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Information on countries with high nuclear potential is based on data from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute and Business Insider. The nine countries that officially have weapons of mass destruction form the so-called "Nuclear Club".

The United States was the first nation to develop a nuclear bomb. The number of nuclear warheads owned by the United States increased considerably during the Cold War with the Soviet Union. At the same time, however, the Soviet Union was growing its nuclear arsenal. Russia now has 6,850 more nuclear weapons than any other country in the world.

 

Here are top 9 countries with nuclear arsenal in 2022:

 

United States

 

Number of nuclear warheads: 6800

 

First test: 1945

 

Use in combat: 1945 (Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan)

 

Last test: 1992

 

The country with the strongest army in the world is also the first power to trigger a nuclear explosion and the first to use nuclear weapons in a fighting situation.

 

Since then, the United States has produced 66.5 thousand atomic weapons units with over 100 different modifications.

Thus, the main range of American nuclear weapons consists of ballistic missiles on submarines. However, the United States and Russia have refused to participate in negotiations on the complete surrender of nuclear weapons, which began in the spring of 2017.

 

At the same time, the American military doctrine states that America has enough weapons to guarantee both its own security and the security of its allies. In addition, the United States has promised not to attack non-nuclear states if they abide by the terms of the "Non-Proliferation Treaty".

 

Russia

 

Number of nuclear warheads: 7000

 

First test: 1949

 

Last test: 1990

 

Russia is the world's No. 1 nuclear power in 2022. Some of the weapons were inherited by Russia after the end of the USSR. Existing nuclear warheads were removed from the military bases of the former Soviet republics. According to the Russian military, they can decide whether to use nuclear weapons in response to similar actions. Or in the case of the attack with ordinary weapons, as a result of which the very existence of Russia will be threatened.

 

On Sunday, President Vladimir Putin ordered the "maximum alert" of Russia's nuclear deterrent forces, which has the largest nuclear arsenal in the world.

 

In December 2021, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu announced that modern weapons and equipment now make up 89.1% of Russia's nuclear arsenal.

 

France

 

Number of nuclear warheads: 300

 

First test: 1960

 

Last test: 1995

 

To date, France has conducted more than 200 nuclear weapons tests, starting with an explosion in the then French colony of Algeria and ending with two atolls in French Polynesia. At the same time, France has repeatedly refused to participate in other countries' nuclear peace initiatives. It did not join the moratorium on nuclear testing in the late 1950s, did not sign the Treaty on the Prohibition of Military Nuclear Tests in the 1960s, and did not join the "Non-Proliferation Treaty" until the early 1990s.

 

China

 

Number of nuclear warheads: 270

 

First test: 1964

 

Last test: 1996

 

China is the only country that has decided not to drop nuclear bombs or threaten to launch non-nuclear states. And in early 2011, China announced that it would keep its weapons to a minimum. However, since then, China's defense engineers have invented four new types of ballistic missiles that are capable of carrying nuclear warheads. So the question of the exact quantitative expression of this "minimum level" remains open.

 

UK

 

Number of nuclear warheads: 215

 

First test: 1952

 

Last test: 1991

 

The United Kingdom is the only country that has not performed tests on its territory. The British preferred to do all the nuclear explosions in Australia and the Pacific Ocean, but in 1991 it was decided to stop them. But in 2015, David Cameron sparked, acknowledging that England was ready to drop a few bombs if needed. But about whom exactly he did not say.

 

Pakistan

 

Number of nuclear warheads: 130-140

 

First test: 1998

 

Last test: 1998

 

After the 1974 explosion in India, it was only a matter of time before Islamabad developed its own weapons. The Pakistani prime minister then said: "If India creates its own nuclear weapons, we will make it our own, even if we have to eat grass."

 

Following India's 1998 test, Pakistan promptly carried out its own detonation, detonating several nuclear bombs at the Chagai test site.

 

India

 

Number of nuclear warheads: 120-130

 

First test: 1974

 

Last test: 1998

 

India did not officially recognize itself as a nuclear power until the end of the last century. However, after the detonation of three nuclear devices in May 1998, two days later, India announced that it was giving up testing.

 

Israel

 

Number of nuclear warheads: 80

 

First test: 1979

 

Last test: 1979

 

Israel has never stated that it has nuclear weapons, but has not claimed otherwise. In fact, Israel has refused to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. At the same time, Israel is vigilantly monitoring the peaceful and not-so-peaceful atom of its neighbors and, if necessary, does not hesitate to bomb nuclear power plants in other countries - as was the case with Iraq in 1981.

 

According to rumors, Israel has had every chance of creating a nuclear bomb since 1979, when a suspicious light resembling a nuclear explosion was recorded in the South Atlantic. It is assumed that either Israel or South Africa or both states together are responsible for this test.

 

North Korea

 

Number of nuclear warheads: 10-60

 

First test: 2006

 

Last test: 2018

 

North Korea is also on the list of countries with nuclear weapons in 2022. Atomic activity in North Korea began in the middle of the last century, when Kim Il Sung, frightened by US plans to bomb Pyongyang, sought help from the USSR and China. The development of nuclear weapons began in the 1970s, froze as the political situation improved in the 1990s, and naturally continued to worsen. Already since 2004 the "great prosperous state" has been nuclear.

 

Tension also creates the fact that the exact number of North Korean nuclear warheads is not yet known. According to some data, the number of nuclear bombs would exceed 20, according to others, reaching 60 units.

 

Iran

 

It is now known which countries have nuclear weapons. Iran is not among them, but it has not reduced its work on the nuclear program, and there are rumors that it has its own nuclear weapons.

 

On the other hand, the Iranian authorities claim that they can build it for themselves, but for ideological reasons it is limited to the peaceful use of uranium. Iran's use of the atom is currently under IAEA control as a result of the 2015 agreement, but the status quo may soon change. As of January 6, 2020, Iran has dropped the latest restrictions on the nuclear deal to create nuclear weapons for a possible strike on the United States.

 

2022 statement preventing the use of countries' nuclear arsenal

 

On January 3, 2022, the leaders of Russia, China, the United Kingdom, France, and the United States issued a joint statement on preventing the use of nuclear weapons in war. "We declare that there can be no winners in a nuclear war and that it must never be triggered. Since the use of nuclear weapons would have far-reaching consequences, we also state that nuclear weapons - as long as they continue to exist - would "We believe that the continued proliferation of these weapons should be prevented," according to a statement posted on the Kremlin's website.

 

 

 

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