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Everyone's favorite and the long-awaited holiday season have begun, the sea, sandy beaches, delicious fruits, and sunbathing. Everyone wants to relax in the sun, whether on a white sandy beach on the shores of the azure sea or a green lawn in the country. But does everyone know how to sunbathe correctly so as not to peel off the next day after spending a sleepless night in a moisturizer? Whatever you decide to get your tan, read on for our tips!
Tips for the best tan
Even though the sun has a beneficial effect on us (it increases the level of serotonin, stimulates the production of vitamin D, and strengthens the immune system), it still has its drawbacks: the risk of getting burned, aging prematurely or getting skin cancer. But all the disadvantages can be reduced to zero by following the simple rules for sunbathing.
Rule 1: Don't Forget Your Sunscreen
It would seem that everyone knows about it. However, how do you choose one that will protect your skin? Different creams provide different levels of protection, which is indicated by the SPF index.
The level of SPF (sun protection factor) determines the effectiveness of counteracting UV radiation on the skin treated with the cream. For example, if your cream has an SPF-20 index, you can get a UV dose without harm to health 20 times more than without using a protective agent. SPF only protects the skin from group B UV rays, which are dangerous for our health.
On sunscreen packages, SPF ranges from 2 to 50. It's essential to determine your skin type. Scientists identify six phototypes, read the descriptions and look for matches:
Phototype 1: people with blond hair, fair skin, and light eyes. Representatives of this type most often burn the sun. It is recommended to stay in the sun for no more than 15 minutes without protection. Creams with SPF-30 and above are suitable.
Phototype 2: people with blond or red hair, gray eyes, and fair skin, often with freckles. Recommended time in the sun: 20 - 30 minutes; creams with SPF-20, and then a minimum of SPF-10.
Phototype 3: people with dark hair, brown eyes, and swarthy skin. Recommended time in the sun: up to 40 minutes without additional protection. To prevent burns while tanning, you need to use creams with SPF-15 only after arriving on vacation and SPF-6 after three to four days.
Phototype 4: brunettes with dark eyes and swarthy skin. Such people often do not suffer from sunlight, but for prevention, it is better to use a cream with SPF-8.
5 and 6 phototypes: people with very dark (up to black) skin. They can spend much time in the sun without protection and only use moisturizers.
Have you identified your phototype? Excellent! However, it is essential to know the rules for applying sunscreen:
1. Apply 20 minutes before sunbathing.
2. Do not forget to reapply the cream according to the instructions.
Rule 2: tan gradually
If everything were simple, spend a few hours in the sun and immediately get the desired tan for the whole year! But don't even dream about it. As practice shows, adherents of this method most often suffer from the negative consequences of sunburn.
The dark pigment that gives our skin its brown color is called melanin. But besides providing shade to the skin, it has another vital function - a protective mechanism that protects the skin from UV rays! Melanin creates a protective barrier around skin cells that scatters dangerous UVB rays. That is why it is essential to accumulate melanin gradually: sunbathe on the first day for 10-15 minutes before lunch and 15-20 after. For a positive effect, add every day for 10 minutes, preventing the skin from reddening in the sun.
Rule 3: Prepare your skin for tanning
Before sunbathing, cleaning the skin of impurities and dead cells is essential. So it will be easier for her to accumulate melanin. You can do this with soft scrubs, a washcloth, or an exfoliating glove. But don't be zealous. It is enough to cleanse the skin in this way once a week and a half.
Rule 4: Don't be in the sun in the middle of the day
The more direct sunlight hits the skin, the more UV it receives. The maximum radiation falls on the time from 10:00 to 16:00. If the health of the skin and the body is dear to you, it is better not to show yourself in the sun at this time. Go outside at this time in light clothes with long sleeves.
It is safest to sunbathe before 10 am and in the evening after 4 pm.
Rule 5: protect the body from the inside
Don't worry; you don't need to eat sunscreen for this. To do this, some products help reduce the adverse effects of UV rays due to the high content of antioxidants. So what are these products:
- fatty fish rich in omega-3: mackerel, tuna, salmon.
- red and orange vegetables and fruits: tomatoes, peppers, oranges, apricots
- any cabbage: broccoli, leafy, cauliflower
- teas: green and black
In addition, there are products that, on the contrary, can increase the negative effect of the sun on the skin, for example, yogurt, cheese, or whole milk.
Rule 6: know the measure.
It makes no sense to sunbathe all day since the body stops producing melanin after 2-3 hours of exposure to the sun. So 4-5 hours in the sun will not give you a chocolate or bronze tan but will only increase the risk of skin damage.
Rule 7: take care of your skin after sunburn.
If you want to keep your tan for longer, do not forget to moisturize your skin after sunbathing. This is important because the body treats excess melanin as a wake-up call that signals damage to the skin. That is why he seeks to quickly get rid of the top tanned layer, making it drier. So it was easier for the body to eliminate damaged cells and exfoliate them.
