at all," Musk told Rolling Stone, as his relationship with his father was extremely difficult.
1.Naming his kids
2.Elon Karen Musk
4.You have 3 hours
In 1983, a 12-year-old Elon Musk sold a $ 500 video game to a tech magazine called "Blastar." His school years, however, were not pleasant at all, as he was often beaten or verbally assaulted by school children.
After graduating from high school, Musk and his mother, brother and sister moved to Canada where he began his graduate studies at Queen's University in Kingston Ontario. After two years of study, he moved to the University of Pennsylvania where he earned a bachelor's degree in physics and economics.
After college, he left for California to pursue a doctorate at Stanford College, but dropped out a few weeks later to focus with his brother Kimbal on launching their first company, Zip2. With the help of investments from Silicon Valley, the company that provided information on transport and traffic for newspapers such as the New York Times and Chicago Tribune, ends up being bought for 341 million dollars, thus Musk obtaining 22 million dollars. He often slept in the office and washed in a nearby youth hostel.
6.Stock Market Traders
7.I’m here with you
8.One year apart
9.Die on Mars
Musk is about to launch his next company, namely the online banking site X.com with 10 million of the 22 obtained from Zip2. A year later, his company merged with Confinity, Peter Thiel's company, thus forming PayPal. The South African is appointed general manager, but a misunderstanding in the company leads to his dismissal and replacement with Peter Thiel in 2000.
However, the company launched by him and Thiel ends up being bought by eBay in 2002 for $ 1.5 billion, and Musk, as the main financier, earns $ 165 million. With 100 million from PayPal sales, the engineer is setting up Space Exploration Technologies or SpaceX. His goal is to make space travel 10 times cheaper, while his ultimate dream of making it possible to colonize the planet Mars.
In 2004, Musk made a $ 6.5 million investment in Tesla Motors, a company originally founded in 2003 by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning, which will produce exclusively electric cars. The South African takes an active role in the company and helps create and launch the first car in 2006. At the launch of the Roadster, Musk is also a financier and general manager of the company.
10.Normal people vs Elon Musk
11.Elon Musk being Elon Musk
12.Smiling for Elon
In the same year, he provided his cousins, Peter and Lyndon Rive, with the capital needed to launch the dollar-based energy company SolarCity. In 2007, he took full control of Tesla after the removal of Eberhard and the other directors. In 2008, in the midst of a financial crisis, with a financing and a subsequent loan amounting to 80 million dollars, Musk manages to personally save Tesla from bankruptcy.
Even with these millions of companies, Musk is on the verge of bankruptcy in 2008. He described 2008 as the worst year of his life. Tesla was constantly at a loss, and SpaceX was struggling to launch its first rocket, the Falcon 1. By 2009, Musk would be living solely on credit and loans.
But as Christmas approaches 2008, Musk receives the first good news, with SpaceX reaching an agreement with NASA to send $ 1.5 billion into space resources, and Tesla is finally finding outside investors. In June 2010, Tesla had a successful listing on Wall Street, raising $ 226 million, making it the second largest carmaker to do so since Ford's launch in 1956. To reorganize its finances, Musk sells $ 15 million worth of shares at launch.
16.Starting new university
19.Elon Musk vibes
By the end of 2015, SpaceX will be transporting more than 24 supplements to the International Space Station, breaking countless records along the way. In February 2018, the most powerful rocket built by SpaceX, Falcon Heavy, has a successful launch watched by millions. On board the rocket launched to Mars was Musk's personal Tesla Roadster.
Musk continues to come up with ideas from science fiction, with the appearance of Hyperloop and The Boring Company. Hyperloop is based on the idea of a super high-speed train that will travel in a tube that should transport passengers between Los Angeles and San Francisco in about 30 minutes. The Boring Company's mission is to build underground tunnels between America's major cities to create areas of fast congested traffic.
South Africa is facing problems in 2018, when it decides to be part of the personal business council of US President Donald Trump, a decision strongly criticized by public opinion. He leaves the council after Trump pulls America out of the Paris Agreement on global warming. In the same year, he wrote on Twitter that he would like to transfer Tesla to the private sector for $ 420 per share and that he would already have interested investors.
20.Elon Musk be like
22.About 2 billionaires
23.Pumping on the Plan
His plan, however, does not take shape because it receives a lot of summonses and lawsuits from the SEC, the body that governs these passes. After a lengthy trial, Musk is found guilty of making false statements and having to pay fines of $ 20 million. He must also step down as the company's boss, and Tesla must set up a committee that will focus on communicating South Africans in public.
The year 2020 proved to be one of the most successful for his two companies. SpaceX completes an agreement with NASA to send astronauts into space aboard the company's rockets for the first time in November. Tesla entered the S&P 500 index in December among the top 500 companies, which increased its shareholding value considerably. Now, the company's capitalization is approaching $ 500 billion.
Due to these successes, but especially to the growth in value of Tesla, Elon Musk was declared on January 7, 2021 the richest man in the world with an estimated fortune of 187 billion dollars. It outperformed Amazon founder Jeff Bezos, who had held the title since July 2015.
26.Not doing it now
27.What do you think?
28.My wife just left me
30.End world hunger
People in Spain are sunbathing with face mask after the coronavirus restrictions have been relaxed
Women wearing face masks have been noticed sunbathing at the Malvarrosa beach, as some Spanish provinces are allowed to ease lockdown restrictions during phase one, in Valencia, Spain, Reuters reports.
According to worldometers.info, as of today, there are 282,370 confirmed cases in the country and over 28,678 deaths.
From the graph below, we can see that the existing quarantine measures that have been imposed are starting to take effect and the number of daily infected cases are decreasing.