Use moisturizing creams and lotions and wait with scrubs and rough washcloths.
Well, here are, perhaps, the basic rules that will provide you with the perfect tan!
First aid and treatment for sunburnt skin
From the first warm spring days to the beginning of autumn frosts, dressing as lightly as possible is pleasant to show a beautiful figure. Many spend weekends and vacations on the beach, taking their children with them, believing that sunbathing is suitable for their health. It has been established that exposure to the sun strengthens the immune system, promotes the production of vitamin D, and improves the condition of bone tissues. A soft golden or dark chocolate tan is associated with travel and adventure, holidays on the sea coast, and tropical islands.
But intense exposure to ultraviolet rays is not suitable for health. Sunburn is a protective reaction of the skin, leading to a change in its color. The coloring pigment melanin is produced in its lower layers to protect against ultraviolet radiation. With prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, skin photoagingaccelerates, wrinkles form faster, and the risk of developing neoplasms increases. Another danger of sun exposure is burnt skin. Pain for negligence will be a pain, peeling, or a general deterioration in well-being.
What to do if the skin is sunburned
You can get burned on the beach, walking around the city, working on an individual plot, etc. The sun gradually heats the skin and the head,d a person does not feel discomfort for a long time but notices redness, burning, and tightness when the skin is severely burned. Minor burns can be treated at home, but if blisters develop, see a doctor.
You must go into the room or the shade at the first sign of burning or overheating. If this is not possible, cover open areas of the body with clothes, a towel, or a thick cloth. Replenish the lack of fluid in the body. Drink clean, cool water or warm but not hot tea. To reduce discomfort, if there are no blisters, or open wounds, apply an after-sun cream or other emollient, such as Panthenol, to the skin. If the damage is minor, restoring the skin after a sunburn will take 3-5 days.
Signs of sunburned skin
To prevent deep burns, you must periodically check for burning signs in the sun. The first symptom is redness of the skin. Pain and another discomfort may not be felt. They show up later.
It is necessary to determine the degree of damage to the skin. If there is redness or mild pain but no blisters, you need to provide first aid, and the redness will pass after a few days. Perhaps the skin will begin to peel off. This is not dangerous but increases the risk of a second, more severe burn when exposed to the sun.
If blisters appear, you need to consult a doctor and treat them with anti-burn ointments, drugs that relieve inflammation and prevent infection. Treatment takes place under the supervision of a physician. Patients often have a fever, swelling, headaches, weakness, and palpitations.
If there are burns from sunburn, you need to get dressed and go into the shade or the room. A cool (but not cold) shower or a compress on the affected body parts will help relieve unpleasant symptoms. Cool and cleanse your skin. To quickly restore the damaged epidermis and prevent the appearance of blisters, and peeling, apply an anti-burn ointment with panthenol on it.
If blisters appear, cool the skin, wash with clean water without soap, apply an ointment, and then visit a doctor. He will prescribe a treatment to avoid infection of the wounds that appear after the blisters burst.
If a significant body surface is burned, a person has a fever, dizziness, palpitations, nausea, or vomiting; you need to give an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory drug (Nurofen or others) and quickly deliver it to a medical facility or call an ambulance. Sunburn can cause disturbances in the functioning of the cardiovascular system.
First aid for burns caused by ultraviolet radiation should be provided as soon as possible. But not always in the home first-aid kit; there are the necessary medicines. They can be replaced with folk remedies. To improve the general condition without antipyretics, you can drink cool black or green tea with lemon and mineral water if the temperature has risen slightly. You can apply a cool compress to your forehead.
To cool and soothe burned skin, you can make a gauze compress from excellent green tea, a decoction of parsley, chamomile, calendula, and oak bark. If the face turns red after going to the beach or walking on a sunny day, you can apply fresh cabbage leaves and chopped parsley to the burnt places and grease them with honey. They will help with minor burns and prevent peeling, and you will look good the next day. To reduce the risk of infection of burned areas and moisturize them, you can rub the skin with aloe leaves.
What not to do with sunburn
Complications after sunburn often arise due to improper treatment. So that they pass without consequences:
- do not apply ice to burned areas, do not take a cold shower - a sharp temperature drop will accelerate the development of the inflammatory process;
- do not puncture blisters with a needle or other sharp objects - this increases the risk of infection;
- do not wipe the skin with alcohol-containing solutions - it needs to be moisturized, and alcohol dries it, which will increase peeling;
- do not lubricate burned areas with olive, sunflower, or other vegetable oils - they form a greasy film, which prevents regular air exchange and natural cooling;
- if there are blisters, there are wounds, or acne - do not apply fermented milk products;
- do not use hard washcloths or peels to speed up exfoliation; you can injure the skin.
At this time, you need to soften it, moisturize, and protect it from ultraviolet radiation with sunscreen or tight clothes, do not use scrubs, or hard washcloths, do not go to the sauna, and do not take hot baths.
How to choose a cosmetic product that protects against ultraviolet radiation
Sun cream can have different levels of protection. SPF denotes it with various coefficients. For a walk around the city on a clear spring day, a cream with SPF 2-5 is enough. If you are going to be on the street for several hours (picnic, work in the garden), you need a remedy with SPF 5-10. For those with white skin prone to freckling, it is best to use sunscreen products that provide intense protection (SPF 20-30). If you vacation to a hotter region, take an SPF 50 cream with you, such as Avene cream. If you want to swim, use a waterproof product. Sunscreen should be applied 20 minutes before leaving the house.
Choose products containing vitamins and antioxidants to look good on hot days and prevent the appearance of early wrinkles. They protect not only from ultraviolet rays but also take care of the skin.
How to choose creams after sunburn
To make the skin recover quickly after sunbathing, and look beautiful and fresh, use an after-sun cream or milk. It contains hydrants that replenish water in cells and soothing and softening ingredients that prevent flaking. To quickly pass minor burns, you can use not medicinal but cosmetics. It is convenient to use cosmetics that are available in the form of sprays, for example, Avene. By pressing the sprayer several times, you will evenly apply the product.
Sprays or creams are available that need to be rubbed with light massage movements for the face and body. It is better to purchase two products of the same brand: one for the front, where the skin is more delicate and demanding to care for, and the other for the body. Use them every time you go out in the sun to rehydrate and prevent photoaging.
After-sun cosmetics are available for different skin types. For oily, a lighter texture is needed; for dry, high hyaluronic acid content; for sensitive, aloe extract and other medicinal plants.
Prevention of sunburn
For the tan to look beautiful and there to be no burns, you need to dose your exposure to the sun. The best sunbathing is before 10-11 am and after 4-5 pm. Try not to go out in the sun between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. Wear wide-brimmed hats, peaked caps, or other head coverings to protect your face and body from direct sunlight. Do not forget about eye protection - sunglasses will help maintain vision and slow down the formation of wrinkles in the corners of the eyes.
On hot days, dress in loose, light-colored clothing made from natural fabrics. It reflects ultraviolet rays well and does not interfere with air exchange. If you have delicate, fair skin prone to sunburn, cover your shoulders and back, choose dresses, shirts, and long-sleeved T-shirts.
Drink more clean water and tea, but give up sugary carbonated drinks and coffee. They have a diuretic effect and accelerate the loss of moisture. And it is needed by the body to release sweat and naturally cool the skin.
Apply sunscreen regularly to exposed areas of your body, even if you have to walk down the street for a short time on a sunny day. At the beach, renew it every 2 hours and after swimming.
Collections with 70 cuttest pandas in the world that you must share with your friends (2022 edition)
Giant panda (bamboo bear) is a national treasure of China, in addition, it can be seen on the logo of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Below you will find out where you can see a panda in China, how long pandas live and much more, panda pictures by Bemorepanda.
Giant pandas are similar to bears, but differ in their characteristic black and white coloration. Panda's paws, eyes and ears are covered with black fur; a black strip also runs around the shoulders of the animal.
Have you noticed what color a panda's tail is? The tail of the giant panda is white!
Giant pandas spend up to 14 hours a day eating. The fact is that the calorie content in bamboo is small, and the panda quickly begins to feel hungry again.
Having eaten, pandas go to bed for a period of 2 to 4 hours. When they wake up, they again go in search of food.
In addition to feeding and sleeping, giant pandas also climb trees. Yes, these huge clumsy bears can climb trees! Usually, pandas climb a tree to get away from danger, during the courtship period, and also to avoid stronger competitors.
Pandas eat the roots, shoots and leaves of bamboo. Bamboo makes up 99% of their daily diet. In addition to bamboo, they feed on some types of fruits.
3.Look at me
4.Let me show my tongue
Giant pandas in captivity are fed special bread made from rice and corn flour, soy powder and eggs. Wild pandas also eat grasses, insects, mice and even lambs found in the surrounding villages.
Giant pandas in China live in the west and southwest of the country. The city of Chengdu is, without exaggeration, the best place to get acquainted with these cute animals. Here you can visit the big panda and get acquainted with the habits of the animal, which has become one of the symbols of the Celestial Empire.
Giant pandas are dearly loved not only by the people of China, but also by many foreigners - children and adults. The best places in China to see pandas are located in the Chengdu area, which is called the "homeland of the giant panda". In addition, the panda can be seen in zoos in cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Chongqing, Guilin and Hong Kong.
If you are curious to watch the panda in its natural habitat - come to Sichuan! More information on how to visit a giant panda is available on the China Panda Tours page.
Get even closer to see the panda by participating in a volunteer program at the China Center for the Conservation and Study of the Dujiangyan Giant Panda (CCRCGP) near Chengdu. Here you can take care and even feed the big panda.
6.Trying something new
As of 2014, there were only 1,864 giant pandas left in the wild. It is considered one of the rarest endangered species in the world, which is why the giant panda has adorned the logo of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) since the foundation of the organization in 1961.
Today, the only place suitable for the giant panda to live in its natural environment is in a remote mountainous region at an altitude of 1200 to 3100 meters above sea level. These are the foothills of Tibet in the provinces of Sichuan, Gansu and Shaanxi.
Pandas can only live in vast bamboo forests because bamboo is their main food.
In the city of Chengdu, Sichuan province, there are large panda bases (for example, Bifengxia Bifengxia Giant Panda Nursery), where both wild pandas and those that live in captivity are taken care of. The most famous of them is the Giant Panda Research Center, located 10 km from the center of Chengdu.
The habitats of the giant panda are gradually disappearing due to deforestation and the development of agricultural production. There have also been cases of poaching in history. The disappearance of the natural environment for the panda has led to the fact that the animals are under the threat of extinction.
On September 5, 2016, the giant panda was moved from the endangered species list to the Vulnerable category.
10.Let me show you how to eat
The giant panda's natural habitat is protected by the Chinese government. Agricultural land is moving back into forest areas. In the event of an earthquake, rescued pandas are nurtured in a nature reserve and then released back into the wild.
The giant panda is the only vegetarian bear in the world. As a rule, in order not to starve to death, he needs to eat about 12 and a half kilograms of bamboo per day, because only 17 percent of the food consumed is digested. No wonder they spend 14 hours a day eating.
The reason for this inefficiency is simple - the panda's digestive system is unable to process bamboo leaves and shoots. According to Chinese scientists, these animals switched to plant foods only twenty thousand years ago - quite recently by the standards of evolution. During this time, their digestive tract did not have time to change: it is arranged in much the same way as in omnivorous animals. Pandas do not have a multi-chambered stomach or an elongated small intestine where plants are processed. There are no special genes responsible for the production of enzymes necessary for the digestion of plant fibers.
To extract at least some nutrients from the shoots and leaves of bamboo, the bacteria that live in their intestines - streptococci, E. coli and shigella - help the bears.
Pandas extract many times less energy from food than, for example, cows or sheep, and they manage to survive on a plant-based diet only thanks to a special metabolism. As it turns out, pandas only need 1,100 calories a day. This is about 37 percent of the energy consumed by mammals of the same size and mass. Such an economy is not typical for any other animal species, except for sloths with their specific way of life.
Unlike sloths, pandas are quite active, although they move less and more slowly than other bears. In addition, their body temperature is lower than that of other mammals, but falls short of that characteristic of animals that have fallen into hibernation or anabiosis. The main secret to saving energy is a low metabolic rate, which has arisen due to a "breakdown" in the DUOX2 gene. It is involved in the synthesis of the thyroid hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine. The levels of these substances in the body of pandas are even lower than those of a brown bear that has gone into hibernation.
Bamboo bears have the most energy-consuming organs—the brain, liver, and kidneys—are smaller than you might expect given their size. The mass of the brain is about 20 percent less than expected, and the weight of the kidneys and liver is 25 and 37 percent, respectively. All this allows giant pandas to survive on only bamboo leaves and shoots, even though the intestines are not able to digest them properly.
14.Mom and baby
27.Don’t take him
29.Let me take a nap
40.Hide and seek
42.Food with friends
45.Friends be like
46.Two little brothers
47.Let me escape
50.Kisses for mom
51.Sport be like
52.Thinking about food
55.Two perfect colors
59.Let me sleep here
63.Wanna take a pic?
65.Perfect time for food
70.Baby panda hello
The pursuit of a quick tan can result in burns. To sunbathe with pleasure and without harming the skin, sunscreen for the face helps. How to choose this tool, and what to look for so as not to be disappointed in the purchase?
A wide range of sun protection products with different SPF levels is available in the Amoreshop online store.
What to look for when buying SPF creams
Sunburn is a side effect of prolonged sun exposure. The skin acquires a chocolate hue due to the production of melanin, which fights against the aggressive effects of ultraviolet radiation and protects the skin from photoaging, age spots, and premature wrinkles. Sunburn also prevents the development of melanoma.
Sun creams protect the skin from UVB rays, which make up 5% of all radiation that causes sunburn and skin tan. They also protect against UVA rays that penetrate deep into the skin and can lead to negative consequences in the future. There are some essential characteristics of creams that you need to pay attention to when buying.
Degree of protection
Sunscreens contain SPF, a sun protection factor that measures how long a person can stay in the sun before burning. The degree of protection against spectrum B rays, which cause redness and sunburn, can be different:
- SPF 2-4 protects against 50-75% of UV rays;
- Products provide medium protection with SPF up to 10;
- A high degree of protection is ensured if funds with SPF 10-20 are selected;
- Intensive protection is provided by SPF 20 or 30;
- Almost complete sun protection is provided by SPF 50.
The best face sunscreen for pigmentation, redness, and burns may contain physical or chemical filters. The former creates a kind of film on the skin, which, like a screen, displays the sun's UVB rays. These substances include titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.
Substances that form a chemical filter are benzophenone, avobenzone, and others. It is necessary to select products for your phototype and skin type and not strive for the highest degree of protection if it is not required.
Today, the beauty market offers budget sunscreens and mid-range and premium products. Each of these categories includes both favorites and underdogs. Therefore, it is essential to use this "cheat sheet" and familiarize yourself with the list of the best sunscreens.
Sunscreen in the summer should be in every woman's makeup bag. Today, brands even produce men's creams with SPF and sunscreen for the little ones. This means that each person can, if desired, protect themselves from sunburn.
1. Best sunscreen of all La Roche-Posay Anthelios Ultra SPF 50+
The best face sunscreen for every day, according to many people, is a light fluid from the French company La Roche Posay. The cream contains chemical and physical filters and provides a high degree of protection against UVA and UVB rays. It is presented in a small format, which allows you to take it with you on a trip.
- Suitable for different skin types;
- Easily distributed on the skin, without white streaks and oily sheen;
- It can be applied under makeup.
- Relatively high cost with a small volume.
2. Best Premium Sunscreen Helen Sole Bimbi SPF 50
The top sunscreen for the face includes a product that can be used even for children. It contains vitamin E, aloe vera juice, almond oil, and filters that prevent dryness and provide high protection from the sun's rays.
- It can be used on a baby's delicate skin
- The composition includes natural ingredients;
- The cream does not contain dyes, parabens, SLS, and other harmful substances.
- High price.
3. Best waterproof sunscreen Bioderma Photoderm MAX SPF 50
The best sunscreen for your face is bioderma. The product contains two filters of the latest generation - both physical and chemical. This is necessary for maximum protection.
- Suitable even for sensitive skin;
- It does not cause acne comedones;
- It can be used as a make-up base;
- It spreads well on the skin and lasts a long time;
- Not afraid of water.
- The skin remains shiny, which many do not like.
4. Biore UV Aqua Rich SPF 50
Another top face sunscreen comes from Biore. The Japanese brand offers a product with a light texture, quickly absorbed, and protects the skin from type A rays. Chemical filters provide Sun protection.
- Do not leave white marks on the skin;
- Resistant to water and sweat;
- Does not leave a radiant shine on the skin;
- Contains hyaluronic acid and plant extracts;
- Can be reapplied, layered, and not afraid that the cream rolls.
- The composition contains dimethicone - one of the most popular silicones in cosmetics. It is a synthetic polymer designed to soften the skin and hair and create a protective film, making it smooth and silky.
5. Best sunscreen for problem skin Premium Sunguard Oily Skin SPF 50
Not every best face sunscreen can be worn under makeup. But Premium Sunguard Oily Skin SPF 50 is a product that provides excellent protection against type A rays. It spreads evenly on the skin, regulates moisture levels, and is quickly absorbed.
- Suitable even for sensitive skin;
- Despite the dense texture, the product is easy to apply;
- There are no white spots left on the skin;
- Good for dry skin.
- Does not have a long-term effect; needs to be updated.
6. Best Moisturizing Sunscreen Librederm Bronzeada Full Spectrum Anti-Age SPF 30
With summer approaching, tanners are trying to figure out which sunscreen is best to be as comfortable on the beach as possible without getting sunburned.
Another leader in the middle price segment is Libriderm brand products. The cream contains a unique complex of substances that protect the skin from A and B spectrum radiation. Sunscreen can be used for various skin types.
- The composition contains plant extracts, oils, and vitamins;
- Waterproof effect;
- Reasonable cost and excellent quality;
- No filmy feeling on the skin.
- Due to the thick texture, it isn't easy to spread over the skin;
- Slightly brightens skin tone when placed on the face.
7. Best sunscreen for baby skin Weleda Edelweiss Sensitiv Sonnencreme SPF 50
High-quality sunscreens for children and babies are offered by the Swiss manufacturer Weleda. This cream contains natural ingredients, does not contain chemical filters, and is ideal for use by children, protecting them from the adverse effects of the sun.
- Does not contain chemicals and fragrances;
- Mineral UV filter provides sun protection;
- In the composition of sunflower extract and coconut oil, which helps to retain moisture in the skin;
- Moisture resistance.
- Not suitable if there is an individual intolerance to the components.
8. L'Oreal Paris Sublime Sun
A good sunscreen for the face is offered by the French brand L'Oreal Paris. The emulsion is suitable for both women and men. It provides reliable protection from the sun, and the skin acquires a uniform tan without burns and redness.
- An innovative formula that protects against UVA rays that provoke photoaging, the appearance of age spots and wrinkles;
- Large volume;
- Suitable for all skin types.
- Low SPF factor, so you have to renew the product on the skin.
9. The best budget sunscreen Biokon Cream-fluid for face and décolleté SPF 35
Among the budget representatives of sun creams, Biocon is the leader. The high design prevents Type A and B rays from harming the skin. The product is suitable even for sensitive and problematic skin.
- Affordable price;
- The presence of vitamin E;
- Convenient dispenser, which allows you to spend the product economically;
- Well, moisturizes the skin.
- You need to update the tool every 2 hours.
10. Uriage Bariesun SPF 50
French brand Uriage face sunscreen is an excellent option for people with sensitive skin. The product should be applied to the skin to provide maximum protection.
- Convenient dispenser;
- High degree of protection;
- As part of the thermal water Uriage;
- Suitable for use, even in damage to the face or after surgery.
- May leave a shine on the face.
How to choose the best sunscreen
Sunscreen in the warm season should be included in the daily care program. Dermatologists and cosmetologists explain that excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays does not benefit the skin. And before the holidays, you should buy the best sunscreen for your face.
Also, in the summer, it is recommended to use this type of care before each sun exposure to protect yourself from burns and premature skin aging.
Determine the phototype
Exposure to ultraviolet rays can affect people differently, depending on their phototypes. The amount of melanin in the skin of all people living in the world can be divided into six types:
Scandinavian or Celtic. They have light skin, light eyes, and hair. And prolonged exposure to the sun will undoubtedly cause burns.
Nordic, or light European. Such people have fair skin, and their hair can be blond or brown. They tan slightly but are also prone to sunburn.
Central European. These people have brown or dark hair and more melanin in their skin. They can stay in the sun for a while but also get burned if they sunbathe for a long time.
Mediterranean. These people have dark skin, dark eyes, and dark hair. They do not tan quickly and get burned only if it is boiling outside, or they do not use sunscreen.
Asian or Indonesian. People have skin with a yellowish undertone; they have dark eyes and dark or black hair. Their skin contains natural protection from sun exposure, so they rarely burn.
African American. They have dark brown or black skin, black hair, and dark eyes. Even prolonged exposure to the scorching sun does not get burned.
Choose between physical and chemical filters.
The best face sunscreens may contain physical or chemical filters. The former include zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. The bottom line is that these substances do not penetrate the skin but are on its surface. When distributed on the face, they can slightly whiten it. Also, people with sensitive skin sometimes cause inflammation because they lie in a dense layer on the surface of the epidermis.
There is a lot of controversy about chemical filters. Some people are reluctant to use such sunscreens because they fear that the substances can enter the bloodstream and cause harm to the body. And others boldly use sunscreens with chemical filters because they are well distributed on the skin and do not leave white marks and oily sheen. It is undesirable to use this product for people with allergies.
Select the degree of protection
When choosing a sunscreen, the best of the best, you need to pay attention to its degree of protection.
People with a Scandinavian or light European phototype are better off using products with maximum protection, even if the sun is not shining brightly outside. People with a Central European and Mediterranean phototype should use products with the security of at least 20 SPF if they stay in the sun for a long time.
People with dark skin can purchase products with a weak degree of protection of 5-10 SPF as a preventive measure against photoaging. Sunscreens with protection level 50 protect against 98% of solar radiation. To protect the body, you can use products with an SPF of 20-30.
Look at additional properties.
The best sunscreens always contain care ingredients that help moisturize and nourish the skin. Thanks to this, you can not use an additional one more emulsion.
Sunscreens also allow you to apply makeup. It is only essential to consider your skin type when choosing a product. For dry skin, the composition must contain moisturizing ingredients, for example, hyaluronic acid. For oily skin, it is better to choose light textures that will not clog pores. For sensitive or problematic skin, you need to select soft formulations with physical filters, so there are no allergic reactions or rashes.
Everything you need to know about photoaging and sun protection
Types of sun rays and their influence
All solar rays can be divided into three types depending on the wavelength. More than 95% of all ultraviolet radiation is UVA rays. They can penetrate glass and clothing and accelerate the aging process. These rays tend to accumulate in the deep layers of the skin, and after a few decades, a person who does not use sunscreen can get serious skin problems.
Type B rays affect only the epidermis and contribute to melanin production. They are responsible for the appearance of a tan on the skin, but if their adverse effects are not prevented, a person can get burned.
Another type of ray is UVC. But they do not penetrate the earth's surface, as they are absorbed in the atmosphere.
When choosing the best sunscreen, you need to pay attention to what type of radiation it will protect from.
Are sunscreens necessary in everyday life?
A good sunscreen never gets in the way of everyday life. Dermatologists recommend using products with UV protection, even if it's cloudy outside. Moreover, sunscreens can be used all year round. It is only essential to reduce the degree of protection in winter.
Thanks to such self-care, you can protect the skin from premature aging and avoid the occurrence of various dermatological diseases.
What is the UV index, and why is it important
Today, scientists can determine the degree of intensity of solar radiation at certain hours at a particular point on the globe. The resulting value is called the ultraviolet index. It must be taken into account when purchasing and using the best sunscreens.
If the UV index is high and its value is above three, sunscreen must be used. If the index is 1-2, we can talk about a safe time for sun exposure.
How to use SPF cream correctly.
It is essential not only to determine which sunscreen is best but also to learn how to use it correctly so that it does not harm the skin and brings tangible benefits.
Dermatologists recommend that you adhere to the following rules:
- It is advisable to apply the cream 15-20 minutes before sun exposure so that it has time to spread over the skin;
- Maximum protection is possible if sunscreen is applied in a dense layer;
- Every 2 hours, the product requires renewal on the skin, and it is advisable to wash off the first layer, if possible;
- Depending on the manufacturer, it is advisable to renew sunscreen after bathing or after a person sweats a lot.
Sunscreen and makeup
Cream sun protection, which manufacturers offer today, can be used in conjunction with foundation or powder. In this case, you can choose a decorative tool with SPF. If it is necessary to use skin care products, they are applied before distributing sun protection on the skin.
Popular sunscreen myths
#1: One tube of cream is enough for the whole summer
Sunscreen for the face is used several times during the day. And therefore, even a large volume is not enough for the entire summer - a maximum of one month. Health is not worth saving.
#2: Powder and foundation with SPF replace sunscreen
Even the best Korean foundation or powder cannot return SPF products that protect against sun exposure. Moreover, the biggest misconception is that the level of protection of different means is summed up.
#3: Sunscreen Doesn't Produce Vitamin D
Sunscreen face spray cannot interfere with the formation of vitamin D in the body. To start producing it, it is enough to stand in the sun for 10 minutes.
#4: Men Can Do Without Sunscreens
The sunscreen is intended for use by women only. Although less susceptible to the adverse effects, men's skin is still not worth giving up on sunscreens in the summer.
The modern beauty industry offers a vast selection of sunscreens. And each girl can decide for herself which cream suits her best. You need to pay attention to the emulsion's composition, consider your phototype and skin type and choose the most suitable type of filter. A quality product will protect against sunburn and give the skin a pleasant tan, but at the same time, it will protect against photoaging.
Summer is when you can lazily sunbathe, exposing your face to the sun's rays. It's time to swim, but you must pack your beach bag and get ready. A beach holiday is always wonderful, regardless of whether you are relaxing on the banks of your native country or near the Indian Ocean. Here is what you need to take to make your vacation more exciting and comfortable.
Things useful at the beach
Sunscreen is the most important thing. This is an absolute must-have for a beach holiday. For those who do not want to get the color of freshly cooked cancer and lie down until the end of the vacation/vacation with a temperature below 40. In addition, such creams protect the skin from the adverse effects of ultraviolet radiation, which provokes premature aging and the occurrence of cancer cells. The lighter the skin, the higher the protection index should be.
1. Tanning oil (not to be confused with point 0)
It will help you quickly get the desired chocolate shade. But remember that it can only be used when you are already well tanned.
As the name implies, they will protect your eyes from harmful ultraviolet radiation (the main thing is that the lenses are polarized!) And help you feel like Agent Kay.
3. Selfie stick
No comments, just like.
4. Bottle of water
When relaxing on the beach, drinking plenty of water is necessary to protect the body from dehydration. And for taste, you can add a slice of lemon or a sprig of mint. So you get a great soft drink.
5. Cooler bag
Such a gadget will bring the level of your beach holiday closer from “like everyone else” to “#jaboheme.” It's so lovely after the next swim to drink item number 5.
Not vehemently impose your musical preferences on your neighbors (unfortunately, not everyone is ready to listen to Chopin's Sonata No. 2 in B-flat minor), but at the same time, not deny yourself listening to your favorite compositions.
7. Baby powder
A real-life hack. With it, you can quickly and easily clean your hands and feet from the sand. And how does it just work?
8. Large towel
In which it is so cozy to wrap up after swimming.
9. Second oversized towel/mat/bedding
To have something to lie on, basking in the sun.
It will help pass the time, especially if you are alone. Read what the hands did not reach during the working days. Take yourself back to Fitzgerald and Turgenev. Or you will uncover another universal conspiracy.
For those who want to stay in the news flow, trend analytics and follow fashion trends. And they are also convenient for covering your face while you sunbathe, lying on your back.
12. Ball, sports equipment
No matter how good it is to wallow all day on the beach and splash in the water, it would help if you also warmed up a little—Volleyball, frisbee, badminton. You can buy an inflatable ball and play, for example, water dodgeball. But basketball fans will have to be patient ...
13. Board games
Another way to update your beach holiday. An excellent pastime both in the city and in any other place. It doesn't matter what you prefer, Munchkin, Dixit, Elias, or good old cards and chess. Positive emotions are provided to you.
Who else to laugh with? And who will turn you over in time (if you fell asleep) to ensure an even tan, if not a friend? To be with someone, use paragraph 13.14. And smear point 1? And everything else will be able to guard your belongings while diving into the water.
15. Diving mask, fins
The underwater world is unique and distinctive. Watch him from the side. See how a small crustacean burrows into the sand or hides under a pebble, and watch the fish scurrying. Maybe you will find Atlantis?
16. Case for underwater filming or action camera
It is not necessary to be a professional photographer to share the beauty of the underwater world with others. Capture your memories for years or hit the likes on social media!
Protect your ears from water ingress and various kinds of infection. Just do not swim very far. Otherwise, you risk swimming behind the buoys and not hearing the displeased cry of the lifeguard.
18. Nose clip
It will help you not to swallow water while you dive with rapture.
If you still decide that earplugs are for wimps, then an ordinary balloon will help you get rid of water in your ears. It is enough to take a few breaths into the ball with your mouth while holding your nose with your free hand.
20. Insect spray
If you are relaxing on a stone or pebble beach, there is a high probability of injury. Yes, and in the grass and the sand, you can not notice, for example, a piece of glass left by negligent vacationers. To quickly treat the wound, it is enough to take peroxide, iodine, and a bandage with you. Do not forget that if you use any particular medicines, for example, for allergies, they should always be at hand.
22. Lip balm with SPF protection
Everyone knows that sunscreen should be applied to the body (we hope we have already convinced you of this). But most of us forget about lips. And oddly enough, the risk of cancer cells in this area is very high. Therefore, I do not think it can only be helpful for girls.
23. Air mattress
Enjoy that wonderful feeling when you lie on a mattress, rocked by the sea waves ... or carried away by the river current. Plus, it's an excellent alternative to a sunbed.
24. Inflatable pillow
Taking a sun lounger to read a book or take a nap comfortably is unnecessary. You can take a unique inflatable pillow with you.
25. Spray bottle
It will help refresh your face and body if you suddenly feel too lazy to get up to go for a swim.
26. Goggles for swimming
If you are into water sports, you have probably seen that all professional swimmers wear special goggles. In such a simple way, you will protect yourself from infection or salt (if you swim in seawater).
27. Portable charger
A handy item for any traveler. Staying connected in today's world is essential. If your smartphone has sat down at the most inopportune moment, the charger is a real lifesaver. And especially avid gadget lovers can find solar-powered modifications!
28. Zip-lock plastic packaging
Zip-lock plastic packaging allows you to repeatedly open and closes the bag, which is ideal for storing items afraid of moisture. For example, phone, money, or documents.
Excellent and very healthy snack. They will help to freshen up and satisfy your hunger a little. Well, the fact that fruits are solid vitamins has been known to everyone since childhood.
Let's single out a separate item since this root crop contributes to the production of keratin - a substance necessary for a long and even tan. Just do not overdo it. Otherwise, you will become more like a giant carrot instead of acquiring the desired bronze hue.
31. Garbage bag
A cultured person is cultured in everything. So he takes care that after him, the resting place remains clean.
If you still haven’t time to take a gripper bag with you and your favorite smartphone fell into the water, put it in a pack of rice because this cereal perfectly absorbs moisture. Well, pilaf can be cooked.
33. Umbrella or awning
If you are relaxing on a wild beach or do not want to pay for a sun lounger, an umbrella is a great way to create shade and not get burned in the hot sun.
In the era of smartphones, the famous question “but don’t tell me what time it is” ceases to be relevant. But, if you decide to relax on the beach without any means of communication in peace, or your mobile phone suddenly sits down, and you forget your portable charging device, the watch is irreplaceable.
Creates a pleasant breeze in hot weather.
A hat or cap will protect against sun and heat stroke and is a stylish accessory. Choose hats made from natural materials such as cotton, rayon, or straw.
Make sure once again whether you took it with you so as not to sigh enviously, sitting on the shore and watching other people's water procedures.
The most comfortable shoes for the beach.
39. Coral slippers/water shoes
Useful not only for vacationers on the shores of the Red Sea. Aquashoes are special slippers where you can swim and even walk on corals and rocks. And you won't have to worry that the wave will carry away your beach shoes.
40. Antibacterial wet wipes
Remember fruits? That's when they will come in handy for you. And in general, this is a vital thing in terms of hygiene.
41. Inflatable ring/arm sleeves/swimming board
If you are a useless swimmer, this is no reason to deny yourself the pleasure of splashing in the water.
Detangles your curls. This is especially true for those with long hair.
For the most curious. Maybe you can see the shore opposite or watch a flock of seagulls.
Without them, nowhere. You can buy Churchkhella! Praise! Khachapuri with cheese!”
45. Salt for hot corn
Applicable if the seller is greedy.
Even if you did not assume that you have the makings of an artist, do not be too lazy to take a small album with you. Nature is so beautiful and unique! Maybe the muse will come from a side you didn't expect. You don't have to show your masterpiece to anyone as a last resort.
Another way to pass the time and train your brain.
To throw into the sea/river/ocean/lake and be sure to return...
In which you can add all the previous 48 points.
50. Good mood
They simply must. Otherwise, all the previous 49 points will be unnecessary.